Guide CIT 0497 - Application for Grant of Citizenship for Stateless Persons Born to a Canadian Parent on or after April 17, 2009 (Subsection 5(5))
Table of Contents
This application package has:
- an instruction guide, and
- the forms you need to fill out.
The instruction guide:
- has information you must know before you submit your application, and
- explains how to fill out the forms and gather your supporting documents.
Read the instruction guide completely and then fill out each of the applicable forms.
The forms are designed with questions that will help the processing of your application.
Symbols used in this guide
This guide uses these symbols to draw your attention to important information:
Important information that you need to know to avoid delays or other problems.
Where to get more information.
Note: Tips that will help you with this application.
Before you apply
Who may use this application
This application is for a person who is and has always been stateless and was born outside Canada on or after April 17, 2009, to a Canadian parent, and who wishes to acquire Canadian citizenship.
- If you are an adult (18 years of age and over)
- then you are the applicant
- If you are filing this application for a minor (under 18 years of age)
- then the child is the applicant
Limits to citizenship by descent under the Citizenship Act
Since April 17, 2009, Canadian citizenship by birth outside Canada to a Canadian parent (citizenship by descent) is limited to the first generation born outside Canada.
This means that, in general, persons who were not already Canadian citizens immediately before April 17, 2009 and who were born outside Canada to a Canadian parent are not Canadian if:
- their Canadian parent was also born outside Canada to a Canadian parent (the person is therefore the second or subsequent generation born outside Canada), or
- their Canadian parent was granted Canadian citizenship under section 5.1, the adoption provisions of the Citizenship Act (the person is therefore the second generation born outside Canada)
unless their Canadian parent or grandparent was employed as described in one of the exceptions to the first generation limit.
Exceptions to the first generation limit
The first generation limit does not apply to a person born outside Canada in the second or subsequent generation if:
- at the time of the person’s birth or adoption, their Canadian parent was employed outside Canada in or with the Canadian Armed Forces, the federal public administration or the public service of a province or territory (a Crown servant), other than as a locally engaged person; or
- at the time of their Canadian parent’s birth or adoption, the person’s Canadian grandparent was employed outside Canada in or with the Canadian Armed Forces, the federal public administration or the public service of a province or territory (a Crown servant), other than as a locally engaged person.
These rules did not take Canadian citizenship away from any person who was a Canadian citizen immediately before the rules came into effect on April 17, 2009.
If you think the above limitation may apply to you or your child, contact us for further information. See the “How to contact us” section at the end of this instructions guide.
For children who are not eligible for citizenship by descent under the Citizenship Act, there are two options for obtaining citizenship:
- They may be eligible to be sponsored as permanent residents under the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act. An application for a minor grant of citizenship under subsection 5(2) of the Citizenship Act may be submitted as soon as the child becomes a permanent resident.
- If stateless, they may be eligible for a grant of citizenship for stateless persons under subsection 5(5) of the Citizenship Act. They may proceed with completing this application.
What is Statelessness?
A person is considered stateless if that individual is not recognized as a citizen or national by any country or state under its domestic law. This means that persons born to a Canadian parent may be stateless at birth because they:
- are not recognized as a Canadian citizen because they were born outside of Canada on or after April 17, 2009 (after the coming into force of the first generation limit to citizenship by descent),
- are not recognized as a citizen or national of another country because they did not acquire citizenship or nationality by descent due to the laws of the countries of which their parents are also citizens or nationals, and
- did not acquire citizenship or nationality of the country of their birth because of the laws of that country.
Assessing your eligibility
To be eligible for citizenship using this application you must:
- be born outside Canada on or after April 17, 2009 (i.e. after the coming into force of subsection 5(5) of the Citizenship Act),
- have a birth parent who was a Canadian citizen at the time of your birth,
- be less than 23 years of age at the time of application,
- have been physically present in Canada for at least 1,095 days (three years) during the four years immediately before the date of your application,
- have always been stateless,
- not be the subject of a declaration by the Governor in Council made pursuant to section 20 of the Citizenship Act, and
- not have been convicted of an offence:
- of terrorism as described under section 2 of the Criminal Code,
- under sections 47, 51 or 52 of the Criminal Code,
- under subsection 5(1) or any of sections 6 and 16 to 22 of the Security of Information Act, or
- of a conspiracy or an attempt to commit, being an accessory after the fact in relation to, or any counselling in relation to, an offence referred to in 2) or 3).
