HIV in Canada—Supplementary tables, 2016


Volume 43-12, December 7, 2017: Can we eliminate HIV?

Web exclusive

HIV in Canada—Supplementary tables, 2016

AC Bourgeois1, M Edmunds1, A Awan1,2, L Jonah1, O Varsaneux1, W Siu1

Affiliations

1 Centre for Communicable Diseases and Infection Control, Public Health Agency of Canada, Ottawa, ON

2 Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON

Correspondence

HASS@phac-aspc.gc.ca

Suggested citation

AC Bourgeois, M Edmunds, A Awan, L Jonah, O Varsaneux, W Siu. HIV in Canada – Supplementary tables, 2016. Can Commun Dis Rep. 2017;43(12). Web exclusive. https://www.canada.ca/en/public-health/services/reports-publications/canada-communicable-disease-report-ccdr/monthly-issue/2017-43/ccdr-volume-43-12-december-7-2017/hiv-2016-supplementary-tables.html

This article provides supplementary data for the surveillance report in this issue entitled: HIV in Canada—Surveillance Report, 2016Reference 1

Table 1: HIV diagnosis rate (per 100,000 population) by province/territory and year of test (all ages)—Canada, 2007-2016Footnote * Footnote

Province/Territory

Year of test

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

2016

British Columbia

Male

14.2

13.2

12.1

10.7

10.9

9.2

10.2

9.3

8.6

9.0

Female

3.9

2.7

3.2

2.7

1.9

1.3

1.3

1.9

1.6

1.7

Total

9.1

7.9

7.6

6.7

6.4

5.2

5.7

5.6

5.1

5.3

Yukon

Male

0.0

5.9

11.5

0.0

5.5

5.4

5.4

10.6

5.3

0.0

Female

0.0

6.2

6.0

5.9

0.0

0.0

0.0

5.5

0.0

10.8

Total

0.0

6.0

8.8

2.9

2.8

2.8

2.8

8.1

2.7

5.3

Alberta

Male

8.8

8.2

8.0

7.8

8.0

8.7

8.8

9.2

6.9

9.1

Female

3.9

4.6

3.8

3.0

3.7

3.6

4.0

4.5

4.3

4.0

Total

6.4

6.4

5.9

5.4

5.9

6.2

6.5

6.9

5.6

6.6

Northwest Territories

Total

DS

DS

DS

DS

DS

DS

DS

DS

DS

DS

Nunavut

Total

DS

DS

DS

DS

DS

DS

DS

DS

DS

DS

Saskatchewan

Male

13.0

18.7

21.2

20.6

20.3

19.8

15.6

13.9

18.0

16.5

Female

12.2

15.4

17.1

12.5

14.8

13.8

8.0

7.9

11.0

13.6

Total

12.6

17.0

19.1

16.6

17.6

16.9

11.8

10.9

14.5

15.1

Manitoba

Male

8.6

8.9

9.5

13.8

7.7

6.7

11.3

8.4

10.8

13.0

Female

4.0

5.8

7.5

6.0

4.8

4.6

7.4

5.1

5.4

6.0

Total

6.3

7.3

8.5

9.9

6.2

5.7

9.3

6.8

8.1

9.5

Ontario

Male

12.4

12.7

11.6

12.3

11.7

10.1

9.9

9.7

9.9

10.1

Female

3.5

4.0

3.2

2.7

3.0

2.7

1.9

2.4

2.3

2.5

Total

7.9

8.4

7.4

7.5

7.4

6.4

5.9

6.0

6.1

6.3

QuebecFootnote

Male

10.6

12.7

10.2

9.1

9.3

8.7

8.4

7.9

8.7

11.5

Female

3.2

3.7

2.9

2.9

2.6

2.2

2.6

2.7

2.7

2.8

Total

6.9

8.2

6.5

6.0

5.9

5.5

5.5

5.3

5.7

7.1

New Brunswick

Male

2.5

2.7

0.3

2.1

2.1

1.1

1.6

0.8

1.3

0.5

Female

1.3

1.1

0.0

0.0

0.5

0.0

0.0

0.3

1.0

1.3

Total

1.9

1.9

0.1

1.1

1.3

0.5

0.8

0.5

1.2

0.9

Nova Scotia

Male

4.0

4.2

2.4

2.6

2.8

3.9

2.8

2.8

3.2

2.4

Female

0.4

0.4

0.4

0.6

0.4

0.0

0.6

0.0

0.4

0.6

Total

2.1

2.2

1.4

1.6

1.6

1.9

1.7

1.4

1.8

1.5

Prince Edward Island

Total

DS

DS

DS

DS

DS

DS

DS

DS

DS

DS

Newfoundland and LabradorFootnote §

Male

0.0

0.8

1.6

1.3

0.8

1.9

1.6

2.7

2.7

1.9

Female

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.7

0.4

1.1

0.4

0.4

Total

0.0

0.6

1.2

1.0

0.6

1.7

1.3

2.5

2.1

1.5

Grand Total

7.3

7.8

7.0

6.7

6.6

5.9

5.8

5.8

5.8

6.4

Grand total males

11.7

11.5

10.4

10.3

10.0

9.1

9.1

8.7

8.8

9.8

Grand total females

3.6

4.0

3.6

3.1

3.1

2.7

2.5

2.8

2.8

3.0

Table 2: Number of HIV cases (all ages) by province/territory, sex and year of test—Canada, 1985-2016Footnote *

Province/territory

Year of test

Total

1985-2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

2016

n

%Footnote ¥

British Columbia

Male

11,841

208

234

215

202

213

12,913

19.4

Female

2,089

29

31

44

37

40

2,270

14.9

Total

14,274

237

265

261

239

253

15,529

18.4

Yukon

Male

39

1

1

2

1

0

44

0.1

Female

16

0

0

1

0

2

19

0.1

Total

55

1

1

3

1

2

63

0.1

Alberta

Male

4,471

173

180

193

148

197

5,362

8.1

Female

1,204

69

80

91

89

84

1,617

10.6

Total

5,675

242

261

284

237

282

6,981

8.3

Northwest Territories

Male

DS

DS

DS

DS

DS

DS

45

0.1

Female

DS

DS

DS

DS

DS

DS

12

0.1

Total

51

DS

DS

DS

DS

DS

57

0.1

NunavutFootnote

Male

DS

DS

DS

DS

DS

DS

4

0.0

Female

DS

DS

DS

DS

DS

DS

0

0.0

Total

DS

DS

DS

DS

DS

DS

6

0.0

Saskatchewan

Male

936

109

87

79

103

96

1,410

2.1

Female

618

75

44

44

62

78

921

6.1

Total

1,564

184

131

123

165

174

2,341

2.8

Manitoba

Male

1,337

42

71

54

70

86

1,660

2.5

Female

506

29

47

33

35

40

690

4.5

Total

1,843

71

118

87

105

126

2,350

2.8

Ontario

Male

26,236

670

659

655

674

696

29,590

44.5

Female

4,867

186

132

167

161

177

5,690

37.4

Total

32,113

861

797

828

839

881

36,319

43.0

QuebecFootnote

Male

12,305

351

342

322

359

476

14,155

21.3

Female

3,203

91

107

113

114

117

3,745

24.6

Total

16,714

443

453

435

473

593

19,111

22.6

New Brunswick

Male

354

4

6

3

5

2

374

0.6

Female

60

0

0

1

4

5

70

0.5

Total

414

4

6

4

9

7

444

0.5

Nova Scotia

Male

659

18

13

13

15

11

729

1.1 

Female

106

0

3

0

2

3

114

0.7

Total

765

18

16

13

17

14

843

1.0

Prince Edward Island

Male

DS

DS

DS

DS

DS

DS

32

0.0

Female

DS

DS

DS

DS

DS

DS

9

0.1

Total

44

DS

DS

DS

DS

DS

53

0.1

Newfoundland and LabradorFootnote §

Male

210

7

6

10

10

7

250

0.4

Female

54

2

1

3

1

1

62

0.4

Total

264

9

7

13

11

8

312

0.4

Grand Total

73,779

2,073

2,060

2,053

2,100

2,344

84,409

100

Grand total male

58,456

1,584

1,603

1,548

1,589

1,788

66,568

100

Grand total female

12,741

483

446

497

505

547

15,219

100

Table 3: Number of HIV cases by age group and province/territory—Canada, 2015-2016Footnote *

