HIV in Canada—Supplementary tables, 2016


Volume 43-12, December 7, 2017: Can we eliminate HIV?

Web exclusive

HIV in Canada—Supplementary tables, 2016

AC Bourgeois1, M Edmunds1, A Awan1,2, L Jonah1, O Varsaneux1, W Siu1

Affiliations

1 Centre for Communicable Diseases and Infection Control, Public Health Agency of Canada, Ottawa, ON

2 Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON

Correspondence

HASS@phac-aspc.gc.ca

Suggested citation

AC Bourgeois, M Edmunds, A Awan, L Jonah, O Varsaneux, W Siu. HIV in Canada – Supplementary tables, 2016. Can Commun Dis Rep. 2017;43(12). Web exclusive. https://www.canada.ca/en/public-health/services/reports-publications/canada-communicable-disease-report-ccdr/monthly-issue/2017-43/ccdr-volume-43-12-december-7-2017/hiv-2016-supplementary-tables.html

This article provides supplementary data for the surveillance report in this issue entitled: HIV in Canada—Surveillance Report, 2016Footnote 1

Table 1: HIV diagnosis rate (per 100,000 population) by province/territory and year of test (all ages)—Canada, 2007-2016Footnote * Footnote
Province/Territory Year of test
2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
British Columbia
Male 14.2 13.2 12.1 10.7 10.9 9.2 10.2 9.3 8.6 9.0
Female 3.9 2.7 3.2 2.7 1.9 1.3 1.3 1.9 1.6 1.7
Total 9.1 7.9 7.6 6.7 6.4 5.2 5.7 5.6 5.1 5.3
Yukon
Male 0.0 5.9 11.5 0.0 5.5 5.4 5.4 10.6 5.3 0.0
Female 0.0 6.2 6.0 5.9 0.0 0.0 0.0 5.5 0.0 10.8
Total 0.0 6.0 8.8 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.8 8.1 2.7 5.3
Alberta
Male 8.8 8.2 8.0 7.8 8.0 8.7 8.8 9.2 6.9 9.1
Female 3.9 4.6 3.8 3.0 3.7 3.6 4.0 4.5 4.3 4.0
Total 6.4 6.4 5.9 5.4 5.9 6.2 6.5 6.9 5.6 6.6
Northwest Territories
Total DS DS DS DS DS DS DS DS DS DS
Nunavut
Total DS DS DS DS DS DS DS DS DS DS
Saskatchewan
Male 13.0 18.7 21.2 20.6 20.3 19.8 15.6 13.9 18.0 16.5
Female 12.2 15.4 17.1 12.5 14.8 13.8 8.0 7.9 11.0 13.6
Total 12.6 17.0 19.1 16.6 17.6 16.9 11.8 10.9 14.5 15.1
Manitoba
Male 8.6 8.9 9.5 13.8 7.7 6.7 11.3 8.4 10.8 13.0
Female 4.0 5.8 7.5 6.0 4.8 4.6 7.4 5.1 5.4 6.0
Total 6.3 7.3 8.5 9.9 6.2 5.7 9.3 6.8 8.1 9.5
Ontario
Male 12.4 12.7 11.6 12.3 11.7 10.1 9.9 9.7 9.9 10.1
Female 3.5 4.0 3.2 2.7 3.0 2.7 1.9 2.4 2.3 2.5
Total 7.9 8.4 7.4 7.5 7.4 6.4 5.9 6.0 6.1 6.3
QuebecFootnote
Male 10.6 12.7 10.2 9.1 9.3 8.7 8.4 7.9 8.7 11.5
Female 3.2 3.7 2.9 2.9 2.6 2.2 2.6 2.7 2.7 2.8
Total 6.9 8.2 6.5 6.0 5.9 5.5 5.5 5.3 5.7 7.1
New Brunswick
Male 2.5 2.7 0.3 2.1 2.1 1.1 1.6 0.8 1.3 0.5
Female 1.3 1.1 0.0 0.0 0.5 0.0 0.0 0.3 1.0 1.3
Total 1.9 1.9 0.1 1.1 1.3 0.5 0.8 0.5 1.2 0.9
Nova Scotia
Male 4.0 4.2 2.4 2.6 2.8 3.9 2.8 2.8 3.2 2.4
Female 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.6 0.4 0.0 0.6 0.0 0.4 0.6
Total 2.1 2.2 1.4 1.6 1.6 1.9 1.7 1.4 1.8 1.5
Prince Edward Island
Total DS DS DS DS DS DS DS DS DS DS
Newfoundland and LabradorFootnote §
Male 0.0 0.8 1.6 1.3 0.8 1.9 1.6 2.7 2.7 1.9
Female 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.7 0.4 1.1 0.4 0.4
Total 0.0 0.6 1.2 1.0 0.6 1.7 1.3 2.5 2.1 1.5
Grand Total 7.3 7.8 7.0 6.7 6.6 5.9 5.8 5.8 5.8 6.4
Grand total males 11.7 11.5 10.4 10.3 10.0 9.1 9.1 8.7 8.8 9.8
Grand total females 3.6 4.0 3.6 3.1 3.1 2.7 2.5 2.8 2.8 3.0
Table 2: Number of HIV cases (all ages) by province/territory, sex and year of test—Canada, 1985-2016Footnote *
Province/territory Year of test Total
1985-2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 n %Footnote ¥
British Columbia
Male 11,841 208 234 215 202 213 12,913 19.4
Female 2,089 29 31 44 37 40 2,270 14.9
Total 14,274 237 265 261 239 253 15,529 18.4
Yukon
Male 39 1 1 2 1 0 44 0.1
Female 16 0 0 1 0 2 19 0.1
Total 55 1 1 3 1 2 63 0.1
Alberta
Male 4,471 173 180 193 148 197 5,362 8.1
Female 1,204 69 80 91 89 84 1,617 10.6
Total 5,675 242 261 284 237 282 6,981 8.3
Northwest Territories
Male DS DS DS DS DS DS 45 0.1
Female DS DS DS DS DS DS 12 0.1
Total 51 DS DS DS DS DS 57 0.1
NunavutFootnote
Male DS DS DS DS DS DS 4 0.0
Female DS DS DS DS DS DS 0 0.0
Total DS DS DS DS DS DS 6 0.0
Saskatchewan
Male 936 109 87 79 103 96 1,410 2.1
Female 618 75 44 44 62 78 921 6.1
Total 1,564 184 131 123 165 174 2,341 2.8
Manitoba
Male 1,337 42 71 54 70 86 1,660 2.5
Female 506 29 47 33 35 40 690 4.5
Total 1,843 71 118 87 105 126 2,350 2.8
Ontario
Male 26,236 670 659 655 674 696 29,590 44.5
Female 4,867 186 132 167 161 177 5,690 37.4
Total 32,113 861 797 828 839 881 36,319 43.0
QuebecFootnote
Male 12,305 351 342 322 359 476 14,155 21.3
Female 3,203 91 107 113 114 117 3,745 24.6
Total 16,714 443 453 435 473 593 19,111 22.6
New Brunswick
Male 354 4 6 3 5 2 374 0.6
Female 60 0 0 1 4 5 70 0.5
Total 414 4 6 4 9 7 444 0.5
Nova Scotia
Male 659 18 13 13 15 11 729 1.1 
Female 106 0 3 0 2 3 114 0.7
Total 765 18 16 13 17 14 843 1.0
Prince Edward Island
Male DS DS DS DS DS DS 32 0.0
Female DS DS DS DS DS DS 9 0.1
Total 44 DS DS DS DS DS 53 0.1
Newfoundland and LabradorFootnote §
Male 210 7 6 10 10 7 250 0.4
Female 54 2 1 3 1 1 62 0.4
Total 264 9 7 13 11 8 312 0.4
Grand Total 73,779 2,073 2,060 2,053 2,100 2,344 84,409 100
Grand total male 58,456 1,584 1,603 1,548 1,589 1,788 66,568 100
Grand total female 12,741 483 446 497 505 547 15,219 100