Note: Although a guardian may file an application on behalf of a minor child, one of the child’s birth parents must have been a Canadian citizen at the time of the child’s birth.
How do I calculate my physical presence in Canada?
The Citizenship Act requires a stateless person to have been physically present in Canada for at least 1,095 days (three years) in the four years immediately before the date of the application.
Are you applying too early?
Note: If you apply before you meet this requirement you will not qualify for citizenship.
Step 1. Gather documents
What documents are required?
Refer to the Document Checklist (CIT 0499) to assist you in gathering the necessary documentation.
Important information: If any of the required documents is missing, or photocopies are not clear, your application will be returned to you.
Consult the information below to determine the documents that are to be included with your application.
If you have legally changed your name within Canada
Then you must submit a copy of the change of name document issued by a Canadian province or territory, or by the appropriate foreign-state authority. The document must show both your previous and amended names.
The following documents are accepted:
- Legal change of name document
- Court order specifying name change
- Adoption order
The following documents are accepted for changes to family name only:
- Marriage certificate
- Divorce decree
- Registration or declaration of union issued by civil authorities
- Revocation of declaration or annulment of union issued by civil authorities
- Registration for common-law relationship, in provinces that permit changes of name for common-law relationships under their provincial/territorial law
If you have legally changed your name outside Canada and are residing in Canada
Then you must provide a copy of the following documents:
- A foreign passport or other national authoritative documentation amended to reflect the new name;
- A document that links your previous name to your new name, such as a foreign marriage certificate (with an official translation); and
- A document in the new name from Canadian provinces or territories (ex. driver's licence, health card, age of majority card, senior citizen’s identification card, or social service card)
If you have legally changed your name outside Canada and are residing outside Canada
Then you must provide a copy of the following documents:
- a foreign passport or other national authoritative documentation amended to reflect the new name;
- a document that links your previous name to your new name, such as a foreign marriage certificate (with an official translation) or other foreign legal change of name document issued by foreign authorities; and
- an authoritative national or state/province (or equivalent) issued photo identification document issued in the country or state/province in which you reside that displays the new name, such as:
- a foreign passport or other travel documents, if you are a dual citizen;
- a state/provincial (or equivalent) identification card.
If you have applied and obtained an amendment to your Record of Landing, or Confirmation of Permanent Residence due to errors made by Canadian immigration officials when recording your name, then you must submit a copy of the amendment or a letter confirming the change of name.
Important information: Once processing of your application has begun a name change can only be made due to an administrative error made by the Department, or a legal change of name.
Important information: You cannot request a change of an adopted person’s name after Part 2 of the application has been submitted.
If satisfactory documentation is not provided with the application to support the request for a change of name, the name that appears on the citizenship certificate will be the name listed on the adoption order.
Date of birth correction
The date of birth on your citizenship certificate will be the same as the one shown on your birth certificate or immigration document if you had one unless:
- you have legally changed it, or
- you are requesting a different date of birth for your citizenship certificate and you can provide supporting documents.
- If you are a former permanent resident of Canada, and your date of birth has been corrected on your immigration document
then you must provide a copy of:
- an approved Request to Amend Immigration Record of Landing (IMM 1000) or Confirmation of Permanent Residence (IMM 5292 or IMM 5688) and
- your new corrected Permanent Resident Card (if you have one).
- If you have legally changed the date of birth by a provincial/territorial court order
then you must provide a copy of:
- provincial/territorial court order changing the date of birth, and
- completed questionnaire Request to Correct a Date of Birth for Citizenship (PDF, 1.15MB)(CIT 0464) (PDF, 1.15MB)
- If you did not change your date of birth by a provincial/territorial court order and your date of birth has not been changed on your immigration document
then you must provide a copy of:
- a refused Request to Amend the Immigration Record of Landing (IMM 1000) or Confirmation of Permanent Residence (IMM 5292 or IMM 5688) and
- a completed questionnaire Request to Correct a Date of Birth for Citizenship (PDF, 1.15MB)(CIT 0464) (PDF, 1.15MB), and
- documents to support your new date of birth.
