DAOD 8008-0, Defence Intelligence


1. Introduction

Date of Issue: 2017-12-18

Application: This DAOD is a directive that applies to employees of the Department of National Defence (DND employees) and an order that applies to officers and non-commissioned members of the Canadian Armed Forces (CAF members).

Approval Authority: Chief of Defence Intelligence (CDI)

Enquiries: Director General Intelligence Policy and Partnerships (DGIPP)

2. Definitions

command, control, communications, computers, intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance (commandement, contrôle, communications, informatique, renseignement, surveillance et reconnaissance)

A concept that integrates command, communication and intelligence activities to enhance decision making. (Defence Terminology Bank record number 19041)

defence intelligence (renseignement de défense)

All intelligence from the tactical to the strategic level in support of military operations and planning. (Defence Terminology Bank record number 47286)

intelligence (renseignement)

The product resulting from the collection, processing, analysis, integration and interpretation of available information concerning foreign states, hostile or potentially hostile forces or elements, geography and social and cultural factors that contributes to the understanding of an actual or potential operating environment.

Note – The term 'intelligence' also applies to the activities that result in the product and to the organizations engaged in such activities. (Defence Terminology Bank record number 738)

3. Abbreviations

Abbreviation Complete Word or Phrase
CA Canadian Army
CANSOFCOM Canadian Special Operations Forces Command
CDS Chief of the Defence Staff
CFINTCOM Canadian Forces Intelligence Command
CJOC Canadian Joint Operations Command
C4ISR command, control, communications, computers, intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance
Comd commander
CSE Communications Security Establishment
DM Deputy Minister of National Defence
GC Government of Canada
ISR intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance
L1 level one advisor
NORAD North American Aerospace Defence Command
RCAF Royal Canadian Air Force
RCN Royal Canadian Navy
SIGINT signals intelligence

4. Policy Direction

Context

4.1 Defence intelligence:

  1. plays a crucial role in meeting the core responsibilities of the DND, including research and development, capability development and defence procurement, and enables the success of CAF operations; and
  2. is also a critical component of the ability of GC to make informed policy, partnership and program decisions in matters concerning national defence, national security and foreign affairs.

4.2 The legal authority to conduct defence activities, including any defence intelligence activity, is provided by the National Defence Act and other Canadian legislation, international laws and elements of common law, including the Crown prerogative. All means and methods used in the conduct of a defence intelligence activity remain subject to these laws and must also comply with GC, ministerial, DND and CAF policies and directives. To conduct a defence intelligence activity, there must be a clear nexus between the nature and scope of the activity and the mandate of the DND and the CAF. The DND and the CAF also ensure that all defence intelligence programs, administration and activities take into account broader GC strategic priorities and interests. If intelligence activities are conducted in response to a lawful request from an external stakeholder, the support must comply with the mandate and authorities that govern the requesting body.

4.3 The administration of defence intelligence remains challenging due to its complexity and sensitivity, as well as the fact that defence intelligence expertise and resources are widely dispersed across DND organizations and CAF commands. As a result, to ensure the continued responsiveness, effectiveness and accountability for defence intelligence, the following policies provide high-level direction regarding its conduct:

  1. the Ministerial Directive on Defence Intelligence, which provides direction to the DM and the CDS with respect to their respective accountabilities and responsibilities for defence intelligence, as well as the authorities of the CDI and the Comd CFINTCOM; and
  2. the Ministerial Directive on Defence Intelligence Priorities, which provides direction to the DM and the CDS regarding priorities for the collection, analysis and production of defence intelligence by the DND and the CAF.

4.4 In accordance with the Ministerial Directive on Defence Intelligence and the Ministerial Directive on Defence Intelligence Priorities, the DND and the CAF may develop, generate and employ such defence intelligence capabilities as are required to enable lawful, timely and effective decisions and actions in support of:

  1. DND core responsibilities, including research and development, capability development and defence procurement, and the CAF capability development and force generation activities;
  2. the core roles and mission of the CAF, including the planning and execution of routine and contingency operations carried out in the defence of Canada, the defence of North America in cooperation with the United States and the promotion of international peace and security; and
  3. lawful requests for intelligence support from external stakeholders.

4.5 In supporting the activities mentioned in paragraph 4.4, DND and CAF defence intelligence capabilities may also be developed, generated and employed to contribute to the security of DND employees and CAF members, infrastructure, materiel, information and systems. Defence intelligence may also assist senior DND, CAF and GC decision-makers in achieving ongoing situational awareness of defence intelligence priority issues and in having strategic warning of impending crises in support of policy development regarding national defence, national security and foreign affairs objectives.

