Coal phase-out: the Powering Past Coal Alliance
The Powering Past Coal Alliance was created to help accelerate clean growth and climate protection by rapidly phasing-out traditional coal-fired electricity. It was founded by Canada and the United Kingdom.
At its launch in fall 2017, 27 national, provincial, state, and city governments recognized the need to shift away from traditional coal power and endorsed the declaration. As of December 13, 2018, the number of Alliance members has grown to 80.
The Powering Past Coal Alliance brings together all levels of government, businesses, and organizations, united in taking action to advance the transition away from traditional coal power generation. Alliance members commit to achieving this phase-out in a sustainable and economically inclusive way, while providing appropriate support for workers and communities.
HON. CATHERINE MCKENNA (Minister of Environment and Climate Change): We have to be ambitious, we know this. And we need to take concrete actions, and this is exactly what you’re seeing here right now.
CLAIRE PERRY (UK Minister of State for Climate Change and Industry): This isn’t a pilot project. This feels like a very firm commitment being made by many, many countries and players. Nathan Obed (President of the Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami): This coal phase-out will have very positive impacts for Canadian Inuit, and for the Arctic as a whole.
Nicolas Hulot (French Minister of Ecological and Solidary Transition): I just want to thank Canada and also the United Kingdom for this initiative, gathering those countries which want to leave coal behind. We will also do the same.
Dr. Courtney Howard (President-Elect of the Canadian Association of Physicians for the Environment): Tackling climate change could be the biggest global health opportunity of the 21st century.
Jean Lemire (Émissaire du quebec aux changements climatiques et aux enjeux nordiques et arctiques): Pollution has no frontiers, so let’s work together and make this alliance a great, great signal to the rest of the world.
- Canada and the UK launch a global alliance to phase out coal electricity (November 16, 2017)
- Canada and the UK double Powering Past Coal Alliance members with business leaders (December 12, 2017)
- Canada and the UK team up with Bloomberg Philanthropies to support global efforts to phase out coal power (April 9, 2018)
- Powering Past Coal Alliance web site launched (Summer 2018)
- Canada’s coal power phase-out reaches another milestone with final regulations to phase-out coal-fired electricity (December 12, 2018)
- The Government of Canada welcomes new Powering Past Coal members and announces support for phasing out coal at home and abroad (December 13, 2018)
- Government of Canada welcomes report from Just Transition Task Force for Canadian Coal Power Workers and Communities (March 11, 2019)
Why we are powering past coal
Action on climate change
Coal is one of the most greenhouse-gas-intensive sources of electricity. Coal-fired power plants account for almost 40% of the world’s electricity. This reality makes carbon pollution from coal electricity a leading contributor to climate change.
As a result, phasing out traditional coal power is one of the most important steps in tackling climate change and meeting the Paris Agreement commitment. This will help keep global temperature from increasing by 2 °C and further pursuing to limit the increase to 1.5 °C. An analysis shows that, to meet this commitment, a coal phase-out is needed by:
- 2030 in countries that are part of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and the European Union
- 2050 in the rest of the world
The air pollution impacts from burning coal are also considerable. They include:
- respiratory diseases
- premature deaths
- massive health care and economic costs due to lost worker productivity
A recent analysis found that more than 800,000 people around the world die each year from the pollution generated by burning coal. A phase-out of coal will mean real improvements in air quality and human health.
Join the Alliance
The Alliance is looking for governments, businesses and organizations committed to helping phase out the use of unabated coal power. Learn more about private-sector participation: how to join, commitments, governance, and more.
How Canada is taking action
In December 2018, Canada announced regulations to phase-out traditional coal-fired electricity by 2030 as well as greenhouse gas regulations for natural gas-fired electricity. This will:
- support Canada’s transition to cleaner energy
- create well-paying jobs in the electricity sector
- support the goal of 90% non-emitting electricity by 2030
Canada’s coal phase-out efforts are already making a difference. For example, the decommissioning of coal-fired power plants in Ontario reduced the number of annual smog days in the province from 53 to zero.
Just Transition Task Force
In Canada’s clean growth and climate change plan, the Government acknowledges the importance of a just and fair transition to support Canadian workers. In an effort to better understand the impacts of phasing out coal and to support those affected, Canada launched the Task Force on Just Transition for Canadian Coal Power Workers and Communities in 2018. The Task Force’s report, was published in early 2019 and provides expert advice that will help shape Canada’s approach to assisting coal workers and communities affected by the transition to cleaner electricity.
