Sex Trafficking

Sex Trafficking

From Public Safety Canada

Sex trafficking is a form of human trafficking. It involves recruiting, transporting or holding victims for sexual exploitation. Sex traffickers get their victims to provide sexual services through different forms of coercion.



Are you or is someone you know being trafficked?

If you think you or someone you know may be a victim of human trafficking.
Get help now.

Who’s At Risk?

Anyone can be a victim, however sex trafficking often involves the exploitation of a person’s vulnerabilities. Victims often suffer physical, sexual, financial, emotional and psychological abuse, and often live and work in brutal conditions. Due to the harm and violence brought onto victims, human trafficking is often accompanied by major trauma, and the recovery can take a lifetime. Traffickers find and prey on people who may be at odds or separated from their families, in need of work, desperate for money, or survivors of abuse. Based on available government data and resources, in Canada, this crime mostly affects:

Women and girls

Women and girls

Police-reported incidents of human trafficking in reveal that 97% of victims are women and girls Footnote1.

Youth and young adults

Youth and young adults

Police-reported incidents of human trafficking reveal that 28% of victims are girls under the age of 18, and 45% are women aged 18-24 Footnote2.

Indigenous people

Indigenous people

Testimony from the National Inquiry into Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women and Girls highlights that human trafficking is strongly linked to higher rates of violence against Indigenous women and girls Footnote3.


Possible Signs of Sex Trafficking

Do you or someone you know:

  • Have a new relationship with someone older or richer, perhaps online? Does the new relationship seem
    to involve manipulation and control?
  • Receive gifts or cash from a partner for no reason?
  • Seem to be in a relationship that has taken a sudden negative turn?
  • Have intimate images of you been shared by someone online with/ without your consent?
  • Feel intimidated or controlled? Traffickers often control their victim’s phone for example, where they
    go, who they see, and can withhold personal identification.
  • Live and/or work in brutal conditions?
Are you or is someone you know being trafficked?

If you think you or someone you know may be a victim of human trafficking.
Get help now.

How Traffickers Take Control of Victims

How Traffickers Take Control of Victims

People can be trafficked by someone they know: former or current partner, family member, friend, co-worker, or boss. The recruiting process can be so slow and subtle that victims might not even know they’re at risk of being trafficked. Traffickers can make it hard to escape in many ways; for example, through the use of violence, threats, manipulation, or control. Victims often live and work in brutal conditions and suffer physical, sexual, and/or psychological abuse and injury that can lead to lifelong trauma.

How to Get Help Safely.

Other Forms of Human Trafficking

Labour Trafficking

Labour Trafficking

Recognize the signs and learn more about labour trafficking.

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