Table 3: Number of HIV cases by age group and province/territory—Canada, 2015-2016Footnote *
Province/territory Age group (years) Total
Under 15 15-19 20-29 30-39 40-49 50 and up n
2016
British Columbia 0 4 66 71 43 68 252
Yukon 0 0 0 1 0 1 2
Alberta 1 7 62 98 65 49 282
Northwest Territories DS DS DS DS DS DS DS
Nunavut DS DS DS DS DS DS DS
Saskatchewan 1 6 42 54 36 35 174
Manitoba 1 3 20 33 42 27 126
Ontario 8 18 217 261 184 191 879
Quebec† 2 10 106 148 135 192 593
New Brunswick 0 0 2 2 1 2 7
Nova Scotia 0 0 7 1 6 0 14
Prince Edward Island DS DS DS DS DS DS DS
Newfoundland and LabradorFootnote 0 0 2 2 2 2 8
2016 TotalFootnote § Footnote ¥ 13 48 526 672 514 568 2,341
2015
British Columbia 0 5 57 57 51 69 239
Yukon 0 0 0 1 0 0 1
Alberta 1 5 57 73 60 41 237
Northwest Territories DS DS DS DS DS DS DS
Nunavut DS DS DS DS DS DS DS
Saskatchewan 4 4 43 45 35 34 165
Manitoba 0 1 25 22 34 23 105
Ontario 4 18 235 239 178 165 839
QuebecFootnote 3 6 87 128 88 161 473
New Brunswick 0 0 2 1 1 5 9
Nova Scotia 0 1 10 3 3 0 17
Prince Edward Island DS DS DS DS DS DS DS
Newfoundland and LabradorFootnote 0 0 2 3 4 2 11
2015 TotalFootnote ¥ 12 40 518 573 454 501 2,098
Table 4: Cumulative number of HIV cases among adults (≥15 years old) and children (< 15 years old) by sex between November 1, 1985 and December 31, 2016—CanadaFootnote *
Age and sex Number of cases reported %Footnote
Children (< 15 years old)
Males 364 56.4
Females 281 43.6
Sex not reported/other 12 n/a 
Total 657 0.8
Adults (≥15 years old)Footnote
Males 64,127 81.3
Females 14,758 18.7
Sex not reported/other 1,249 n/a
Total 80,134 99.2
Age group not reported
Males 2,077 n/a
Females 180 n/a
Sex not reported/other 1,361 n/a
Total 3,618 n/a
Total
Males 66,568 81.4
Females 15,219 18.6
Sex not reported/other 2,622 n/a
Grand Total 84,409 100.0
Table 5: Number of HIV cases among adults (≥15 years old) by year of test and sex—Canada, 1985-2016
Year of diagnosis Males Females Sex not reported/ transsexual/transgender Total
Number of cases Cumulative total Number of cases Cumulative total Number of cases Cumulative total Number of cases Cumulative total
1985-2005 45,382 45,382 8,752 8,752 1,172 1,172 55,306 55,306
2006 1,793 47,175 683 9,435 6 1,178 2,482 57,788
2007 1,776 48,951 589 10,024 7 1,185 2,372 60,160
2008 1,903 50,854 658 10,682 4 1,189 2,565 62,725
2009 1,740 52,594 593 11,275 6 1,195 2,339 65,064
2010 1,747 54,341 516 11,791 11 1,206 2,274 67,338
2011 1,713 56,054 527 12,318 11 1,217 2,251 69,589
2012 1,574 57,628 476 12,794 5 1,222 2,055 71,644
2013 1,591 59,219 435 13,229 9 1,231 2,035 73,679
2014 1,543 60,762 491 13,720 7 1,238 2,041 75,720
2015 1,584 62,346 498 14,218 4 1,242 2,086 77,806
2016 1,781 64,127 540 14,758 7 1,249 2,328 80,134
TotalFootnote * 64,127 n/a 14,758 n/a 1,249 n/a 80,134 n/a
Table 6: Number of HIV cases by age group, sex and year of test—Canada, 1985-2016Footnote * Footnote
Age and Sex Year of test Total
1985-2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 n %Footnote
n % n % n % n % n % n %
Children < 15 years
Male 330 0.6 9 0.6 10 0.6 4 0.3 5 0.3 6 0.3 364 0.6
Female 243 1.9 7 1.4 11 2.5 6 1.2 7 1.4 7 1.3 281 1.9
Total 585 0.8 16 0.8 21 1.0 10 0.5 12 0.6 13 0.6 657 0.8
15 to 19 years
Male 618 1.1 22 1.4 26 1.6 24 1.6 21 1.3 28 1.6 739 1.1
Female 496 3.9 14 2.9 12 2.7 13 2.6 19 3.8 20 3.7 574 3.8
Total 1,124 1.6 36 1.7 38 1.8 37 1.8 40 1.9 48 2.1 1,323 1.6
20 to 29 years
Male 13,283 23.6 355 22.4 356 22.2 350 22.6 401 25.2 405 22.7 15,150 23.5
Female 3,990 31.5 114 23.6 98 22.0 86 17.3 115 22.8 120 21.9 4,523 29.9
Total 17,544 25.0 471 22.7 455 22.1 438 21.4 518 24.7 526 22.5 19,952 24.7
30 to 39 years
Male 21,909 38.9 438 27.7 437 27.3 470 30.4 416 26.2 495 27.7 24,165 37.5
Female 4,632 36.6 166 34.4 159 35.7 175 35.2 157 31.1 174 31.8 5,463 36.1
Total 26,986 38.5 606 29.3 598 29.1 648 31.6 573 27.3 672 28.7 30,083 37.2
40 to 49 years
Male 13,440 23.8 462 29.2 409 25.5 355 22.9 347 21.8 396 22.2 15,409 23.9
Female 2,196 17.3 113 23.4 100 22.4 113 22.7 107 21.2 115 21.0 2,744 18.1
Total 15,871 22.6 575 27.8 512 24.9 468 22.8 454 21.6 514 22.0 18,394 22.8
≥50 years
Male 6,028 10.7 297 18.8 363 22.7 344 22.2 399 25.1 457 25.6 7,888 12.2
Female 1,015 8.0 69 14.3 66 14.8 104 20.9 100 19.8 111 20.3 1,465 9.7
Total 7,147 10.2 367 17.7 432 21.0 450 21.9 501 23.9 568 24.3 9,465 11.7
Adult, age unknownFootnote §
Male 776 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 776 1.2
Female 88 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 88 0.6
Total 917 1.3 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 917 1.1
Total all ages
Male 56,384 100 1,583 100 1,601 100 1,547 100 1,589 100 1,787 100 64,491 100
Female 12,659 100 483 100 446 100 497 100 505 100 547 100 15,137 100
Total 70,174 100 2,071 100 2,056 100 2,051 100 2,098 100 2,341 100 80,791 100
Total Adults
Male 56,054 n/a 1,574 n/a 1,591 n/a 1,543 n/a 1,584 n/a 1,781 n/a 64,127 n/a
Female 12,416 n/a 476 n/a 435 n/a 491 n/a 498 n/a 540 n/a 14,856 n/a
Total 69,589 n/a 2,055 n/a 2,035 n/a 2,041 n/a 2,086 n/a 2,328 n/a 80,134 n/a
Age group not reported
Total 3,605 n/a 2 n/a 4 n/a 2 n/a 2 n/a 3 n/a 3,618 n/a
Grand Total 73,779 n/a 2,073 n/a 2,060 n/a 2,053 n/a 2,100 n/a 2,344 n/a 84,409 n/a

