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Who can apply

To become a Canadian citizen, most applicants must

  • be a permanent resident
  • have lived in Canada for at least 3 out of the last 5 years (1,095 days)
  • have filed their taxes, if they need to
  • pass a citizenship test
  • prove their language skills in English or French
  • take the oath of citizenship

Other requirements may apply.

Find out if you’re eligible


You can apply online or on paper. Apply on paper only if you’re not eligible to apply online. Don’t apply both ways.

The fees are the same to apply online or on paper:

  • Adult (18 or older): $630
  • Minor (under 18): $100

No matter how you apply, pay your fees online and include the receipts in your application.

After you apply

If the application is missing information, documents or the fee receipt, we’ll return it to you.
If it’s complete, we’ll send you a confirmation letter and begin processing.

How we process your application

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This includes processing of the complete application, the citizenship test, interview and ceremony.

After the citizenship ceremony

Find information and services for new citizens such as

  • applying for a passport
  • voting in an election
  • 1 year of free admission to Canada’s natural parks and cultural centres

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