If you need to change the gender on your citizenship certificate or would like to use a different gender than the one on your immigration document, complete and submit the Request form for a Change of Sex or Gender Identifier [IRM 0002] (PDF, 1.79 MB) with your application.
Quebec government documents
The following documents issued by the government of Quebec before January 1, 1994 are not acceptable documents in support of an application for a citizenship certificate.
- baptismal certificates;
- birth certificates; and
- marriage certificates.
For more information. If you are currently in possession of one of these certificates you must obtain a new document by contacting the office of the Directeur de l’état civil du Québec
Certified true copies
To have a photocopy of a document certified, an authorized person must compare the original document to the photocopy and must print all of the following on the photocopy:
- “I certify that this is a true copy of the original document”;
- the name of the original document;
- the date of the certification;
- the name of the authorized person;
- their official position or title; and
- their signature.
Who can certify copies?
Only authorized people can certify copies.
Important information: Certifying of copies must not be done by the applicants themselves nor by an applicant’s parent, guardian, sibling, spouse, common-law partner, conjugal partner, grandparent, child, aunt, uncle, niece, nephew or first cousin.
People authorized to certify copies include the following:
Authority to certify varies by province and territory. Check with your local provincial or territorial authorities to learn who has the authority to certify.
- a notary public
Authority to certify international documents varies by country. Check with your local authorities to learn who has the authority to certify in your country.
Translation of documents
You must include the following along with any document that is not in English or French:
- the English or French translation; and
- an affidavit from the person who completed the translation (if they are not a certified translator).
Translations may be done by:
- a person who is fluent in both languages (English or French, and the unofficial language); or
- a Canadian certified translator (a member in good standing of a provincial or territorial organization of translators and interpreters in Canada).
If the translation isn’t done by a Canadian certified translator, the person who completed the translation must provide an affidavit swearing to their language proficiency and the accuracy of the translation.
The affidavit must be sworn in the presence of:
Authority to certify varies by province and territory. Consult your local provincial or territorial authorities.
Outside of Canada:
- a notary public
Authority to administer oaths varies by country. Consult your local authorities.
Important information: Translations must not be done by the applicants themselves nor by members of the applicant’s family. This includes a parent, guardian, sibling, spouse, common-law partner, conjugal partner, grandparent, child, aunt, uncle, niece, nephew and first cousin.
Note: An affidavit is a document on which the translator has sworn, in the presence of a person authorized to administer oaths in the country where the translator is living, that the contents of their translation are a true translation and representation of the contents of the original document. Translators who are certified in Canada don’t need to supply an affidavit.
- include two (2) identical citizenship photos
- print the Citizenship Photo Specifications page and take it to a photographer to make sure you get the correct size photo
- don't staple, glue or otherwise attach the photo directly to the application
Your application will be returned if you do not include two (2) photos that meet the citizenship photo specifications.
Step 2. Complete the application
Filling out the application
Follow the step-by-step instructions below to complete the application form.
The following are the forms that must be filled out and submitted:
- Application for grant of citizenship for stateless persons born to a Canadian parent – Subsection 5(5) [CIT 0497] (PDF, 2.45MB)
- Use of a Representative Form [IMM 5476], if applicable
Note: It is a serious offence to give false or misleading information on these forms. The information you provide on your application may be subject to verification. Throughout the application process, if you provide any misleading or fraudulent information you could be charged with an offence under the Citizenship Act.
Be complete and accurate
Complete all sections. If any section is not apply to you, write «NA» (“Not Applicable”). If your application is incomplete it may be returned to you and processing may be delayed.
If you need more space for any section, use an extra sheet of paper and indicate the number and/or letter of the section you are completing and submit it along with your application.
- Question 1
Would you like to receive service (correspondence, interview) in English or French?
- Question 2
Check the box to indicate if you have any special needs. If yes, explain.
Special needs are described as:
- wheelchair access
- sign language interpretation
- personal assistance (for example, you will be accompanied by a care attendant, an interpreter, a seeing eye dog, a sighted guide, etc.)
- Question 3A
Write your last name (surname/family name) and given name(s) exactly as they appear on your immigration document or birth certificate. Your immigration documents include your:
- Record of landing (IMM 1000)
- Confirmation of Permanent Residence (IMM 5292 or IMM 5688)
- Permanent Resident Card (PRC)
- Temporary Resident Permit
- Question 3B
Did you have a legal change of name or are you requesting a different name on your citizenship certificate?