Table 7: Number and percentage distribution of HIV cases among adults (≥15 years old) by exposure category—Canada, 1985-2016Footnote *
Exposure category Exposure sub-category Year of test Total
1985-2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 n %Footnote
n % n % n % n % n % n %
MSM n/a 21,730 54.2 665 46.7 674 48.4 669 48.5 624 44.9 633 44.1 24,995 53.1
MSM/IDU n/a 1,039 2.6 30 2.1 38 2.7 38 2.8 43 3.1 55 3.8 1,243 2.6
IDU n/a 7,009 17.5 215 15.1 186 13.4 183 13.3 225 16.2 216 15.1 8,034 17.1
Blood/blood productsFootnote Recipient of blood/clotting factor 166 0.4 0 0.0 1 0.1 1 0.1 0 0.0 1 0.1 169 0.4
Recipient of blood 286 0.7 0 0.0 0 0.0 1 0.1 1 0.1 1 0.1 289 0.6
Recipient of clotting factor 311 0.8 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 311 0.7
Heterosexual contact Origin from an HIV-endemic country 2,824 7.0 172 12.1 129 9.3 136 9.9 149 10.7 151 10.5 3,561 7.6
Sexual contact with a person at risk 2,939 7.3 145 10.2 159 11.4 130 9.4 118 8.5 127 8.9 3,618 7.7
NIR-Het 3,339 8.3 133 9.3 136 9.8 133 9.7 177 12.7 185 12.9 4,103 8.7
OtherFootnote § n/a 445 1.1 63 4.4 70 5.0 87 6.3 54 3.9 66 4.6 785 1.7
Subtotal n/a 40,088 100 1,423 100 1,393 100 1,378 100 1,391 100 1,435 100 47,108 100
NIR n/a 3,555 n/a 64 n/a 36 n/a 70 n/a 58 n/a 87 n/a 3,870 n/a
Not reported n/a 25,946 n/a 568 n/a 606 n/a 593 n/a 637 n/a 806 n/a 29,156 n/a
TotalFootnote n/a 69,589 n/a 2,055 n/a 2,035 n/a 2,041 n/a 2,086 n/a 2,328 n/a 80,134 n/a
Table 8: Number and percentage distribution of HIV cases among adult males (≥15 years old) by exposure category and year of test—Canada, 1985-2016Footnote *
Exposure category Exposure sub-category Year of test Total
1985-2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 n %Footnote
n % n % n % n % n % n %
MSM n/a 21,641 66.0 665 61.7 674 61.8 669 63.0 624 59.3 633 59.0 24,906 65.3
MSM/IDU n/a 1,037 3.2 30 2.8 38 3.5 38 3.6 43 4.1 55 5.1 1,241 3.3
IDU n/a 4,546 13.9 129 12.0 121 11.1 102 9.6 131 12.5 117 10.9 5,146 13.5
Blood/blood productsFootnote Recipient of blood/clotting factor 128 0.4 0 0.0 1 0.1 1 0.1 0 0.0 1 0.1 131 0.3
Recipient of blood 175 0.5 0 0.0 0 0.0 1 0.1 1 0.1 1 0.1 178 0.5
Recipient of clotting factor 267 0.8 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 267 0.7
Heterosexual contact Origin from an HIV-endemic country 1,234 3.8 60 5.6 46 4.2 60 5.6 54 5.1 66 6.2 1,520 4.0
Sexual contact with a person at risk 1,409 4.3 66 6.1 80 7.3 65 6.1 51 4.8 60 5.6 1,731 4.5
NIR-Het 2,020 6.2 91 8.4 95 8.7 76 7.2 122 11.6 106 9.9 2,510 6.6
OtherFootnote § n/a 311 0.9 37 3.4 35 3.2 50 4.7 26 2.5 33 3.1 492 1.3
Subtotal n/a 32,768 100 1,078 100 1,090 100 1,062 100 1,052 100 1,072 100 38,122 100
NIR n/a 2,761 n/a 49 n/a 31 n/a 46 n/a 48 n/a 69 n/a 3,004 n/a
Not reported n/a 20,525 n/a 447 n/a 470 n/a 435 n/a 484 n/a 640 n/a 23,001 n/a
TotalFootnote n/a 56,054 n/a 1,574 n/a 1,591 n/a 1,543 n/a 1,584 n/a 1,781 n/a 64,127 n/a
Table 9: Number and percentage distribution of HIV cases among adult females (≥15 years old) by exposure category and year of test—Canada, 1985-2016Footnote *
Exposure category Exposure sub-category Year of diagnosis Total
1985-2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 n %Footnote
n % n % n % n % n % n %
IDU n/a 2,412 33.8 86 24.9 64 21.3 79 25.3 94 27.7 99 27.3 2,834 32.2
Blood/blood productsFootnote Recipient of blood/clotting factor 38 0.5 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 38 0.4
Recipient of blood 107 1.5 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 107 1.2
Recipient of clotting factor 31 0.4 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 31 0.4
Heterosexual contact Origin from an HIV-endemic country 1,583 22.2 112 32.5 82 27.3 76 24.4 95 28.0 85 23.5 2,033 23.1
Sexual contact with a person at risk 1,512 21.2 79 22.9 78 26.0 64 20.5 67 19.8 67 18.5 1,867 21.2
NIR-Het 1,319 18.5 42 12.2 41 13.7 56 17.9 55 16.2 78 21.5 1,591 18.1
OtherFootnote § n/a 130 1.8 26 7.5 35 11.7 37 11.9 28 8.3 33 9.1 289 3.3
Subtotal n/a 7,132 100 345 100 300 100 312 100 339 100 362 100 8,790 100
NIR n/a 630 n/a 13 n/a 5 n/a 23 n/a 9 n/a 18 n/a 698 n/a
Not reported n/a 4,556 n/a 118 n/a 130 n/a 156 n/a 150 n/a 160 n/a 5,270 n/a
TotalFootnote n/a 12,318 n/a 476 n/a 435 n/a 491 n/a 498 n/a 540 n/a 14,758 n/a
Table 10: Number and percentage distribution of HIV cases among adults (≥15 years old) by exposure category and age group—Canada, 2015-2016Footnote *
Year Exposure category Exposure sub-category Age group (years)
15-19 20-29 30-39 40-49 ≥ 50 Age group not reported Total
n % n % n % n % n % n % n %
