Commissioner's directive 711: Structured Intervention Units

Authorities

Purpose

To ensure an inmate's transfer to a Structured Intervention Unit is used as the least restrictive measure necessary and for the shortest time possible, consistent with the protection of society, staff and inmates when there are no reasonable alternatives that could address the inmate's risk and to ensure an effective correctional planning process that responds to the inmate's specific need and risk.


Commissioner's Directive

Correctional Service Canada badge

Number: 711

In Effect: 2019-11-30

Related links

Applications

Applies to all staff responsible for the transfer, engagement and review of inmates transferred to a Structured Intervention Unit and subject to restricted movement.

Contents

Structured Intervention Unit Overview

  1. A Structured Intervention Unit (SIU), in designated institutions, provides an alternative institutional living environment only where an inmate cannot be maintained in a mainstream inmate population for institutional security or safety reasons, pursuant to subsection 34(1) of the CCRA.
  2. SIUs are stand-alone, multi-level security units within an area of a penitentiary designated by the Commissioner, with the exception of the SIU at the Special Handling Unit (SHU), which is designated as maximum security.
  3. To ensure inmates in an SIU maintain continuity with their Correctional Plan, they will be provided opportunities to continue or commence programming, interventions and services.
  4. The least restrictive measures consistent with the protection of society, staff and offenders must be used in all instances where consideration is given to:
    1. authorizing and approving an inmate's transfer to an SIU
    2. the use of barriers while an inmate, or group of inmates, are out of their cell in an SIU
    3. inmate associations while in an SIU
    4. whether an inmate should remain in an SIU.
  5. Inmates confined in an SIU must be provided with the opportunity to be out of their cell for a minimum of four hours daily, of which a minimum of two hours must include opportunities for meaningful human contact. Staff must explore all reasonable options to provide inmates with as much time out of their cells, beyond the minimum required number of hours.
  6. Providing opportunities for meaningful human contact through the provision of programs, interventions, services, cultural activities, religious and spiritual practice, leisure activities, family and community contact is essential in supporting an inmate's return to a mainstream inmate population at the earliest possible time while maintaining continuity in meeting the objectives of their Correctional Plan.
  7. In providing opportunities for meaningful human contact for inmates in an SIU, in-person contact will be prioritized in the provision of programs, interventions, services, cultural, religious and spiritual practice, leisure activities, family or contact with community volunteers.
  8. To support the provision of opportunities for meaningful human contact, barriers will only be used when an inmate's risk to the security of the penitentiary or the safety of any person cannot be mitigated through any other means.
  9. Providing opportunities for inmates in an SIU to engage with community partners and agencies, stakeholders and volunteers, supports the inmate's efforts to engage in their Correctional Plan.
  10. All staff and contractors working and providing services in an SIU have a shared accountability as a team to encourage inmates to avail themselves of their entitlements and engage in programs, interventions, services, cultural activities, religious and spiritual practice, leisure activities, family and community contact.
  11. All staff and contractors working and providing services in an SIU must actively explore and consider all reasonable alternatives to confinement in an SIU, such as informal resolution and mediation, with a focus on returning the inmate to a mainstream inmate population at the earliest possible time.

Restricted Movement Overview

  1. Not all institutions have an SIU. Only inmates who are incarcerated at a non-SIU site and have been authorized to transfer to an SIU can be subject to restricted movement.
  2. An authorization to transfer an inmate to an SIU must be completed immediately when an inmate's movement must be restricted because they acted in a manner that jeopardizes the security of the penitentiary or the safety of any person and allowing the inmate to be in the mainstream inmate population would jeopardize the security of the penitentiary or the safety of any person.
  3. Restricted movement can be used for a maximum of five (5) working days. The five-working day period begins after the day the authorization to transfer to an SIU is completed.
  4. Within the five-working day period:
    1. all staff must continue to explore alternatives to return the inmate to the mainstream inmate population, such as informal resolution, and
    2. the Institutional Head must make a decision to either approve or not approve the inmate's transfer to an SIU, or
    3. the SIU authorization to transfer must be cancelled and the inmate immediately returned to a mainstream population.
  5. The physical movement of the inmate to an SIU can occur at any time before the Institutional Head makes their decision, but must occur within five (5) working days after the day of the SIU authorization to transfer.
  6. While subject to restricted movement, the inmate has the same rights and entitlements as an inmate who is in an SIU, including the opportunity:
    1. to be out of their cells for a minimum of four hours daily
    2. for meaningful human contact for a minimum of two hours daily
    3. to access programs, interventions, services, cultural, religious and spiritual practice, leisure activities, family visits and contact with community volunteers.
  7. Where the above entitlements are not provided to an inmate while subject to restricted movement, the inmate's case may be reviewed by the Independent External Decision-Maker (IEDM).
  8. The above entitlements must be provided to an inmate when the circumstances permit at the non-SIU site without compromising necessary operational routines and/or security of the penitentiary or the safety of any person.
  9. Staff shall make all reasonable efforts to provide programming and interventions, such as:
    1. cultural and Elder engagement
    2. religious and spiritual practice
    3. leisure activities
    4. family visits and contact with community partners, such as the CAC, advocacy groups and external volunteers
    5. education
    6. engagement by inmate representatives.

SIU Transfer Process Overview

  1. A transfer to an SIU must only be used when there are no reasonable alternatives. All reasonable alternatives must be identified and considered before a transfer to an SIU is determined to be the least restrictive measure.
  2. The decision process to physically move an inmate to an SIU is through an SIU transfer even when the inmate is at the same institution as the SIU.
  3. The process to transfer an inmate to an SIU involves:
    1. a determination by members of the case management team that the legal requirements are met, including the conclusion that there are no reasonable alternatives
    2. an SIU authorization to transfer:
      1. provides notice to the inmate that they may be transferred to an SIU if no reasonable alternatives exist and the situation or circumstances that led to the SIU authorization to transfer cannot be mitigated through other means
      2. is made by a staff member referred to in paragraph 34 as the Institutional Head must remain independent from the SIU authorization to transfer as they make the decision to approve or not approve an inmate's transfer to an SIU
      3. must only be made after all alternatives to a transfer to an SIU have been considered and eliminated as viable options. A documented justification must be provided for each alternative demonstrating why it is not viable.
    3. the provision of procedural safeguards, pursuant to Guidelines (GL) 711-1 - Structured Intervention Unit (SIU) Transfer Procedures - SIU Sites and GL 711-2 - Structured Intervention Unit (SIU) Transfer Procedures - Non-SIU Sites
    4. an SIU transfer decision by the Institutional Head no later than the fifth working day from the date of the SIU authorization to transfer.
  4. Once an inmate is transferred to an SIU, SIU staff will explore alternatives that support an inmate's return to a mainstream inmate population as soon as possible.

SIU Sites - Overview

  1. Refer to GL 711-1 - Structured Intervention Unit (SIU) Transfer Procedures - SIU Sites for specific SIU transfer procedures.
  2. Immediately following an SIU authorization to transfer an inmate to an SIU, the inmate must be physically transferred to the SIU.
  3. Upon physical transfer to an SIU, all inmate entitlements must commence and procedural safeguards provided.
  4. At any time before the Institutional Head makes an SIU transfer decision, the SIU authorization to transfer can be cancelled and the inmate returned to a mainstream inmate population.