Province/territory

Age group (years)

Total

Under 15

15-19

20-29

30-39

40-49

50 and up

n

2016

British Columbia

0

4

66

71

43

68

252

Yukon

0

0

0

1

0

1

2

Alberta

1

7

62

98

65

49

282

Northwest Territories

DS

DS

DS

DS

DS

DS

DS

Nunavut

DS

DS

DS

DS

DS

DS

DS

Saskatchewan

1

6

42

54

36

35

174

Manitoba

1

3

20

33

42

27

126

Ontario

8

18

217

261

184

191

879

Quebec†

2

10

106

148

135

192

593

New Brunswick

0

0

2

2

1

2

7

Nova Scotia

0

0

7

1

6

0

14

Prince Edward Island

DS

DS

DS

DS

DS

DS

DS

Newfoundland and LabradorFootnote

0

0

2

2

2

2

8

2016 TotalFootnote § Footnote ¥

13

48

526

672

514

568

2,341

2015

British Columbia

0

5

57

57

51

69

239

Yukon

0

0

0

1

0

0

1

Alberta

1

5

57

73

60

41

237

Northwest Territories

DS

DS

DS

DS

DS

DS

DS

Nunavut

DS

DS

DS

DS

DS

DS

DS

Saskatchewan

4

4

43

45

35

34

165

Manitoba

0

1

25

22

34

23

105

Ontario

4

18

235

239

178

165

839

QuebecFootnote

3

6

87

128

88

161

473

New Brunswick

0

0

2

1

1

5

9

Nova Scotia

0

1

10

3

3

0

17

Prince Edward Island

DS

DS

DS

DS

DS

DS

DS

Newfoundland and LabradorFootnote

0

0

2

3

4

2

11

2015 TotalFootnote ¥

12

40

518

573

454

501

2,098

Table 4: Cumulative number of HIV cases among adults (≥15 years old) and children (< 15 years old) by sex between November 1, 1985 and December 31, 2016—CanadaFootnote *

Age and sex

Number of cases reported

%Footnote

Children (< 15 years old)

Males

364

56.4

Females

281

43.6

Sex not reported/other

12

n/a 

Total

657

0.8

Adults (≥15 years old)Footnote

Males

64,127

81.3

Females

14,758

18.7

Sex not reported/other

1,249

n/a

Total

80,134

99.2

Age group not reported

Males

2,077

n/a

Females

180

n/a

Sex not reported/other

1,361

n/a

Total

3,618

n/a

Total

Males

66,568

81.4

Females

15,219

18.6

Sex not reported/other

2,622

n/a

Grand Total

84,409

100.0

Table 5: Number of HIV cases among adults (≥15 years old) by year of test and sex—Canada, 1985-2016

Year of diagnosis

Males

Females

Sex not reported/ transsexual/transgender

Total

Number of cases

Cumulative total

Number of cases

Cumulative total

Number of cases

Cumulative total

Number of cases

Cumulative total

1985-2005

45,382

45,382

8,752

8,752

1,172

1,172

55,306

55,306

2006

1,793

47,175

683

9,435

6

1,178

2,482

57,788

2007

1,776

48,951

589

10,024

7

1,185

2,372

60,160

2008

1,903

50,854

658

10,682

4

1,189

2,565

62,725

2009

1,740

52,594

593

11,275

6

1,195

2,339

65,064

2010

1,747

54,341

516

11,791

11

1,206

2,274

67,338

2011

1,713

56,054

527

12,318

11

1,217

2,251

69,589

2012

1,574

57,628

476

12,794

5

1,222

2,055

71,644

2013

1,591

59,219

435

13,229

9

1,231

2,035

73,679

2014

1,543

60,762

491

13,720

7

1,238

2,041

75,720

2015

1,584

62,346

498

14,218

4

1,242

2,086

77,806

2016

1,781

64,127

540

14,758

7

1,249

2,328

80,134

TotalFootnote *

64,127

n/a

14,758

n/a

1,249

n/a

80,134

n/a

Table 6: Number of HIV cases by age group, sex and year of test—Canada, 1985-2016Footnote * Footnote

Age and Sex

Year of test

Total

1985-2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

2016

n

%Footnote

n

%

n

%

n

%

n

%

n

%

n

%

Children < 15 years

Male

330

0.6

9

0.6

10

0.6

4

0.3

5

0.3

6

0.3

364

0.6

Female

243

1.9

7

1.4

11

2.5

6

1.2

7

1.4

7

1.3

281

1.9

Total

585

0.8

16

0.8

21

1.0

10

0.5

12

0.6

13

0.6

657

0.8

15 to 19 years

Male

618

1.1

22

1.4

26

1.6

24

1.6

21

1.3

28

1.6

739

1.1

Female

496

3.9

14

2.9

12

2.7

13

2.6

19

3.8

20

3.7

574

3.8

Total

1,124

1.6

36

1.7

38

1.8

37

1.8

40

1.9

48

2.1

1,323

1.6

20 to 29 years

Male

13,283

23.6

355

22.4

356

22.2

350

22.6

401

25.2

405

22.7

15,150

23.5

Female

3,990

31.5

114

23.6

98

22.0

86

17.3

115

22.8

120

21.9

4,523

29.9

Total

17,544

25.0

471

22.7

455

22.1

438

21.4

518

24.7

526

22.5

19,952

24.7

30 to 39 years

Male

21,909

38.9

438

27.7

437

27.3

470

30.4

416

26.2

495

27.7

24,165

37.5

Female

4,632

36.6

166

34.4

159

35.7

175

35.2

157

31.1

174

31.8

5,463

36.1

Total

26,986

38.5

606

29.3

598

29.1

648

31.6

573

27.3

672

28.7

30,083

37.2

40 to 49 years

Male

13,440

23.8

462

29.2

409

25.5

355

22.9

347

21.8

396

22.2

15,409

23.9

Female

2,196

17.3

113

23.4

100

22.4

113

22.7

107

21.2

115

21.0

2,744

18.1

Total

15,871

22.6

575

27.8

512

24.9

468

22.8

454

21.6

514

22.0

18,394

22.8

≥50 years

Male

6,028

10.7

297

18.8

363

22.7

344

22.2

399

25.1

457

25.6

7,888

12.2

Female

1,015

8.0

69

14.3

66

14.8

104

20.9

100

19.8

111

20.3

1,465

9.7

Total

7,147

10.2

367

17.7

432

21.0

450

21.9

501

23.9

568

24.3

9,465

11.7

Adult, age unknownFootnote §>

Male

776

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

776

1.2

Female

88

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

88

0.6

Total

917

1.3

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

917

1.1

Total all ages

Male

56,384

100

1,583

100

1,601

100

1,547

100

1,589

100

1,787

100

64,491

100

Female

12,659

100

483

100

446

100

497

100

505

100

547

100

15,137

100

Total

70,174

100

2,071

100

2,056

100

2,051

100

2,098

100

2,341

100

80,791

100

Total Adults

Male

56,054

n/a

1,574

n/a

1,591

n/a

1,543

n/a

1,584

n/a

1,781

n/a

64,127

n/a

Female

12,416

n/a

476

n/a

435

n/a

491

n/a

498

n/a

540

n/a

14,856

n/a

Total

69,589

n/a

2,055

n/a

2,035

n/a

2,041

n/a

2,086

n/a

2,328

n/a

80,134

n/a

Age group not reported

Total

3,605

n/a

2

n/a

4

n/a

2

n/a

2

n/a

3

n/a

3,618

n/a

Grand Total

73,779

n/a

2,073

n/a

2,060

n/a

2,053

n/a

2,100

n/a

2,344

n/a

84,409

n/a


Table 7: Number and percentage distribution of HIV cases among adults (≥15 years old) by exposure category—Canada, 1985-2016Footnote *

Exposure category

Exposure sub-category

Year of test

Total

1985-2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

2016

 

n

 

