Canadian Hospitals Injury Reporting and Prevention Program and other injury prevention highlights - 25 Year Timeline

Produced by Delsys Research
July 2015


LAUNCH of Children's Hospitals Injury Research and Prevention Program (CHIRPP) with 10 pediatric hospitals

  • Janeway Children's Health and Rehabilitation Centre, St. John's, NL
  • Izaak Walton Killam - Grace Health Centre, Halifax, NS
  • CHU Sainte-Justine, Montreal, QC
  • Montreal Children's Hospital, Montreal, QC
  • Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario, Ottawa, ON
  • The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, ON
  • Children's Hospital at London Health Sciences Centre, London, ON
  • Winnipeg Children's Hospital, Winnipeg, MB
  • Alberta Children's Hospital, Calgary, AB
  • British Columbia's Children's Hospital, Vancouver, BC


Addition of six general hospitals to the program

  • Stanton Regional Hospital, Yellowknife, NT
  • Hôpital de l'Enfant-Jésus, Quebec, QC
  • Sioux Lookout Zone Hospital, Sioux Lookout, ON
  • Kingston General Hospital, Kingston, ON
  • Hotel Dieu Hospital, Kingston, ON
  • Centre hospitalier régional de Rimouski, Rimouski, QC


Children's Hospitals Injury Research and Prevention Program changes its name to Canadian Hospitals Injury Reporting and Prevention Program after the addition of general hospitals to the program


CHIRPP News, an eight-page newsletter containing brief reports about selected types of injuries and news of activities at participating hospitals and at the Child Injury Division (CID), is introduced and released 3 times per year


LAUNCH of first Safe Kids Week


LAUNCH of the Injury Section Website by the Laboratory Centres for Disease Control (LCDC) with a record of 900 visits per week by 1998


  • Migration of CHIRPP database to a custom designed Oracle platform due to expanding number of records
  • CHIRPP News publishes the results of a comparison study of injuries on the main types of playground equipment, highlighting the importance of providing energy-absorbing surfaces, since 65% of the injuries occurred from falls from equipment.


Evidence to action:

  • CHIRPP data (including Kingston study by Mowat et al.) help inform new Canadian Standards Association guidelines on children's playspaces and equipment
  • Montreal Children's Hospital Trauma Centre and CHIRPP data help inform by-law banning trampolines from English Montreal School Board's phys-ed programs


The Canadian Collaborating Centres for Injury Prevention (CCCIP) is created


  • 10th Anniversary of CHIRPP
  • 1,000,000 CHIRPP records


CHIRPP undergoes formal evaluation (Hayes et al.)


Evidence to action:
Montreal Children's Hospital Trauma Centre is the first Pediatric and Adolescent Trauma Centre to sound the alarm about concussions in hockey and other contact/collision sports


  • Canadian Injury Prevention Curriculum launched by CCCIP
  • Development of the first Nova Scotia Injury Prevention Strategy, resulting in new programs, partnerships, and initiatives


Evidence to action:
CHIRPP data help inform baby walker ban in Canada (sale, manufacturing, advertising, distribution and importation)


Enactment of the minimum-age legislation for ATV use in Nova Scotia


Evidence to action:

  • CHIRPP data help inform Hockey Canada's ban on body checking among 9-10 year old boys. A 2006 study by McPherson et al. showed increased risk of injury associated with body checking
  • CHIRPP data used to demonstrate injuries related to single pronged display hooks and the potential danger to consumers of all ages. To date, the Hudson's Bay stores have changed over 10 million display hooks, Chapters has changed all of its display hooks, as have the Sony stores, the Disney Stores and the Gap worldwide


Evidence to action:
Many Montreal pools replace unsafe diving boards, according to Coroner's recommendations and new standards that CHIRPP data helped inform


2,000,000 CHIRPP records

Addition of one pediatric hospital

  • Stollery Children's Hospital, Edmonton, AB

Key Reports

  • Child & Youth Injury Review 2009 Edition: Spotlight on Consumer Product Safety
  • Economic Burden of Injury in Canada report (SMARTRISK)


  • 20th Anniversary of CHIRPP
  • CHIRPP Modernization plans underway, creation and implementation of eCHIRPP via Canadian Network for Public Health Intelligence (CNPHI)


  • LAUNCH eCHIRPP testing and roll-out begins
  • Canada Consumer Product Safety Act comes into force. Its purpose is to protect the public by addressing or preventing dangers to human health or safety posed by consumer products in Canada


Addition of two general hospitals

  • Carbonear General Hospital, Carbonear, NFLD
  • Kelowna General Hospital, Kelowna, BC

Nova Scotia is first jurisdiction worldwide to legislate mandatory all-ages helmet use while skiing and snowboarding

Parachute Created from merger of SafeKids Canada, ThinkFirst Canada, Safe Communities Canada, and SMARTRISK

Key Report

  • Injury in Review 2012 Edition: Spotlight on Road and Transport Safety


Evidence to action:

  • CHIRPP + PreVAiL Network launches expansion of CHIRPP for intentional injury surveillance
  • CHIRPP data from Montreal Children's Hospital help topple Quebec ban on wearing turbans while playing soccer


Pilot Project
HEADS-ED in Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario initiated to improve self-inflicted injury data collection


  • 25th Anniversary of CHIRPP
  • 2,800,000 CHIRPP records
  • 100+ peer-reviewed studies published to date. Topics range from playground equipment, brain injuries, off road vehicles, sports, and many others

Key Reports

  • Cost of Injury in Canada report by Parachute, Conference Board of Canada and Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC)
  • Canadian Injury Prevention Resource document by Parachute with funding from PHAC

2015 +

eCHIRPP injury syndromics (early warning rules) development and testing

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