Prevention of hepatitis D

Learn how hepatitis D can be prevented.

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How can hepatitis D infections be prevented?

While there are no vaccines available for this virus, getting vaccinated against hepatitis B will protect you against hepatitis D.

If you have not been vaccinated against hepatitis B, you can reduce the risk of hepatitis D infection by taking the following precautions.

  • Avoid sharing drug equipment, such as:
    • needles
    • spoons
    • filters
    • cookers
    • pipes
    • straws
  • Practice safe sex. Use condoms and dental dams to reduce the risk of getting a sexually transmitted infection, including Hepatitis B.
  • Avoid dental, medical or cosmetic procedures that penetrate the skin with unsterilized equipment. Procedures can include:
    • blood transfusions (this is very rare in Canada)
    • acupuncture
    • piercings
    • tattoos
  • Wear latex gloves if you are likely to be in contact with someone else's blood or bodily fluids.
  • Avoid sharing personal items with infected persons, such as:
    • razors
    • scissors
    • nail clippers
    • toothbrushes

Be especially careful to follow these precautions when travelling abroad in countries where hepatitis B is widespread. Also know that cleaning shared items with bleach may not kill hepatitis B.

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