Extreme heat events: How to protect yourself from the health effects of extreme heat

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Prepare for the heat

Pay close attention to how you, and those around you, feel

Heat stroke is a medical emergency.
Call 911 or your local emergency number immediately if you are caring for someone who has a high body temperature and is either unconscious, confused or has stopped sweating.

Watch for symptoms of heat exhaustion, which include:

If you have any of these symptoms during extreme heat, move to a cool place and drink liquids right away. Water is best.

Heat stroke is a medical emergency!
Watch out for the signs and symptoms of heat stroke which may include:

  • high body temperature
  • confusion and lack of coordination
  • dizziness or fainting
  • very hot or red skin

If you or anyone in your care experiences any of these signs and symptoms, call 911 immediately. While waiting for help, cool the person right away by:

Stay hydrated

Drink plenty of liquids (especially water) before you feel thirsty to decrease your risk of dehydration (not having enough fluids in your body). You may be dehydrated even if you are not thirsty. Stay hydrated.

Stay cool

Did you know?
Your body isn't used to extreme heat at the beginning of the summer. Start gradually when doing any activity. Hydrate and take breaks.

Dress for the weather

Take a break from the heat

Keep your home cool

If your home is extremely hot

Avoid exposure to extreme heat when outdoors

Did you know?
Sunburned skin loses its sweating efficiency. This makes it harder for your body to regulate its temperature.

Never leave people or pets inside a parked vehicle or in direct sunlight.

Reschedule or plan outdoor activities during cooler parts of the day.

Avoid sun exposure. Find or bring shade when possible.

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