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Who can apply

To become a Canadian citizen, most applicants must

  • be a permanent resident
  • have lived in Canada for at least 3 out of the last 5 years (1,095 days)
  • have filed your taxes, if you need to
  • pass a citizenship test
  • prove your language skills in English or French

Other requirements may apply.

Find out if you’re eligible


Apply online, if you can

Some applicants can now apply online to become a Canadian citizen.


Check if you can apply online (opens in a new tab) 

Do not apply online if you’ve already applied on paper, as we’re still processing your paper application.

Apply on paper

After you apply

If the application is missing information, documents or the fee receipt, we’ll return it to you.
If it’s complete, we’ll send you a confirmation letter and begin processing.

How we process your application

Processing time: 12 months?

Find out how COVID-19 affects the processing of your citizenship application.

This includes processing of the complete application, the citizenship test, interview and ceremony.

After the citizenship ceremony

Find information and services for new citizens such as

  • applying for a passport
  • voting in an election
  • 1 year of free admission to Canada’s natural parks and cultural centres

Next: Who can apply

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