- see name change section in this guide in Gather Documents and
- write the last name (surname/family name) and given name(s) you request to appear on your citizenship certificate.
Note: A request for a different name is subject to approval.
- Question 3C
Write if you:
- have used another name in the past (such as your birth name, married name), or
- are known by a name other than the one you listed above (such as a nickname or community name).
- Question 4A
Write your date and place of birth, including the city or town and country.
- Question 4B
Did you acquire citizenship from the country where you were born? If you check no, explain.
- Question 5
Check the box to indicate whether you are F Female, M Male or X Another gender. Include your height, eye colour, and your legal marital status.
Important information: Your family and given name, date of birth and gender will appear on your citizenship certificate.
- Question 6A
Write your current home address, complete with:
- street address
- city or town
- postal code
- Question 6B
If your mailing address is different from your home address, write your complete mailing address.
If you provide the mailing address of your representative in this section, you must also complete the Use of a Representative form (IMM 5476).
- Question 6C
List the telephone number(s) where you can be reached.
- Question 6D
Indicate your e-mail address using this format (if applicable): email@example.com
If you provide your e-mail address, we may correspond with you about your citizenship application via e-mail if necessary.
If you provide the email address of your representative, you must also complete the Use of a Representative form (IMM 5476).
- Question 7A
Answer all questions on the information regarding your parents:
- Indicate the relationship of your parent(s) to you by checking “Natural” or “Adoptive”.
- Write your parent(s)’ surname/last name, given name(s), other names used, date of birth and country of birth.
- Indicate where your parents were married (if applicable), and the date of the marriage.
- Check the box to indicate how your parent(s) obtained Canadian citizenship.
- Provide your parent(s) Canadian citizenship certificate number (if available)
- Check the box to indicate if your parents are or were a citizen or national of a country other than Canada. If yes, provide the details showing the country, date and how citizenship was obtained and/or recognized.
- Check the box to indicate if, at the time of your birth, your parent(s) were employed in Canada by a foreign government or international agency. If yes, provide details.
- Check the box to indicate if, at the time of your birth, your Canadian parent(s) were employed outside Canada in or with the Canadian Armed Forces or the federal public administration or the public service of a province or territory otherwise than as a locally engaged person.
- Question 7B
Answer all questions on the information regarding your grandparents:
- Check the box to indicate if one of your grandparents was a Canadian citizen at the time of your Canadian parents’ birth or adoption.
- Check the box to indicate if, at the time of your parents’ birth or adoption, one of your grandparents was employed outside Canada in or with the Canadian Armed Forces, the federal public administration or the public service of a province or territory otherwise than as a locally engaged person.
- If you answered yes to either question, provide your grandparents’ details in the table provided.
- Complete the check boxes (and provide details if applicable) concerning your other grandparents.
- Question 8A
Write the date you first came to Canada to live.
- Question 8B
Write all your addresses in Canada for the last four (4) years. If you were residing, employed or attending school outside Canada, you must also list all foreign addresses.
- Question 8C
Write your work and education history (inside and outside Canada) in the last four years, including the city and country, starting with your most recent. If you were not of school age, unemployed, retired, homemaker, etc. Indicate this under “Work/Education” and indicate the time period. Do not exclude any period of time during the past four years. Do not leave this section blank. If you do, your application will be returned to you.
- Question 9
Enter absences from Canada and calculate your physical presence by completing question A to E in the section “Calculation of time towards physical presence.”
- Question 10
Answer all of the questions by checking YES or NO to the prohibitions. For any yes responses provide details and if applicable, attach court documents.
Note: IRCC checks with the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) and the Canadian Security and Intelligence Service (CSIS) to find out if there are any criminal or security reasons which could prevent you from acquiring Canadian citizenship. You may be required to provide fingerprints or court documents to ensure that you are not prohibited under the Citizenship Act.
- Question 11A
Check either Yes or No to indicate whether or not you authorize IRCC to give your name, residential and mailing address, gender, date of birth, Unique Client Identifier (UCI) and the date your citizenship was granted to Elections Canada in order to add you to the National Register of Electors (the Register).