Non-SIU Sites -Overview

  1. Refer to GL 711-2 - Structured Intervention Unit (SIU) Transfer Procedures - Non-SIU Sites for specific SIU transfer procedures.
  2. Immediately following an SIU authorization to transfer an inmate to an SIU, the inmate will normally be physically transferred to a restricted movement cell.
  3. Upon physical transfer to a restricted movement cell, all inmate entitlements must commence and procedural safeguards provided.
  4. At any time before the Institutional Head makes an SIU transfer decision, the SIU authorization to transfer can be cancelled and the inmate returned to a mainstream inmate population.

Transfer to a Structured Intervention Unit - SIU and Non-SIU Sites

Legal Requirements

  1. Pursuant to sec. 34(1) of the CCRA, an inmate may be transferred to an SIU if a staff member with the authority to authorize a transfer is satisfied that there are no reasonable alternatives and they believe on reasonable grounds that:
    1. the inmate has acted, has attempted to act or intends to act in a manner that jeopardizes the safety of any person or the security of a penitentiary and allowing the inmate to be in the mainstream inmate population would jeopardize the safety of any person or the security of the penitentiary
    2. allowing the inmate to be in the mainstream inmate population would jeopardize the inmate's safety
    3. allowing the inmate to be in the mainstream inmate population would interfere with an investigation that could lead to a criminal charge or a charge under subsection 41(2) of a serious disciplinary offence.

SIU Authorization to Transfer

  1. To ensure the Institutional Head's decision to transfer an inmate to an SIU is impartial and independent, an SIU authorization to transfer is made by:
    1. the Assistant Warden, Interventions (AWI), of the institution the inmate is incarcerated at, during regular business hours
    2. in the absence of the AWI, the Assistant Warden, Operations (AWO) during regular business hours
    3. the Correctional Manager in charge of the institution the inmate is incarcerated at outside of regular business hours.
  2. Where the Correctional Manager in charge of the institution authorizes the SIU transfer, the AWI, or in the absence of the AWI, the AWO, must either confirm or cancel the SIU authorization to transfer by the next working day.
  3. The AWI has an ongoing obligation to review the inmate's case, in consultation with the inmate's case management team, to determine if a reasonable alternative exists.
  4. Any time prior to the SIU transfer decision by the Institutional Head, the AWI must cancel the SIU authorization to transfer if there is a reasonable alternative and they believe that the grounds in section 34(1) of the CCRA are no longer met.

SIU Transfer Decision

  1. The Institutional Head is the decision maker to approve or not approve an inmate's transfer to an SIU. The decision must be made no later than the fifth working day from the day the SIU transfer was authorized.
  2. If the AWI does not cancel the SIU authorization to transfer prior to Institutional Head's decision, they will provide the SIU authorization to transfer documentation, the inmate's representations, representations from the inmate's legal counsel or assistant and any other relevant documentation to the Institutional Head for consideration in making their decision.
  3. If an inmate at a non-SIU site is transferred to an SIU before the Institutional Head makes the transfer decision, the Institutional Head at the non-SIU site remains the decision maker to approve or not approve an inmate's transfer to an SIU.

Transfer Warrants

  1. Where the SIU is located at the same institution as the inmate, the physical transfer of an inmate to an SIU does not require a transfer warrant.
  2. At non-SIU sites, during regular business hours, a transfer warrant signed by the AWO, or, in their absence, the AWI, is required to effect the physical transfer of an inmate to an SIU when it is located at a different institution.
  3. When an inmate is physically transferred to an SIU from a non-SIU site outside of regular business hours, on weekends and statutory holidays, the transfer warrant will be signed by the Correctional Manager in charge of the institution.

Structured Intervention Unit Review Committee

  1. Refer to GL 711-1 - Structured Intervention Unit (SIU) Transfer Procedures - SIU Sites for specific procedures related to the Structured Intervention Unit Review Committee (SIURC).
  2. After an inmate is approved for transfer to an SIU, the SIURC will review each case pursuant to the required timeframes and recommend to the designated decision maker, as the case may be, the transfer of an inmate from an SIU to a mainstream inmate population, unless the SIURC believes on reasonable grounds that the transfer will:
    1. jeopardize the safety of the inmate or any other person or the security of the penitentiary
    2. interfere with an investigation that could lead to a criminal charge or charge under subsection 41(2) of a serious disciplinary offence.
  3. The SIURC's recommendation to the designated decision-maker may include:
    1. returning an inmate to a mainstream population
    2. altering the inmate's conditions of confinement.
  4. Where the SIURC's recommendation is that the inmate should remain in an SIU, the SIURC must document all alternatives that have been considered and eliminated as viable options and justify why each alternative is not viable.
  5. The inmate must be notified of the scheduled SIURC date no later than three working days before the review and provided the opportunity to submit written and/or oral representations.

Chairperson

  1. The Deputy Warden will normally chair the SIURC.
  2. The Deputy Warden cannot be both the chair of the SIURC and the decision-maker in respect of an inmate's case.
  3. The Assistant Warden, Interventions, will chair the SIURC when it can be foreseen that the Deputy Warden will have to act as the Institutional Head in making a 30 day decision in respect of an inmate's case. In the absence of the AWI, the AWO will chair the SIURC.

Members

  1. In addition to the Chairperson, other members of the SIURC will include, as applicable:
    1. Manager, SIU or Manager, Intensive Intervention Strategy
    2. SIU Correctional Manager or Correctional Manager, Intensive Intervention Strategy
    3. SIU Parole Officer/Parole Officer
    4. Primary Worker
    5. SIU Security Intelligence Officer (SIU-SIO) or the SIO at women's institutions
    6. other members by position, as identified by the SIURC Chairperson, such as:
      1. Correctional Officers assigned to the SIU
      2. members of the Citizens Advisory Committee
      3. external stakeholders, volunteers, etc.

Structured Intervention Unit Review Committee Timeframes

  1. The SIURC can review the case of an inmate confined in an SIU at any time, but no later than:
    1. 20 calendar days from the date of the SIU authorization to transfer to provide:
      1. the inmate with sufficient time to submit their representations, from their legal counsel and/or assistant, to the Institutional Head
      2. the Institutional Head with sufficient time to consider all available information, including information provided by the inmate, the inmate's legal counsel and/or assistant, in making their decision
    2. every subsequent 20 calendar days from the date of the designated authority's decision to provide:
      1. the inmate with sufficient time to submit their representations to the designated decision authority for consideration in making their decision
      2. the designated decision authority with sufficient time to consider all available information, including information provided by the inmate, the inmate's legal counsel and/or assistant, in making their decision.
  2. An ad-hoc review can be completed outside of the above timeframes where the SIURC recommends the transfer of an inmate to a mainstream inmate population.

Structured Intervention Unit Review Committee Recommendations

  1. Following a review of the inmate's case, the SIURC Chairperson will:
    1. meet with the inmate to advise them of the SIURC recommendation and that they may submit written representations or representations from their legal counsel or assistant which will be provided to the delegated decision authority for consideration in making their decision
    2. document the recommendation of the SIURC for the delegated decision authority, as applicable, pursuant to the "SIURC Recommendation Content Guidelines" in Annex E
    3. when submitted by the inmate or the inmate's legal counsel, ensure written and/or oral representations are provided to the delegated decision authority for consideration in making their decision.

