AMR: Use in health care settings, Canada
Volume 46–1, January 2, 2020: Antimicrobial resistance (AMR)
Antimicrobial resistance and antimicrobial use in Canadian hospitals
Text description: Infographic
Antibiotic resistant infections are driving increased mortality and increased costs to the healthcare system.
Rates of resistant bloodstream infections (BSI) associated with high mortality have significantly increased since 2014.
- Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus-BSI increased by 28%
- Vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus-BSI increased by 158%
Medical tourism provides opportunities for resistant organisms to spread.
- In 2019, some Canadians who travelled to other countries for medical procedures were exposed to highly drug-resistant bacteria that cause hard to treat infections
There have been 24 cases of Candida auris reported to PHAC since 2014.
- An emerging yeast pathogen associated with invasive infection
The effectiveness of carbapenems, defined by the World Health Organization as an antibiotic of last resort, is threatened by the emergence of carbapenem-resistant bacteria.
- Hospitals detected an 800% increase in patients harbouring these organisms
Drugs previously reserved as last resort are being purchased more frequently by hospitals.
- Daptomycin purchasing increased by nearly 60% since 2014
The Canadian Nosocomial Infection Surveillance Program (CNISP) is a collaborative effort of the Association of Medical Microbiology and Infectious Disease Canada (AMMI Canada) and the Public Health Agency of Canada. Based on the most recent data available in 2019.
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