Clean Growth and Climate Change

Putting a price on pollution: how it will work

Where do Canada's emissions come from and what are we doing to reduce them

Long description

Where do Canada's emissions come from and what are we doing to reduce them

Transport (25%)

  • Historic investment in public transit
  • Deployment of electric vehicle charging stations
  • Zero-emissions vehicle strategy
  • Stringent vehicle emissions standards
  • Cleaner fuels for vehicles

Homes and buildings (11%)

  • Supporting home and building retrofit programs across Canada
  • Historic investment in energy efficient social housing
  • Model codes for new and existing buildings to improve energy efficiency
  • Energy efficient appliance standards and programs
  • Supporting Indigenous communities and governments as they improve the energy efficiency of their homes and buildings
  • Phasing out hydrofluorocarbons used in refrigerators and air conditioning systems

Electricity (11%)

  • Phasing out pollution from coal-fired electricity
  • Increasing investment in renewable energy
  • Increasing investment in transmission lines and smart grids
  • Supporting rural and remote communities to reduce reliance on diesel

Industry (40%)

  • Historic investment in clean tech and clean business solutions
  • Pricing industrial emissions
  • Reducing methane in oil and gas sector by 40-45%
  • Clean Fuel Standard
  • Improving industrial energy efficiency

Forestry, agriculture and waste (13%)

  • Supporting renewable fuels and bioproducts
  • Cleaner innovative agriculture (e.g., zero till agriculture, climate resilient crops, precision agriculture)
  • Conserving more nature for carbon sequestration
  • Reforestation
  • Reducing waste including plastic pollution

Tracking progress

  1. Canada’s share of clean, non-emitting electricity is already 80%, making Canada’s electricity system one of the cleanest in the world.  We have set a goal to increase this number to 90% by 2030.
  2. We have invested $200 million in the Emerging Renewable Power Program to support renewable power technologies.
  3. We are investing $100 million in Smart Grid projects.
  4. We have invested in more than 1,000 public transit projects, are building more than 1,000 electric vehicle charging stations, and have invested in more than 50 projects to support cycling and other forms of active transportation.
  5. We have announced the $2 billion Low Carbon Economy Fund to support provinces and territories, as well as municipalities, businesses, not-for-profit organizations, and Indigenous communities and organizations by funding projects that reduce carbon pollution, create jobs, and reduce energy usage.
  6. We have invested more than $2.3 billion in funding for clean technology in Canada, including:
    1. $256.3 million for 65 Canadian clean tech companies through SDTC
    2. $40 million for four Canadian clean tech companies through BDC, the first wave of a total of $700 million
    3. $542 million in working capital for 189 Canadian clean tech companies through EDC, facilitating over $1.5 billion in Canadian clean tech exports
  7. We are seeing strong performance by Canada’s clean technology sector, including:
    1. An increase in the value of Canada’s clean technology industry of 4.9% over 4 years, from $25.3B in 2013 to $26.7B in 2016
    2. An increase in Canadian clean technology jobs of 1.2% over 4 years, from 175,494 in 2013 to 177,620 in 2016
    3. Exports by Canadian clean technology firms totalling $7.8 billion in 2016
    4. An increase in Canada’s ranking in the 2017 Global Cleantech Innovation Index (GCII) from 7th in the last index (2014) to 4th place in 2017
    5. Thirteen Canadian companies are on the 2018 Global Cleantech 100, up from 11 in 2017
    6. Four Canadian companies are among the 10 finalists for the $20M Carbon XPRIZE, by far the most-well represented country out of the finalists
  8. Nearly 30 projects in Indigenous and Northern communities are being funded with over $60 million in Northern REACHE funding announced since 2016, a program established to reduce Northern communities' reliance on diesel for heating and electricity.  In addition, the Clean Energy for Rural and Remote Communities program will support Indigenous Peoples in reducing their reliance on diesel for heat and energy.
  9. The federal government, provincial/territorial governments, major Canadian municipalities and major electric and gas utilities are supporting 268 energy efficiency programs and incentives across the country to help families save money and create jobs. 
  10. We are funding for more than 350 projects to improve Canada’s resilience to the effects of a changing climate, including for Indigenous communities and the North.
  11. We are supporting social housing through the National Housing Strategy, a 10 year, $40B plan that will invest in the construction and repair of affordable housing units with a minimum 25% better energy efficiency.

Canada's climate action plan

Pricing pollution is just one part of the plan.

Climate action map

See what else we’re doing across Canada.


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