Equality and inclusion in federally regulated industries and workplaces

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Employment equity

Canadians have the right to be treated fairly in workplaces free from discrimination. Employment equity promotes equitable representation for the following 4 designated groups in Canada:

  • women
  • Aboriginal peoples
  • persons with disabilities, and
  • members of visible minorities

Consult the following to inform yourself about your rights and the resources available:

Pay equity

Canadians have the right to experience workplace compensation practices that are free of gender-based discrimination. Pay equity aims to ensure that employers provide you with equal pay for doing work of equal value.

The federal government introduced the Pay Equity Act (Act) in Parliament as part of Bill C-86, Budget Implementation Act, 2018, No. 2, on October 29, 2018. The Act received Royal Assent on December 13, 2018. It will come into force on a day or days that the Governor in Council will set.

Once in force, the Act will require employers to proactively examine their compensation practices. Employers will need to ensure that they provide you with equal pay for work of equal value. It will apply to all federally regulated industries and workplaces with 10 or more employees, as well as the Prime Minister's and ministers' offices.

The Labour Program is currently developing regulations to support the coming into force of the Act. To that end, the Labour Program consulted federally regulated employers and employees and their representatives, as well as special interest groups, in spring 2019. Stakeholders will also have the opportunity to comment when the regulations are pre-published in Part l of the Canada Gazette. The Labour Program is targeting late fall 2020/winter 2021 for pre-publication and would look to a potential coming-into-force date later in 2021.

Until the Act comes into force, the regime under the Canadian Human Rights Act protects your right to pay equity.

For more information about your rights, and how to file a complaint related to pay equity, consult the following:

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