Changes to rules on citizenship by descent

Before July 2020, only biological parents could pass down their Canadian citizenship to their children.

As of July 2020, non-biological parents can pass down their Canadian citizenship to their children who were born outside Canada if they’re the child’s legal parent at birth (opens in a new tab).

How to pass your Canadian citizenship down to your child

You can pass down your Canadian citizenship to your child by applying for a citizenship certificate.

Adopted children born outside Canada

If your adopted child was born outside Canada, they’re not automatically a Canadian citizen. This is to respect the adoption laws of other countries and the Citizenship Act.

You need to apply for your adopted child to become a Canadian citizen.

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