%Footnote

n

%

n

%

n

%

n

%

n

%

n

%

MSM

n/a

21,730

54.2

665

46.7

674

48.4

669

48.5

624

44.9

633

44.1

24,995

53.1

MSM/IDU

n/a

1,039

2.6

30

2.1

38

2.7

38

2.8

43

3.1

55

3.8

1,243

2.6

IDU

n/a

7,009

17.5

215

15.1

186

13.4

183

13.3

225

16.2

216

15.1

8,034

17.1

Blood/blood productsFootnote

Recipient of blood/clotting factor

166

0.4

0

0.0

1

0.1

1

0.1

0

0.0

1

0.1

169

0.4

Recipient of blood

286

0.7

0

0.0

0

0.0

1

0.1

1

0.1

1

0.1

289

0.6

Recipient of clotting factor

311

0.8

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

311

0.7

Heterosexual contact

Origin from an HIV-endemic country

2,824

7.0

172

12.1

129

9.3

136

9.9

149

10.7

151

10.5

3,561

7.6

Sexual contact with a person at risk

2,939

7.3

145

10.2

159

11.4

130

9.4

118

8.5

127

8.9

3,618

7.7

NIR-Het

3,339

8.3

133

9.3

136

9.8

133

9.7

177

12.7

185

12.9

4,103

8.7

OtherFootnote §

n/a

445

1.1

63

4.4

70

5.0

87

6.3

54

3.9

66

4.6

785

1.7

Subtotal

n/a

40,088

100

1,423

100

1,393

100

1,378

100

1,391

100

1,435

100

47,108

100

NIR

n/a

3,555

n/a

64

n/a

36

n/a

70

n/a

58

n/a

87

n/a

3,870

n/a

Not reported

n/a

25,946

n/a

568

n/a

606

n/a

593

n/a

637

n/a

806

n/a

29,156

n/a

TotalFootnote

n/a

69,589

n/a

2,055

n/a

2,035

n/a

2,041

n/a

2,086

n/a

2,328

n/a

80,134

n/a

Table 8: Number and percentage distribution of HIV cases among adult males (≥15 years old) by exposure category and year of test—Canada, 1985-2016Footnote *

Exposure category

Exposure sub-category

Year of test

Total

1985-2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

2016

 

n

 

%Footnote

n

%

n

%

n

%

n

%

n

%

n

%

MSM

n/a

21,641

66.0

665

61.7

674

61.8

669

63.0

624

59.3

633

59.0

24,906

65.3

MSM/IDU

n/a

1,037

3.2

30

2.8

38

3.5

38

3.6

43

4.1

55

5.1

1,241

3.3

IDU

n/a

4,546

13.9

129

12.0

121

11.1

102

9.6

131

12.5

117

10.9

5,146

13.5

Blood/blood productsFootnote

Recipient of blood/clotting factor

128

0.4

0

0.0

1

0.1

1

0.1

0

0.0

1

0.1

131

0.3

Recipient of blood

175

0.5

0

0.0

0

0.0

1

0.1

1

0.1

1

0.1

178

0.5

Recipient of clotting factor

267

0.8

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

267

0.7

Heterosexual contact

Origin from an HIV-endemic country

1,234

3.8

60

5.6

46

4.2

60

5.6

54

5.1

66

6.2

1,520

4.0

Sexual contact with a person at risk

1,409

4.3

66

6.1

80

7.3

65

6.1

51

4.8

60

5.6

1,731

4.5

NIR-Het

2,020

6.2

91

8.4

95

8.7

76

7.2

122

11.6

106

9.9

2,510

6.6

OtherFootnote §

n/a

311

0.9

37

3.4

35

3.2

50

4.7

26

2.5

33

3.1

492

1.3

Subtotal

n/a

32,768

100

1,078

100

1,090

100

1,062

100

1,052

100

1,072

100

38,122

100

NIR

n/a

2,761

n/a

49

n/a

31

n/a

46

n/a

48

n/a

69

n/a

3,004

n/a

Not reported

n/a

20,525

n/a

447

n/a

470

n/a

435

n/a

484

n/a

640

n/a

23,001

n/a

TotalFootnote

n/a

56,054

n/a

1,574

n/a

1,591

n/a

1,543

n/a

1,584

n/a

1,781

n/a

64,127

n/a

Table 9: Number and percentage distribution of HIV cases among adult females (≥15 years old) by exposure category and year of test—Canada, 1985-2016Footnote *

Exposure category

Exposure sub-category

Year of diagnosis

Total

1985-2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

2016

n

%Footnote

n

%

n

%

n

%

n

%

n

%

n

%

IDU

n/a

2,412

33.8

86

24.9

64

21.3

79

25.3

94

27.7

99

27.3

2,834

32.2

Blood/blood productsFootnote

Recipient of blood/clotting factor

38

0.5

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

38

0.4

Recipient of blood

107

1.5

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

107

1.2

Recipient of clotting factor

31

0.4

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

31

0.4

Heterosexual contact

Origin from an HIV-endemic country

1,583

22.2

112

32.5

82

27.3

76

24.4

95

28.0

85

23.5

2,033

23.1

Sexual contact with a person at risk

1,512

21.2

79

22.9

78

26.0

64

20.5

67

19.8

67

18.5

1,867

21.2

NIR-Het

1,319

18.5

42

12.2

41

13.7

56

17.9

55

16.2

78

21.5

1,591

18.1

OtherFootnote §

n/a

130

1.8

26

7.5

35

11.7

37

11.9

28

8.3

33

9.1

289

3.3

Subtotal

n/a

7,132

100

345

100

300

100

312

100

339

100

362

100

8,790

100

NIR

n/a

630

n/a

13

n/a

5

n/a

23

n/a

9

n/a

18

n/a

698

n/a

Not reported

n/a

4,556

n/a

118

n/a

130

n/a

156

n/a

150

n/a

160

n/a

5,270

n/a

TotalFootnote

n/a

12,318

n/a

476

n/a

435

n/a

491

n/a

498

n/a

540

n/a

14,758

n/a

Table 10: Number and percentage distribution of HIV cases among adults (≥15 years old) by exposure category and age group—Canada, 2015-2016Footnote *

Year

Exposure category

Exposure sub-category

Age group (years)

15-19

20-29

30-39

40-49

≥ 50

Age group not reported

Total

n

%

n

%

n

%

n

%

n

%

n

%

n

%

2016

MSM

n/a

12

37.5

204

38.8

198

29.5

117

22.8

102

18.0

0

0

633

27.4

MSM/IDU

n/a

2

6.3

15

2.9

20

3.0

10

1.9

8

1.4

0

0

55

2.4

IDU

n/a

4

12.5

49

9.3

77

11.5

46

8.9

40

7.0

0

0

216

9.3

Blood/blood productsFootnote

n/a

0

0.0

1

0.2

0

0.0

0

0.0

1

0.2

0

0

2

0.1

Heterosexual contact

Origin from an HIV-endemic country

3

9.4

23

4.4

49

7.3

44

8.6

32

5.6

0

0

151

6.5

Sexual contact with a person at risk

2

6.3

28

5.3

33

4.9

30

5.8

34

6.0

0

0

127

5.5

NIR-Het

4

12.5

35

6.7

45

6.7

44

8.6

57

10.0

0

0

185

8.0

OtherFootnote

n/a

5

15.6

11

2.1

21

3.1

18

3.5

11

1.9

0

0

66

2.9

NIR

n/a

0

0.0

11

2.1

20

3.0

27

5.3

27

4.8

0

0

85

3.7

Not reported

n/a

0

0.0

149

28.3

209

31.1

178

34.6

256

45.1

0

0

792

34.3

2016 Total

n/a

32

100

526

100

672

100

514

100

568

100

0

100

2,312

100

2015

MSM

n/a

10

25.0

223

43.1

170

29.7

121

26.7

100

20.0

0

0

624

29.9

MSM/IDU

n/a

0

0.0

17

3.3

13

2.3

6

1.3

7

1.4

0

0

43

2.1

IDU

n/a

4

10.0

60

11.6

66

11.5

63

13.9

32

6.4

0

0

225

10.8

Blood/blood productsFootnote

n/a

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

1

0.2

0

0

1

0.0

Heterosexual contact

Origin from an HIV-endemic country

5

12.5

21

4.1

47

8.2

41

9.0

35

7.0

0

0

149

7.1

Sexual contact with a person at risk

5

12.5

19

3.7

28

4.9

27

5.9

39

7.8

0

0

118

5.7

NIR-Het

5

12.5

31

6.0

46

8.0

40

8.8

55

11.0

0

0

177

8.5

OtherFootnote

n/a

1

2.5

14

2.7

16

2.8

12

2.6

11

2.2

0

0

54

2.6

NIR

n/a

1

2.5

10

1.9

16

2.8

14

3.1

17

3.4

0

0

58

2.8

Not reported

n/a

9

22.5

123

23.7

171

29.8

130

28.6

204

40.7

0

0

637

30.5

2015 Total

n/a

40

100

518

100

573

100

454

100

501

100

0

100

2,086

100

Table 11: Number of HIV cases by exposure category and province/territory—Canada, 2015-2016Footnote *

Year

Exposure category

Exposure sub-category

Province/territory

Total

BC

YT

AB

NT

NU

SK

MB

ON

QCFootnote

NB

NS

PE

NL

n

%Footnote

2016

MSM

n/a

133

0

87

DS

DS

7

24

362

NR

2

9

DS

6

633

44.0

MSM/IDU

n/a

4

0

14

DS

DS

5

7

25

NR

0

0

DS

0

55

3.8

IDU

n/a

15

0

27

DS

DS

97

3

70

NR

2

2

DS

0

216

15.0

Blood/blood productsFootnote §

n/a

0

0

0

DS

DS

0

1

1

NR

0

0

DS

0

2

0.1

Heterosexual contact

Origin from an HIV-endemic country

0

1

32

DS

DS

8

27

82

NR

3

0

DS

0

153

10.6

Sexual contact with a person at risk

30

1

29

DS

DS

31

0

33

NR

0

1

DS

2

127

8.8

NIR-Het

25

0

28

DS

DS

21

33

76

NR

0

2

DS

0

185

12.8

Other

n/a

8

0

57

DS

DS

1

0

2

NR

0

0

DS

0

69

4.8

2016 Subtotal

n/a

215

2

274

DS

DS

170

95

651

0

7

14

DS

8

1,440

100

NIR

n/a

3

0

6

DS

DS

4

31

47

0

0

0

DS

0

91

n/a

Not reported

n/a

35

0

2

DS

DS

0

0

183

593

0

0

DS

0

813

n/a

2016 Grand Total

n/a

253

2

282

DS

DS

174

126

881

593

7

14

DS

8

2,344

n/a

2015

MSM

n/a

132

1

66

DS

DS

12

34

355

NR

3

12

DS

7

624

44.6

MSM/IDU

n/a

4

0

8

DS

DS

2

3

26

NR

0

0

DS

0

43

3.1

IDU

n/a

17

0

34

DS

DS

96

9

67

NR

0

1

DS

1

225

16.1

Blood/blood productsFootnote §

n/a

0

0

0

DS

DS

0

0

1

NR

0

0

DS

0

1

0.1

Heterosexual contact 

Origin from an HIV-endemic country

0

0

29

DS

DS

5

22

92

NR

3

0

DS

0

151

10.8

Sexual contact with a person at risk

39

0

32

DS

DS

22

0

21

NR

2

1

DS

1

119

8.5

NIR-Het

30

0

17

DS

DS

20

27

77

NR

1

3

DS

2

177

12.6

Other

5

0

47

DS

DS

6

0

1

NR

0

0

DS

0

60

4.3

2015 Subtotal

n/a

227

1

233

DS

DS

163

95

640

0

9

17

DS

11

1,400

100

NIR

n/a

3

0

2

DS

DS

2

10

42

0

0

0

DS

0

59

n/a

Not reported

n/a

9

0

2

DS

DS

0

0

157

473

0

0

DS

0

641

n/a

2015 Grand Total

n/a

239

1

237

DS

DS

165

105

839

473

9

17

DS

11

2,100

n/a

Table 12: Number and percentage distribution of HIV cases (all ages) by year of diagnosis and race/ethnicity—Canada, 1998-2016Footnote * Footnote Footnote

Race/ethnicity

Race/ethnicity
sub-category

Year of test

Total

1998-2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

2016

n

%Footnote §

n

%

n

%

n

%

n

%

n

%

n

%

Indigenous

First Nations

1,401

19.8

174

15.9

131

12.6

142

13.9

167

15.4

217

19.0

2,232

17.9

Métis

187

2.6

13

1.2

11

1.1

27

2.6

27

2.5

18

1.6

283

2.3

Inuit

14

0.2

0

0.0

0

0.0

1

0.1

0

0.0

3

0.3

18

0.1

Indigenous, unspecified

438

6.2

34

3.1

57

5.5

1

0.1

9

0.8

4

0.4

543

4.4

South Asian/West Asian/ArabFootnote

n/a

93

1.3

43

3.9

31

3.0

36

3.5

40

3.7

44

3.9

287

2.3

AsianFootnote

n/a

225

3.2

50

4.6

54

5.2

59

5.8

74

6.8

66

5.8

528

4.2

BlackFootnote **

n/a

1,243

17.6

285

26.1

208

19.9

237

23.1

225

20.8

250

21.9

2,448

19.7

Latin AmericanFootnote ††

n/a

170

2.4

37

3.4

57

5.5

55

5.4

48

4.4

55

4.8

422

3.4

White

n/a

3,241

45.8

437

40.0

479

45.9

441

43.0

470

43.5

460

40.4

5,528

44.4

Other

n/a

59

0.8

20

1.8

15

1.4

26

2.5

21

1.9

23

2.0

164

1.3

Subtotal

n/a

7,071

100

1,093

100

1,043

100

1,025

100

1,081

100

1,140

100

12,453

100

Not reported

n/a

25,897

n/a

980

n/a

1,017

n/a

1,028

n/a

1,019

n/a

1,204

n/a

31,145

n/a

Total

n/a

32,968

n/a

2,073

n/a

2,060

n/a

2,053

n/a

2,100

n/a

2,344

n/a

43,598

n/a


Table 13: Number and percentage distribution of HIV cases among males (all ages) by year of test and race/ethnicity—Canada, 1998-2016Footnote * Footnote Footnote

Race/ethnicity

Race/ethnicity sub-category

Year of test

Total

1998-2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

2016

n

%Footnote §

n

%

n

%

n

%

n

%

n

%

n

%

Indigenous

First Nations

 689

 14.1

106

13.4

74

9.3

76

9.9

91

11.5

113

13.7

1,149

13.0

Métis

106

2.2

4

0.5

11

1.4

16

2.1

18

2.3

11

1.3

166

1.9

Inuit

10

0.2

0

0.0

0

0.0

1

0.1

0

0.0

2

0.2

13

0.1

Indigenous, unspecified

236

4.8

17

2.1

30

3.8

0

0.0

3

0.4

1

0.1

287

3.2

South Asian/West Asian/ArabFootnote

n/a

83

1.7

37

4.7

27

3.4

30

3.9

35

4.4

37

4.5

249

2.8

AsianFootnote

n/a

177

3.6

45

5.7

53

6.7

52

6.8

69

8.7

62

7.5

458

5.2

BlackFootnote **

n/a

605

12.4

142

17.9

103

12.9

137

17.9

104

13.1

135

16.4

1,226

13.8

Latin AmericanFootnote ††

n/a

152

3.1

36

4.5

53

6.7

50

6.5

43

5.4

52

6.3

386

4.4

White

n/a

2,784

57.0

390

49.1

431

54.1

382

49.8

411

51.8

394

47.8

4,792

54.1

Other

n/a

46

0.9

17

2.1

14

1.8

23

3.0

19

2.4

17

2.1

136

1.5

Subtotal

n/a

4,888

100

794

100

796

100

767

100

793

100

824

100

8,862

100

Not reported

n/a

19,644

n/a

790

n/a

807

n/a

781

n/a

796

n/a

964

n/a

23,782

n/a

TotalFootnote ‡‡

n/a

24,532

n/a

1,584

n/a

1,603

n/a

1,548

n/a

1,589

n/a

1,788

n/a

32,644

n/a

Table 14: Number and percentage distribution of HIV cases among females (all ages) by year of diagnosis and race/ethnicity—Canada, 1998-2016Footnote * Footnote Footnote

