Who can apply
To become a Canadian citizen, most applicants must
- be a permanent resident
- have lived in Canada for at least 3 out of the last 5 years (1,095 days)
- have filed your taxes, if you need to
- pass a citizenship test
- prove your language skills in English or French
Other requirements may apply.
After you apply
If the application is missing information, documents or the fee receipt, we’ll return it to you.
If it’s complete, we’ll send you a confirmation letter and begin processing.
Processing time: 12 months?
This includes processing of the complete application, the citizenship test, interview and ceremony.
After the citizenship ceremony
- applying for a passport
- voting in an election
- 1 year of free admission to Canada’s natural parks and cultural centres