2016 MSM n/a 12 37.5 204 38.8 198 29.5 117 22.8 102 18.0 0 0 633 27.4
MSM/IDU n/a 2 6.3 15 2.9 20 3.0 10 1.9 8 1.4 0 0 55 2.4
IDU n/a 4 12.5 49 9.3 77 11.5 46 8.9 40 7.0 0 0 216 9.3
Blood/blood productsFootnote n/a 0 0.0 1 0.2 0 0.0 0 0.0 1 0.2 0 0 2 0.1
Heterosexual contact Origin from an HIV-endemic country 3 9.4 23 4.4 49 7.3 44 8.6 32 5.6 0 0 151 6.5
Sexual contact with a person at risk 2 6.3 28 5.3 33 4.9 30 5.8 34 6.0 0 0 127 5.5
NIR-Het 4 12.5 35 6.7 45 6.7 44 8.6 57 10.0 0 0 185 8.0
OtherFootnote n/a 5 15.6 11 2.1 21 3.1 18 3.5 11 1.9 0 0 66 2.9
NIR n/a 0 0.0 11 2.1 20 3.0 27 5.3 27 4.8 0 0 85 3.7
Not reported n/a 0 0.0 149 28.3 209 31.1 178 34.6 256 45.1 0 0 792 34.3
2016 Total n/a 32 100 526 100 672 100 514 100 568 100 0 100 2,312 100
2015 MSM n/a 10 25.0 223 43.1 170 29.7 121 26.7 100 20.0 0 0 624 29.9
MSM/IDU n/a 0 0.0 17 3.3 13 2.3 6 1.3 7 1.4 0 0 43 2.1
IDU n/a 4 10.0 60 11.6 66 11.5 63 13.9 32 6.4 0 0 225 10.8
Blood/blood productsFootnote n/a 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 1 0.2 0 0 1 0.0
Heterosexual contact Origin from an HIV-endemic country 5 12.5 21 4.1 47 8.2 41 9.0 35 7.0 0 0 149 7.1
Sexual contact with a person at risk 5 12.5 19 3.7 28 4.9 27 5.9 39 7.8 0 0 118 5.7
NIR-Het 5 12.5 31 6.0 46 8.0 40 8.8 55 11.0 0 0 177 8.5
OtherFootnote n/a 1 2.5 14 2.7 16 2.8 12 2.6 11 2.2 0 0 54 2.6
NIR n/a 1 2.5 10 1.9 16 2.8 14 3.1 17 3.4 0 0 58 2.8
Not reported n/a 9 22.5 123 23.7 171 29.8 130 28.6 204 40.7 0 0 637 30.5
2015 Total n/a 40 100 518 100 573 100 454 100 501 100 0 100 2,086 100
Table 11: Number of HIV cases by exposure category and province/territory—Canada, 2015-2016Footnote *
Year Exposure category Exposure sub-category Province/territory Total
BC YT AB NT NU SK MB ON QCFootnote NB NS PE NL n %Footnote
2016 MSM n/a 133 0 87 DS DS 7 24 362 NR 2 9 DS 6 633 44.0
MSM/IDU n/a 4 0 14 DS DS 5 7 25 NR 0 0 DS 0 55 3.8
IDU n/a 15 0 27 DS DS 97 3 70 NR 2 2 DS 0 216 15.0
Blood/blood productsFootnote § n/a 0 0 0 DS DS 0 1 1 NR 0 0 DS 0 2 0.1
Heterosexual contact Origin from an HIV-endemic country 0 1 32 DS DS 8 27 82 NR 3 0 DS 0 153 10.6
Sexual contact with a person at risk 30 1 29 DS DS 31 0 33 NR 0 1 DS 2 127 8.8
NIR-Het 25 0 28 DS DS 21 33 76 NR 0 2 DS 0 185 12.8
Other n/a 8 0 57 DS DS 1 0 2 NR 0 0 DS 0 69 4.8
2016 Subtotal n/a 215 2 274 DS DS 170 95 651 0 7 14 DS 8 1,440 100
NIR n/a 3 0 6 DS DS 4 31 47 0 0 0 DS 0 91 n/a
Not reported n/a 35 0 2 DS DS 0 0 183 593 0 0 DS 0 813 n/a
2016 Grand Total n/a 253 2 282 DS DS 174 126 881 593 7 14 DS 8 2,344 n/a
2015 MSM n/a 132 1 66 DS DS 12 34 355 NR 3 12 DS 7 624 44.6
MSM/IDU n/a 4 0 8 DS DS 2 3 26 NR 0 0 DS 0 43 3.1
IDU n/a 17 0 34 DS DS 96 9 67 NR 0 1 DS 1 225 16.1
Blood/blood productsFootnote § n/a 0 0 0 DS DS 0 0 1 NR 0 0 DS 0 1 0.1
Heterosexual contact  Origin from an HIV-endemic country 0 0 29 DS DS 5 22 92 NR 3 0 DS 0 151 10.8
Sexual contact with a person at risk 39 0 32 DS DS 22 0 21 NR 2 1 DS 1 119 8.5
NIR-Het 30 0 17 DS DS 20 27 77 NR 1 3 DS 2 177 12.6
Other 5 0 47 DS DS 6 0 1 NR 0 0 DS 0 60 4.3
2015 Subtotal n/a 227 1 233 DS DS 163 95 640 0 9 17 DS 11 1,400 100
NIR n/a 3 0 2 DS DS 2 10 42 0 0 0 DS 0 59 n/a
Not reported n/a 9 0 2 DS DS 0 0 157 473 0 0 DS 0 641 n/a
2015 Grand Total n/a 239 1 237 DS DS 165 105 839 473 9 17 DS 11 2,100 n/a
Table 12: Number and percentage distribution of HIV cases (all ages) by year of diagnosis and race/ethnicity—Canada, 1998-2016Footnote * Footnote Footnote
Race/ethnicity Race/ethnicity sub-category Year of test Total
1998-2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 n %Footnote §
n % n % n % n % n % n %
Indigenous First Nations 1,401 19.8 174 15.9 131 12.6 142 13.9 167 15.4 217 19.0 2,232 17.9
Métis 187 2.6 13 1.2 11 1.1 27 2.6 27 2.5 18 1.6 283 2.3
Inuit 14 0.2 0 0.0 0 0.0 1 0.1 0 0.0 3 0.3 18 0.1
Indigenous, unspecified 438 6.2 34 3.1 57 5.5 1 0.1 9 0.8 4 0.4 543 4.4
South Asian/West Asian/ArabFootnote n/a 93 1.3 43 3.9 31 3.0 36 3.5 40 3.7 44 3.9 287 2.3
AsianFootnote n/a 225 3.2 50 4.6 54 5.2 59 5.8 74 6.8 66 5.8 528 4.2
BlackFootnote ** n/a 1,243 17.6 285 26.1 208 19.9 237 23.1 225 20.8 250 21.9 2,448 19.7
Latin AmericanFootnote †† n/a 170 2.4 37 3.4 57 5.5 55 5.4 48 4.4 55 4.8 422 3.4
White n/a 3,241 45.8 437 40.0 479 45.9 441 43.0 470 43.5 460 40.4 5,528 44.4
Other n/a 59 0.8 20 1.8 15 1.4 26 2.5 21 1.9 23 2.0 164 1.3
Subtotal n/a 7,071 100 1,093 100 1,043 100 1,025 100 1,081 100 1,140 100 12,453 100
Not reported n/a 25,897 n/a 980 n/a 1,017 n/a 1,028 n/a 1,019 n/a 1,204 n/a 31,145 n/a
Total n/a 32,968 n/a 2,073 n/a 2,060 n/a 2,053 n/a 2,100 n/a 2,344 n/a 43,598 n/a