SIU Review and Decision Authorities and Timeframes

Institutional Head

  1. The Institutional Head will review the case of an inmate in an SIU, including the recommendation of the SIURC, where required, and provide a decision:
    1. within five working days of the SIU authorization to transfer to either approve or not approve an inmate's transfer to an SIU
    2. within 30 calendar days from the date of the SIU authorization to transfer to determine if the inmate should remain in an SIU
    3. as soon as practicable, following receipt of the recommendation of:
      1. the SIURC where an ad-hoc review was completed to transfer an inmate from an SIU
      2. a registered health care professional.
  2. Prior to making a decision with respect to any of the above circumstances, the Institutional Head will:
    1. meet with the inmate pursuant to section 37.3(3) of the CCRA
    2. document their decision pursuant to the Content Guidelines in GL 711-1 - Structured Intervention Unit (SIU) Transfer Procedures - SIU Sites, Annex F or, GL 711-2 - Structured Intervention Unit (SIU) Transfer Procedures - Non-SIU Sites, Annex B.
  3. Following their decision, the Institutional Head will ensure the inmate is:
    1. within one working day of their decision, verbally advised of their decision
    2. within two working days, provided the written decision.

Assistant Deputy Commissioner, Correctional Operations

  1. The Assistant Deputy Commissioner, Correctional Operations (ADCCO), will review the case of an inmate in an SIU within 45 calendar days of the SIU authorization to transfer and within 30 calendar days of each previous ADCCO review.
  2. The ADCCO's review may include direction to the Institutional Head to resolve or address concerns resulting from the inmate's transfer to an SIU, including, but not limited to, altering the inmate's conditions of confinement or requesting a review of the inmate's case for transfer.
  3. The inmate will be provided a written copy of the ADCCO's review within two working days from the date of each review.

Senior Deputy Commissioner

  1. The SDC will review the case of each inmate in an SIU to determine whether the inmate should remain in an SIU or alter any conditions of confinement:
    1. within 30 calendar days of the Institutional Head's 30-day decision and within every 60 days thereafter
    2. when an SIU authorization to transfer an inmate occurs four times within a 180-day period. When there is a subsequent SIU authorization to transfer within the same 180-day period, a subsequent SDC review is not required, unless deemed necessary. Four SIU authorizations to transfer within a new 180-day period will require a new SDC review.
  2. The SDC may also forward, at their discretion, the case of an inmate in an SIU to the responsible Senior IEDM.
  3. The inmate must be provided with the SDC's written decision within two working days from the date of the decision.

Considerations in Decisions

  1. Decisions by the designated decision maker must include consideration of:
    1. the inmate's Correctional Plan
    2. the appropriateness of the inmate's confinement in the penitentiary
    3. the appropriateness of the inmate's security classification
    4. other relevant considerations, such as:
      1. for Indigenous inmates, how their Indigenous social history was considered in support of alternatives to remaining in an SIU, pursuant to section 79.1 of the CCRA
      2. the inmate's state of health and/or health care needs, as identified by a registered health care professional, and documented pursuant to section 87 of the CCRA
      3. the inmate's engagement in opportunities for interactions with others
      4. the inmate's representations, including the representations from the inmate's legal counsel and/or assistant
      5. for women offenders, any special needs that support alternatives to remaining in an SIU
      6. information from the Victim Services Unit when the inmate has a Victim Notification flag in OMS
      7. vii. gender identity or expression factors that were considered in support of alternatives to remaining in an SIU.

Responsibilities - National Headquarters

  1. The Commissioner will:
    1. ensure SIUs are established at selected penitentiaries
    2. designate an area or areas within a penitentiary as an SIU pursuant to section 32 of the CCRA
    3. in exceptional circumstances, designate temporary SIU cells at an institution with an SIU
    4. establish a Health Committee to review the cases of inmates who meet the criteria pursuant to section 37.32(1) of the CCRA.
  2. The Senior Deputy Commissioner (SDC):
    1. will review the case of each inmate in an SIU to determine whether the inmate should remain in an SIU or alter any conditions of confinement:
      1. within 30 calendar days of the Institutional Head's 30-day decision and within every 60 days thereafter
      2. when an SIU authorization to transfer an inmate occurs four (4) times within a 180-day period. When there is a subsequent SIU authorization to transfer within the same 180-day period, a subsequent SDC review is not required, unless deemed necessary. Four (4) SIU authorizations to transfer within a new 180-day period will require a new SDC review
    2. may, at their discretion, forward the case of an inmate in an SIU to the responsible Senior IEDM.
  3. The Assistant Commissioner, Correctional Operations and Programs (ACCOP):
    1. has the authority to develop applicable guidelines, in consultation with the Deputy Commissioner for Women (DCW), relating to inmate transfers to an SIU, inmates subject to restricted movement, and the management of inmates in an SIU and while subject to restricted movement
    2. will, in the absence of the SDC, perform the duties of the SDC as stipulated in this policy.
  4. The Assistant Commissioner, Health Services, will chair the Health Committee.
  5. The DCW will participate in Health Committee reviews in the cases of inmates at women's institutions.

Responsibilities - Regional Headquarters

  1. The Regional Deputy Commissioner will:
    1. participate as a member of the Health Committee
    2. ensure SIU compliance reports are completed a minimum of once annually, which will include:
      1. on-site visits to SIU and non-SIU sites
      2. an overall compliance assessment with SIU policy and regional action plans for non-compliance.
  2. The Assistant Deputy Commissioner, Correctional Operations (ADCCO), will:
    1. review the case of an inmate in an SIU within 45 calendar days of the SIU authorization to transfer and within 30 calendar days of each previous ADCCO review
    2. ensure decisions by the SDC are implemented as directed
    3. establish an information sharing process with the IEDM
    4. establish regional procedures for reporting of incidents of non-compliance and ensure all reported incidents of non-compliance with SIU policy are addressed.
  3. The Regional Director, Health Services, will ensure all reported incidents of non-compliance related to the provision of Health Services within SIU policy are addressed.
  4. The Assistant Deputy Commissioner, Integrated Services (ADCIS), will, in the absence of the ADCCO, perform the duties of the ADCCO as stipulated in this policy.
  5. The Regional Administrator, Assessment and Interventions, will ensure the responsibilities and procedures identified in CD 726 - Correctional Programs apply to inmates in an SIU.
  6. The Regional Senior Project Officer responsible for SIU oversight will:
    1. be the primary contact for the IEDM for case management inquiries
    2. coordinate the sharing of information required by the IEDM
    3. ensure SIU sites coordinate sharing of IEDM recommendations and decisions within the required timeframes
    4. prepare SIU case reviews for the ADCCO
    5. provide advice and support to institutions to ensure compliance with SIU legal, policy and procedural requirements.

