After you apply: next steps — Citizenship
We will contact you by email or regular mail a few times after you apply for citizenship to:
- let you know we’ve accepted your application for processing and to:
- give you a link to the study guide Discover Canada: The Rights and Responsibilities of Citizenship or send you a paper copy
- ask you for any missing information (if needed)
- if you’re between the ages of 18 and 54, invite you to your citizenship test and interview, and tell you what documents you’ll need to bring
- invite you to your citizenship ceremony if your application is approved
Preparing for the citizenship test
You will need to take a citizenship test if you’re between the ages of 18 and 54 when you apply for citizenship. The test questions:
- are multiple-choice
- are based on what’s in the Discover Canada guide
- check if you meet the knowledge requirement for citizenship
You will have two chances to pass the written test. If you need another chance to prove that you meet the knowledge requirement, we’ll invite you to a hearing with a citizenship officer.
Stopping the application process
We’ll stop processing your application and won’t make a decision if you don’t:
- submit the documentation we requested from you
- provide us with a reasonable explanation for not showing up after we invite you to a:
- citizenship test or interview
- hearing with a citizenship officer or a citizenship judge
- citizenship ceremony
If this happens, we’ll send you a message to explain why. You’ll have to submit a new citizenship application and pay the fees again.
Refusing your application
If we don’t approve your application for citizenship, we’ll send you a letter explaining why and what options you have.
Asking questions about your application
While we process your application, only contact us if you:
- change your address
- are charged with a crime
- plan to leave Canada for more than two weeks in a row
Under Canadian privacy law, we can’t give information about your application to anyone but you unless you consent in writing.
Staying eligible until you take the Oath
To take the Oath of Citizenship, you must meet all of the eligibility requirements for citizenship until the time you take the Oath.
After we approve your application, you may not be able to take the Oath and become a citizen if you:
- lose permanent resident status
- have been asked by Canadian officials to leave Canada (removal order)
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