Definitions for Home Buyers' Plan
For detailed information on how to participate in the Home Buyers' Plan (HBP), go to How to participate in the Home Buyers' Plan.
A person who is not your spouse, with whom you are living in a conjugal relationship, and to whom at least one of the following situations applies. The person:
has been living with you in a conjugal relationship and this current relationship has lasted at least 12 continuous months
In this definition, “12 continuous months” includes any period you were separated for less than 90 days because of a breakdown in the relationship.
is the parent of your child by birth or adoption
has custody and control of your child (or had custody and control immediately before the child turned 19 years of age) and your child is wholly dependent on that person for support
Eligible withdrawalThis is the amount you withdraw from your RRSP which meets all the Home Buyers’ Plan (HBP) conditions that apply to your situation.
First-time home buyer
You will be considered to be a first-time home buyer if you did not, at any time in the current calendar year before the withdrawal (except the 30 days immediately before the withdrawal) or at any time in the preceding four calendar years, live in a qualifying home (or what would be a qualifying home if located in Canada) as your principal place of residence that either you owned or jointly-owned, or your current spouse or common-law partner (at the time of the withdrawal) owned or jointly-owned. For example, if you are making a withdrawal on July 31, 2024, you cannot have lived in a home as your principal place of residence that either you or your spouse or common-law partner owned or jointly-owned from January 1, 2020 to June 30, 2024.
Your HBP balance, at any time, is the total of all eligible withdrawals you made from your RRSPs minus the total of all amounts you designated as an HBP repayment and amounts included in your income because your HBP repayments were not repaid to your RRSPs, PRPPs, and SPP in previous years.
HBP statementYour HBP balance, at any time, is the total of all eligible withdrawals you made from your RRSPs minus the total of all amounts you designated as an HBP repayment and amounts included in your income because your HBP repayments were not repaid to your RRSPs, PRPPs and SPP in previous years.
Generally refers to a relationship or transaction between persons who are related to each other. However, a non-arm’s length relationship might also exist between unrelated individuals, partnerships, or corporations, depending on the circumstances. For more information, see the definition of Arm’s length.
You are considered an HBP participant if:
you make an eligible withdrawal from your RRSP to buy or build a qualifying home for yourself
you make an eligible withdrawal from your RRSP to buy or build a qualifying home for a related person with a disability or to help such a person buy or build a qualifying home
you are the spouse or common-law partner of a deceased HBP participant and you have elected to continue making the repayments of the deceased participant
Your HBP participation period starts on January 1 of the year you make your first eligible withdrawal from your RRSP and ends at the end of the year your HBP balance is reduced to zero.
A housing unit located in Canada. This includes existing homes and those being constructed.
A share in a co-operative housing corporation that entitles you to possess, and gives you an equity interest in a housing unit located in Canada, also qualifies.
The following all qualify:
- single-family homes
- semi-detached homes
- mobile homes
- apartments in:
- apartment buildings
- condominium units
A share in a co-operative housing corporation that entitles you to possess, and gives you an equity interest in a housing unit located in Canada, also qualifies. However, a share that only provides you with a right to tenancy in the housing unit does not qualify.
For condominium units, you are considered to own the unit the day you are entitled to immediate vacant possession of it.
Right to tenancy
A share that only provides you with a right to tenancy in the housing unit does not qualify.
Are not considered to deal with each other at arm's length. Related persons include individuals connected by blood relationship, marriage, common-law partnership, or adoption (legal or in fact). A corporation and another person or two corporations may also be related persons.
For a particular qualifying home means any other qualifying home where:
you or the specified disabled person agreed to acquire, or begin the construction of the other qualifying home after the latest time that you made a withdrawal in respect of the particular qualifying home
you intend to use the other qualifying home as a principal place of residence within one year after its acquisition
neither you or your spouse or common-law partner, or the specified disabled person or their spouse or common-law partner previously acquired the other qualifying home
Resident of CanadaFor more information about residency status, see Determining your residency status or call 1-800-959-8281 (toll free within Canada and the United States), or 613-940-8495 (from outside Canada and the United States). The CRA accepts collect calls by automated response. You may hear a beep and experience a normal connection delay.
RRSP deduction limitThe maximum amount you can deduct from contributions you made to your RRSP, PRPP, or SPP and to your spouse’s or common-law partner’s RRSP or SPP for a year (excluding transfers to your RRSPs or certain types of qualifying income). The calculation is based, in part, on your earned income in the previous year. Pension adjustments (PAs), past service pension adjustments (PSPAs), pension adjustment reversals (PARs), prescribed amount for connected persons, and your unused RRSP deduction room at the end of the previous year are also used to calculate the limit.
Specified disabled person
In respect of an individual, is a person who is the individual or who is related to the individual, where the person either:
is entitled to the disability amount (line 31600 of their income tax and benefit return) at the time of the HBP withdrawal.
would have been entitled to the disability amount if they had not claimed costs for an attendant or for care in a nursing home as medical expenses.
was not entitled to the disability amount for any year before the HBP withdrawal, but a Form T2201, Disability Tax Credit Certificate, certified by a medical practitioner, is filed for the person for the year of the HBP withdrawal, the person will be treated as if they are entitled to the disability amount.
If Form T2201 is not approved, your withdrawals will not be considered eligible withdrawals under the HBP, and will have to be included in your income for the year you receive them
Specified pension plan (SPP)A pension plan or similar arrangement that has been prescribed under the Income Tax Regulations as a “specified pension plan” for purposes of the Income Tax Act. Many of the rules related to RRSPs also apply to SPPs.
SpouseA person to whom you are legally married.
A written agreement must include the date the agreement was signed, the address of the qualifying home and the closing date.
- Date modified: