Pesticides Compliance and Enforcement
Health Canada promotes and monitors compliance with the Pest Control Products Act (PCPA) and the Pest Control Products Regulations (PCPR) to protect the health and environment of Canadians. Health Canada also responds to incidents, complaints and situations of non-compliance.
Health Canada's Pest Management Regulatory Agency has compliance officers across Canada working to achieve compliance with the PCPA and PCPR. Activities regulated under the PCPA include pesticide manufacturing, transportation, importation, distribution, possession, handling, storage, and use. Compliance officers prioritize and deliver compliance and enforcement activities, as well as develop compliance guidance documents, strategies, and procedures. The ISO 17025 accredited laboratory in Ottawa provides analytical services for detecting and reporting on pesticide misuse. Pesticides are also analysed to determine whether they meet the specifications upon which registration was granted.
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Pesticides Compliance and Enforcement Activities
Health Canada uses various activities such as promotion, monitoring, and enforcement to achieve compliance. These activities are delivered in accordance with the Compliance Policy. This policy outlines guiding principles for the fair, consistent and predictable application of the PCPA, PCPR, and relevant aspects of the legislation that governs the Agriculture and Agri-Food Administrative Monetary Penalties Act and Regulations.
Health Canada collaborates with other departments and agencies for the development and delivery of pesticide compliance activities. These organizations include:
Provincial and territorial
- British Columbia
- Atlantic Region
- Yukon Department of Environment
- Northwest Territories Department of Environment and Natural Resources
- Nunavut Department of Environment
To read more about the roles of other levels of government, please refer to the Health Canada fact sheet titled The Regulation of Pesticides in Canada.
Compliance promotion actively prevents non-compliance by informing the public, industry, and associations about the regulatory requirements. Knowledge of such requirements allows pesticide registrants, distributors, and users to make well-informed decisions towards compliance.
Stakeholders and the public may participate in consultations to provide feedback on regulatory decisions and issues. Consultations with regulatory partners are intended to establish and strengthen cooperative arrangements with pesticide officials in other jurisdictions.
Compliance monitoring provides targeted oversight of regulated parties to verify whether activities are carried out according to the PCPA and PCPR, and to measure the extent to which the law is followed.
Health Canada inspectors conduct regular, planned inspections for oversight of activities regulated under the PCPA. Regulated parties and regulated activities targeted by inspections may differ from year to year. Examples include inspections to determine compliance with label directions, and inspections targeting distribution of unregistered products. During inspections, there may be examination of documents, product labels, facilities, and collection of samples for analysis.
Violations of the PCPA or PCPR are responded to with appropriate compliance and enforcement measures to encourage compliance.
These measures include:
- Verbal education
- Education/enforcement letter
- Voluntary removal
- Denial of product entry into Canada
- Seizure and detention/forfeiture
- Amend, suspend or cancel registration
- Compliance order
- Administrative Monetary Penalty (Warning or Penalty)
As part of Health Canada's Regulatory Transparency and Openness Framework, information on our inspection and enforcement activities is available so Canadians can see how industry follows the rules that have been put in place to protect their health and safety.
The following annual reports provide information on compliance and enforcement activities conducted by Health Canada.
Compliance Regulatory and Guidance Documents
The following regulatory documents guide Health Canada's pesticide compliance and enforcement activities.
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