Suicide in Canada: Key statistics (infographic)

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Published: 2019-07-18

Deaths and hospitalizations

Approx. 11 people die by suicide each day
Approx. 4,000 deaths by suicide per year

1/3 of deaths by suicide are among people 45-59 years

Suicide is the second leading cause of death among youth and young adults (15-34 years)

Suicide rates are approx. 3x higher among men compared to women

Figure 1 - Death rates of suicide per 100,000 population in 2016 (by age and sex)
Figure 1
Figure 1 - Death rates of suicide per 100, 000 population in 2016 (by age and sex)
Figure 1. Death rates by suicide per 100,000 population in 2016 (by age and sex)
Sex Count/Rate 10 to 19   20 to 29  30 to 39  40 to 49  50 to 59  60 to 69  70 to 79   80+
Males count 10yr 135 443 450 563 644 399 175 130
rate 10yr 6.7 17.6 18.1 23.7 23.9 19 15 21.7
Females count 10yr 97 166 143 174 220 137 68 33
rate 10yr 5.1 6.8 5.7 7.3 8.2 6.3 5.2 3.5
Figure 2. Hospitalization rates associated with self-inflicted injury per 100,000 population in 2017-2018 Footnote * (by age and sex)
Figure 2
Figure 2 - Hospitalization rates associated with self-inflicted injury per 100, 000 population in 2017-2018* (by age and sex)
Figure 2. Hospitalization rates associated with self-inflicted injury per 100,000 population in 2017-2018 (by age and sex)
Age Males Females
Count Rate Count Rate
10-19 815 49.2 3323 210.8
20-29 1177 58.4 1962 104.5
30-39 845 43.6 1149 58.9
40-49 839 45.8 1024 54.4
50-59 799 39.2 982 47.6
60-69 398 24.5 490 28.6
70-79 222 23.9 179 17.3
80+ 114 24.1 117 16.5
Footnote *

Excludes Quebec hospitals

Return to footnote * referrer

Suicide Thoughts, Plans and Attempts

Thoughts

11.8% report thoughts of suicide in their lifetime

2.5% report thoughts of suicide in the past year

Plans

4.0% report having made suicide plans in their lifetime

7% of people in lowest income quintile vs. 3% of people in highest income quintile

Attempts

3.1%Footnote * report having made a suicide attempt in their lifetime

Suicide attempts are approx. 3X higher among people born in Canada than immigrants to Canada

Footnote *

Estimates are for the population in Canada aged 15 years and older.

Return to footnote * referrer

The Public Health Agency of Canada analyzed data from Statistics Canada Vital Statistics Database, the Canadian Institute of Health Information Discharge Abstract Database, and Statistics Canada Canadian Community Health Survey (2016). Published data underestimate the total number of reported deaths, attempts, plans and thoughts of suicide, due to the stigma and other factors.

Help is available

  • 9-1-1
  • Kids Help Phone: 1-800-668-6868
    • Text CONNECT to 686868
    • Chat Services [6 pm–2 am EST]: www.kidshelpphone.ca
  • Trans Lifeline: 1-877-330-6366
  • Hope for Wellness Help Line: 1-855-242-3310
    • Online chat: www.hopeforwellness.ca
  • Indian Residential Schools Crisis Line: 1-866-925-4419
  • Canada Suicide Prevention Service: 1-833-456-4566 [24/7]
  • For Quebec residents: [24/7] 1-866-APPELLE

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