List of Contaminants and other Adulterating Substances in Foods
The List of Contaminants and Other Adulterating Substances in Foods is a two-part list setting out the conditions under which certain foods are adulterated. Part 1 of the List sets out prohibitions for certain substances listed in column 1, which stipulate that no amount is considered acceptable in the corresponding food(s) listed in column 2. Part 2 of the List comprises Maximum Levels (MLs) for various substances in certain foods. A food listed in column 2 of Part 2 is adulterated if the corresponding substance identified in column 1 is present in or on the food in an amount that exceeds the ML set out in column 3. The MLs in column 3 of Part 2 of the List apply only to the food(s) as described in column 2 of Part 2. If any food described in column 2, Part 2 of the List is also sold in a dried, concentrated or diluted form, but MLs have not been established for these alternative forms of the food listed in column 2, then any findings of elevated contaminant concentrations in these alternative forms will be assessed on a case-by-case basis.
This List is incorporated by reference into Division 15 of the Food and Drug Regulations. Additional MLs for other contaminants in foods are available in the List of Maximum Levels for Various Chemical Contaminants in Foods.
To help ensure that Canadians are not exposed to levels of chemical contaminants in their diet that may pose a health concern, as new scientific information becomes available, Part 1 and/or Part 2 of the List shown below may be modified by Health Canada's Bureau of Chemical Safety, Food Directorate. Changes to the List are made following consultation with other federal government partners, as applicable, such as the Canadian Food Inspection Agency, and with relevant stakeholders and the public. Notification of any proposed changes to the List will be provided via a Notice of Proposal (NOP) and parallel World Trade Organization (WTO) notification. Changes to the List are announced via a Notice of Modification accompanied by a WTO notification.
This List is the most current version and was published on May 14, 2018.
Pending Changes to the List
Partially Hydrogenated Oils (PHOs): On September 15, 2018, Part 1 of the List will be modified in order to add to it PHOs in foods. This prohibition for PHOs will be in force the day on which it is added to the List. See Notice of Modification number NOM/ADM-C-2017-3 for more details.
List of Contaminants and Other Adulterating Substances in Foods
|Item No.||Column 1
|1||Arsenic||(1) Fish protein||(1) 3.5 p.p.m. (parts per million)|
|(2) Edible bone meal||(2) 1 p.p.m.|
|(3) Beverages; Fruit juice; Fruit nectar||(3) 0.1 p.p.m. as consumed|
|(4) Water in sealed containers||(4) 0.01 p.p.m.|
|2||Fluoride||(1) Edible bone meal||(1) 650 p.p.m.|
|(2) Fish protein||(2) 150 p.p.m.|
|3||Lead||(1) Edible bone meal||(1) 10 p.p.m.|
|(2) Tomato paste; Tomato sauce||(2) 1.5 p.p.m.|
|(3) Fish protein; Whole tomatoes||(3) 0.5 p.p.m.|
|(4) Beverages||(4) 0.2 p.p.m. as consumed|
|(5) Evaporated milk; Condensed milk; Concentrated infant formula||(5) 0.15 p.p.m.|
|(6) Infant formula when ready-to-serve||(6) 0.08 p.p.m.|
|(7) Fruit juice; Fruit nectar||(7) 0.05 p.p.m. as consumed||(8) Water in sealed containers||(8) 0.01 p.p.m.|
|4||Tin||Canned foods||250 p.p.m.|
|5||Free gossypol||Cottonseed flour||450 p.p.m.|
|6||Aflatoxin||Nut; Nut products||15 p.p.b. (parts per billion) calculated on the basis of the nut meat portion.|
|7||Ethylene thiourea||Fruits; Vegetables; Cereals||0.05 p.p.m.|
|8||2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzoparadioxin||Fish||20 p.p.t. (parts per trillion)|
|9||Mineral oil||Food requiring the use of mineral oil as part of good manufacturing practice||0.3%|
|10||Patulin||Apple juice; Unfermented apple cider||50 p.p.b. as consumed|
|11||Glycoalkaloids, total (sum of alpha-solanine and alpha-chaconine)||Potato tubers||200 p.p.m.|
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