Race/ethnicity

Race/ethnicity sub-category

Year of test

Total

1998-2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

2016

n

%Footnote §

n

%

n

%

n

%

n

%

n

%

n

%

Indigenous

First Nations

712

32.7

68

22.9

57

23.3

66

25.7

76

26.6

103

32.7

1,082

30.2

Métis

81

3.7

9

3.0

0

0.0

11

4.3

9

3.1

7

2.2

117

3.3

Inuit

4

0.2

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

1

0.3

5

0.1

Indigenous, unspecified

202

9.3

17

5.7

27

11.0

1

0.4

6

2.1

3

1.0

256

7.2

South Asian/West Asian/ArabFootnote

n/a

10

0.5

6

2.0

4

1.6

6

2.3

5

1.7

7

2.2

38

1.1

AsianFootnote **

n/a

48

2.2

5

1.7

1

0.4

7

2.7

4

1.4

4

1.3

69

1.9

BlackFootnote ††

n/a

637

29.2

143

48.1

104

42.4

100

38.9

121

42.3

115

36.5

1,220

34.1

Latin AmericanFootnote ‡‡

n/a

18

0.8

1

0.3

4

1.6

5

1.9

5

1.7

3

1.0

36

1.0

White

n/a

455

20.9

46

15.5

47

19.2

58

22.6

58

20.3

66

21.0

730

20.4

Other

n/a

13

0.6

2

0.7

1

0.4

3

1.2

2

0.7

6

1.9

27

0.8

Subtotal

n/a

2,180

100

297

100

245

100

257

100

286

100

315

100

3,580

100

Not reported

n/a

6,005

n/a

186

n/a

201

n/a

240

n/a

219

n/a

232

n/a

7,083

n/a

TotalFootnote ¶¶

n/a

8,185

n/a

483

n/a

446

n/a

497

n/a

505

n/a

547

n/a

10,663

n/a


Table 15: Number of HIV cases (all ages) by exposure category and race/ethnicity—Canada, 1998-2016Footnote * Footnote Footnote Footnote §

Year

Race/ethnicity

Race/ethnicity sub-category

MSM

MSM/
IDU

IDU

Blood/
blood products

Heterosexual contact

Perinatal trans-mission

Other

NIR

Not reported

Total

Origin from an HIV-endemic country

Sexual contact with a person at risk

NIR-Het

2016

Indigenous

First Nations

18

12

96

1

0

35

48

0

0

7

0

217

Métis

2

1

11

0

0

2

2

0

0

0

0

18

Inuit

2

0

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

3

Indigenous, unspecified

0

0

2

0

0

0

1

0

0

1

0

4

South Asian/West Asian/ArabFootnote

n/a

31

0

0

0

1

3

5

0

3

1

0

44

AsianFootnote **

n/a

43

1

0

0

2

4

11

0

4

1

0

66

BlackFootnote ††

n/a

43

2

3

1

133

7

18

0

41

1

1

250

Latin AmericanFootnote ‡‡

n/a

43

2

0

0

1

3

3

0

2

1

0

55

White

n/a

252

31

69

0

2

35

55

0

3

12

1

460

Other

n/a

9

1

2

0

2

3

2

0

2

2

0

23

Subtotal 2016

n/a

443

50

183

2

141

92

146

0

55

26

2

1,140

Not reported

n/a

190

5

33

0

12

35

39

3

11

65

811

1,204

Total 2016

n/a

633

55

216

2

153

127

185

3

66

91

813

2,344

2015

Indigenous

First Nations

8

2

94

0

0

30

24

3

3

2

1

167

Métis

6

0

14

0

0

2

5

0

0

0

0

27

Inuit

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Indigenous, unspecified

0

0

4

0

0

0

5

0

0

0

0

9

South Asian/West Asian/ArabFootnote

n/a

21

0

5

0

1

3

9

0

0

1

0

40

AsianFootnote **

n/a

50

2

1

0

6

1

7

0

5

2

0

74

BlackFootnote ††

n/a

36

4

0

1

127

6

16

0

33

1

1

225

Latin AmericanFootnote ‡‡

n/a

26

1

2

0

1

2

10

0

4

2

0

48

White

n/a

281

24

68

0

0

32

53

0

2

9

1

470

Other

n/a

14

0

0

0

0

0

5

0

2

0

0

21

Subtotal 2015

n/a

442

33

188

1

135

76

134

3

49

17

3

1,081

Not reported

n/a

182

10

37

0

16

43

43

2

6

42

638

1,019

Total 2015

n/a

624

43

225

1

151

119

177

5

55

59

641

2,100

2014

Indigenous

First Nations

10

5

69

0

0

27

23

0

4

3

1

142

Métis

2

0

14

0

0

6

2

0

2

1

0

27

Inuit

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

Indigenous, unspecified

0

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

1

South Asian/West Asian/ArabFootnote

n/a

16

0

1

0

3

5

9

0

0

2

0

36

AsianFootnote **

n/a

45

0

0

0

2

0

5

0

7

0

0

59

BlackFootnote ††

n/a

48

3

3

1

115

10

5

0

50

2

0

237

Latin AmericanFootnote ‡‡

n/a

36

3

1

0

2

2

6

0

3

2

0

55

White

n/a

272

24

53

0

2

35

32

0

12

10

1

441

Other

n/a

16

0

1

0

2

3

2

0

2

0

0

26

Subtotal 2014

n/a

446

35

142

1

126

89

84

0

80

20

2

1,025

Not reported

n/a

223

4

41

1

13

41

49

1

8

50

597

1,028

Total 2014

n/a

669

39

183

2

139

130

133

1

88

70

599

2,053

2013

Indigenous

First Nations

7

2

72

0

0

27

16

0

3

3

1

131

Métis

0

1

4

0

0

2

4

0

0

0

0

11

Inuit

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Indigenous, unspecified

8

0

16

0

0

28

3

0

1

1

0

57

South Asian/West Asian/ArabFootnote

n/a

19

1

0

0

0

4

5

0

0

2

0

31

AsianFootnote **

n/a

46

2

0

0

2

3

0

0

1

0

0

54

BlackFootnote ††

n/a

33

0

3

0

105

6

11

1

49

0

0

208

Latin AmericanFootnote ‡‡

n/a

46

0

0

0

1

4

3

0

2

1

0

57

White

n/a

308

22

51

0

2

42

40

0

8

6

0

479

Other

n/a

8

1

1

0

0

1

2

0

2

0

0

15

Subtotal 2013

n/a

475

29

147

0

110

117

84

1

66

13

1

1,043

Not reported

n/a

200

9

39

1

20

42

52

4

9

25

616

1,017

Total 2013

n/a

675

38

186

1

130

159

136

5

75

38

617

2,060

2012

Indigenous

First Nations

11

3

104

0

0

27

21

0

5

3

0

174

Métis

2

0

9

0

0

1

1

0

0

0

0

13

Inuit

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Indigenous, unspecified

3

1

9

0

0

20

0

0

0

1

0

34

South Asian/West Asian/ArabFootnote

n/a

19

1

1

0

1

5

10

1

0

5

0

43

AsianFootnote **

n/a

36

0

0

0

1

6

5

0

1

1

0

50

BlackFootnote ††

n/a

50

3

3

0

160

11

12

0

44

2

0

285

Latin AmericanFootnote ‡‡

n/a

29

1

0

0

0

0

2

0

3

2

0

37

White

n/a

290

13

45

0

1

37

37

0

4

10

0

437

Other

n/a

13

0

0

0

2

0

2

0

0

3

0

20

Subtotal 2012

n/a

453

22

171

0

165

107

90

1

57

27

0

1,093

Not reported

n/a

212

8

45

0

9

38

43

0

7

37

581

980

Total 2012

n/a

665

30

216

0

174

145

133

1

64

64

581

2,073

1998 - 2011

Indigenous

First Nations

46

37

905

2

2

211

143

11

5

20

19

1,401

Métis

10

9

125

1

0

22

14

1

0

3

2

187

Inuit

3

0

3

0

1

2

5

0

0

0

0

14

Indigenous, unspecified

33

9

149

7

0

202

5

1

1

31

0

438

South Asian/West Asian/ArabFootnote

n/a

49

1

1

2

7

12

11

0

0

10

0

93

AsianFootnote **

n/a

119

4

2

0

25

26

42

0

3

4

0

225

BlackFootnote ††

n/a

113

3

26

3

933

46

51

6

45

11

6

1,243

Latin AmericanFootnote ‡‡

n/a

123

1

2

1

8

15

14

0

3

2

1

170

White

n/a

1,669

102

608

17

14

397

318

5

21

70

20

3,241

Other

n/a

27

0

10

0

5

4

9

1

2

0

1

59

Subtotal 1998-2011

n/a

2,192

166

1,831

33

995

937

1,836

25

80

151

49

7,071

Not reported

n/a

6,423

394

2,416

55

1,618

1,141

1,836

98

71

946

10,899

25,897

Total 1998-2011

n/a

8,615

560

4,247

88

2,613

2,078

3,672

123

151

1,097

10,948

32,968

Total all years

n/a

11,881

765

5,273

94

3,360

2,758

4,436

138

499

1,419

14,199

43,598


Table 16: Number and percentage distribution of immigration applicants to Canada diagnosed with HIV as a result of an Immigration Medical Exam (IME) by year—2002-2016

YearFootnote

Tested in CanadaFootnote *

Tested overseas

Number diagnosed with HIV

%

Number diagnosed with HIV

%

2002

265

n/a

NR

n/a

2003

366

n/a

NR

n/a

2004

329

n/a

NR

n/a

2005

282

65.4

149

34.6

2006

373

69.9

161

30.1

2007

308

73.5

111

26.5

2008

365

66.6

183

33.4

2009

275

76.6

84

23.4

2010

231

67.5

111

32.5

2011

210

63.8

119

36.2

2012

243

63.4

140

36.6

2013

422

67.7

201

32.3

2014

345

67.9

163

32.1

2015

350

63.6

200

36.4

Total

4,364

72.9

1,622

27.1


Table 17: Number and percentage distribution of immigration applicants to Canada diagnosed with HIV as a result of an Immigration Medical Exam (IME) by sex, age group, and province—2002-2016

Demographic

Tested in CanadaFootnote *

Tested overseasFootnote *

Number diagnosed with HIV

%

Number diagnosed with HIV

%

Sex

Male

2,493

57.1

788

48.6

Female

1,870

42.9

834

51.4

Age group

<20

79

1.8

141

8.7

20-29

970

22.2

411

25.3

30-39

1,829

41.9

649

40.0

40-49

1,090

25.0

311

19.2

50+

396

9.1

110

6.8

ProvinceFootnote

Alberta

330

7.6

232

14.4

British Columbia

380

8.7

209

12.9

Manitoba

90

2.1

140

8.7

Ontario

2,386

54.7

540

33.4

Quebec

1,098

25.2

404

25.0

Saskatchewan

42

1.0

46

2.8

Atlantic provincesFootnote

37

0.8

45

2.8

HIV-endemic country

Yes

2,937

67.3

1,170

72.1

No

1,427

32.7

452

27.9

Table 18: Number of Canadian perinatally HIV-exposed infants by year of birth, current status and use of antiretroviral therapy (ART) for prophylaxis, 1984-2016

ART use

Status 

Year of birth

Total

1984-2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

2016

No perinatal ART prophylaxis

Confirmed infected

Asymptomatic

74

6

6

5

1

2

0

2

1

97

Symptomatic

22

0

1

0

0

0

0

1

0

24

Died of AIDS

100

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

100

Died of other

10

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

10

Lost to follow-upFootnote *

170

3

1

0

0

1

0

2

0

177

Adult careFootnote

216

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

216

Subtotal confirmed infected

592

9

8

5

1

3

0

5

1

624

Subtotal confirmed not infected

481

17

11

7

9

5

7

6

8

551

Infection status not confirmed

Indeterminate

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

1

Lost to follow-up

23

0

0

1

1

0

0

0

0

25

Subtotal Infection status not confirmed

23

0

0

1

1

0

0

0

1

26

Total ‘No perinatal ART prophylaxis’

1,096

26

19

13

11

8

7

11

10

1,201

Any perinatal ART prophylaxis

Confirmed infected

Asymptomatic

2

0

3

2

0

0

2

1

0

10

Symptomatic

2

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

3

Died of AIDS

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

Died of other

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

Lost to follow-upFootnote *

9

1

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

11

Adult careFootnote

5

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

5

Subtotal confirmed infected

20

1

4

3

0

0

2

1

0

31

Subtotal confirmed not infected

1,789

172

222

216

216

198

238

230

226

3,507

Infection status not confirmed

Indeterminate

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

24

24

Lost to follow-up

22

1

1

1

1

0

0

4

1

31

Subtotal Infection status not confirmed

22

1

1

1

1

0

0

4

25

55

Total ‘Any perinatal ART prophylaxis

1,831

174

227

220

217

198

240

235

251

3,593

Perinatal ART prophylaxis exposure unknown

Total ‘Perinatal ART prophylaxis exposure unknown’

35

3

4

4

1

2

2

2

2

55

Grand Total

2,962

203

250

237

229

208

249

248

263

4,849

Table 19: Number of Canadian perinatally HIV-exposed infants by maternal exposure category and year of infant birth, 1984-2016

 Maternal exposure category

Year of birth

1984-2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

2016

Total

n

%

n

%

n

%

n

%

n

%

n

%

n

%

n

%

n

%

n

%Footnote *

IDU

660

24.6

31

16.8

43

19.2

47

21.2

34

16.6

34

18.0

48

20.7

54

23.9

50

22.3

1,001

22.8

Blood products/ transfusion/ medical

44

1.6

5

2.7

5

2.2

1

0.5

3

1.5

8

4.2

5

2.2

5

2.2

2

0.9

78

1.8

Heterosexual contact

1,962

73.0

144

78.3

173

77.2

174

78.4

165

80.5

143

75.7

167

72.0

153

67.7

159

71.0

3,240

73.8

Mother-to-childFootnote

6

0.2

3

1.6

3

1.3

0

0.0

3

1.5

3

1.6

6

2.6

12

5.3

8

3.6

44

1.0

Other

15

0.6

1

0.5

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

1

0.5

6

2.6

2

0.9

5

2.2

30

0.7

NIR

275

n/a

19

n/a

26

n/a

15

n/a

24

n/a

19

n/a

17

n/a

22

n/a

39

n/a

456

n/a

Total

2,962

100

203

100

250

100

237

1

229

100

208

100

249

100

248

100

263

100

4,849

100

Table 20: Number of Canadian perinatally HIV-exposed infants by ethnic status and infection status, 1984-2016