When you become a Canadian citizen and are 18 years of age or older, you have the right to vote in federal elections and referendums. Elections Canada maintains the Register and uses it during a federal election or referendum to produce voters lists and to communicate with eligible voters.
The Canada Elections Act also allows Elections Canada to provide voter information to provincial and territorial election agencies for uses permitted under their respective legislations and to provide voter information (name, address, and gender only) to members of Parliament, registered political parties and candidates at election time. The UCI and the date your citizenship was granted will only be used by Elections Canada for administrative purposes, and will not be shared by Elections Canada except as required by law.
If you check Yes, IRCC will provide your name, residential and mailing address, gender, date of birth, UCI and the date your citizenship was granted to Elections Canada in order to add you to the Register, but only after you become a Canadian citizen. If you check No, IRCC will not provide your information to Elections Canada.
You will still have the right to vote in federal elections and referendums, but you will have to take the necessary steps to be added to the list.
More information about the Register and its uses is available at Election Canada. You can also call Elections Canada at 1-800-463-6868.
- Question 11B
If you are18 years or older and reside in Québec, indicate whether you authorize IRCC to provide your name, residential address and the date at which you started to reside at that address, gender, date of birth, your Unique Client Identifier (UCI) and the date your citizenship was granted to the Chief Electoral Officer of Québec so that your name can be added to the Permanent List of Electors (voters) if you become a Canadian citizen.
Your application for citizenship will in no way be affected by your answer to this question.
The Election Act allows the Chief Electoral Officer of Québec to:
- provide voter information to provincial political parties and members of the National Assembly as well as municipal and school boards to compile and update lists of electors (voters) for municipal and school elections, and
- notify the elector in writing that their name has been entered on the permanent list of electors, requesting that the elector correct or complete the information which concerns him/her, where required.
The Chief Electoral Officer of Québec receives the UCI for administrative purposes only, while the date your citizenship was granted allows him/her to validate that you qualify as an elector based on the electoral laws it administers. This information is subject to no other use or communication.
If you do not provide this authorization, you will still be able to vote, but you will have to go to the revision office and present two supporting documents to register your name on the list of electors to be able to vote in a provincial, municipal or school election.
- Question 12
If you appoint an individual, firm or organization as your representative, you must complete the Use of a Representative Form (IMM 5476) (PDF, 648.31KB). Note that once you appoint a representative, all correspondence from us regarding your application will be directed to them and not to you.
For instructions on completing the Use of a Representative form (IMM 5476), see: Guide 5561 – Instructions – Use of a Representative.
Note: Your application will be returned to you if:
- You have appointed an individual, firm or organization as your representative and did not submit the Use of a Representative form (IMM 5476) with your application or this form was submitted incomplete.
- You appoint a compensated representative who is not a member of the following designated bodies:
- Immigration consultants who are members in good standing of the College of Immigration and Citizenship Consultants (CICC)
- Lawyers and paralegals who are members in good standing of a Canadian provincial or territorial law society and students-at-law under their supervision; or
- Notaries who are members in good standing of the Chambre des notaries du Québec and students-at-law under their supervision.
- Question 13
The parent or legal guardian(s) or applicants 18 years of age or older must sign the application, using the same signature they currently use on other official documents. Enter the place (city, town or village) and date beside the signature. Sign and date the application on the same day.
Note: Children who are 14 years of age or older must also co-sign the application form with the parent or legal guardian who is applying on behalf of the child.
Note: You must be eligible to apply for Canadian citizenship the day before you sign the application form.
Note: Your application will be returned to you if the application form is:
- not signed and dated,
- stale-dated (dated more than 90 days before we receive it), or
- post-dated (dated into the future).
Step 3. Pay the fees
If more than one member of your family is applying for Canadian citizenship pay the fees all together.
Use the table below to calculate the total amount of fees to be paid. Fees must be included with this application.
|Application (per person)||$CAN|
|Stateless adult (18 to 23 years of age) born to a Canadian parent||$100|
|Minor (under 18)||No fee|
Explanation of fees and refunds
The following text describes the fees that are required and if they are refundable. All payment must be made in Canadian funds.
Type of Fee: Right of Citizenship Fee (18 and over)
Amount: $100 for each stateless adult
- your application is refused, or
- we receive your request to withdraw your application before you become a Canadian citizen.
