As a caregiver, you have options to come to Canada to become a permanent resident or to work temporarily.
On this page
- Permanent residence for caregivers
- Temporary work for caregivers
- Closed programs
Permanent residence for caregivers
Keeping your temporary resident status
You must always have valid temporary resident status while working in Canada. You must apply to
- extend your work permit before it expires or
- change its conditions before it expires
If you applied for a new work permit before your current permit expired, you can keep working under the same conditions of your original work permit while you wait for a decision. This is called “maintained status” (previously known as implied status). See below for more details.
Work permit applications related to a permanent residence application
Delays in processing your permanent residence (PR) application mean that any work permit application related to it may also take longer to process. This includes
- occupation-restricted open work permits under the Home Child Care Provider or Home Support Worker Pilots
- bridging open work permits
- open work permits for Interim Pathway for Caregivers applicants
- open work permits for Live-in Caregiver Program applicants
If we already sent you a letter informing you that you’re eligible under the permanent residence program you applied for, the decision on your work permit application should not be delayed.
You should also consider:
- Work permit applications that depend on a decision on a PR application, such as those under the Home Child Care Provider and Home Support Worker Pilots, may take a year or more to process (check our processing times). This is because we have to assess the PR application first before issuing the work permit. This means you could be on maintained status for a year or more.
- If you’re on maintained status while waiting for a decision on your caregiver application, you may have difficulties getting some government services or benefits.
- You can work while on maintained status, but you must keep the conditions of your expired work permit (for example, working for the same employer and in the same occupation).
- If you leave Canada during this period, you may lose your maintained status.
- If you re-enter, you won’t be able to work until we make a decision on your application. It’s also possible you may not be allowed to re-enter.
- If we reject your PR application for being incomplete or return it for being over that year’s cap (the caregiver pilots have limits on the number of applications we can accept each year), we’ll also return the work permit application along with any fees you paid with it.
If this happens
- You’ll lose your maintained status if you didn’t apply for a work permit separately.
- If you’re not eligible to restore your status, you’ll have to leave Canada.
You may consider applying for a different work permit or extending a current work permit not related to your PR application, such as a work permit supported by an employer’s positive labour market impact assessment.
Work permit applications not related to a permanent residence program (such as the Home Child Care Provider Pilot or Home Support Worker Pilot)
If you’re in Canada and you apply for a work permit that isn’t related to a permanent residence application, you may be able to work for an employer who has a positive labour market impact assessment (LMIA) through the Temporary Foreign Worker Program (TFWP). This type of work permit application for caregivers in Canada is currently on a list of occupations that get faster processing.
Change jobs or employers under the TFWP
If you have an employer-specific work permit and you want to change jobs or employers, you must apply for a new work permit from inside Canada.
You don’t need to wait until your work permit application is approved to start your new job or work for a new employer. You just need an email from IRCC that says you have permission to change jobs.
If your work permit has expired and you lost your temporary resident status
If your work permit has expired, you may be able to restore your status.
Visitors in Canada who need work permits
If you’re a visitor in Canada, you’re not eligible to apply for an employer-specific work permit with an LMIA to work as a caregiver in either of the following National Occupation Classification (NOC) codes:
- NOC 44100 (Home child care providers)
- NOC 44101 (Home support workers, caregivers and related occupations)
Visitors who are eligible to apply for a work permit in Canada can only apply for one in those fields through the Home Child Care Provider Pilot or the Home Support Worker Pilot.
You may still be able to obtain a work permit as a visitor for another occupation. Answer a few questions to find out if you’re eligible and how to apply.
Home Child Care Provider Pilot and Home Support Worker Pilot
You may be able to apply for permanent residence through the Home Child Care Provider Pilot or Home Support Worker Pilot if you
- meet the eligibility requirements
- have a job offer to work in one of these occupations
Through these pilots, you’ll get an open work permit to come to Canada and work temporarily. This work permit
- is occupation-restricted (so you have to work in that specific occupation)
- doesn’t need a labour market impact assessment (LMIA)
- lets you get the work experience you need to be eligible for permanent residence
If you recently worked as a home child care provider or support worker, your experience may count towards your eligibility for permanent residence.
Live-in Caregiver Program
The Live-in Caregiver Program (LCP) is closed to new applicants.
You can only apply for permanent residence through the Live-in Caregiver Program (LCP) if you have at least 2 years of work experience in the program and
- you’re already working in Canada with an LCP work permit or
- you were approved for your first LCP work permit based on a labour market impact assessment submitted to Employment and Social Development Canada on or before November 30, 2014
If you have work experience in Canada as a caregiver but don’t qualify for either of the options above, you may be eligible to immigrate to Canada through a different program.
Temporary work for caregivers
If you don’t meet the requirements for permanent residence as a caregiver, you may be able to work temporarily.
Apply to extend your work permit
If you’re currently working in Canada as a caregiver, you may be eligible to extend your work permit through the Temporary Foreign Worker Program (TFWP).
Your employer will need to get a positive Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA) first.
Apply for a new work permit
In most cases, you can apply for a work permit to work in Canada temporarily as a caregiver through the TFWP if one of these applies to you:
- You’re in Canada and eligible to apply for a work permit from inside Canada.
- You’ll be working in Quebec.
You can’t apply for a new work permit (that needs an LMIA) in these cases:
- Your employer applied for an LMIA on or after June 18, 2019, and
- you’re applying for a work permit from outside Canada through the TFWP and
- you plan to work in a province or territory other than Quebec
- You apply for a work permit at a port of entry on or after April 22, 2022.
- You’re in Canada as a visitor.
How to apply
Caring for Children Program
The Caring for Children Program ended on June 18, 2019. If you submitted a complete application before June 18, we’ll continue to process it.
If you’re a caregiver who has been caring for children in Canada, you may be eligible for the Home Child Care Provider Pilot.
Caring for People with High Medical Needs Program
Caring for People with High Medical Needs Program ended on June 18, 2019. If you submitted a complete application before June 18, we’ll continue to process it.
If you’re a caregiver who has been working in Canada as a home support worker, you may be eligible for the Home Support Worker Pilot.
Interim Pathway for Caregivers
The Interim Pathway for Caregivers ended on October 8, 2019. If you submitted an application before or on October 8, we’ll continue to process it.
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