National Energy Board Modernization

The Minister of Natural Resources has been mandated by the Prime Minister to modernize the National Energy Board (NEB) and ensure its composition reflects regional views and has sufficient expertise in such fields as environmental science, community development and Indigenous traditional knowledge.

Natural Resources Canada has launched a review of the NEB’s structure, role and mandate. This is an opportunity to strengthen the regulatory process and ensure that Canada continues to have a modern, efficient and effective regulator.

About National Energy Board Modernization Review

Modernization of the NEB will ensure it is able to continue to effectively regulate energy in a way that has the confidence of Canadians. Specifically, the NEB Modernization review is focused on.

  • Governance and structure
  • Mandate and future opportunities
  • Decision-making roles, including for major projects
  • Compliance, enforcement, and ongoing monitoring
  • Engagement with Indigenous peoples
  • Public participation

A separate review of Canada's federal environmental assessment processes is being led by the Minister of Environment and Climate Change.

The Government of Canada understands the crucial role the NEB plays in making recommendations on major projects; however, its mandate is limited in some areas.

To address this limitation while this review is underway, the Government of Canada put in place, in January 2016, a set of interim principles and measures for major resource projects, including pipelines currently under review. These principles include deeper consultations with Indigenous Peoples, further public engagement and the assessment of upstream greenhouse gas emissions associated with projects. Click here for more info.

Review Process and Engagement

The Government established an Expert Panel to engage Indigenous peoples, interested stakeholders, provinces and territories, as well as the public. The Expert Panel’s engagement took place during the winter of 2017. The Expert Panel delivered its report ( to the Minister of Natural Resources on May 15, 2017, with its findings, conclusions and 26 recommendations to modernize the NEB. This included a summary of the input received during the engagement process. The Government of Canada accepted comments on the report for 30 days, until June 14, 2017.

Next Steps

The Government of Canada has released a discussion paper outlining the potential process for environmental and regulatory reviews and is accepting comments until August 28, 2017. As part of its commitment to renewing its relationship with Indigenous peoples based on recognition of rights, mutual respect, cooperation and partnership, the Government will continue working with Indigenous groups to ensure that their feedback informs any potential legislative reform.

Over the spring and summer, the Government of Canada will review the Expert Panel’s report in depth along with the reports from the other three environmental and regulatory reviews to inform the development of next steps.


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