Race/ethnicity

Infection Status

Year of birth

Total

1984-1996

1997-2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

2016

n

%

n

%

n

%

n

%

n

%

n

%

n

%

n

%

n

%

n

%

n

%

White

Prospective cohortFootnote *

Confirmed infected

29

16.4

9

1.8

0

0.0

4

8.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

42

4.2

Confirmed not infected

148

83.6

485

98.2

29

100

46

92.0

36

100

39

100.0

37

100

60

100

48

100

27

100

955

95.8

Retrospective cohort

Confirmed infected

76

69.7

9

50.0

2

100

0

0.0

1

50.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

88

66.7

Confirmed not infected

33

30.3

9

50.0

0

0.0

1

100

1

50.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

44

33.3

Infection status not confirmed

Infection status not confirmed

9

n/a

8

n/a

1

n/a

0

n/a

0

n/a

1

n/a

0

n/a

0

n/a

1

n/a

4

n/a

24

n/a

Subtotal White

295

36.7

520

24.1

32

15.8

51

20.4

38

16.0

40

17.5

37

17.8

60

24.1

49

19.8

31

11.8

1,153

23.8

BlackFootnote

Prospective cohort

Confirmed infected

32

21.3

21

2.4

1

0.9

0

0.0

3

2.5

0

0.0

0

0.0

1

0.8

0

0.0

0

0.0

58

2.9

Confirmed not infected

118

78.7

848

97.6

107

99.1

119

100

118

97.5

136

100.0

107

100

126

99.2

111

100

119

100.0

1,909

97.1

Retrospective cohort

Confirmed infected

170

85.4

165

81.3

3

75.0

4

100

3

100

1

33.3

2

100

0

0.0

1

100

1

50.0

350

83.1

Confirmed not infected

29

14.6

38

18.7

1

25.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

2

66.7

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

1

50.0

71

16.9

Infection status not confirmed

Infection status not confirmed

7

n/a

6

n/a

1

n/a

0

n/a

2

n/a

0

n/a

0

n/a

0

n/a

2

n/a

7

n/a

25

n/a

Subtotal Black

356

44.3

1078

50.0

113

55.7

123

49.2

126

53.2

139

60.7

109

52.4

127

51.0

114

46.0

128

48.7

2,413

49.8

Latin AmericanFootnote §

Prospective cohort

Confirmed infected

5

71.4

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

5

10.6

Confirmed not infected

2

28.6

17

100

5

100

0

0.0

5

100

3

100.0

0

0.0

1

100.0

5

100.0

4

100

42

89.4

Retrospective cohort

Confirmed infected

4

100.0

1

50.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

5

83.3

Confirmed not infected

0

0.0

1

50.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

1

16.7

Infection status not confirmed

Infection status not confirmed

0

n/a

3

n/a

0

n/a

0

n/a

0

n/a

0

n/a

0

n/a

0

n/a

0

n/a

0

n/a

3

n/a

Subtotal Latin American

11

1.4

22

1.0

5

2.5

0

0.0

5

2.1

3

1.3

0

0.0

1

0.4

5

2.0

4

1.5

56

1.2

AboriginalFootnote

Prospective cohort

Confirmed infected

11

21.6

17

4.6

0

0.0

2

4.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

1

2.0

0

0.0

5

8.5

0

0.0

36

4.5

Confirmed not infected

40

78.4

351

95.4

37

100

48

96.0

49

100

35

100

50

98.0

47

100

54

91.5

56

100

767

95.5

Retrospective cohort

Confirmed infected

14

63.6

6

46.2

1

33.3

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

21

55.3

Confirmed not infected

8

36.4

7

53.8

2

66.7

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

17

44.7

Infection status not confirmed

Infection status not confirmed

3

n/a 

6

n/a

0

n/a

0

n/a

0

n/a

1

n/a

0

n/a

0

n/a

1

n/a

11

n/a

22

n/a

Subtotal Aboriginal

76

9.5

387

17.9

40

19.7

50

20.0

49

20.7

36

15.7

51

24.5

47

18.9

60

24.2

67

25.5

863

17.8

AsianFootnote

Prospective cohort

Confirmed infected

0

0.0

2

3.3

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

2

1.6

Confirmed not infected

7

100

58

96.7

6

100

9

100

6

100

6

100

5

100.0

6

100

8

100

13

100

124

98.4

Retrospective cohort

Confirmed infected

15

88.2

12

75.0

3

100.0

4

100.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

34

79.1

Confirmed not infected

2

11.8

4

25.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

2

100.0

1

100.0

0

0.0

9

20.9

Infection status not confirmed

Infection status not confirmed

0

n/a

0

n/a

0

n/a

0

n/a

0

n/a

0

n/a

0

n/a

0

n/a

0

n/a

0

n/a

0

n/a

Subtotal Asian

24

3.0

76

3.5

9

4.4

13

5.2

6

2.5

6

2.6

5

2.4

8

3.2

9

3.6

13

4.9

169

3.5

OtherFootnote **

Prospective cohort

Confirmed infected

1

25.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

1

1.4

Confirmed not infected

3

75.0

25

100.0

1

100.0

6

100.0

8

100.0

5

100.0

5

100.0

4

100.0

4

100.0

7

100.0

68

98.6

Retrospective cohort

Confirmed infected

3

50.0

3

60.0

0

0.0

1

100.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

7

58.3

Confirmed not infected

3

50.0

2

40.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

5

41.7

Infection status not confirmed

Infection status not confirmed

0

n/a

0

n/a

0

n/a

0

n/a

0

n/a

0

n/a

0

n/a

0

n/a

0

n/a

0

n/a

0

n/a

Subtotal Other

10

1.2

30

1.4

1

0.5

7

2.8

8

3.4

5

2.2

5

2.4

4

1.6

4

1.6

7

2.7

81

1.7

Unknown

Prospective cohort

Confirmed infected

1

100.0

2

7.1

1

50.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

4

7.1

Confirmed not infected

0

0.0

26

92.9

1

50.0

5

100.0

3

100.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

1

100.0

7

100.0

9

100.0

52

92.9

Retrospective cohort

Confirmed infected

10

33.3

15

100.0

1

100.0

0

0.0

2

100.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

1

100.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

29

58.0

Confirmed not infected

20

66.7

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

1

100.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

21

42.0

Infection status not confirmed

Infection status not confirmed

1

n/a

2

n/a

0

n/a

1

n/a

0

n/a

0

n/a

0

n/a

0

n/a

0

n/a

4

n/a

8

n/a

Subtotal Unknown

32

4.0

45

2.1

3

1.5

6

2.4

5

2.1

0

0.0

1

0.5

2

0.8

7

2.8

13

4.9

114

2.4

Total ethnicities

Prospective cohort

Confirmed infected

79

19.9

51

2.7

2

1.1

6

2.5

3

1.3

0

0.0

1

0.5

1

0.4

5

2.1

0

0.0

148

3.6

Confirmed not infected

318

80.1

1,810

97.3

186

98.9

233

97.5

225

98.7

224

100.0

204

99.5

245

99.6

237

97.9

235

100.0

3,917

96.4

Retrospective cohort

Confirmed infected

292

75.5

211

77.6

10

76.9

9

90.0

6

85.7

1

33.3

2

66.7

1

33.3

1

50.0

1

50.0

534

76.1

Confirmed not infected

95

24.5

61

22.4

3

23.1

1

10.0

1

14.3

2

66.7

1

33.3

2

66.7

1

50.0

1

50.0

168

23.9

Infection status not confirmed

Infection status not confirmed

20

n/a

25

n/a

2

n/a

1

n/a

2

n/a

2

n/a

0

n/a

0

n/a

4

n/a

26

n/a

82

n/a

Grand total

804

100.0

2,158

100.0

203

100.0

250

100.0

237

100.0

229

100.0

208

100.0

249

100.0

248

100.0

263

100.0

4,849

100.0

Table 21: Number of Canadian perinatally HIV-exposed infants by maternal country of birth and infection status, 1984-2016