Note: We will issue the refund to the person indicated on the Payer Information section of the receipt. If there is no name indicated on the receipt, we will send the refund to the applicant.
No fee included or insufficient fees
If you do not pay the full fees for your application(s) we will return your application(s). We will only start processing your application after you return it with the correct fees.
If you pay more than the fees needed for your application(s) we will start processing your application, and send you a refund as soon as possible.
Note: You don’t have to ask for a refund. It will be done automatically.
Note: If you’re eligible for a refund, we will issue the refund to the person indicated on the Payer Information section of the receipt (if a receipt is attached to a paper application or uploaded as part of an online application). If you paid directly within an online application (no receipt attached), or if there is no name indicated on the receipt, we will send the refund to the applicant.
Only online payments are accepted in Canada. If any other forms of payment are received, Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) will return your application.
How to pay the fees for your application
To pay your fees for your application you’ll need:
- a valid e-mail address;
- access to a printer (you’ll need to print the receipt), and
- a credit card, Debit MasterCard® or Visa® Debit card.
Visit the link below and follow these instructions to pay:
- Go to Online Payment.
- Follow the online instructions.
- At the end, click on the button to print the IRCC official receipt with barcode. Print two copies.
- Attach a copy of this receipt to your completed application.
- Keep the second copy of the receipt for your records.
Do not exit without printing the receipt! The printed receipt is your proof of payment!
Step 3. Mail the application
Where to mail the application
Mail your completed application in a stamped envelope to the address shown below:
(Your Postal Code)
Case Processing Centre – Sydney
P.O. Box 12000
SYDNEY, NS B1P 7C2
If you are sending more than one application
If you are sending more than one application (for example, applications for family members), you may send one receipt to cover all applications. Mail the receipt (if applicable) and all applications together in one envelope so that they will be processed together.
Make sure to use the Document Checklist and include it with your application.
Here are some reminders to avoid your application being returned to you:
- You must be eligible for citizenship the day before you sign the application.
- You have answered all questions on the form or wrote “N/A” (Not applicable) for any question or section that is not applicable to you.
- You have signed and dated the application form. Make sure before you send it that it is not stale-dated (dated more than 90 days before we receive it) or post-dated (dated into the future).
- You have included two (2) pieces of personal identification one of which must have your photo on it.
- You have included the supporting documents in the format required based on the Document Checklist.
- You have included two (2) photos according to the citizenship application photograph specification.
- Make sure you have included proof of payment of exact fees.
- You have included original translation and an affidavit by the translator for any documents that are not in English or French.
- If you have appointed someone to act as your representative, you have included the Use of a Representative form (IMM 5476).
What happens next?
Once your application is received in CPC Sydney
The Case Processing Centre (CPC Sydney) reviews your application to make sure:
- the necessary documents are all included in order to process your application, and
- the appropriate fee payment has been made.
If your application is complete, processing starts.
What you receive:
- Acknowledgement of receipt
If your application is not complete or does not include the appropriate fee payment, it will be returned to you.
Local IRCC office
The Case Processing Centre refers the application to local IRCC office for decision. You may be called for an interview with a citizenship officer or a citizenship judge.
If your application is approved, you will receive:
- a Canadian citizenship certificate by mail.
Updating your contact information
While your application is in process, you must tell us if you change your address, e-mail address, or telephone number. Use the Change your address tool to give us your new contact information.
Checking application status on-line
You can check the status of your application on-line by doing the following:
- Go to Check application status.
- Follow the instructions provided.
Note: Your application status will only appear on-line once the initial review by CPC Sydney is completed.
To obtain details on how to remove your application status information from the Internet, visit the “Frequently Asked Questions” (FAQ) section.
Your personal information
Your personal information is:
- available to IRCC and the Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) employees who need to see it in order to provide the services to you, and
- not disclosed to anyone else except as permitted under the provisions of the Privacy Act and the Citizenship Regulations.
For more information. You can obtain additional information on the protection of your data by visiting the Help Centre.
Quality Assurance Program
Our quality assurance program randomly chooses applications for a special review. If chosen, we will ask you to attend an interview with an IRCC official to:
- verify that the documentation and any other information you submitted is accurate,
- verify that your application has been completed properly.
Note: We will notify you in writing if your application is chosen.
- Date modified: