Health Canada’s proposal to update the incorporated by reference document: Table of daily values

Reference Number: NOP/ADP-DVQ-2021-1

June 24, 2021

On this page

Background

Table of daily values

The Table of Daily Values is a two-part table that sets out the recommended amounts of nutrients (the daily value) for specific age groups. These are the reference points upon which the % daily value (%DV) in the nutrition facts table (NFt) are based.

Part 1 of the table sets out the daily values for macronutrients and sodium for two age groups. Part 2 of the table sets out the daily values for vitamin and mineral nutrients for three different age groups.

The table was incorporated by reference in the Food and Drug Regulations (FDR) on December 14, 2016 (SOR/2016-305) in order to allow for timely and efficient updates in response to new scientific data. Previously, this information was prescribed in tables following section B.01.001.1 and in Part D, Divisions 1 and 2 of the FDR.

Rationale for revising daily values for potassium and sodium

The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine (NASEM) has published updated Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs) for sodium and potassium intake (2019). The DRIs are a comprehensive set of nutrient reference values for healthy populations that are used to inform nutrition policies and programs.

As the %DV in the NFt for potassium and sodium are currently based on the 2005 DRIs, the release of the 2019 DRIs prompted Health Canada to examine policy implications for existing nutrition labelling regulations. Health Canada has completed an assessment of the new DRI values and has determined that amendments to the current DVs for potassium and sodium set out in the Table of Daily Values are required.

Proposed changes to the Table of daily values

Health Canada is proposing that the Table of Daily Values be amended as follows to reflect the new DRI values for sodium and potassium:

DV for sodium

Rationale for proposed updates to DV for sodium

Proposed updated daily value for sodium
Column 1

Nutrient
Daily Value
Column 2

Food intended solely for children one year of age or older but less than four years of age
Column 3

Food intended for children one year of age or older but less than four years of age or for children four years of age or older and adults
Sodium 1200 mg 2300 mg (no proposed changes)

DV for potassium

Rationale for proposed updates to DVs for potassium

Proposed updated daily values for potassium
Column 1

Nutrient
Daily Value
Column 2

Food intended solely for infants six months of age or older but less than one year of age
Column 3

Food intended for infants six months of age or older but less than one year of age or children one year of age or older but less than four years of age
Column 4

Any other case
Potassium 860 mg 2000 mg 3400 mg

For the complete Table of Daily Values with the proposed updated values see Appendix.

Other relevant information

Nutrition labelling considerations

Updating the DV would not require redesign of package labels, as it would not affect the NFt's size or format. However, there may be some minor labelling implications for manufacturers who have already implemented the new NFt requirements introduced in December 2016.

With respect to potassium

With respect to sodium

Implementation and enforcement

The proposed changes to the Table of Daily Values will be made the day on which the Notice of Modification (NOM) is published on Health Canada's website. Given the nature of the proposed changes, Health Canada is proposing to give industry until December 14, 2023 to implement these changes. During this time, the new 2021 Table of Daily Values and the previous 2016 Table of Daily Values may apply. This will provide industry sufficient time to implement these changes and align with the 2016 nutrition labelling amendments to the FDR. Therefore, by December 15, 2023, only the new 2021 Table will be in effect.

The Canadian Food Inspection Agency is responsible for the enforcement of the Food and Drugs Act and its associated regulations with respect to foods.

Public comments and contact information

Health Canada is committed to reviewing any new information relating to this proposal. Interested persons wishing to submit comments or any inquiries on this proposal may do so electronically by September 7 2021, 75 days from the date of this posting. All such submissions must use the words "Table of Daily Values (NOP/ADP-DVQ-2021-1)" in the subject line of the e-mail and be addressed to:

Bureau of Nutritional Sciences, Food Directorate

E-mail: hc.bns-bsn.sc@canada.ca

Appendix

2021 Nutrition labelling - Table of daily values

Part 1- New daily values for macronutrients and sodium
Items Column 1

Nutrient
Daily Value
Column 2

Food intended solely for children one year of age or older but less than four years of age
Column 3

Food intended for children one year of age or older but less than four years of age or for children four years of age or older and adults
1. Fat 44 g 75 g
2. Sum of saturated fatty acids and trans fatty acids 10 g 20 g
3. Fibre 14 g 28 g
4. Sugars 50 g 100 g
5. Cholesterol 300 mg 300 mg
6. Sodium 1200 mg* 2300 mg

Footnotes

g = grams; mg = milligrams

* New daily values are marked with a star (*)

Part 2 – New daily values for vitamin and mineral nutrients
Items Column 1

Nutrient
Daily Value
Column 2

Food intended solely for infants six months of age or older but less than one year of age
Column 3

Food intended for infants six months of age or older but less than one year of age or children one year of age or older but less than four years of age
Column 4

Any other case
1. Potassium 860 mg* 2000 mg* 3400 mg*
2. Calcium 260 mg 700 mg 1300 mg
3. Iron 11 mg 7 mg 18 mg
4. Vitamin A 500 µg 300 µg 900 µg
5. Vitamin C 50 mg 15 mg 90 mg
6. Vitamin D 10 µg 15 µg 20 µg
7. Vitamin E 5 mg 6 mg 15 mg
8. Vitamin K 2.5 µg 30 µg 120 µg
9. Thiamin, Thiamine or Vitamin B1 0.3 mg 0.5 mg 1.2 mg
10. Riboflavin or Vitamin B2 0.4 mg 0.5 mg 1.3 mg
11. Niacin 4 mg 6 mg 16 mg
12. Vitamin B6 0.3 mg 0.5 mg 1.7 mg
13. Folate 80 µg DFE 150 µg DFE 400 µg DFE
14. Vitamin B12 0.5 µg 0.9 µg 2.4 µg
15. Choline 150 mg 200 mg 550 mg
16. Biotin 6 µg 8 µg 30 µg
17. Pantothenic Acid or Pantothenate 1.8 mg 2 mg 5 mg
18. Phosphorous 275 mg 460 mg 1250 mg
19. Iodide 130 µg 90 µg 150 µg
20. Magnesium 75 mg 80 mg 420 mg
21. Zinc 3 mg 3 mg 11 mg
22. Selenium 20 µg 20 µg 55 µg
23. Copper 0.2 mg 0.3 mg 0.9 mg
24. Manganese 0.6 mg 1.2 mg 2.3 mg
25. Chromium 5.5 µg 11 µg 35 µg
26. Molybdenum 3 µg 17 µg 45 µg
27. Chloride 570 mg 1500 mg 2300 mg

Footnotes

mg = milligrams; µg = micrograms

DFE = Dietary Folate Equivalents

* New daily values are marked with a star (*)

Calculations for vitamins are set out in Section D.01.003 of the Food and Drug Regulations.

Footnote

Footnote 1

The UL is the highest average daily intake level likely to pose no risk of adverse health effects not related to chronic disease

Return to footnote 1 referrer

Report a problem or mistake on this page
Please select all that apply:

Thank you for your help!

You will not receive a reply. For enquiries, contact us.

Date modified: