DAOD 3014-0, Fuels and Lubricants


1. Introduction

Date of Issue: 2009-05-19

Date of Last Modification: 2021-04-26

Application: This DAOD is a directive that applies to employees of the Department of National Defence (DND employees) and an order that applies to officers and non-commissioned members of the Canadian Armed Forces (CAF members).

Approval Authority: Director of Staff, Strategic Joint Staff (DOS SJS)

Enquiries: Strategic Joint Staff, Strategic J4 Fuels and Lubricants (SJS Strat J4 F&L)


2. Definitions

additive (additif)

Material added to another, usually in small amounts, to impact or enhance desirable properties or to suppress undesirable properties (Defence Terminology Bank record number  695704)

alternative energy (énergie de remplacement)

Any energy source that is an alternative to fossil fuel, including solar, wind, geothermal, hydroelectric, tidal, bioenergy and hydrogen.

Note – Alternative energies are non-conventional and have low environmental impact. (Defence Terminology Bank record number 42880)

alternative fuel (carburant de remplacement)

Non-conventional fuels (including biofuels such as biodiesel, ethanol, hydrogen, electricity-storing batteries, fuel cells), often with improved environmental footprints, that are derived from non-petroleum sources. (NATO Document AC/112-D (2020)0001,Petroleum Committee Vision On Future Fuels)

biofuels(biocarburants)

Renewable fuels derived from biological materials that can be regenerated. This distinguishes them from fossil fuels, which are considered nonrenewable. Examples of biofuels for ground transport are ethanol, methanol, and biodiesel. Biofuels compatible with aviation can include Fischer-Tropsch or hydrotreated jet fuel made from plant or animal sources or hydrocarbons synthesized by genetically modified organisms (synthetic biology). (NATO Document AC/112-D (2020)0001, Petroleum Committee Vision On Future Fuels)

fuel (carburant)

Any form of matter that is combusted or oxidized for the generation of energy propulsion, power generation or heat, and includes aviation fuel, marine distillate fuel, automotive diesel, gasoline and heating oil. See C‑82‑007‑001/AF‑000, Reference Book on Petroleum and Associated Products, for more detailed information. (Defence Terminology Bank record number 43085)

lubricant (lubrifiant)

Any grease, hydraulic fluid, oil, corrosion preventive compound or related specialty product. (Defence Terminology Bank record number 840)

petroleum handling equipment (équipement pétrolier)

Any bladder, coupling, hose, pump, filter, jerry can or related equipment necessary for the handling of fuels and lubricants. (Defence Terminology Bank record number 43171)

single fuel policy (politique de carburant unique)

A policy to reduce the number of fuel types used in order to support NATO forces and achieve maximum equipment interoperability using the military aviation fuel F-34 (JP-8) as the single fuel on the battlefield for land-based military aircraft, vehicles and equipment.

Note – When the supply of aviation fuel is not practicable or cost effective, commercially available diesel fuel may be used. (Defence Terminology Bank record number 695705)


3. Policy Direction

Context

3.1 Fuels and lubricants (F&L) are strategic resources for the DND and the CAF. The integration of activities related to proper fuel efficiency into weapons systems, materiel acquisition and support, and green procurement processes:

  1. minimizes personnel injury and death;
  2. contributes to operational effectiveness;
  3. minimizes cost and materiel loss;
  4. mitigates environmental impact; and
  5. complies with legislative requirements.

3.2 Areas covered by NATO standardization agreements (STANAGs) relating to F&L include:

  1. data capture;
  2. petroleum, oil, lubricants, alternative products and petroleum handling equipment (PHE);
  3. testing, acquisition, storage, distribution and disposal;
  4. research and development;
  5. alternative fuels and alternative energies;
  6. optimizing inventory levels; and
  7. ownership of storage infrastructure.

3.3 The Canadian Environmental Protection Act, 1999, its related regulations and the following policies and instructions provide additional information applicable to the management of F&L:

  1. Public Services and Procurement Canada Policy on Green Procurement;
  2. DAOD 3000‑0, Materiel Acquisition and Support;
  3. DAOD 3015‑0, Green Procurement;
  4. DAOD 3015‑1, Management of Green Procurement; and
  5. NATO Logistics Handbook (see Chapter 8, Petroleum Support, for information related to the single fuel policy).

Policy Statement

3.4 The DND and the CAF are committed to managing F&L in a manner that:

  1. supports domestic and international missions by permitting the successful and efficient deployment of DND employees and CAF members;
  2. meets, as a minimum, federal and provincial laws;
  3. is compatible with applicable international agreements governing F&L; and
  4. ensures DND employees and CAF members are aware of, and strictly adhere to, the laws, policies, instructions and directives relating to F&L.