4.6 The ministerial directives referred to in paragraph 4.3 establish that the CDI exercises functional authority for defence intelligence and is directly accountable to the DM and CDS in that capacity for issuing direction and guidance, and providing oversight of all defence intelligence across the DND and the CAF, including deployed operations. The functional authority exercised by the CDI over DND organizations and CAF commands in respect of defence intelligence resources and responsibilities never overrides nor supplants direction from the DM or orders from the CDS, which flow downwards through channels of communication and the chain of command respectively. The Comd CFINTCOM is directly and solely accountable to the CDS for the effective leadership and administration of the CFINTCOM.

Policy Statement

4.7 The DND and the CAF are committed to maintaining the maximum possible responsiveness and effectiveness for defence intelligence programs, administration and activities across the DND and the CAF, including deployed operations, while ensuring that these programs, administration and activities are carried out in an accountable manner.

Requirements

4.8 The DND and the CAF must ensure that the following take place:

  1. appropriate subordinate direction and guidance is developed, issued and implemented in respect of defence intelligence programs, administration and activities, including in relation to emerging technologies, the use of social media and biometrics;
  2. structures are established to provide a process for the continual monitoring and assessment of defence intelligence programs, administration and activities across DND organizations and CAF commands to determine if they are being performed or occurring as intended, and producing desired results in compliance with all applicable laws, policies and directives, including provision in the structures for the support of review mechanisms that may be developed for any defence intelligence;
  3. the DM and the CDS remain properly informed of defence intelligence activities and of any new international defence intelligence arrangements that are made, as well as any substantial modifications to the nature or scope of any existing arrangements;
  4. interdepartmental and legal consultations are undertaken, as required, before any defence intelligence activity is carried out, and approved by the DM, the CDS or both, that is:
    1. considered to be particularly sensitive; or
    2. likely to present a significant impact on any of the areas outlined in paragraph 18 of the Ministerial Directive on Defence Intelligence;
  5. interdepartmental consultation is carried out as required before entering into any intelligence-related arrangements with a foreign government, private or public organization or multilateral body;
  6. every aspect of defence intelligence complies with all applicable Canadian and international laws, as well as GC, ministerial, DND and CAF policies and directives;
  7. an annual report on defence intelligence, approved by the DM and the CDS, is provided to the Minister of National Defence; and
  8. DND employees and CAF members fully comply with requests for information as required to complete annual reports on defence intelligence for DND and CAF leadership.

4.9 The Comds of the RCN, CA, RCAF, CJOC and CANSOFCOM, and the Deputy Comd NORAD, must assign a defence intelligence advisor within their organizations to be responsible for the application of CDI direction with regard to oversight and verification of their defence intelligence activities. These advisors must be responsive to the CDI direction.

5. Consequences

General

5.1 Should clarification of the policy statement, requirements or authorities set out in this DAOD be required, DND employees and CAF members may seek direction through their channel of communication or chain of command, as appropriate. The anticipated results set out in the policy statement may not be achieved by the DND and the CAF if the requirements specified in this DAOD are not properly implemented. Not achieving the anticipated results could affect the ability of the DND and the CAF to ensure that the CAF is prepared to undertake missions for the protection of Canada and Canadians and the maintenance of international peace and stability.

