Marburg virus disease

Causes

What causes Marburg virus disease? How is it spread?

It is not known exactly how humans become infected with the Marburg virus. Recent evidence suggests that humans get the virus through contact with infected animals. Once a person is infected, the virus can spread through person-to-person contact.

Marburg can be spread through:

  • contact with infected animals (bats, monkeys, gorillas, pigs, etc.)
  • contact with blood, body fluids or tissues of infected persons
  • contact with medical equipment, such as needles, that is contaminated with infected body fluids and is not properly disposed of or sterilized

Exposure can also occur in health care settings when staff members do not wear appropriate protective equipment, such as masks, gowns and gloves.


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