Surveillance of food-borne illness in Canada

Canada uses different surveillance systems to monitor cases of food-borne illness. Learn about these systems.

How does Canada monitor food-borne illness?

Surveillance systems across Canada:

  • detect outbreaks
  • monitor trends
  • identify risk factors

These systems rely on information provided by:

  • local public health authorities and laboratories
  • provincial and territorial public health ministries and authorities

Canada uses data from different surveillance systems to estimate food-borne illness. These include the:

  • Canadian Notifiable Disease Surveillance System (CNDSS)
    • collects annual numbers of laboratory-confirmed illnesses reported to provincial and territorial public health authorities for a set of diseases
  • National Enteric Surveillance Program (NESP)
    • collects weekly numbers on select bacteria, parasites and viruses from provincial laboratories at the subtype and species level
  • Enhanced National Listeriosis Surveillance
    • collects detailed information on invasive listeriosis cases in participating provinces and territories
  • FoodNet Canada
    • collects information on cases of infectious gastrointestinal illness and sources of exposure in specific communities across the country
  • Provincial and Territorial Reportable Disease Surveillance System
    • collects the number of laboratory-confirmed illnesses reported by local public health units and authorities for a set of diseases
  • National Studies on Acute Gastrointestinal Illness (NSAGI)
    • collects information from population surveys on vomiting and diarrhea

Other important surveillance systems for food-borne illness in Canada include:

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