Canada Coal Transition Initiative
Canada is already taking steps to support coal workers and communities. In November 2018, we announced the Canada Coal Transition Initiative. It made its first investment to establish transition centres in seven communities in the Battle River Region of Alberta, to help keep Canadians in well-paying jobs. We also announced funding for the first geothermal power facility near Estevan, Saskatchewan, a community that will bear the impact of the coal phase-out. The project will:
- create 100 jobs during construction
- provide the provincial power grid with clean, renewable energy
- create new business opportunities for local communities
We will continue to make historic investments in the transition towards cleaner energy.
Map of coal-fired generating stations and thermal coal mines in Canada
Currently, the provinces of Alberta, Saskatchewan, New Brunswick, and Nova Scotia generate a significant portion of their electricity from coal. Many of these provinces also have thermal coal mines that are a fuel source for their coal power plants. Workers and communities from each industry will be impacted by Canada’s coal phase-out.
Helping developing countries
Internationally, Canada committed up to $275 million to the World Bank in December 2018 to create the Energy Transition and Coal Phase-Out Program. This program will assist a number of developing countries, particularly in Southeast Asia, to phase-out their dependence on traditional coal-fired electricity generation. At the same time, supporting energy-efficient and renewable-energy alternatives to power their fast-growing economies. The program will also mobilize private-sector financial resources for climate action, and provide training and employment opportunities for women in clean-energy sectors.
Here's why environmental leaders around the world have committed to powering past coal:
“Phasing out coal power is good news for the climate, for our health, and for our kids. I’m thrilled to see so much global momentum for the transition to clean energy and the move away from coal power—and this is only the beginning.”
“Reducing global coal consumption should be a vital and urgent priority for all countries and states. Unabated coal is the dirtiest, most polluting way of generating electricity. The Powering Past Coal Alliance signals to the world that the time of coal has passed. The UK is committed to completely phasing out unabated coal-fire power generation no later than 2025 and we hope to inspire others to follow suit.”
“The energy transition we need to meet the ambition of the Paris Agreement is already underway, but we need to move with greater speed and at scale. Pollution from fossil fuels is endangering our health and threatening growth and development. Moving away from coal, the most polluting of traditional energy sources, has to be a priority in the energy plans of those who have joined the Paris Agreement. Commitments from countries that speed up the transition are important and welcome. In this way we can achieve the Sustainable Development Goals and the Paris Agreement on time.”
“The launch of this new Alliance is a political watershed moment. Governments have now grasped the reality that coal use can end, and fast. Energy markets are now in favour of rapid action. The only way for coal is down. Alliance members have a powerful combination of real world experience and diplomatic influence. Their collective leadership will further accelerate the transition from dirty coal to clean energy.”
“Estimates are that almost one quarter of ambient air pollution globally is due to coal. That means that coal is responsible for almost 1 million deaths each year, making it by far the most polluting fossil fuel, and the single most important energy-related source of disease and death in the world today. Reducing and phasing out the use of coal around the world will not only help achieve a cleaner environment. It will also save millions of lives.”
“Royal DSM started off as a coal mining company, transformed to a chemical company, to become the innovative, science-based company – thriving in health, nutrition and materials – that we are today. DSM reduces its environmental footprint of its own operations, enables a low-carbon economy through its solutions for customers, and advocates key leadership initiatives like this statement. Already since the Paris climate conference (COP21) in 2015, DSM has advocated the need to reform fossil fuel subsidies, and to put a meaningful price on carbon. An accelerated phase-out of coal by this group of governments by 2030 will only serve as a necessary complementary policy.”
“The global alliance launched by Canada and the UK is a fantastic example of the leadership we need to win the race against climate change. Not only have these two countries understood the importance of a coal phase-out for their citizens’ health, their economies, and the climate as a whole—they have also inspired others to join their effort. This is the true spirit of the Paris Agreement, and it is alliances like this that give me confidence that we can win this race.”
"The Powering Past Coal Alliance beautifully exemplifies the kind of mounting collective action on climate that countries need to take throughout 2018 as an ambition-raising year. Canada and the UK are right to kickstart the Alliance, as science tells us OECD countries need to phase coal out by 2030 at the latest. Their efforts also reflect the economic reality that coal is on the decline and the age of renewable energy is upon us. I look forward to Canada's leadership in this global alliance being matched by real emissions reductions at home, and partnered with a commitment to just transition for workers and communities."
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