Health Status of Canadians 2016: Report of the Chief Public Health Officer - What is influencing our health? - Education
What is influencing our health?
In 2014, just under 18 million or 90% of Canadians between the ages of 25 to 64 years had completed high school.Footnote 1 Just under 13 million or 66% had graduated with a postsecondary certificate or university degree (see Figure 1)Footnote 1.
A higher level of education is linked to better health through a variety of factors such as higher income and better health literacy.Footnote 2-7
The proportion of Canadians aged 25 to 64 years who graduated from high school has been increasing in Canada.Footnote 1
- 69% in 1990.
- 90% in 2014.
In 2011, 50% of Canadians in the top 10% income level and 20% of those below that income level had a university degree (see Figure 2)Footnote 8.
The proportion of Canadians graduating from a post-secondary institution has increased for both men and women.Footnote 1
Data on education in Indigenous populations are not directly comparable to the data described above. Comparable data show Inuit are least likely to have graduated from high school or completed a post-secondary certificate, diploma or degree.Footnote 9
|Graduated from high school (or equivalent)||Completed a post-secondary certificate, diploma or degree|
In 2012, 89% of Canadians completed high school, which is the same proportion as in the United States. This is the second highest among G7 countries, after Japan, where the proportion of people completing high school was 94% (see Figure 3)Footnote 10.
Notes to the reader
- High school graduates include people who have received a high school diploma or, in Quebec, completed Secondary V or, in Newfoundland and Labrador, completed fourth year of secondary.Footnote 1
- Post-secondary graduates include people who have completed, at minimum, a certificate (including a trade certificate) or diploma from an educational institution beyond the secondary level. This includes certificates from vocational schools, apprenticeship training, community college, Collège d'Enseignement Général et Professionnel (CEGEP), and schools of nursing. Also included are certificates below a bachelor's degree obtained at a university.Footnote 1
- Indigenous populations consist of First Nations, Métis and Inuit.
- For international comparisons, educational attainment represents the number of adults aged 25 to 64 holding at least an upper secondary degree over the population of the same age, as defined by the OECD-ISCED classification.Footnote 10
- G7 countries include seven of the world's industrialized countries, namely the United States, Japan, Germany, France, the United Kingdom, Italy and Canada, that form an informal discussion group and economic partnership.
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