6. Authorities

Authority Table

6.1 The following table identifies the authorities associated with this DAOD:

The … has the authority to …
Comd RCN
  • lead, coordinate and approve defence intelligence requirements in support of anticipated, current and future maritime operations;
  • lead and coordinate the development, maintenance, integration and management of defence intelligence capabilities resident in the RCN;
  • direct and employ assigned defence intelligence capabilities from all levels and domains as directed by the CDS;
  • direct and employ both assigned national strategic defence intelligence and ISR capabilities, and integral defence intelligence and ISR capabilities, in support of:
    • activities under RCN command; and
    • RCN efforts to identify and analyze strategic force development requirements in the maritime domain;
  • issue, after consultation with the CDI, instructions, standards, guidelines, handbooks, procedures, training constructs and doctrine pertaining to maritime intelligence activities and intelligence capabilities resident in the RCN that are necessary to ensure compliance with DND and CAF defence intelligence policies and instructions; and
  • establish, after consultation with the CDI, training and programs for intelligence activities specific to the RCN that are necessary to ensure compliance with DND and CAF defence intelligence training and programs, and oversee the training and programs that are established.
Comd CA
  • lead, coordinate and approve defence intelligence requirements in support of anticipated, current and future land operations;
  • lead and coordinate the development, maintenance, integration and management of defence intelligence capabilities resident in the CA;
  • direct and employ assigned defence intelligence capabilities from all levels and domains as directed by the CDS;
  • direct and employ both assigned national strategic defence intelligence and ISR capabilities, and integral defence intelligence and ISR capabilities, in support of:
    • activities under CA command; and
    • CA efforts to identify and analyze strategic force development requirements in the land domain;
  • issue, after consultation with the CDI, instructions, standards, guidelines, handbooks, procedures, training constructs and doctrine pertaining to land intelligence activities and intelligence capabilities resident in the CA that are necessary to ensure compliance with DND and CAF defence intelligence policies and instructions; and
  • establish, after consultation with the CDI, training and programs for intelligence activities specific to the CA that are necessary to ensure compliance with DND and CAF defence intelligence training and programs, and oversee training and programs that are established.
Comd RCAF
  • lead, coordinate and approve defence intelligence requirements in support of anticipated, current and future air operations;
  • lead and coordinate the development, maintenance, integration and management of defence intelligence capabilities resident in the RCAF;
  • direct and employ assigned defence intelligence capabilities from all levels and domains as directed by the CDS;
  • direct and employ both assigned national strategic defence intelligence and ISR capabilities, and integral defence intelligence and ISR capabilities, in support of:
    • activities under RCAF command; and
    • RCAF efforts to identify and analyze strategic force development requirements in the air domain;
  • issue, after consultation with the CDI, instructions, standards, guidelines, handbooks, procedures, training constructs and doctrine pertaining to air intelligence activities and intelligence capabilities resident in the RCAF that are necessary to ensure compliance with DND and CAF defence intelligence policies and instructions; and
  • establish, after consultation with the CDI, training and programs for intelligence activities specific to the RCAF that are necessary to ensure compliance with DND and CAF defence intelligence training and programs, and oversee training and programs that are established.
Comd CJOC
  • lead, coordinate and approve defence intelligence requirements in support of anticipated, current and future joint operations;
  • lead and coordinate, after consultation with force generators and force employers as appropriate and in accordance with direction of the CDI, the development, maintenance, integration and management of defence intelligence capabilities in support of joint operations;
  • direct and employ assigned defence intelligence and ISR capabilities from all levels and domains as directed by the CDS;
  • issue, after consultation with the CDI, instructions, standards, guidelines, handbooks, procedures, training constructs and doctrine pertaining to joint intelligence activities and intelligence capabilities resident in CJOC that are necessary to ensure compliance with DND and CAF defence intelligence policies and instructions;
  • establish, after consultation with the CDI, training and programs for intelligence activities specific to CJOC that are necessary to ensure compliance with DND and CAF defence intelligence training and programs, and oversee training and programs that are established; and
  • coordinate and manage the development process for defence intelligence joint doctrine publications.
CDI
  • exercise functional authority for all defence intelligence programs, administration and activities across the DND and the CAF, including deployed operations;
  • act as the principal defence intelligence advisor to the GC, DND and CAF strategic decision-makers and Comds on issues relating to policy, programs, partnerships and administration in support of national defence, national security and foreign affairs objectives of Canada;
  • issue direction and guidance on, and provide oversight of, defence intelligence programs, administration and activities across the DND and the CAF, including deployed operations, consistent with DND and CAF priorities;
  • convene and chair the Defence Intelligence Management Committee to provide strategic direction to the defence intelligence community, and provide functional oversight of defence intelligence programs, administration and activities;
  • lead, coordinate and approve the defence intelligence requirements in support of anticipated, current and future strategic defence intelligence activities;
  • act as the DND and CAF interlocutor in the GC security and intelligence community;
  • act as the senior DND and CAF authority in all matters of intelligence cooperation and partnerships with external stakeholders;
  • issue instructions, standards, guidelines, handbooks, procedures and training constructs pertaining to strategic defence intelligence programs, administration and activities;
