Are you a newcomer to Canada?

If you are a newcomer to Canada for all or part of a tax year, you may need to file an income tax and benefit return if you have to pay tax, want to claim a refund, or receive benefits.

Important facts

  • It’s important to understand your tax obligations and the credits and benefits available to you.
  • You become a resident of Canada for income tax purposes when you establish significant residential ties in Canada, such as a home in Canada, a spouse or common-law partner who moves to Canada to live with you, and social ties in Canada. You usually establish these ties on the date you arrive in Canada. For more information, go to Do you have to file a return?
  • By filing an income tax and benefit return, you might be able to get credits and benefits such as the goods and services tax/harmonized sales tax (GST/HST) credit and Canada child tax benefit payments—even if you have no income to report or tax to pay.
  • If you need help to prepare your tax return, have a modest income and a simple tax situation, you may be able to get help from the Community Volunteer Income Tax Program (CVITP). The CVITP is a collaboration between the Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) and community organizations across Canada. These organizations host tax preparation clinics, and their volunteers can prepare and submit your tax return for you free of charge. For more information, go to
  • Everything you need to know as a newcomer is available at You will find information on getting your social insurance number, filing a tax return, tax treaties, and contact information if you need assistance.

The CRA’s online services make filing and managing your taxes easier

The CRA's online services are fast, easy, and secure. You can use them to help file your income tax and benefit return, make a payment, track the status of your return, register for online mail, apply for child benefits, and more. Access the CRA’s full suite of self-service options—register for My Account at today, and start managing your tax matters online!


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