Tobacco and Vaping Products Act
The Tobacco and Vaping Products Act (TVPA) was enacted on May 23, 2018, to regulate the manufacture, sale, labelling and promotion of tobacco products and vaping products sold in Canada. The former Tobacco Act was originally enacted in 1997 in response to the national public health problem posed by tobacco use. The Tobacco Act and its regulations have been a key component in advancing the government's strategy to protect the health of Canadians from tobacco related death and disease.
The purpose of the TVPA with respect to tobacco products is the same as the Tobacco Act, which is to provide a legal framework to respond to a national public health problem of substantial and pressing concern - tobacco use - and in particular to:
- protect the health of Canadians in light of conclusive evidence implicating tobacco use in the incidence of numerous debilitating and fatal diseases;
- protect young persons and others from inducements to use tobacco products and the consequent dependence on them;
- protect the health of young persons by restricting access to tobacco products;
- prevent the public from being deceived or misled with respect to the health hazards of using tobacco products; and
- enhance public awareness of the health hazards of using tobacco products.
In addition, the TVPA provides new regulatory powers to support plain and standardized packaging for tobacco products.
In light of the growing presence of vaping products on the Canadian market, and in response to the 2015 report of the House of Commons' Standing Committee on Health entitled Vaping: Toward a Regulatory Framework for E-Cigarettes the TVPA creates a new legal framework for regulating vaping products to protect young persons from nicotine addiction and tobacco use, while allowing adults access to vaping products as a less harmful alternative to smoking.
For vaping products, the purpose of the TVPA is to:
- protect young persons and non-tobacco users from inducements to use vaping products;
- protect the health of young persons and non-users of tobacco products from exposure to and dependence on nicotine that could result from the use of vaping products;
- protect the health of young persons by restricting access to vaping products;
- prevent the public from being deceived or misled with respect to the health hazards of using vaping products; and
- enhance public awareness of the health hazards of using vaping products.
New regulations for tobacco and vaping products are currently under consideration as part of Canada's comprehensive regulation making process.
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