Responsibilities - Institutions with a Structured Intervention Unit

  1. The Institutional Head will:
    1. review the case of an inmate in an SIU and make a decision:
      1. within five working days of the SIU authorization to transfer
      2. within 30 calendar days from the date of the SIU authorization to transfer
      3. as soon as practicable, following receipt of the recommendation of:
        1. the SIURC where an ad-hoc review was completed to recommend the transfer an inmate from an SIU
        2. a registered health care professional
    2. develop an institutional Standing Order for the management of inmates in an SIU that includes a process to ensure a referral to health care is made when an inmate is authorized to transfer to an SIU
    3. establish an SIURC
    4. establish an SIU Correctional Intervention Board
    5. at women's institutions, ensure the IDT reviews the cases of women offenders pursuant to CD 578 - Intensive Intervention Strategy in Women Offender Institutions/Units
    6. ensure that inmates are transferred from an SIU to a mainstream inmate population at the earliest possible time. There must be no delay in the implementation of a decision by the Institutional Head or SDC that the inmate is not to remain in an SIU
    7. attend the SIU daily to view all areas of the SIU, including program and recreation areas, inspect the conditions of confinement for each inmate and meet with inmates at their request. Outside of regular business hours, daily visits will be completed by the person in charge of the institution, as designated in a Standing Order
    8. ensure complaints and grievances are collected daily, including on weekends and statutory holidays
    9. ensure measures are in place to support the provision of essential health services and continuity of care
    10. establish a process to monitor compliance with legislative timeframes for the appropriate inmate notification, information sharing and decision making
    11. ensure recommendations and direction from the ADCCO and decisions from the SDC are implemented
    12. ensure recommendations and decisions of the Independent External Decision Maker (IEDM) are implemented and the written decisions are shared with the inmate within the prescribed timeframes
    13. report to the ADCCO incidents of non-compliance with SIU policy and guidelines pursuant to regional procedures.
  2. The Assistant Warden, Interventions (AWI), will:
    1. provide the SIU authorization to transfer
    2. confirm the SIU authorization to transfer, pursuant to this policy
    3. cancel the SIU authorization to transfer, pursuant to this policy
    4. ensure the SIU transfer consultation comments are provided to non-SIU sites, pursuant to GL 711-1 - Structured Intervention Unit (SIU) Transfer Procedures -SIU Sites
    5. chair SIURC in the absence of the Deputy Warden or when the Deputy Warden is acting, or will be acting, as the Institutional Head at the time the decision is to be made
    6. oversee SIU case management practices and manage SIU correctional interventions
    7. ensure Correctional Plans for all inmates approved for a transfer to an SIU are updated within the required timeframes pursuant to this policy
    8. ensure inmates in an SIU are provided opportunities to engage in programs and interventions and interact with others
    9. report to the Institutional Head incidents of non-compliance with SIU policy and guidelines, pursuant to institutional Standing Orders.
  3. The Assistant Warden, Operations (AWO), will:
    1. in the absence of the AWI:
      1. provide the SIU authorization to transfer
      2. confirm the SIU authorization to transfer, pursuant to this policy
      3. cancel the SIU authorization to transfer, pursuant to this policy
      4. chair the SIURC
      5. ensure the SIU transfer consultation comments are provided to non-SIU sites, pursuant to GL 711-1 - Structured Intervention Unit (SIU) Transfer Procedures - SIU Sites
    2. ensure the operational routine of the SIU is maintained for the safety of all staff, inmates and the security of the institution while allowing for optimal provision of programs, interventions and services
    3. ensure the conditions of confinement are met for each inmate, including the opportunity to be out of their cell for a minimum of four hours daily, of which a minimum of two hours must include opportunities for interactions with others
    4. report to the Institutional Head, incidents of non-compliance with SIU policy and guidelines, pursuant to institutional Standing Orders.
  4. The SIU Manager or Manager, Intensive Intervention Strategy (MIIS), will, as applicable:
    1. chair the SIU Correctional Intervention Board or in women's institutions, the IDT
    2. supervise the SIU team to ensure the delivery of all programs, interventions and services contributes to the inmate's return to a mainstream inmate population at the earliest possible time
    3. provide functional supervision to the SIU Teachers, except at women's institutions
    4. coordinate correctional and social programs, religious and spiritual practice, work-training incentives and educational services
    5. supervise SIU case management staff and ensure quality control and timeliness of casework in accordance with this policy and guidelines
    6. ensure quality control and timeliness of final correctional program reports
    7. coordinate SIU case management activities, including, but not limited to, information sharing with the inmate and between CSC and the IEDM, coordination and scheduling of the SIURC
    8. report to the Assistant Warden, Operations, or Assistant Warden, Interventions, incidents of non-compliance with SIU policy and guidelines
    9. ensure requests by the IEDM are facilitated, such as scheduling oral interviews with an inmate or providing additional documentation.
  5. The SIU Correctional Manager or Correctional Manager, IIS, will:
    1. in consultation with the SIU Security Intelligence Officer, ensure an SIU Threat Risk Assessment is completed for each inmate to determine inmate associations and movement
    2. ensure any use of a barrier is documented and reported to the Institutional Head daily, pursuant to institutional Standing Orders.
  6. Additional duties of the SIU Correctional Manager and Correctional Manager, IIS are identified in GL 711-1 - Structured Intervention Unit (SIU) Transfer Procedures - SIU Sites.
  7. Outside of regular business hours, the Correctional Manager in charge of the institution will perform the duties of the SIU Correctional Manager/CMIIS, as stipulated in this policy and GL 711-1 - Structured Intervention Unit (SIU) Transfer Procedures - SIU Sites.
  8. The SIU Security Intelligence Officer, or SIO in women's institutions, will:
    1. when required, complete gists pursuant to CD 701 - Information Sharing
    2. support the safe operation of the SIU through the provision of intelligence information and consultation with the SIU Correctional Manager
    3. contribute to the return of inmates from the SIU to a mainstream inmate population through the provision of intelligence information.
  9. Behavioural Counsellors in women's institutions will prepare and deliver skills training (group or individual), facilitate and coordinate a variety of activities that support personal development and skills practice and prepare and deliver group and individual sessions in support of the inmate's Correctional Plan and reintegration.
  10. Occupational Therapists and Social Workers in women's institutions will assist with addressing the health needs of women housed in SIUs and/or ESHs, conduct health promotion and preventative activities related to the inmate's psychosocial rehabilitation and physical and mental well-being.
  11. Refer to Annex D for specific SIU related roles and responsibilities in men's institutions for:
    1. SIU Correctional Program Officer and SIU Indigenous Correctional Program Officer
    2. Elder/Spiritual Advisor
    3. Manager, Programs, for the sending (non-SIU) site
    4. Chief of Education
    5. SIU Teacher
    6. SIU Social Program Officer.
  12. In women's institutions, the CPO/ICPO, Chief of Education, Teacher, Elder, Registered Health Care Professional, Primary Worker, Indigenous Liaison Officer and religious and spiritual practitioners will continue to contribute, through their interventions, to the return of the inmate to their mainstream population at the earliest possible juncture.
  13. Prior to transfer to an SIU, the inmate's Parole Officer will, in consultation with the case management team, the Security Intelligence Officer, registered health care professionals, Elder and other cultural staff, religious and spiritual practitioners and others, explore all reasonable and viable alternatives to a transfer to an SIU.
  14. Following the inmate's transfer to an SIU, the SIU Parole Officer or the inmate's Parole Officer in a women offender institution will, in consultation with the case management team, the SIU Security Intelligence Officer/Security Intelligence Officer, registered health care professionals, cultural staff, religious and spiritual practitioners and others, explore all reasonable and viable alternatives to return the inmate to a mainstream inmate population.

