Prepare for the citizenship test

Learn how to prepare for the test and know what happens after you take it.

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What you need to know about the citizenship test

1. Who has to take the test

You must take the citizenship test if you’re between the ages of 18 and 54 when you apply for citizenship.

2. About the test

The test shows us what you know about Canada. It is usually written, but we may also ask you to come to an interview with a citizenship officer.

During the test or the interview, we’ll ask you questions about Canadian:

  • citizens':
    • rights
    • freedoms
    • responsibilities
  • democracy
  • society and ways to take part
  • physical and political geography
  • social and cultural history and symbols
  • political and military history, including the:
    • monarchy
    • political system
    • branches of government

3. Get ready for the test

Use our official study guide, Discover Canada: The Rights and Responsibilities of Citizenship, to prepare for your test. We base all test questions on information in Discover Canada. You can start preparing for the test at any time.

To prepare for the test, you can:

Discover Canada is always free.

4. Get your test date

We’ll send you a notice with the time and date for your test.

If you aren’t available on the date and time of your appointment:

  • Email or write to the local office that sent you the notice explaining the reason why you are not available.
  • Use the online web form

Generally, once we receive your e-mail or letter, we’ll schedule your appointment on a different date.

However, if you don’t provide an explanation, or your explanation is not reasonable, we may stop processing your application and not grant you citizenship.

5. Taking the test

When you come for your test, bring:

Your test may be written or oral. We base the type of test on a number of things. For example, if you have trouble reading and writing in English or French, you will have an oral test.

An oral test is given by a citizenship officer through a hearing.

6. After the test: Next steps

We will give you the results of your test right after you take it.

If you pass and meet the other requirements for citizenship, we may:

  • give you a ceremony date at the same time we give you the test results or
  • email or send you a letter with the date and time of your ceremony

The ceremony will usually take place within three months after your test. At the ceremony, you will:

If you don’t pass your first test

If you don’t pass your first written test, but meet the other requirements for citizenship, we will schedule you for a second test.

If you don’t pass your second test, we will send you a notice telling you to come to an interview with a citizenship officer. The interview:

  • will last 30 to 90 minutes
  • may be in person or by videoconference
  • gives you the chance to show you meet the requirements, including:
    • language
    • knowledge of Canada

If we ask you to go to an interview, but you applied for citizenship with your family, we will process your application separately from your family's. If you don’t want to be processed separately, you can ask us to pause the rest of the applications. 

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