DAOD 3002-7, Ammunition and Explosives Risk Management

1. Introduction

Date of Issue: 2016-08-24

Application: This DAOD is a directive that applies to employees of the Department of National Defence (DND employees) and an order that applies to officers and non-commissioned members of the Canadian Armed Forces (CAF members).


  • CANFORGEN 085/05, Explosives Safety Waiver Policy
  • Ammunition and Instruction 45 – Risk-based Storage Licensing and Waivers

Approval Authorities:

  • Deputy Minister (DM)
  • Chief of the Defence Staff (CDS)

Enquiries: Director Ammunition and Explosives Regulation (DAER)

2. Definitions

ammunition (munition)

Device charged with explosives, propellants, pyrotechnics, initiating composition or nuclear, biological or chemical material, for use in military operations, and includes a non-charged or inert replica of such a device. (Defence Terminology Bank record number 15923)

ammunition salvage (matériel récupéré de munitions)

Any non-explosive ammunition accessory or component, including fired cartridge cases and links, recovered from the firing point or during explosives workshop operations.

Note – Ammunition salvage may contain energetic residue, but does not include packaging. (Defence Terminology Bank record number 27485)

ammunition technical authority (autorité technique en matière de munitions)

A person appointed by the relevant commander or manager to provide technical advice on and oversight of activities involving ammunition and explosives. (Defence Terminology Bank record number 47913)

due diligence (diligence raisonnable)

The reasonable standard of care for the environment and for the health and safety of others that individuals shall exercise in the course of their actions and duties. (Defence Terminology Bank record number 43051)

explosive (explosif)

Any thing that is made, manufactured or used to produce an explosion or a detonation or pyrotechnic effect, and includes any thing prescribed to be an explosive by the regulations, but does not include gases, organic peroxides or any thing prescribed not to be an explosive by the regulations. (Section 2 of the Explosives Act)

munition scrap (débris de munitions)

All recoverable solid by-products, including empty projectile remnants, fragments and pieces of fuse, resulting from the normal functioning of ammunition and explosives, other than those generated at the firing point.

Note – Munition scrap may contain energetic residue. (Defence Terminology Bank record number 48038)

3. Operating Principles

Risk Management Framework and Process

3.1 The DND and the CAF must operate an ammunition and explosives (A&E) risk management framework and process that take into account not just the consequences of an undesired event but also the probability of its occurrence. The framework and process are outlined in C-09-005-001/TS-000, Ammunition and Explosives Safety Manual, Volume 1, Program Management and Life Cycle Safety, and include:

  • a. identification of the risk levels of A&E activities;
  • b. consideration of mitigation measures;
  • c. acceptance of risk and the associated mitigation measures by the appropriate DND or CAF
    authority; and
  • d. monitoring of A&E activities to ensure accepted levels of safety without incurring excessive cost.

3.2 This DAOD does not apply to the use of approved A&E in training conducted under range and field safety directives issued under the authority of the Commander, Canadian Army.


3.3 Except for the specific activities noted in the Authorized Exceptions to Prohibitions block in DAOD 3002-5, Use of Firearms, Ammunitions and Explosives, it is prohibited for any DND employee or CAF member to:

  • a. use A&E for any purpose, or in any configuration, other than that for which the A&E was certified in
    accordance with DAOD 3002-1, Certification of Ammunition and Explosives;
  • b. attempt to modify, break down, section or repair A&E;
  • c. make explosives, explosive devices, battle simulators, saluting charges or other similar devices;
  • d. deviate from the authorized drills and procedures published in orders and directives for the use of
    A&E; or
  • e. retain munition scrap or ammunition salvage for use as display or instructional aids.

Due Diligence

3.4 As a minimum, due diligence requires that DND employees and CAF members who use or are responsible for A&E:

  • a. know and comply with relevant statutes and regulations;
  • b. exercise appropriate caution;
  • c. prepare for risks that a thoughtful and reasonable person would foresee; and
  • d. respond to identified risks, accidents and incidents as soon as practicable.

3.5 The DND and the CAF must:

  • a. implement a risk management framework and process for the introduction into service, handling,
    storage and disposal of A&E;
  • b. ensure that ammunition and explosives risk assessment safety cases (AERASCs) are developed in
    accordance with C-09-005-001/TS-000 and briefed to responsible DND managers and commanders
    for approval whenever it is necessary to deviate from established standards and norms; and
  • c. ensure that approved AERASCs are monitored for changing conditions.

4. Consequences

Consequences of Non-Compliance

4.1 Non-compliance with this DAOD may have consequences for both the DND and the CAF as institutions, and for DND employees and CAF members as individuals. Suspected non-compliance may be investigated. The nature and severity of the consequences resulting from actual non-compliance will be commensurate with the circumstances of the non-compliance. Consequences of non-compliance may include one or more of the following:

  • a. the ordering of the completion of appropriate learning, training or professional development;
  • b. the entering of observations in individual performance evaluations;
  • c. increased reporting and performance monitoring;
  • d. the withdrawal of any authority provided under this DAOD to a DND employee or CAF member;
  • e. the reporting of suspected offences to responsible law enforcement agencies;
  • f. the liability of Her Majesty in right of Canada;
  • g. the application of specific consequences as set out in applicable laws, codes of conduct, and DND
    and CAF policies and instructions; and
  • h. other administrative or disciplinary action, or both.

Note – In respect of the compliance of DND employees, see the Treasury Board Framework for the Management of Compliance for additional information.

5. Responsibilities

Table of Responsibilities

5.1 The following table identifies the responsibilities associated with this DAOD:

The ... is or are responsible for...
ADM (Infrastructure and Environment)
  • providing direction and advice on the environmental impact of the transport, storage, use and disposal of A&E; and
  • implementing policies and directives for the monitoring and clean-up of:
    – legacy sites (former training areas that have been
    closed or disposed of by the DND); and
    – current training areas.
commanders of commands and formations, and commanding officers and superintendents of units
  • complying with the risk tracking requirements in paragraph 27 of Section 2 of Part 3 of C-09-005-001/TS-000 in respect of any A&E activity with a very high, high, significant or medium risk level; and
  • monitoring A&E activities with a low risk level.
  • developing and issuing a DND and CAF A&E risk management framework and process;
  • monitoring all approved A&E risk activities, except those with a low risk level;
  • providing technical review of any A&E activity with a very high or high risk level;
  • reporting all AERASCs annually to the DM and CDS; andnotifying the DM, CDS and Assistant Deputy Minister (Materiel) of any non-compliance with this DAOD.
ammunition technical authority
  • providing advice to their DND manager or commander on the identification of risk and risk levels, using the AERASC risk management process in C-09-005-001/TS-000;
  • developing and managing, on behalf of their DND manager or commander, an A&E safety program designed for the specific circumstances of their organization; and
  • providing their DND manager or commander with timely and accurate advice on A&E matters, including related environmental issues.

6. References

Acts, Regulations, Central Agency Policies and Policy DAOD

Other References

  • DAOD 2007-0, Safety
  • DAOD 3002-1, Certification of Ammunition and Explosives
  • DAOD 3002-2, Insensitive Munitions
  • DAOD 3002-3, Ammunition and Explosives Safety Program
  • DAOD 3002-5, Use of Firearms, Ammunitions and Explosives
  • A-GG-040-006/AG-001, Ammunition and Explosives Safety Program
  • B-GJ-005-104/FP-021, Law of Armed Conflict at the Operational and Tactical Levels, Chapter 5, Restrictions on the Use of Weapons
  • C-09-005-001/TS-000, Ammunition and Explosives Safety Manual, Volume 1, Program Management and Life Cycle Safety
  • C-09-005-007/TS-000, Ammunition and Explosives Safety Manual, Volume 7, Certification of Ammunition, Explosives and Accessories for Service Use
  • National Defence Security Orders and Directives (NDSOD)
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