Causes of malaria

Learn about the causes of malaria and how it is spread.

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What causes malaria?

Malaria is caused by a parasite in a group of parasites called Plasmodium. There are 5 different kinds of parasites in this group that can cause the disease.

How is malaria spread?

Malaria is spread to people by the bite of a female mosquito infected with malaria parasites. This type of mosquito bites from sunset to sunrise.

In rare cases, transmission can also occur through:

  • mother to fetus
  • blood transfusion
  • the sharing of needles

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