Risk Factors

Several factors contribute to a person's risk of developing diabetes. Scientists do not know exactly what causes type 1 diabetes, but they believe that both genetic factors and exposure to viruses are involved.

Risk factors that contribute to developing type 2 diabetes include:

  • being overweight or obese;
  • pre-diabetes;
  • advanced age;
  • physical inactivity;
  • having high blood pressure and/or high cholesterol;
  • having a family history of diabetes;
  • belonging to certain high-risk ethnic populations (e.g. Aboriginal, African, Hispanic, Asian);
  • having a history of gestational diabetes; and
  • having other conditions which may include vascular disease, polycycstic ovary syndrome, acanthosis nigricans and schizophrenia

Additional Resources

Reducing the Risk of Diabetes

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