Table 13: Number and percentage distribution of HIV cases among males (all ages) by year of test and race/ethnicity—Canada, 1998-2016Footnote * Footnote Footnote
Race/ethnicity Race/ethnicity sub-category Year of test Total
1998-2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 n %Footnote §
n % n % n % n % n % n %
Indigenous First Nations  689  14.1 106 13.4 74 9.3 76 9.9 91 11.5 113 13.7 1,149 13.0
Métis 106 2.2 4 0.5 11 1.4 16 2.1 18 2.3 11 1.3 166 1.9
Inuit 10 0.2 0 0.0 0 0.0 1 0.1 0 0.0 2 0.2 13 0.1
Indigenous, unspecified 236 4.8 17 2.1 30 3.8 0 0.0 3 0.4 1 0.1 287 3.2
South Asian/West Asian/ArabFootnote n/a 83 1.7 37 4.7 27 3.4 30 3.9 35 4.4 37 4.5 249 2.8
AsianFootnote n/a 177 3.6 45 5.7 53 6.7 52 6.8 69 8.7 62 7.5 458 5.2
BlackFootnote ** n/a 605 12.4 142 17.9 103 12.9 137 17.9 104 13.1 135 16.4 1,226 13.8
Latin AmericanFootnote †† n/a 152 3.1 36 4.5 53 6.7 50 6.5 43 5.4 52 6.3 386 4.4
White n/a 2,784 57.0 390 49.1 431 54.1 382 49.8 411 51.8 394 47.8 4,792 54.1
Other n/a 46 0.9 17 2.1 14 1.8 23 3.0 19 2.4 17 2.1 136 1.5
Subtotal n/a 4,888 100 794 100 796 100 767 100 793 100 824 100 8,862 100
Not reported n/a 19,644 n/a 790 n/a 807 n/a 781 n/a 796 n/a 964 n/a 23,782 n/a
TotalFootnote ‡‡ n/a 24,532 n/a 1,584 n/a 1,603 n/a 1,548 n/a 1,589 n/a 1,788 n/a 32,644 n/a
Table 14: Number and percentage distribution of HIV cases among females (all ages) by year of diagnosis and race/ethnicity—Canada, 1998-2016Footnote * Footnote Footnote
Race/ethnicity Race/ethnicity sub-category Year of test Total
1998-2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 n %Footnote §
n % n % n % n % n % n %
Indigenous First Nations 712 32.7 68 22.9 57 23.3 66 25.7 76 26.6 103 32.7 1,082 30.2
Métis 81 3.7 9 3.0 0 0.0 11 4.3 9 3.1 7 2.2 117 3.3
Inuit 4 0.2 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 1 0.3 5 0.1
Indigenous, unspecified 202 9.3 17 5.7 27 11.0 1 0.4 6 2.1 3 1.0 256 7.2
South Asian/West Asian/ArabFootnote n/a 10 0.5 6 2.0 4 1.6 6 2.3 5 1.7 7 2.2 38 1.1
AsianFootnote ** n/a 48 2.2 5 1.7 1 0.4 7 2.7 4 1.4 4 1.3 69 1.9
BlackFootnote †† n/a 637 29.2 143 48.1 104 42.4 100 38.9 121 42.3 115 36.5 1,220 34.1
Latin AmericanFootnote ‡‡ n/a 18 0.8 1 0.3 4 1.6 5 1.9 5 1.7 3 1.0 36 1.0
White n/a 455 20.9 46 15.5 47 19.2 58 22.6 58 20.3 66 21.0 730 20.4
Other n/a 13 0.6 2 0.7 1 0.4 3 1.2 2 0.7 6 1.9 27 0.8
Subtotal n/a 2,180 100 297 100 245 100 257 100 286 100 315 100 3,580 100
Not reported n/a 6,005 n/a 186 n/a 201 n/a 240 n/a 219 n/a 232 n/a 7,083 n/a
TotalFootnote ¶¶ n/a 8,185 n/a 483 n/a 446 n/a 497 n/a 505 n/a 547 n/a 10,663 n/a
Table 15: Number of HIV cases (all ages) by exposure category and race/ethnicity—Canada, 1998-2016Footnote * Footnote Footnote Footnote §
Year Race/ethnicity Race/ethnicity sub-category MSM MSM/IDU IDU Blood/blood products Heterosexual contact Perinatal trans-mission Other NIR Not reported Total
Origin from an HIV-endemic country Sexual contact with a person at risk NIR-Het
2016 Indigenous First Nations 18 12 96 1 0 35 48 0 0 7 0 217
Métis 2 1 11 0 0 2 2 0 0 0 0 18
Inuit 2 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 3
Indigenous, unspecified 0 0 2 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 4
South Asian/West Asian/ArabFootnote n/a 31 0 0 0 1 3 5 0 3 1 0 44
AsianFootnote ** n/a 43 1 0 0 2 4 11 0 4 1 0 66
BlackFootnote †† n/a 43 2 3 1 133 7 18 0 41 1 1 250
Latin AmericanFootnote ‡‡ n/a 43 2 0 0 1 3 3 0 2 1 0 55
White n/a 252 31 69 0 2 35 55 0 3 12 1 460
Other n/a 9 1 2 0 2 3 2 0 2 2 0 23
Subtotal 2016 n/a 443 50 183 2 141 92 146 0 55 26 2 1,140
Not reported n/a 190 5 33 0 12 35 39 3 11 65 811 1,204
Total 2016 n/a 633 55 216 2 153 127 185 3 66 91 813 2,344
2015 Indigenous First Nations 8 2 94 0 0 30 24 3 3 2 1 167
Métis 6 0 14 0 0 2 5 0 0 0 0 27
Inuit 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indigenous, unspecified 0 0 4 0 0 0 5 0 0 0 0 9
South Asian/West Asian/ArabFootnote n/a 21 0 5 0 1 3 9 0 0 1 0 40
AsianFootnote ** n/a 50 2 1 0 6 1 7 0 5 2 0 74
BlackFootnote †† n/a 36 4 0 1 127 6 16 0 33 1 1 225
Latin AmericanFootnote ‡‡ n/a 26 1 2 0 1 2 10 0 4 2 0 48
White n/a 281 24 68 0 0 32 53 0 2 9 1 470
Other n/a 14 0 0 0 0 0 5 0 2 0 0 21
Subtotal 2015 n/a 442 33 188 1 135 76 134 3 49 17 3 1,081
Not reported n/a 182 10 37 0 16 43 43 2 6 42 638 1,019
Total 2015 n/a 624 43 225 1 151 119 177 5 55 59 641 2,100
2014 Indigenous First Nations 10 5 69 0 0 27 23 0 4 3 1 142
Métis 2 0 14 0 0 6 2 0 2 1 0 27
Inuit 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
Indigenous, unspecified 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1
South Asian/West Asian/ArabFootnote n/a 16 0 1 0 3 5 9 0 0 2 0 36
AsianFootnote ** n/a 45 0 0 0 2 0 5 0 7 0 0 59
BlackFootnote †† n/a 48 3 3 1 115 10 5 0 50 2 0 237
Latin AmericanFootnote ‡‡ n/a 36 3 1 0 2 2 6 0 3 2 0 55
White n/a 272 24 53 0 2 35 32 0 12 10 1 441
Other n/a 16 0 1 0 2 3 2 0 2 0 0 26
Subtotal 2014 n/a 446 35 142 1 126 89 84 0 80 20 2 1,025
Not reported n/a 223 4 41 1 13 41 49 1 8 50 597 1,028
Total 2014 n/a 669 39 183 2 139 130 133 1 88 70 599 2,053
2013 Indigenous First Nations 7 2 72 0 0 27 16 0 3 3 1 131
Métis 0 1 4 0 0 2 4 0 0 0 0 11
Inuit 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indigenous, unspecified 8 0 16 0 0 28 3 0 1 1 0 57
South Asian/West Asian/ArabFootnote n/a 19 1 0 0 0 4 5 0 0 2 0 31
AsianFootnote ** n/a 46 2 0 0 2 3 0 0 1 0 0 54
BlackFootnote †† n/a 33 0 3 0 105 6 11 1 49 0 0 208
Latin AmericanFootnote ‡‡ n/a 46 0 0 0 1 4 3 0 2 1 0 57
White n/a 308 22 51 0 2 42 40 0 8 6 0 479
Other n/a 8 1 1 0 0 1 2 0 2 0 0 15
Subtotal 2013 n/a 475 29 147 0 110 117 84 1 66 13 1 1,043
Not reported n/a 200 9 39 1 20 42 52 4 9 25 616 1,017
Total 2013 n/a 675 38 186 1 130 159 136 5 75 38 617 2,060
2012 Indigenous First Nations 11 3 104 0 0 27 21 0 5 3 0 174
Métis 2 0 9 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 13
Inuit 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indigenous, unspecified 3 1 9 0 0 20 0 0 0 1 0 34
South Asian/West Asian/ArabFootnote n/a 19 1 1 0 1 5 10 1 0 5 0 43
AsianFootnote ** n/a 36 0 0 0 1 6 5 0 1 1 0 50
BlackFootnote †† n/a 50 3 3 0 160 11 12 0 44 2 0 285
Latin AmericanFootnote ‡‡ n/a 29 1 0 0 0 0 2 0 3 2 0 37
White n/a 290 13 45 0 1 37 37 0 4 10 0 437
Other n/a 13 0 0 0 2 0 2 0 0 3 0 20
Subtotal 2012 n/a 453 22 171 0 165 107 90 1 57 27 0 1,093
Not reported n/a 212 8 45 0 9 38 43 0 7 37 581 980
Total 2012 n/a 665 30 216 0 174 145 133 1 64 64 581 2,073
1998 - 2011 Indigenous First Nations 46 37 905 2 2 211 143 11 5 20 19 1,401