  • act as the Talent Control Officer and the Canadian National Authority for Talent-Keyhole;
  • act as the DND and CAF Senior Indoctrinated Official and the DND and CAF authority for applying the Canadian SIGINT security standards of the CSE for using and securing SIGINT;
  • act as the DND and the CAF designated training authority to develop, manage and implement intelligence and intelligence-related individual training and education, other than for SIGINT; and
  • exercise national control over the collection of imagery through the use of select classified sensors.
Comd CFINTCOM
  • lead, coordinate and approve the defence intelligence requirements in support of anticipated, current and future operations;
  • direct and employ assigned defence intelligence capability at the strategic level in support of operational objectives as directed by the CDS;
  • lead, coordinate and approve the development, maintenance, integration and management of strategic defence intelligence capabilities resident in CFINTCOM in support of anticipated, planned and ongoing CAF operations;
  • plan and coordinate, in collaboration with operational and environmental commands, the intelligence readiness force generation process for strategic enablers in support of deployed operations;
  • provide specialist defence intelligence strategic enablers in support of domestic, continental and expeditionary operations;
  • establish and oversee training and programs for defence intelligence activities specific to CFINTCOM; and
  • issue, after consultation with the CDI, instructions, standards, guidelines, handbooks, procedures, training constructs and doctrine pertaining to intelligence activities and intelligence capabilities resident in CFINTCOM that are necessary to ensure compliance with DND and CAF defence intelligence policies and instructions.
Comd CANSOFCOM
  • lead, coordinate and approve defence intelligence requirements in support of anticipated, current and future operations under CANSOFCOM command;
  • lead and coordinate, after consultation with force generators and force employers as appropriate and in accordance with the direction of the CDI, the development, maintenance, integration and management of defence intelligence capabilities in support of CANSOFCOM operations;
  • direct and employ assigned defence intelligence capabilities from all levels and domains as directed by the CDS;
  • issue, after consultation with the CDI, instructions, standards, guidelines, handbooks, procedures, training constructs and doctrine pertaining to special forces intelligence activities and intelligence capabilities resident in CANSOFCOM to ensure compliance with DND and CAF defence intelligence policies and instructions; and
  • establish, after consultation with the CDI, training and programs for intelligence activities specific to CANSOFCOM that are necessary to ensure compliance with DND and CAF defence intelligence training and programs, and oversee training and programs that are established.
Assistant Deputy Minister (Information Management)
  • lead and coordinate, in consultation with the CDI, and force generators and force employers as appropriate, the development, maintenance, integration and management of SIGINT defence intelligence capabilities in support of anticipated, planned and ongoing CAF operations;
  • provide assigned SIGINT-related defence intelligence capabilities from all levels and domains in support of operational objectives as directed by the CDS;
  • represent, consistent with the integrated SIGINT operations model and in conjunction with the Comd CFINTCOM, CAF operational and tactical SIGINT with the CSE in the national SIGINT Enterprise; and
  • oversee, in conjunction with Comd CFINTCOM, the development of concepts of operation for SIGINT support for the requirements of force employers.
Chief of Force Development
  • support the integration, alignment and interoperability of defence intelligence capabilities of L1s in the CAF joint C4ISR program;
  • develop, in coordination with the Comd CFINTCOM, strategic defence intelligence collection and production capabilities in support of overarching DND and CAF force development requirements; and
  • issue, after consultation with the CDI, concepts, standards and guidelines pertaining to Horizon 2 and 3 force development of defence intelligence capabilities.
Assistant Chief of Defence Intelligence
  • convene and chair the Defence Intelligence Staff Committee.
Deputy Comd NORAD
  • lead, coordinate and approve Canadian defence intelligence requirements in support of anticipated, current and future NORAD operations;
  • lead and coordinate, after consultation with force generators and force employers as appropriate and in accordance with the direction of the CDI, the development, maintenance, integration and management of Canadian defence intelligence capabilities in support of NORAD operations;
  • direct and employ assigned Canadian defence intelligence capabilities from all levels and domains as directed by the CDS;
  • issue, after consultation with the CDI, instructions, standards, guidelines, handbooks, procedures, training constructs and doctrine for the development and employment of Canadian intelligence capabilities in support of NORAD operations that are necessary to ensure compliance with DND and CAF defence intelligence policies and instructions; and
  • establish, after consultation with the CDI, training and programs for intelligence activities specific to the NORAD that are necessary to ensure compliance with DND and CAF defence intelligence training, and oversee training and programs that are established.
Comd Canadian Defence Academy
  • act as the training authority for SIGINT training.
Comd Canadian Forces Information Operations Group
  • act as the CAF SIGINT technical control authority as designated by the CDI.

7. References

Acts, Regulations, Central Agency Policies and Policy DAOD

Other References

  • DAOD 5031-2, Individual Training and Education Strategic Framework
  • DAOD 7014-0, Memoranda of Understanding
  • DAOD 8002-0, Counter-Intelligence
  • DAOD 8002-1, National Counter-Intelligence Program
  • DAOD 8002-2, Canadian Forces National Counter-Intelligence Unit
  • DAOD 8002-3, Security Intelligence Liaison Program
  • DAOD 8012-0, Meteorology and Oceanography
  • CANFORGEN 009/05, Approval and Implementation of the Defence Intelligence Review
  • Ministerial Directive on Defence Intelligence
  • Ministerial Directive on Defence Intelligence Priorities (classified document)
  • DM and CDS letter dated 12 November 2004, Departmental Approval Defence Intelligence Review (DIR) (available in English and in paper format only)
  • CDI Functional Directive, Defence Intelligence Partnership Programme (available in paper format only)
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