Responsibilities - Non-SIU Sites

  1. For inmates subject to restricted movement, the Institutional Head will:
    1. review the case of an inmate authorized to transfer to an SIU and make a decision:
      1. within five working days of the SIU authorization to transfer
      2. as soon as practicable, following receipt of the recommendation of a registered health care professional
    2. develop an institutional Standing Order for their management that includes a process to ensure a referral to health care is made when an inmate is authorized for transfer to an SIU
    3. ensure all entitlements and procedural safeguard requirements are provided pursuant to this policy and guidelines
    4. ensure that an inmate's transfer to an SIU is effected within 5 working days after the date of the SIU authorization to transfer the inmate to an SIU
    5. meet with each of them daily and upon request by the inmate. Outside of regular business hours, the person in charge of the institution, as designated in institutional Standing Orders, will complete these visits
    6. ensure complaints and grievances are collected daily, including on weekends and statutory holidays
    7. ensure measures are in place to support the provision of essential health services and continuity of care
    8. establish a process to monitor compliance with legislative timeframes for the appropriate inmate notification, information sharing and decision making
    9. ensure recommendations of the IEDM are implemented within the prescribed timeframes and the written decisions are shared with the inmate.
  2. The Assistant Warden, Interventions (AWI), will:
    1. provide the SIU authorization to transfer
    2. confirm the SIU authorization to transfer, pursuant to this policy
    3. cancel the SIU authorization to transfer, pursuant to this policy
    4. ensure oversight of case management practices
    5. ensure the Correctional Plan for all inmates approved for a transfer to an SIU is updated within the required timeframes
    6. report to the Institutional Head incidents of non-compliance with SIU policy and guidelines, pursuant to institutional Standing Orders
    7. in the absence of the AWO, sign the transfer warrant to effect the physical transfer of an inmate to an SIU.
  3. The Assistant Warden, Operations (AWO), will:
    1. in the absence of the AWI:
      1. provide the SIU authorization to transfer
      2. confirm the SIU authorization to transfer, pursuant to this policy
      3. cancel the SIU authorization to transfer, pursuant to this policy
    2. provide oversight of the daily operations where inmates are subject to restricted movement
    3. ensure the conditions of confinement are met for each inmate, including the opportunity to be out of their cell for a minimum of four hours daily, of which a minimum of two hours must include opportunities for interactions with others
    4. sign the transfer warrant to effect the physical transfer of an inmate to an SIU
    5. report to the Institutional Head incidents of non-compliance with SIU policy and guidelines, pursuant to institutional Standing Orders.
  4. Where a transfer to another institution is required, the Assistant Warden, Management Services (AWMS), of the sending institution will ensure that all inmate files are transferred with the inmate pursuant to the Offender Records System User's Guide.
  5. The Manager, Assessment and Interventions, will ensure that all reports due within 30 days from an inmate's transfer to an SIU are completed as required.
  6. Following authorization for transfer to a SIU, the Parole Officer will, in consultation with the case management team, the Security Intelligence Officer, registered health care staff, Elder and other cultural staff, religious and spiritual practitioners and others, explore all reasonable and viable alternatives to a transfer to an SIU.
  7. The Correctional Manager will:
    1. outside of regular business hours, on weekends and statutory holidays, sign the transfer warrant to effect the physical transfer of an inmate to an SIU
    2. in consultation with the Security Intelligence Officer, ensure an SIU Threat Risk Assessment is completed for each inmate subject to restricted movement
    3. ensure any use of a barrier is documented and reported to the Institutional Head daily pursuant to institutional Standing Orders.

Health Care

Health Assesment Process

  1. All inmates placed on restricted movement or authorized for transfer to SIU will be referred for a health assessment, including mental health. The assessment will focus on the inmate's health status, and consideration of a referral for health services.
  2. The health assessment process includes:
    1. an assessment of health, including mental health, by a registered health care professional within 24 hours of the inmate's authorized transfer to an SIU, or upon being subject to restricted movement. This assessment will be conducted in a private setting to ensure confidentiality and privacy of health information and will occur every 14 days from transfer to the SIU
    2. a daily visit by a registered health care professional. The visit must include a visual observation, without physical barriers, of the inmate, unless, due to exceptional circumstances, such observation would jeopardize the security of the institution or the safety of any person
    3. a mental health assessment that will be completed no later than the 28th day from the SIU authorization to transfer to the SIU, or earlier based on the mental health needs of the inmate. This assessment will be conducted in a private setting to ensure confidentiality and privacy of health information.
  3. These assessments are to be completed pursuant to the Health Consultation and Assessment for Structured Intervention and Restricted Movement Guidelines.

Registered Health Care Professional Recommendations

  1. Health professionals will work collaboratively with the Interdisciplinary team to address the health needs of individuals who are in SIU or on restricted movement.
  2. When the health needs cannot be addressed, a registered health care professional can, for health reasons, recommend that the conditions of confinement for an inmate in an SIU or subject to restricted movement be altered, or that the inmate no longer remain in an SIU or be subject to restricted movement.
  3. Where a registered health care professional is of the opinion that the inmate should no longer remain in an SIU or be subject to restricted movement or that the conditions should be altered and such changes cannot be resolved by the interdisciplinary team, a recommendation must be provided to the Institutional Head, in writing and as soon as practicable, but no more than 24 hours after forming the opinion, including the basis upon which the recommendation was reached and any health care needs requiring accommodation.

Institutional Head Review of Registered Health Care Professional Recommendation

  1. Where an Institutional Head receives a recommendation from a registered health care professional, they will meet with the inmate without delay.
  2. After meeting with the inmate, the Institutional Head will, without delay, discuss with the registered health care professional what steps must be taken to implement the recommendation and when those steps can be carried out, and either:
    1. implement the recommendation and inform the registered health care professional, or
    2. inform the registered health care professional that the recommendation is not being implemented and the reasons why. The Institutional Head will ensure their decision is entered into the LTE-SIU Module. The decision will include a summary of the implementation or the reasons for not implementing the recommendation.
  3. The Institutional Head will meet with the inmate and verbally notify the inmate of their decision within one working day of their decision and within two working days, ensure the inmate is provided with their written decision.
  4. Where the Institutional Head does not implement the recommendation of the registered health care professional, they will, without delay, report their decision to the Health Committee.
  5. Copies of the written decision and explanation, along with the registered health care professional's written recommendation, will be provided to the registered health care professional, the inmate, and, if requested by the inmate, to their legal counsel in accordance with Commissioner's Directive 084 - Inmates' Access to Legal Assistance and the Police.

Health Committee Review

  1. The Health Committee will be chaired by the Assistant Commissioner, Health Services.
  2. As soon as practicable following a decision of the Institutional Head to not implement a recommendation of the registered health care professional, the Health Committee will review the case to make a determination as to whether the inmate should remain in an SIU or if any conditions of confinement should be altered.
  3. In making their decision, the Health Committee will consider:
    1. the inmate's representations
    2. the Institutional Head's determination, including the reasons for the determination
    3. the recommendations made by the registered health care professional.
  4. A decision by the Health Committee must include considerations of:
    1. the inmate's Correctional Plan
    2. the appropriateness of the inmate's current penitentiary placement
    3. the appropriateness of the inmate's security classification
    4. other relevant considerations.
  5. The decision of the Health Committee must be shared with the inmate as soon as practicable.
  6. In cases where the Health Committee determines that the inmate should not remain in the SIU or the conditions of confinement should be altered, the decision must be shared with the Institutional Head as soon as practicable for implementation of the recommendation(s).
  7. In cases where the Health Committee determines that an inmate should remain in an SIU or that their conditions of confinement should not be altered, the Health Committee will ensure notice is provided to the IEDM as soon as practicable.