Métis 10 9 125 1 0 22 14 1 0 3 2 187
Inuit 3 0 3 0 1 2 5 0 0 0 0 14
Indigenous, unspecified 33 9 149 7 0 202 5 1 1 31 0 438
South Asian/West Asian/ArabFootnote n/a 49 1 1 2 7 12 11 0 0 10 0 93
AsianFootnote ** n/a 119 4 2 0 25 26 42 0 3 4 0 225
BlackFootnote †† n/a 113 3 26 3 933 46 51 6 45 11 6 1,243
Latin AmericanFootnote ‡‡ n/a 123 1 2 1 8 15 14 0 3 2 1 170
White n/a 1,669 102 608 17 14 397 318 5 21 70 20 3,241
Other n/a 27 0 10 0 5 4 9 1 2 0 1 59
Subtotal 1998-2011 n/a 2,192 166 1,831 33 995 937 1,836 25 80 151 49 7,071
Not reported n/a 6,423 394 2,416 55 1,618 1,141 1,836 98 71 946 10,899 25,897
Total 1998-2011 n/a 8,615 560 4,247 88 2,613 2,078 3,672 123 151 1,097 10,948 32,968
Total all years n/a 11,881 765 5,273 94 3,360 2,758 4,436 138 499 1,419 14,199 43,598
Table 16: Number and percentage distribution of immigration applicants to Canada diagnosed with HIV as a result of an Immigration Medical Exam (IME) by year—2002-2016
YearFootnote Tested in CanadaFootnote * Tested overseas
Number diagnosed with HIV % Number diagnosed with HIV %
2002 265 n/a NR n/a
2003 366 n/a NR n/a
2004 329 n/a NR n/a
2005 282 65.4 149 34.6
2006 373 69.9 161 30.1
2007 308 73.5 111 26.5
2008 365 66.6 183 33.4
2009 275 76.6 84 23.4
2010 231 67.5 111 32.5
2011 210 63.8 119 36.2
2012 243 63.4 140 36.6
2013 422 67.7 201 32.3
2014 345 67.9 163 32.1
2015 350 63.6 200 36.4
Total 4,364 72.9 1,622 27.1
Table 17: Number and percentage distribution of immigration applicants to Canada diagnosed with HIV as a result of an Immigration Medical Exam (IME) by sex, age group, and province—2002-2016
Demographic Tested in CanadaFootnote * Tested overseasFootnote *
Number diagnosed with HIV % Number diagnosed with HIV %
Sex
Male 2,493 57.1 788 48.6
Female 1,870 42.9 834 51.4
Age group
<20 79 1.8 141 8.7
20-29 970 22.2 411 25.3
30-39 1,829 41.9 649 40.0
40-49 1,090 25.0 311 19.2
50+ 396 9.1 110 6.8
ProvinceFootnote
Alberta 330 7.6 232 14.4
British Columbia 380 8.7 209 12.9
Manitoba 90 2.1 140 8.7
Ontario 2,386 54.7 540 33.4
Quebec 1,098 25.2 404 25.0
Saskatchewan 42 1.0 46 2.8
Atlantic provincesFootnote 37 0.8 45 2.8
HIV-endemic country
Yes 2,937 67.3 1,170 72.1
No 1,427 32.7 452 27.9
Table 18: Number of Canadian perinatally HIV-exposed infants by year of birth, current status and use of antiretroviral therapy (ART) for prophylaxis, 1984-2016
ART use Status  Year of birth Total
1984-2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
No perinatal ART prophylaxis Confirmed infected
Asymptomatic 74 6 6 5 1 2 0 2 1 97
Symptomatic 22 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 24
Died of AIDS 100 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 100
Died of other 10 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 10
Lost to follow-upFootnote * 170 3 1 0 0 1 0 2 0 177
Adult careFootnote 216 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 216
Subtotal confirmed infected 592 9 8 5 1 3 0 5 1 624
Subtotal confirmed not infected 481 17 11 7 9 5 7 6 8 551
Infection status not confirmed
Indeterminate 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1
Lost to follow-up 23 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 25
Subtotal Infection status not confirmed 23 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 1 26
Total ‘No perinatal ART prophylaxis’ 1,096 26 19 13 11 8 7 11 10 1,201
Any perinatal ART prophylaxis Confirmed infected
Asymptomatic 2 0 3 2 0 0 2 1 0 10
Symptomatic 2 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 3
Died of AIDS 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
Died of other 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
Lost to follow-upFootnote * 9 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 11
Adult careFootnote 5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 5
Subtotal confirmed infected 20 1 4 3 0 0 2 1 0 31
Subtotal confirmed not infected 1,789 172 222 216 216 198 238 230 226 3,507
Infection status not confirmed
Indeterminate 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 24 24
Lost to follow-up 22 1 1 1 1 0 0 4 1 31
Subtotal Infection status not confirmed 22 1 1 1 1 0 0 4 25 55
Total ‘Any perinatal ART prophylaxis 1,831 174 227 220 217 198 240 235 251 3,593
Perinatal ART prophylaxis exposure unknown Total ‘Perinatal ART prophylaxis exposure unknown’ 35 3 4 4 1 2 2 2 2 55
Grand Total 2,962 203 250 237 229 208 249 248 263 4,849
Table 19: Number of Canadian perinatally HIV-exposed infants by maternal exposure category and year of infant birth, 1984-2016
Maternal exposure category Year of birth
1984-2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 Total
n % n % n % n % n % n % n % n % n % n %Footnote *
IDU 660 24.6 31 16.8 43 19.2 47 21.2 34 16.6 34 18.0 48 20.7 54 23.9 50 22.3 1,001 22.8
Blood products/ transfusion/ medical 44 1.6 5 2.7 5 2.2 1 0.5 3 1.5 8 4.2 5 2.2 5 2.2 2 0.9 78 1.8
Heterosexual contact 1,962 73.0 144 78.3 173 77.2 174 78.4 165 80.5 143 75.7 167 72.0 153 67.7 159 71.0 3,240 73.8
Mother-to-childFootnote 6 0.2 3 1.6 3 1.3 0 0.0 3 1.5 3 1.6 6 2.6 12 5.3 8 3.6 44 1.0
Other 15 0.6 1 0.5 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 1 0.5 6 2.6 2 0.9 5 2.2 30 0.7
NIR 275 n/a 19 n/a 26 n/a 15 n/a 24 n/a 19 n/a 17 n/a 22 n/a 39 n/a 456 n/a
Total 2,962 100 203 100 250 100 237 1 229 100 208 100 249 100 248 100 263 100 4,849 100
Table 20: Number of Canadian perinatally HIV-exposed infants by ethnic status and infection status, 1984-2016
Race/ethnicity Infection Status Year of birth Total
1984-1996 1997-2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
n % n % n % n % n % n % n % n % n % n % n %
White Prospective cohortFootnote *
Confirmed infected 29 16.4 9 1.8 0 0.0 4 8.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 42 4.2
Confirmed not infected 148 83.6 485 98.2 29 100 46 92.0 36 100 39 100.0 37 100 60 100 48 100 27 100 955 95.8
Retrospective cohort
Confirmed infected 76 69.7 9 50.0 2 100 0 0.0 1 50.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 88 66.7
Confirmed not infected 33 30.3 9 50.0 0 0.0 1 100 1 50.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 44 33.3
Infection status not confirmed
Infection status not confirmed 9 n/a 8 n/a 1 n/a 0 n/a 0 n/a 1 n/a 0 n/a 0 n/a 1 n/a 4 n/a 24 n/a
Subtotal White 295 36.7 520 24.1 32 15.8 51 20.4 38 16.0 40 17.5 37 17.8 60 24.1 49 19.8 31 11.8 1,153 23.8
BlackFootnote Prospective cohort
Confirmed infected 32 21.3 21 2.4 1 0.9 0 0.0 3 2.5 0 0.0 0 0.0 1 0.8 0 0.0 0 0.0 58 2.9
