AMR: Use in health care settings, Canada


Volume 46–1, January 2, 2020: Antimicrobial resistance (AMR)


Antimicrobial resistance and antimicrobial use in Canadian hospitals

Antimicrobial resistance and antimicrobial use in Canadian hospitals

Text description: Infographic

Healthcare Sector

Antibiotic resistant infections are driving increased mortality and increased costs to the healthcare system.

Rates of resistant bloodstream infections (BSI) associated with high mortality have significantly increased since 2014.

  • Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus-BSI increased by 28%
  • Vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus-BSI increased by 158%

Medical tourism provides opportunities for resistant organisms to spread.

  • In 2019, some Canadians who travelled to other countries for medical procedures were exposed to highly drug-resistant bacteria that cause hard to treat infections

There have been 24 cases of Candida auris reported to PHAC since 2014.

  • An emerging yeast pathogen associated with invasive infection

The effectiveness of carbapenems, defined by the World Health Organization as an antibiotic of last resort, is threatened by the emergence of carbapenem-resistant bacteria.

  • Hospitals detected an 800% increase in patients harbouring these organisms

Drugs previously reserved as last resort are being purchased more frequently by hospitals.

  • Daptomycin purchasing increased by nearly 60% since 2014

The Canadian Nosocomial Infection Surveillance Program (CNISP) is a collaborative effort of the Association of Medical Microbiology and Infectious Disease Canada (AMMI Canada) and the Public Health Agency of Canada. Based on the most recent data available in 2019.

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