Referral to a Registered Health Care Professional

  1. Everyone working with inmates will:
    1. work collaboratively with health care to ensure health needs of the inmate are appropriately accommodated based on the assessments of registered health care professionals
    2. refer, in accordance with relevant policy and institutional Standing Orders, the case of an inmate to a registered health care professional when the staff member believes that confinement in an SIU is having detrimental impacts on the inmate's health where the opinion is based on, but not limited to, the following circumstances when an inmate is:
      1. refusing to interact with others
      2. engaging in self-injurious behaviour
      3. demonstrating symptoms of a drug overdose
      4. demonstrating signs of emotional distress or exhibiting behaviour that suggests they are in urgent need of mental health care
    3. inform the Institutional Head of the referral to the registered health care professional.

Conditions of confinement

Time out of Cell

  1. All inmates in an SIU and those subject to restricted movement will be provided opportunities to be out of their cells for a minimum of four hours daily. All reasonable efforts will be made to provide inmates with as much time out of their cells beyond the minimum of four hours as is operationally feasible without affecting the security of the institution or the safety of any person.
  2. The time an inmate spends in the shower does not count as time spent outside of their cell.
  3. Time outside of the cell, such as to attend outside court or to go to outside hospital, to make legal calls, or to participate in visits, are included in the daily minimum of four hours out of cell.
  4. As part of their daily minimum of four hours out of cell, an inmate in an SIU will be provided the opportunity for meaningful human contact for a minimum of two hours daily, which includes, but is not limited to, visits, participation in programs, interventions and services that encourage the inmate to make progress towards the objectives of their SIU Correctional Plan and support their return to a mainstream inmate population.
  5. To support an inmate's efforts to return to a mainstream inmate population as soon as possible, all reasonable efforts will be made to provide inmates with as much time to interact with others beyond the minimum of two hours as is operationally feasible without affecting the security of the institution or the safety of any person.
  6. All inmate activities requiring the inmate to leave their cell for the purpose of meeting the minimum daily time out of cell requirements will occur between the hours of 07:00 and 22:00.
  7. Everyone working with inmates in an SIU will work collaboratively and share responsibility to ensure inmates are provided opportunities to be out of their cell and to interact with others for the minimum required time, and to assist and support the successful return of an inmate to a mainstream inmate population.
  8. When an inmate is not availing themselves of opportunities to be out of their cell for the minimum required time or is not interacting with others, the conditions of confinement may be amended to support and encourage the inmate to avail themselves of those opportunities.
  9. Amendments to the conditions of confinement must not negatively impact the inmate entitlements but are in response to the specific needs of the offender in order to support their engagement in programs, interventions, cultural, religious and spiritual practice, leisure, family or community contact.
  10. The time an inmate spends out of their cell and the time they engage in meaningful human contact, as well as any refusals and the reasons for their refusals, must be documented in the LTE-SIU Module.

Exceptions

  1. Exceptions to providing daily inmate out of cell entitlements include:
    1. if the inmate refuses to avail themselves of the opportunities to spend time outside of their cell
    2. if the inmate, at the time the opportunity is offered, does not comply with reasonable instructions to ensure their safety or that of any other person or the security of the penitentiary
    3. in exceptional circumstances, as identified in section 19(1) of the CCRR, and only where required for security purposes. In these circumstances, the Institutional Head will ensure, on the date the entitlements are not provided, a written notification in a "Memo to File" in OMS is completed indicating the reasons why, and share it with the applicable inmates.
  2. Instances where an inmate is not provided with their entitlements due to the circumstances identified in paragraphs a and b above must be documented in the LTE-SIU Module on the day of the occurrence, including alternative options provided to the inmate where they refused to avail themselves of the opportunities provided.

Use of Barriers

  1. Every effort will be made to provide an inmate in an SIU or subject to restricted movement with time out of cell, access to interventions, programs, leisure and other services and interactions with others without the use of barriers.
  2. The use of barriers, including but not limited to bars, security glass, screens, hatches that mediate inmate interactions with others in an SIU must be deemed to be the least restrictive measure necessary to manage the risk the inmate presents to the safety of others and the security of the institution. This does not include the normal routine use of barriers, such as secured doors or gates, to manage inmate movement.
  3. Any imposition of barriers for inmates transferred to an SIU or subject to restricted movement must:
    1. be supported by the completion of an SIU Threat Risk Assessment (SIU-TRA)
    2. identify the specific risk the inmate presents as well as the barriers required to mitigate the risk.
  4. Where barriers are used on an inmate, a daily SIU-TRA must be completed to confirm the need for continued use, to amend the use or type of barrier, or to discontinue the use.

Programs, Interventions, Services and Leisure

  1. Educational, social, correctional, cultural and spiritual programs and services will be available to inmates who are confined in an SIU.
  2. The inmate's needs, including health and mental health, will be considered in determining what programs, interventions, education and services the inmate will engage in while confined to an SIU.
  3. All inmates in a men's institution who are placed in an SIU will be considered for a referral to the Motivational Module - Structured Intervention Unit (MM-SIU) or the Motivational Module - Structured Intervention Unit - Indigenous (MM-SIU-I), regardless of whether they have an identified correctional program need.
  4. The continuation of a program, intervention or services that commenced prior to an inmate's transfer to an SIU will be prioritized, pending approval by the Structured Intervention Unit Correctional Intervention Board (SIU-CIB)/IDT.
  5. Inmates are provided with individualized and culturally appropriate interventions through an interdisciplinary team such as:
    1. at women's institutions, behavioral counsellors, occupational therapists, social workers, case management staff, Elders/Spiritual Advisors, Chaplains, religious and spiritual practitioners and Indigenous Liaison Officers' interventions and services as part of the Intensive Intervention Strategy
    2. at men's institutions, Correctional Program Officers, Indigenous Correctional Program Officers, Social Program Officers, Elders/Spiritual Advisors, Chaplains, religious and spiritual practitioners and Indigenous Liaison Officers.
  6. All new correctional and educational program referrals will be reviewed and approved by the SIU-CIB/IDT.
  7. Referrals to correctional program assignments that commence in the SIU will be pursuant to referral criteria outlined in GL 726-2 - National Correctional Program Referral Guidelines.
  8. Referrals to education program assignments that commenced in the SIU will be pursuant to referral criteria outlined in GL 720-1 - Guidelines for Education Programs.
  9. An SIU Threat Risk Assessment will determine whether an inmate can participate in programs with other inmates in the SIU or will require one-on-one delivery.
  10. An SIU Threat Risk Assessment will also determine if an inmate transferred from an SIU can return to their original group and/or classroom in order to continue participating in their correctional and/or educational program.

SIU Correctional Intervention Board (SIU-CIB) or Interdisciplinary Team (IDT)

  1. The SIU Correctional Intervention Board (SIU-CIB) or IDT at women's institutions will review the case of inmates in an SIU to determine appropriate program referrals and pay levels for inmates transferred to an SIU.
  2. The SIU-CIB or IDT is chaired by the SIU Manager/MIIS. Other members may include, as applicable: the Parole Officer working in the SIU or Parole Officer, Correctional Program Officer (CPO)/Indigenous Correctional Program Officer (ICPO), Chief of Education, Teacher, Elder/Spiritual Advisor, religious or spiritual practitioner and Indigenous Liaison Officer and any other staff member who may contribute to the discussion or decision as determined by the Chairperson.
  3. In addition to the above members, the IDT at women's institutions may also include Behavioural Counsellors (BC), Primary Worker and Health Care Professionals (including Occupational Therapists (OT) and Social Worker (SW)).

