Prepare for the citizenship test
Learn how to prepare for the test and know what happens after you take it.
What you need to know about the citizenship test
On this page
- Who has to take the test
- About the test
- Get ready for the test
- Get your test date
- Taking the test
- After the test: Next steps
Who has to take the test
You must take the citizenship test if you’re between the ages of 18 and 54 when you apply for citizenship.
About the test
The test shows us what you know about Canada.
During the test, we’ll ask you questions about Canadian:
- society and ways to take part
- physical and political geography
- social and cultural history and symbols
- political and military history, including the:
- political system
- branches of government
Get ready for the test
Use our official study guide, Discover Canada: The Rights and Responsibilities of Citizenship, to prepare for your test. We base all test questions on information in Discover Canada. You can start preparing for the test at any time.
To prepare for the test, you can:
- read Discover Canada online
- listen to the MP3 version
- download the PDF or eBook
- see sample study guide questions
- order another copy of Discover Canada
Discover Canada is always free.
Get your test date
About 4 weeks before your test, we’ll send you a notice with the time, date and location of your test.
If you’re not available on the day of your appointment, send us a message to explain why and get a new date. If you don’t give an explanation or your explanation isn’t reasonable, we may stop processing your application and not grant you citizenship. You can either:
- Email or write to the local office that sent you the notice explaining the reason why you are not available
- Use the online web form
Generally, once we receive your e-mail or letter, we’ll schedule your appoiantment on a different date. We’ll let you know by email if you gave us your email address or letter mail if we don’t have your email address.
Only the person taking the test can be in the testing room.
If you have a child, plan to have someone care for them while you take your test. If you can’t arrange child care, reschedule your test date. If you bring a child with you, your child can wait in the area outside the testing room, but must be with a caregiver at all times.
Taking the test
When you come for your test, bring:
- the original documents you sent with your application
- any passport or travel documents you used in the five years before you applied
Your test may be written or oral. We base the type of test on a number of things. For example, if you have trouble reading and writing in English or French, you will have an oral test.
An oral test is given by a citizenship officer through a hearing.
After the test: Next steps
We will give you the results of your test right after you take it.
If you pass and meet the other requirements for citizenship, we may:
- give you a ceremony date at the same time we give you the test results or
- email or send you a letter with the date and time of your ceremony
The ceremony will usually take place within three months after your test. At the ceremony, you will:
If you don’t pass your first test
If you don’t pass your first written test, but meet the other requirements for citizenship, we will schedule you for a second test.
If you don’t pass your second test, we will send you a notice telling you to come to a hearing with a citizenship officer. The hearing:
- will last 30 to 90 minutes
- may be in person or by videoconference
- gives you the chance to show you meet the requirements, including:
- knowledge of Canada
When you apply with your family, we process all applications together. If you have to re-write the test or go to a hearing, your family may be invited to a ceremony before you. If you want us to continue processing all the applications together, ask us to pause your family’s applications. We’ll wait until you meet all the requirements so the whole family is invited to the same citizenship ceremony and can become citizens at the same time.
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