Confirmed not infected 118 78.7 848 97.6 107 99.1 119 100 118 97.5 136 100.0 107 100 126 99.2 111 100 119 100.0 1,909 97.1
Retrospective cohort
Confirmed infected 170 85.4 165 81.3 3 75.0 4 100 3 100 1 33.3 2 100 0 0.0 1 100 1 50.0 350 83.1
Confirmed not infected 29 14.6 38 18.7 1 25.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 2 66.7 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 1 50.0 71 16.9
Infection status not confirmed
Infection status not confirmed 7 n/a 6 n/a 1 n/a 0 n/a 2 n/a 0 n/a 0 n/a 0 n/a 2 n/a 7 n/a 25 n/a
Subtotal Black 356 44.3 1078 50.0 113 55.7 123 49.2 126 53.2 139 60.7 109 52.4 127 51.0 114 46.0 128 48.7 2,413 49.8
Latin AmericanFootnote § Prospective cohort
Confirmed infected 5 71.4 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 5 10.6
Confirmed not infected 2 28.6 17 100 5 100 0 0.0 5 100 3 100.0 0 0.0 1 100.0 5 100.0 4 100 42 89.4
Retrospective cohort
Confirmed infected 4 100.0 1 50.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 5 83.3
Confirmed not infected 0 0.0 1 50.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 1 16.7
Infection status not confirmed
Infection status not confirmed 0 n/a 3 n/a 0 n/a 0 n/a 0 n/a 0 n/a 0 n/a 0 n/a 0 n/a 0 n/a 3 n/a
Subtotal Latin American 11 1.4 22 1.0 5 2.5 0 0.0 5 2.1 3 1.3 0 0.0 1 0.4 5 2.0 4 1.5 56 1.2
AboriginalFootnote Prospective cohort
Confirmed infected 11 21.6 17 4.6 0 0.0 2 4.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 1 2.0 0 0.0 5 8.5 0 0.0 36 4.5
Confirmed not infected 40 78.4 351 95.4 37 100 48 96.0 49 100 35 100 50 98.0 47 100 54 91.5 56 100 767 95.5
Retrospective cohort
Confirmed infected 14 63.6 6 46.2 1 33.3 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 21 55.3
Confirmed not infected 8 36.4 7 53.8 2 66.7 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 17 44.7
Infection status not confirmed
Infection status not confirmed 3 n/a  6 n/a 0 n/a 0 n/a 0 n/a 1 n/a 0 n/a 0 n/a 1 n/a 11 n/a 22 n/a
Subtotal Aboriginal 76 9.5 387 17.9 40 19.7 50 20.0 49 20.7 36 15.7 51 24.5 47 18.9 60 24.2 67 25.5 863 17.8
AsianFootnote Prospective cohort
Confirmed infected 0 0.0 2 3.3 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 2 1.6
Confirmed not infected 7 100 58 96.7 6 100 9 100 6 100 6 100 5 100.0 6 100 8 100 13 100 124 98.4
Retrospective cohort
Confirmed infected 15 88.2 12 75.0 3 100.0 4 100.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 34 79.1
Confirmed not infected 2 11.8 4 25.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 2 100.0 1 100.0 0 0.0 9 20.9
Infection status not confirmed
Infection status not confirmed 0 n/a 0 n/a 0 n/a 0 n/a 0 n/a 0 n/a 0 n/a 0 n/a 0 n/a 0 n/a 0 n/a
Subtotal Asian 24 3.0 76 3.5 9 4.4 13 5.2 6 2.5 6 2.6 5 2.4 8 3.2 9 3.6 13 4.9 169 3.5
OtherFootnote ** Prospective cohort
Confirmed infected 1 25.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 1 1.4
Confirmed not infected 3 75.0 25 100.0 1 100.0 6 100.0 8 100.0 5 100.0 5 100.0 4 100.0 4 100.0 7 100.0 68 98.6
Retrospective cohort
Confirmed infected 3 50.0 3 60.0 0 0.0 1 100.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 7 58.3
Confirmed not infected 3 50.0 2 40.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 5 41.7
Infection status not confirmed
Infection status not confirmed 0 n/a 0 n/a 0 n/a 0 n/a 0 n/a 0 n/a 0 n/a 0 n/a 0 n/a 0 n/a 0 n/a
Subtotal Other 10 1.2 30 1.4 1 0.5 7 2.8 8 3.4 5 2.2 5 2.4 4 1.6 4 1.6 7 2.7 81 1.7
Unknown Prospective cohort
Confirmed infected 1 100.0 2 7.1 1 50.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 4 7.1
Confirmed not infected 0 0.0 26 92.9 1 50.0 5 100.0 3 100.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 1 100.0 7 100.0 9 100.0 52 92.9
Retrospective cohort
Confirmed infected 10 33.3 15 100.0 1 100.0 0 0.0 2 100.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 1 100.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 29 58.0
Confirmed not infected 20 66.7 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 1 100.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 21 42.0
Infection status not confirmed
Infection status not confirmed 1 n/a 2 n/a 0 n/a 1 n/a 0 n/a 0 n/a 0 n/a 0 n/a 0 n/a 4 n/a 8 n/a
Subtotal Unknown 32 4.0 45 2.1 3 1.5 6 2.4 5 2.1 0 0.0 1 0.5 2 0.8 7 2.8 13 4.9 114 2.4
Total ethnicities Prospective cohort
Confirmed infected 79 19.9 51 2.7 2 1.1 6 2.5 3 1.3 0 0.0 1 0.5 1 0.4 5 2.1 0 0.0 148 3.6
Confirmed not infected 318 80.1 1,810 97.3 186 98.9 233 97.5 225 98.7 224 100.0 204 99.5 245 99.6 237 97.9 235 100.0 3,917 96.4
Retrospective cohort
Confirmed infected 292 75.5 211 77.6 10 76.9 9 90.0 6 85.7 1 33.3 2 66.7 1 33.3 1 50.0 1 50.0 534 76.1
Confirmed not infected 95 24.5 61 22.4 3 23.1 1 10.0 1 14.3 2 66.7 1 33.3 2 66.7 1 50.0 1 50.0 168 23.9
Infection status not confirmed
Infection status not confirmed 20 n/a 25 n/a 2 n/a 1 n/a 2 n/a 2 n/a 0 n/a 0 n/a 4 n/a 26 n/a 82 n/a
Grand total 804 100.0 2,158 100.0 203 100.0 250 100.0 237 100.0 229 100.0 208 100.0 249 100.0 248 100.0 263 100.0 4,849 100.0
Table 21: Number of Canadian perinatally HIV-exposed infants by maternal country of birth and infection status, 1984-2016
Country of birth Infection status Year of birth Total
1984-1996 1997-2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
n % n % n % n % n % n % n % n % n % n % n %
North America Prospective cohortFootnote *
Confirmed infected 41 17.4 25 2.8 1 1.5 6 5.6 0 0.0 0 0.0 1 1.1 0 0.0 5 4.5 0 0.0 79 4.2
Confirmed not infected 195 82.6 867 97.2 67 98.5 102 94.4 90 100.0 74 100.0 89 98.9 107 100.0 105 95.5 88 100.0 1,784 95.8
Retrospective cohort
Confirmed infected 73 67.0 15 48.4 2 50.0 0 0.0 1 50.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 91 62.3
Confirmed not infected 36 33.0 16 51.6 2 50.0 0 0.0 1 50.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 55 37.7
Infection status not confirmed
Infection status not confirmed 10 n/a 14 n/a 1 n/a 1 n/a 0 n/a 2 n/a 0 n/a 0 n/a 2 n/a 15 n/a 45 n/a
Subtotal North America 355 44.2 937 43.4 73 36.0 109 43.6 92 38.8 76 33.2 90 43.3 107 43.0 112 45.2 103 39.2 2,054 42.4
Africa Prospective cohort
Confirmed infected 11 22.4 16 2.4 0 0.0 0 0.0 2 1.9 0 0.0 0 0.0 1 1.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 30 2.0
Confirmed not infected 38 77.6 657 97.6 89 100.0 99 100.0 101 98.1 112 100.0 95 100.0 100 99.0 95 100.0 106 100.0 1,492 98.0
Retrospective cohort
Confirmed infected 112 88.2 139 80.3 3 75.0 2 100.0 1 100.0 1 100.0 1 100.0 0 0.0 1 100.0 1 50.0 261 83.7
Confirmed not infected 15 11.8 34 19.7 1 25.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 1 50.0 51 16.3