Routines

  1. Each SIU site will coordinate inmate routines to ensure they are provided with opportunities to interact with others through:
    1. participation in programs and interventions
    2. engagement in social, leisure and recreation activities, inclusive of those with community partners
    3. engagement in cultural activities and ceremonies including, but not limited to, smudging, and, as circumstances permit, attending sweat lodges
    4. engagement in religious and spiritual practice
    5. access to family and community supports

Inmate Property

  1. An inmate authorized for transfer to an SIU or subject to restricted movement will be immediately provided their personal property items related to hygiene, religion and spirituality, medical care, their television, radio and other electronic items as well as personal items (e.g., photographs, phone cards, phone book), subject to safety and security concerns pursuant to section 37 of the CCRA.
  2. At any time before the Institutional Head's decision to approve or not approve an inmate's transfer to an SIU, the inmate may request to receive their remaining personal property. The SIU Correctional Manager, Correctional Manager, IIS or Correctional Manager at non-SIU sites, will arrange for the inmate to receive their remaining personal property within 24 hours of the request, subject to safety and security concerns in accordance with section 37 of the CCRA.
  3. Where the inmate's remaining property was not provided to the inmate before the Institutional Head's decision to approve an inmate's transfer to an SIU, the inmate must be provided with their remaining personal property:
    1. within 24-hours of their approval for transfer to an SIU when they are incarcerated at the same institution as the SIU, subject to safety and security concerns in accordance with section 37 of the CCRA
    2. in accordance with Commissioner's Directive 566-12 - Personal Property of Offenders for inmates transferred to an SIU from a non-SIU site.

Access to Legal Counsel

  1. In addition to the following, specific procedures related to an inmate's access to legal counsel are identified in GL 711-1 - Structured Intervention Unit (SIU) Transfer Procedures -SIU Sites and GL 711-2 - Structured Intervention Unit (SIU) Transfer Procedures - Non SIU Sites.
  2. When an inmate is authorized to be transferred to an SIU, the inmate must:
    1. without delay, be informed of their right to legal counsel
    2. as soon as practicable, be given an opportunity to contact legal counsel in a private area outside of their cell
    3. be given an opportunity to sign a Consent for the Release of Personal Information to their legal counsel.
  3. Staff have a responsibility to facilitate an inmate's right to legal counsel. Facilitation includes, but is not limited to:
    1. assisting the inmate with the completion of the consent form
    2. collecting the consent form from the inmate once it is completed
    3. providing a replacement consent form at the inmate's request.
  4. An inmate is entitled to the assistance of legal counsel in preparing representations related to a decision or review about their confinement in an SIU. On request, the inmate must be given a reasonable opportunity to contact legal counsel in a private area outside of their cell.
  5. Where the inmate is entitled to attend a meeting of the SIURC to make representations about their confinement in an SIU, the inmate is entitled to have their legal counsel participate in that meeting in person or by alternative means.
  6. If staff offer a legal call or if a legal call is requested by the inmate, staff will document in the LTE-SIU Module:
    1. that a legal call occurred
    2. if the inmate declined a call in a private area
    3. the reason, if the call was not facilitated.

Correctional Plan Update and SIU Correctional Plan Update

  1. The Correctional Plan Update (CPU) and the SIU Correctional Plan Update (SIU-CPU) are two distinct documents that must be completed, in consultation with the inmate, when an inmate is approved for a transfer to an SIU at a men's institution.
  2. When an inmate is approved for a transfer to an SIU at a women's institution, only the SIU-CPU must be completed, in consultation with the inmate.
  3. The focus of an inmate's SIU-CPU is on the inmate's behaviours and risk that resulted in their transfer to an SIU, as well as the programs and/or interventions identified that will address the need areas to facilitate their successful return to a mainstream inmate population.
  4. Should the inmate be transferred out of the SIU prior to the SIU-CPU being required, all progress will be documented in a Casework Record.
  5. Refer to GL 711-1 - Structured Intervention Unit (SIU) Transfer Procedures - SIU Sites for SIU-CPU timeframes and content guidelines and CPU timeframes.

Transfer from a Structured Intervention Unit

  1. The procedures to transfer an inmate from an SIU are identified in GL 711-1 - Structured Intervention Unit (SIU) Transfer Procedures -SIU Sites.

Legal Requirements

  1. An inmate will be transferred from an SIU to a mainstream inmate population unless the decision maker believes on reasonable grounds that the transfer will:
    1. jeopardize the safety of the inmate or any other person or the security of the penitentiary
    2. interfere with an investigation that could lead to a criminal charge or charge under CCRA subsection 41(2) of a serious disciplinary offence.

Independent External Decision Maker

  1. When notified of an IEDM's recommendation or decision, CSC must share these with the inmate within one working day of the receipt of the decision.
  2. An overview of Independent External Decision Maker (IEDM) review and decision timeframes is provided in Annex C.

Commissioner,

Original signed by:
Anne Kelly

Annex A: Cross-References and Definitions

Cross-References

CD 001 - Mission, Values and Ethics Framework of the Correctional Service of Canada
CD 024 - Management of Correctional Service of Canada Volunteers
CD 081 - Offender Complaints and Grievances
CD 084 - Inmates' Access to Legal Assistance and the Police
CD 087 - Official Languages
CD 550 - Inmate Accommodation
CD 566-6 - Security Escorts
CD 568-7 - Management of Incompatible Offenders
CD 578 - Intensive Intervention Strategy in Women Offender Institutions/Units
CD 580 - Discipline of Inmates
CD 700 - Correctional Interventions
CD 701 - Information Sharing
CD 702 - Aboriginal Offenders
CD 705-3 - Immediate Needs Identification and Admission Interviews
CD 705-6 - Correctional Planning and Criminal Profile
CD 705-7 - Security Classification and Penitentiary Placement
CD 706 - Classification of Institutions
CD 708 - Special Handling Unit
CD 710 - Institutional Supervision Framework
CD 710-1 - Progress Against the Correctional Plan
CD 710-2 - Transfer of Inmates
GL 710-2-1 - CCRA Section 81: Transfers
GL 710-2-2 - Inter-Regional Transfers by Air
GL 710-2-3 - Inmate Transfer Processes
GL 710-2-4 - Movement Within Clustered/Multi-Level Institutions
CD 710-6 - Review of Inmate Security Classification
GL 711-1 - Structured Intervention Unit (SIU) Transfer Procedures - SIU Sites
GL 711-2 - Structured Intervention Unit (SIU) Transfer Procedures - Non-SIU Sites
CD 720 - Education Programs and Services for Offenders
GL 720-1 - Guidelines for Education Programs
CD 726 - Correctional Programs
GL 726-2 - National Correctional Program Referral Guidelines
GL 726-3 - National Correctional Program Management Guidelines
CD 730 - Offender Program Assignments and Inmate Pay
CD 735 - Employment and Employability Program
CD 750 - Chaplaincy Services
GL 750-1 - Inmate Religious Accommodations
CD 760 - Social Programs and Leisure Activities
CD 767 - Ethnocultural Offenders: Services and Interventions
CD 784 - Victim Engagement
CD 800 - Health Services
CD 843 - Interventions to Preserve Life and Prevent Serious Bodily Harm

Indigenous Social History Tool
Integrated Mental Health Guidelines
Offender Records System User’s Guide
Social Program Referral Tool

Definitions

Ad-hoc review: a non-scheduled review with the intention to transfer an inmate to a mainstream inmate population or to release them to the community on a form of conditional release that does not require a three-day notification or information sharing with the inmate.