Requirements

3.5 The DND and the CAF must:

  1. develop and implement program management for F&L;
  2. integrate fuel efficiency as a requirement for the procurement of all types of vessels, vehicles, aircraft and equipment;
  3. ensure that commercial sources, host nations and lateral support are used to the maximum extent practical to meet F&L requirements for deployments;
  4. utilize the materiel management system of record and follow fuel accounting processes detailed in the A-LM-007-100/AG-001, Supply Administration Manual, Chapter 9.8, Fuel and Lubricants;
  5. maximize the use of commercial infrastructure in supporting domestic operations;
  6. ensure the fleet fuel card is used only for fuel procurement regulated purchases;
  7. comply with national standards, and applicable international standards, for F&L and PHE;
  8. comply with fuel exchange arrangements that Canada enters into with other countries, agencies and political subdivisions of other countries, and international organizations, for the refuelling of vessels, vehicles, aircraft and equipment;
  9. follow the NATO STANAGs concerning the single fuel policy for ground equipment, including procurement;
  10. maximize fuel efficiency to reduce cost and greenhouse gas emissions;
  11. use the high-flash kerosene-based fuel, designated as F-44 (JP-5), as the primary fuel for sea-based aircraft;
  12. use the substitute kerosene-based fuel, designated F-34 (JP-8), for deployments in theaters of operations when F-44 (JP-5) needs to be replaced in support of naval operations;
  13. ensure the availability of accurate F&L data; and
  14. ensure that DND employees and CAF members involved in F&L activities are provided with appropriate F&L training and maintain the required qualifications to operate fuel facilities in and outside Canada.

4. Consequences

General

4.1 Should clarification of the policy statement, requirements or authorities set out in this DAOD be required, DND employees and CAF members may seek direction through their channel of communication or chain of command, as appropriate. The anticipated results set out in the policy statement may not be achieved by the DND and the CAF if the requirements specified in this DAOD are not properly implemented. Not achieving the anticipated results could affect the ability of the DND and the CAF to ensure that the CAF is prepared to undertake missions for the protection of Canada and Canadians and the maintenance of international peace and stability.

5. Authorities

Authority Table

5.1 The following table identifies the authorities associated with this DAOD:

The, a or an …
has or have the authority to …

Chief of the Defence Staff

  • approve stocking levels for strategic fuel reserves; and
  • approve fuel quantity and sourcing assumptions.

DOS SJS

  • issue F&L policies, instructions and directives;
  • approve funding for F&L program management;
  • designate a single F&L program authority within the DND and the CAF;
  • establish an F&L implementation plan;
  • advise on strategic fuel reserves if required;
  • oversee F&L training; and
  • direct F&L reporting mechanisms.

Assistant Deputy Minister (Materiel) and environmental commanders

  • lead initiatives permitting the use of alternative fuels and additives and the improvement of fuel efficiency;
  • issue policies, instructions and directives that govern the materiel management and inventory control component of the F&L program.

environmental commanders

  • set operating stocks based on normal operations to meet their requirements;
  • approve the quantity of local fuel reserves;
  • authorize funding for local use and management of F&L; and
  • rationalize fuel infrastructure in the DND and the CAF, except that needed for unique security reasons or when commercial assets are uneconomical.

Assistant Deputy Minister (Infrastructure and Environment)

  • establish standards, and provide technical direction and advice, on the engineering, construction and maintenance of F&L storage facilities;
  • rationalize fuel infrastructure in the DND and the CAF that is needed for unique security reasons or when commercial assets are uneconomical;
  • direct and advise on the environmental impact of the storage, use and disposal of F&L; and
  • approve the use of fuel in the support of fire fighting training.

Assistant Deputy Minister (Information Management)

  • issue policies, instructions and directives that govern the information management and information technology components of the F&L program, and monitor compliance with the instruments; and
  • approve DND and CAF policies, instructions and directives on radio frequency spectrum relating to the hazards of electromagnetic radiation for F&L.

Director Materiel Policy and Procedures

  • oversee F&L materiel management policy development and promulgation.

Director Naval Platform Systems

  • advise on marine F&L specialist support to the DND, the CAF, other government departments, foreign governments and militaries, international organizations and industry; and
  • advise on technical support activities associated with the development, acquisition, installation, upgrade, construction and disposal of facilities and materiel for marine F&L.

SJS Strat J4 F&L

  • lead all elements of the F&L program on behalf of DOS SJS, including F&L standardization and initiatives relating to training, energy, environment and integration of applicable NATO STANAGs; and
  • advise on fuel quantity and sourcing assumptions.
Quality Engineering Test Establishment Superintendent
  • advise and support the DND and the CAF, other government departments, foreign governments and militaries, international organizations and industry on activities related to F&L;
  • advise on technical support activities associated with the development, acquisition, installation, upgrade, construction and disposal of facilities and materiel for F&L; and
  • lead as the senior DND Aircraft Fluids Services Officer in order to ensure that the quality of aviation fluids is not compromised from the time of procurement to its end use.
operational commanders, officers commanding a command or formation, and commanding officers of units
  • issue policies, instructions and directives for the control and regulation of F&L within their organizations.

6. References

Acts, Regulations, Central Agency Policies and Policy DAOD

Other References

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