Infection status not confirmed
Infection status not confirmed 3 n/a 5 n/a 0 n/a 0 n/a 2 n/a 0 n/a 0 n/a 0 n/a 2 n/a 7 n/a 19 n/a
Subtotal Africa 179 22.3 851 39.4 93 45.8 101 40.4 106 44.7 113 49.3 96 46.2 101 40.6 98 39.5 115 43.7 1,853 38.2
Caribbean Prospective cohort
Confirmed infected 21 24.1 5 3.0 1 8.3 0 0.0 1 7.7 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 28 7.7
Confirmed not infected 66 75.9 162 97.0 11 91.7 15 100.0 12 92.3 15 100.0 11 100.0 19 100.0 11 100.0 12 100.0 334 92.3
Retrospective cohort
Confirmed infected 60 78.9 21 77.8 0 0.0 1 100.0 1 100.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 83 78.3
Confirmed not infected 16 21.1 6 22.2 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 1 100.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 23 21.7
Infection status not confirmed
Infection status not confirmed 4 n/a 1 n/a 1 n/a 0 n/a 0 n/a 0 n/a 0 n/a 0 n/a 0 n/a 0 n/a 6 n/a
Subtotal Caribbean 167 20.8 195 9.0 13 6.4 16 6.4 14 5.9 16 7.0 11 5.3 19 7.6 11 4.4 12 4.6 474 9.8
Central and South America Prospective cohort
Confirmed infected 4 44.4 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 4 6.6
Confirmed not infected 5 55.6 27 100.0 6 100.0 0 0.0 5 100.0 4 100.0 0 0.0 2 100.0 4 100.0 4 100.0 57 93.4
Retrospective cohort
Confirmed infected 9 100.0 2 100.0 0 0.0 1 100.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 12 100.0
Confirmed not infected 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0
Infection status not confirmed
Infection status not confirmed 0 n/a 2 n/a 0 n/a 0 n/a 0 n/a 0 n/a 0 n/a 0 n/a 0 n/a 0 n/a 2 n/a
Subtotal Central and South America 18 2.2 31 1.4 6 3.0 1 0.4 5 2.1 4 1.7 0 0.0 2 0.8 4 1.6 4 1.5 75 1.5
Asia Prospective cohort
Confirmed infected 0 0.0 2 3.3 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 2 1.5
Confirmed not infected 6 100.0 58 96.7 6 100.0 9 100.0 9 100.0 6 100.0 4 100.0 8 100.0 9 100.0 13 100.0 128 98.5
Retrospective cohort
Confirmed infected 12 100.0 13 86.7 3 100.0 4 100.0 2 100.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 34 87.2
Confirmed not infected 0 0.0 2 13.3 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 2 100.0 1 100.0 0 0.0 5 12.8
Infection status not confirmed
Infection status not confirmed 0 n/a 0 n/a 0 n/a 0 n/a 0 n/a 0 n/a 0 n/a 0 n/a 0 n/a 0 n/a 0 n/a
Subtotal Asia 18 2.2 75 3.5 9 4.4 13 5.2 11 4.6 6 2.6 4 1.9 10 4.0 10 4.0 13 4.9 169 3.5
Europe Prospective cohort
Confirmed infected 1 16.7 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 1 2.2
Confirmed not infected 5 83.3 11 100.0 1 100.0 6 100.0 1 100.0 5 100.0 2 100.0 5 100.0 6 100.0 3 100.0 45 97.8
Retrospective cohort
Confirmed infected 15 78.9 3 100.0 1 100.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 19 79.2
Confirmed not infected 4 21.1 0 0.0 0 0.0 1 100.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 5 20.8
Infection status not confirmed
Infection status not confirmed 1 n/a 1 n/a 0 n/a 0 n/a 0 n/a 0 n/a 0 n/a 0 n/a 0 n/a 0 n/a 2 n/a
Subtotal Europe 26 3.2 15 0.7 2 1.0 7 2.8 1 0.4 5 2.2 2 1.0 5 2.0 6 2.4 3 1.1 72 1.5
Unknown Prospective cohort
Confirmed infected 1 25.0 3 9.7 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 4 4.9
Confirmed not infected 3 75.0 28 90.3 6 100.0 2 100.0 7 100.0 8 100.0 3 100.0 4 100.0 7 100.0 9 100.0 77 95.1
Retrospective cohort
Confirmed infected 11 31.4 18 85.7 1 100.0 1 100.0 1 100.0 0 0.0 1 50.0 1 100.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 34 54.0
Confirmed not infected 24 68.6 3 14.3 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 1 100.0 1 50.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 29 46.0
Infection status not confirmed
Infection status not confirmed 2 n/a 2 n/a 0 n/a 0 n/a 0 n/a 0 n/a 0 n/a 0 n/a 0 n/a 4 n/a 8 n/a
Subtotal Unknown 41 5.1 54 2.5 7 3.4 3 1.2 8 3.4 9 3.9 5 2.4 5 2.0 7 2.8 13 4.9 152 3.1
Total Prospective cohort
Confirmed infected 79 19.9 51 2.7 2 1.1 6 2.5 3 1.3 0 0.0 1 0.5 1 0.4 5 2.1 0 0.0 148 3.6
Confirmed not infected 318 80.1 1,810 97.3 186 98.9 233 97.5 225 98.7 224 100.0 204 99.5 245 99.6 237 97.9 235 100.0 3,917 96.4
Retrospective cohort
Confirmed infected 292 75.5 211 77.6 10 76.9 9 90.0 6 85.7 1 33.3 2 66.7 1 33.3 1 50.0 1 50.0 534 76.1
Confirmed not infected 95 24.5 61 22.4 3 23.1 1 10.0 1 14.3 2 66.7 1 33.3 2 66.7 1 50.0 1 50.0 168 23.9
Infection status not confirmed
Infection status not confirmed 20 n/a 25 n/a 2 n/a 1 n/a 2 n/a 2 n/a 0 n/a 0 n/a 4 n/a 26 n/a 82 n/a
Grand Total 804 100.0 2,158 100.0 203 100.0 250 100.0 237 100.0 229 100.0 208 100.0 249 100.0 248 100.0 263 100.0 4,849 100.0
Table 22: Number of Canadian perinatally HIV-exposed infants by geographic region and status at last report, 1984-2016
Province Confirmed infected Confirmed not infected Infection status not confirmed Total
Asymptomatic Symptomatic Died of AIDS Died of other LFU Adult care Subtotal In-determinate LFU Subtotal n %
British Columbia 17 4 4 2 4 39 70 553 3 6 9 632 13.0
Alberta 20 1 5 1 20 22 69 590 11 12 23 682 14.1
Saskatchewan 17 1 1 0 2 4 25 271 5 2 7 303 6.2
Manitoba 0 0 1 0 5 2 8 246 2 2 4 258 5.3
Ontario 31 16 40 6 118 61 272 1,388 3 13 16 1,676 34.6
Quebec 34 10 44 1 41 94 224 1,000 0 21 21 1,245 25.7
Atlantic 1 0 5 1 2 4 13 36 0 1 1 50 1.0
Yukon/Northwest Territories 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 1 3 0.1
Total 120 32 101 11 192 226 682 4,085 25 57 82 4,849 100.0
% of subtotal 17.6 4.7 14.8 1.6 28.2 33.1 100.0 100.0 30.5 69.5 100.0 n/a n/a
% of total 2.5 0.7 2.1 0.2 4.0 4.7 14.1 84.2 0.5 1.2 1.7 n/a n/a
Table 23: International statistics on reported HIV cases, 2015
Continent Country Cumulative number to 2015Footnote * Number reported in 2015 All ages rate per 100,000 population for 2015
North America and Australia Canada 77,806 2,100 5.8
United States (2014 data)Footnote NR 40,234 12.6
United StatesFootnote NR 39,513 12.3
AustraliaFootnote 36,171 1,025 4.4
Western EuropeFootnote § Austria 8,805 264 3.1
Andorra 78 4 5.7
Belgium 28,909 1,001 8.9
Denmark 7,105 277 4.9
Finland 3,573 174 3.2
France 71,261 3,943 5.9
Germany 57,251 3,674 4.5
Greece 15,220 691 6.4
Iceland 333 12 3.6
Ireland 7,835 486 10.5
Israel 8,896 428 5.3
Italy 37,023 3,444 5.7
Luxembourg 1,443 57 10.1
Malta 324 61 14.2
Netherlands 24,085 802 4.7
Norway 5,858 221 4.3
Portugal 54,297 990 9.5
San Marino 87 2 6.3
Spain 39,352 3,428 7.4
Sweden 12,199 447 4.6
Switzerland 35,001 537 6.5
United Kingdom 145,552 6,078 9.4
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