Health Status of Canadians 2016: Report of the Chief Public Health Officer - How healthy are we? - Community belonging
How healthy are we?
In 2014, just over 19 million or two thirds of Canadians said they had a somewhat or very strong sense of community belonging (see Figure 1)Footnote 1.
A sense of community belonging can positively influence a person's long-term physical and mental health.Footnote 2-4
The proportion of Canadians who consider their sense of community belonging to be somewhat or very strong has remained constant over time. Footnote 1
- 64% in 2003.
- 66% in 2014.
In 2014, Canadians living in the lowest income households were less likely to report a somewhat or very strong sense of community belonging than those living in the highest income households (see Figure 2)Footnote 5.
In 2014, 66% of men and 67% of women said they had a somewhat or very strong sense of community belonging.Footnote 1
Community belonging differs by age. In 2014, younger and older age groups were more likely to say they had a somewhat or very strong sense of community belonging than other age groups. The proportion of Canadians who report a somewhat or very strong sense of community belonging is lowest among those aged 20 to 34 years.Footnote 1
|12 to 19 years||77%|
|20 to 34 years||57%|
|35 to 44 years||65%|
|45 to 64 years||67%|
|65 years and older||74%|
Data on community belonging in Indigenous populations are not directly comparable to the data described above. Community belonging data are not available for First Nations on-reserve. Data on some Indigenous populations show that Inuit are most likely to say they have a strong sense of community belonging.Footnote 6
|First Nations off reserve||63%|
Data presented in this table are adjusted by age. Indigenous populations tend to be younger than non-Indigenous populations which can affect the ability to compare data across groups.
Data on community belonging are not collected internationally.
Notes to the reader
- A sense of belonging is based on a person's attachment to and social comfort with their community, friends, family, workplace, or personal interests.Footnote 1,Footnote 2
- Indigenous populations consist of First Nations, Métis and Inuit.
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