Marburg virus disease

Prevention

How can Marburg virus disease infections be prevented?

There is no vaccine or treatment for Marburg virus disease.

If you are or have been in a region where a Marburg outbreak has occurred, take these precautions.

1. Avoid direct contact with blood, saliva, vomit, urine and other bodily fluids of people with Marburg virus disease or unknown illnesses.

  • Avoid direct contact with bodies of people who died of Marburg virus disease or unknown illnesses.
  • Avoid contact with any medical equipment, such as needles, contaminated with blood or bodily fluids.
  • If you are a health care worker, practise strict infection control measures. This includes isolating infected individuals and using personal protective equipment (gowns, masks, goggles and gloves).
  • If you are a health care worker, properly use and disinfect instruments and equipment used to treat or care for patients with Marburg–like needles and thermometers–before throwing them out.

2. Avoid close contact with wild animals and avoid handling wild meat.

  • Avoid potential carriers, both live and dead, since both can spread the virus. Potential carriers of the virus includes:
    • monkeys
    • chimpanzees
    • gorillas
    • fruit bats
    • pigs

3. Know the symptoms of Marburg virus disease and see a health care provider if they develop.

  • Seek medical attention immediately if a fever and any other symptoms arise during or after travel.
  • Be sure to tell your health care provider that you have travelled to a region where Marburg virus disease was present.

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