Country of birth 

Infection status

Year of birth

Total

1984-1996

1997-2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

2016

n

%

n

%

n

%

n

%

n

%

n

%

n

%

n

%

n

%

n

%

n

%

North America

Prospective cohortFootnote *

Confirmed infected

41

17.4

25

2.8

1

1.5

6

5.6

0

0.0

0

0.0

1

1.1

0

0.0

5

4.5

0

0.0

79

4.2

Confirmed not infected

195

82.6

867

97.2

67

98.5

102

94.4

90

100.0

74

100.0

89

98.9

107

100.0

105

95.5

88

100.0

1,784

95.8

Retrospective cohort

Confirmed infected

73

67.0

15

48.4

2

50.0

0

0.0

1

50.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

91

62.3

Confirmed not infected

36

33.0

16

51.6

2

50.0

0

0.0

1

50.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

55

37.7

Infection status not confirmed

Infection status not confirmed

10

n/a

14

n/a

1

n/a

1

n/a

0

n/a

2

n/a

0

n/a

0

n/a

2

n/a

15

n/a

45

n/a

Subtotal North America

355

44.2

937

43.4

73

36.0

109

43.6

92

38.8

76

33.2

90

43.3

107

43.0

112

45.2

103

39.2

2,054

42.4

Africa

Prospective cohort

Confirmed infected

11

22.4

16

2.4

0

0.0

0

0.0

2

1.9

0

0.0

0

0.0

1

1.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

30

2.0

Confirmed not infected

38

77.6

657

97.6

89

100.0

99

100.0

101

98.1

112

100.0

95

100.0

100

99.0

95

100.0

106

100.0

1,492

98.0

Retrospective cohort

Confirmed infected

112

88.2

139

80.3

3

75.0

2

100.0

1

100.0

1

100.0

1

100.0

0

0.0

1

100.0

1

50.0

261

83.7

Confirmed not infected

15

11.8

34

19.7

1

25.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

1

50.0

51

16.3

Infection status not confirmed

Infection status not confirmed

3

n/a

5

n/a

0

n/a

0

n/a

2

n/a

0

n/a

0

n/a

0

n/a

2

n/a

7

n/a

19

n/a

Subtotal Africa

179

22.3

851

39.4

93

45.8

101

40.4

106

44.7

113

49.3

96

46.2

101

40.6

98

39.5

115

43.7

1,853

38.2

Caribbean

Prospective cohort

Confirmed infected

21

24.1

5

3.0

1

8.3

0

0.0

1

7.7

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

28

7.7

Confirmed not infected

66

75.9

162

97.0

11

91.7

15

100.0

12

92.3

15

100.0

11

100.0

19

100.0

11

100.0

12

100.0

334

92.3

Retrospective cohort

Confirmed infected

60

78.9

21

77.8

0

0.0

1

100.0

1

100.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

83

78.3

Confirmed not infected

16

21.1

6

22.2

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

1

100.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

23

21.7

Infection status not confirmed

Infection status not confirmed

4

n/a

1

n/a

1

n/a

0

n/a

0

n/a

0

n/a

0

n/a

0

n/a

0

n/a

0

n/a

6

n/a

Subtotal Caribbean

167

20.8

195

9.0

13

6.4

16

6.4

14

5.9

16

7.0

11

5.3

19

7.6

11

4.4

12

4.6

474

9.8

Central and South America

Prospective cohort

Confirmed infected

4

44.4

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

4

6.6

Confirmed not infected

5

55.6

27

100.0

6

100.0

0

0.0

5

100.0

4

100.0

0

0.0

2

100.0

4

100.0

4

100.0

57

93.4

Retrospective cohort

Confirmed infected

9

100.0

2

100.0

0

0.0

1

100.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

12

100.0

Confirmed not infected

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

Infection status not confirmed

Infection status not confirmed

0

n/a

2

n/a

0

n/a

0

n/a

0

n/a

0

n/a

0

n/a

0

n/a

0

n/a

0

n/a

2

n/a

Subtotal Central and South America

18

2.2

31

1.4

6

3.0

1

0.4

5

2.1

4

1.7

0

0.0

2

0.8

4

1.6

4

1.5

75

1.5

Asia

Prospective cohort

Confirmed infected

0

0.0

2

3.3

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

2

1.5

Confirmed not infected

6

100.0

58

96.7

6

100.0

9

100.0

9

100.0

6

100.0

4

100.0

8

100.0

9

100.0

13

100.0

128

98.5

Retrospective cohort

Confirmed infected

12

100.0

13

86.7

3

100.0

4

100.0

2

100.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

34

87.2

Confirmed not infected

0

0.0

2

13.3

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

2

100.0

1

100.0

0

0.0

5

12.8

Infection status not confirmed

Infection status not confirmed

0

n/a

0

n/a

0

n/a

0

n/a

0

n/a

0

n/a

0

n/a

0

n/a

0

n/a

0

n/a

0

n/a

Subtotal Asia

18

2.2

75

3.5

9

4.4

13

5.2

11

4.6

6

2.6

4

1.9

10

4.0

10

4.0

13

4.9

169

3.5

Europe

Prospective cohort

Confirmed infected

1

16.7

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

1

2.2

Confirmed not infected

5

83.3

11

100.0

1

100.0

6

100.0

1

100.0

5

100.0

2

100.0

5

100.0

6

100.0

3

100.0

45

97.8

Retrospective cohort

Confirmed infected

15

78.9

3

100.0

1

100.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

19

79.2

Confirmed not infected

4

21.1

0

0.0

0

0.0

1

100.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

5

20.8

Infection status not confirmed

Infection status not confirmed

1

n/a

1

n/a

0

n/a

0

n/a

0

n/a

0

n/a

0

n/a

0

n/a

0

n/a

0

n/a

2

n/a

Subtotal Europe

26

3.2

15

0.7

2

1.0

7

2.8

1

0.4

5

2.2

2

1.0

5

2.0

6

2.4

3

1.1

72

1.5

Unknown

Prospective cohort

Confirmed infected

1

25.0

3

9.7

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

4

4.9

Confirmed not infected

3

75.0

28

90.3

6

100.0

2

100.0

7

100.0

8

100.0

3

100.0

4

100.0

7

100.0

9

100.0

77

95.1

Retrospective cohort

Confirmed infected

11

31.4

18

85.7

1

100.0

1

100.0

1

100.0

0

0.0

1

50.0

1

100.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

34

54.0

Confirmed not infected

24

68.6

3

14.3

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

1

100.0

1

50.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

29

46.0

Infection status not confirmed

Infection status not confirmed

2

n/a

2

n/a

0

n/a

0

n/a

0

n/a

0

n/a

0

n/a

0

n/a

0

n/a

4

n/a

8

n/a

Subtotal Unknown

41

5.1

54

2.5

7

3.4

3

1.2

8

3.4

9

3.9

5

2.4

5

2.0

7

2.8

13

4.9

152

3.1

Total

Prospective cohort

Confirmed infected

79

19.9

51

2.7

2

1.1

6

2.5

3

1.3

0

0.0

1

0.5

1

0.4

5

2.1

0

0.0

148

3.6

Confirmed not infected

318

80.1

1,810

97.3

186

98.9

233

97.5

225

98.7

224

100.0

204

99.5

245

99.6

237

97.9

235

100.0

3,917

96.4

Retrospective cohort

Confirmed infected

292

75.5

211

77.6

10

76.9

9

90.0

6

85.7

1

33.3

2

66.7

1

33.3

1

50.0

1

50.0

534

76.1

Confirmed not infected

95

24.5

61

22.4

3

23.1

1

10.0

1

14.3

2

66.7

1

33.3

2

66.7

1

50.0

1

50.0

168

23.9

Infection status not confirmed

Infection status not confirmed

20

n/a

25

n/a

2

n/a

1

n/a

2

n/a

2

n/a

0

n/a

0

n/a

4

n/a

26

n/a

82

n/a

Grand Total

804

100.0

2,158

100.0

203

100.0

250

100.0

237

100.0

229

100.0

208

100.0

249

100.0

248

100.0

263

100.0

4,849

100.0

Table 22: Number of Canadian perinatally HIV-exposed infants by geographic region and status at last report, 1984-2016

 Province

Confirmed infected

Confirmed not infected

Infection status not confirmed

Total

Asymptomatic

Symptomatic

Died of AIDS

Died of other

LFU

Adult
care

Subtotal

In-determinate

LFU

Subtotal

n

%

British Columbia

17

4

4

2

4

39

70

553

3

6

9

632

13.0

Alberta

20

1

5

1

20

22

69

590

11

12

23

682

14.1

Saskatchewan

17

1

1

0

2

4

25

271

5

2

7

303

6.2

Manitoba

0

0

1

0

5

2

8

246

2

2

4

258

5.3

Ontario

31

16

40

6

118

61

272

1,388

3

13

16

1,676

34.6

Quebec

34

10

44

1

41

94

224

1,000

0

21

21

1,245

25.7

Atlantic

1

0

5

1

2

4

13

36

0

1

1

50

1.0

Yukon/Northwest Territories

0

0

1

0

0

0

1

1

1

0

1

3

0.1

Total

120

32

101

11

192

226

682

4,085

25

57

82

4,849

100.0

% of subtotal

17.6

4.7

14.8

1.6

28.2

33.1

100.0

100.0

30.5

69.5

100.0

n/a

n/a

% of total

2.5

0.7

2.1

0.2

4.0

4.7

14.1

84.2

0.5

1.2

1.7

n/a

n/a

Table 23: International statistics on reported HIV cases, 2015

Continent

Country

Cumulative number to 2015Footnote *

Number reported in 2015

All ages rate per 100,000 population for 2015

North America and Australia

Canada

77,806

2,100

5.8

United States (2014 data)Footnote  

NR

40,234

12.6

United StatesFootnote

NR

39,513

12.3

AustraliaFootnote

36,171

1,025

4.4

Western EuropeFootnote §

Austria   

8,805

264

3.1

Andorra

78

4

5.7

Belgium

28,909

1,001

8.9

Denmark

7,105

277

4.9

Finland

3,573

174

3.2

France

71,261

3,943

5.9

Germany

57,251

3,674

4.5

Greece

15,220

691

6.4

Iceland

333

12

3.6

Ireland

7,835

486

10.5

Israel

8,896

428

5.3

Italy

37,023

3,444

5.7

Luxembourg

1,443

57

10.1

Malta

324

61

14.2

Netherlands

24,085

802

4.7

Norway

5,858

221

4.3

Portugal

54,297

990

9.5

San Marino

87

2

6.3

Spain

39,352

3,428

7.4

Sweden

12,199

447

4.6

Switzerland

35,001

537

6.5

United Kingdom

145,552

6,078

9.4

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