Assistant: a person identified by the inmate who will assist the inmate in preparing and presenting representations where the inmate is entitled to a review resulting from their confinement in an SIU.

Conditions of confinement: the provisions of inmate entitlements in an SIU or when subject to restricted movement, which include, but are not limited to, the frequency, duration and type of programs, interventions, services and leisure time provided to the inmate as well as the conditions under which these are provided, including whether barriers are used.

Designated decision maker: refers to the Institutional Head, the Senior Deputy Commissioner or the Independent External Decision Maker (IEDM), pursuant to the CSC decision timeframes in Annex B or the IEDM decision timeframes in Annex C.

Elder/Spiritual Advisor: any person recognized by an Indigenous community as having knowledge and understanding of the traditional culture of the community, including the physical manifestations of the culture of the people and their spiritual and social traditions and ceremonies. Knowledge and wisdom, coupled with the recognition and respect of the people of the community, are the essential defining characteristics of an Elder/Spiritual Advisor. Elders/Spiritual Advisors are known by many other titles depending on the region or local practices. An example is "Angakuk" who is an Inuit shaman or medicine man.

Exceptional circumstance: an immediate situation which endangers the life, safety or health of inmates, staff, visitors, or the security of the institution.

Health Committee: chaired by the Assistant Commissioner, Health Services, an executive level committee that makes a decision on the implementation of recommendations made by a registered health care professional when the Institutional Head does not implement the recommendations.

Independent External Decision Maker (IEDM): appointed by the Minister to review the cases of inmates confined in an SIU pursuant to conditions and timeframes identified within the CCRA and Regulations.

Interdisciplinary Team (women's institution): an intervention body chaired by the Manager, Intensive Intervention Strategy, and comprised of the Correctional Manager, Intensive Intervention Strategy, registered health professionals, Parole Officers, Primary Workers, Behavioural Counsellors, Elders, Indigenous Liaison Officers and/or ad hoc members as required.

LTE-SIU Module: the Long-Term Evolution desktop module or handheld application for documenting SIU authorization to transfer, SIU decisions and the daily activities of and interactions with inmates. The desktop module is accessed through OMS.

Meaningful human contact: the opportunity for human interaction with others that is conducive to building rapport, social networks, or strengthening bonds with family or other supports.

Registered health care professional: an individual registered or licenced for the practice of health or mental health care in Canada and preferably in the province or territory of practice (certain positions however, require registration in the province or territory of practice).

Regular business hours: Monday to Friday between the hours of 08:00 and 16:00.

Religious and spiritual practice: includes, but is not limited to, religious rites and spiritual rituals as prescribed by a recognized faith group. Normally, inmates practice to the same level as what is available and normal in the community. Institutional Chaplains and other spiritual advisors or leaders, including those from the community, may provide religious and spiritual practice.

Religious and spiritual practitioners: Chaplains and other spiritual advisors or leaders, including those from the community, who are recognized as Qualified Professional Official Representatives (QPOR) who provide religious and spiritual practice, services and rites.

Restricted movement: an inmate authorized for a transfer to an SIU, who is incarcerated at an institution without an SIU, may be subject to restricted movement which may restrict their movement and interactions with others, subject to safety and security considerations, until a transfer can be effected to an SIU.

SIU Authorization to transfer: where the legal requirements pursuant to section 34(1) of the CCRA are met and there are no reasonable alternatives, the SIU authorization to transfer is the first step in the SIU transfer process. The SIU authorization to transfer provides notice to the inmate that they may be transferred to an SIU.

SIU Correctional Programs Officer (SIU-CPO) or SIU Indigenous Correctional Programs Officer (SIU-ICPO): a Correctional Program Officer or an Indigenous Correctional Program Officer assigned to an SIU.

SIU Parole Officer (SIU-PO): a Parole Officer assigned to an SIU.

SIU Security Intelligence Officer (SIU - SIO): a Security Intelligence Officer assigned to an SIU.

SIU Teacher: a Teacher assigned to an SIU.

SIU Social program Officer (SIU-SPO): a Social Program Officer assigned to an SIU.

Structured Intervention Unit Correctional Intervention Board (SIU-CIB): a multidisciplinary team that approves interventions and contributes to recommendations or decisions.

Working day: The term "working day" means a day of the week that is not a statutory holiday or weekend.

Annex B: Correctional Service of Canada Structured Intervention Unit Review Timeframes

SIU Decision - Purpose Type Timeframe Decision Authority Recommender Decision Options

SIU Authorization to Transfer

Required on day of decision to authorize an inmate's transfer to an SIU

Assistant Warden, Interventions (AWI) or

Assistant Warden, Operations (AWO), in the absence of the AWI

Correctional Manager (CM) in charge of the institution - confirmation by the AWI on the first working day

N/A

Transfer to SIU authorized

This applies to SIU and Non-SIU sites.

Where a transfer to an SIU is authorized by a non-SIU site, the inmate will be subject to restricted movement until the physical transfer to the SIU site is facilitated or the SIU authorization to transfer is cancelled.

Confirmation of SIU Authorization to Transfer

Required on the next working day following the SIU authorization to transfer by Correctional Manager in charge of the institution

AWI or

AWO in absence of AWI

N/A

Confirm SIU Transfer

or

Cancel SIU Transfer

Cancellation of SIU Authorization to Transfer

At any time prior to the Institutional Head's SIU transfer decision

AWI or

AWO in absence of AWI

N/A

Cancel the SIU Authorization to transfer

SIU Transfer Decision

Within five working days from the day the transfer to an SIU was authorized (includes day of authorization to transfer)

Institutional Head

No Recommendation - the AWI will ensure the IH is provided with all available information.

Transfer To SIU - Approved

or

Transfer To SIU - Not Approved

Institutional Head 30-Day Decision

No later than calendar day 30

Institutional Head

Structured Intervention Unit Review Committee (SIURC).

The SIURC Reviews the case by calendar day 20 from SIU authorization to transfer date.

Remain in SIU

or

Transfer out of SIU

Ad-Hoc Decision

At any time to transfer an inmate from of an SIU

Institutional Head

Structured Intervention Unit Review Committee

Transfer out of SIU

or
Transfer out of SIU - Conditional Release

Institutional Head Decision following Registered Health Care Professional Recommendation

Without delay following recommendation from a registered health care professional

Institutional Head

N/A

Remain in SIU

and/or

Alter Conditions Of Confinement

or

Transfer out of SIU

Regional Review

Within 45 calendar days from an inmate's SIU authorization to transfer and within every 30 calendar days of the last regional review

Assistant Deputy Commissioner, Correctional Operations (ADCCO)

N/A

Review and Recommendations

Senior Deputy Commissioner

Decision

Within 30 calendar days of the Institutional Head's 30-day decision and within every 60 calendar days thereafter

Senior Deputy Commissioner

SIU Review Committee

Remain in SIU

and/or

Alter Conditions Of Confinement

or

Transfer out of SIU

Senior Deputy Commissioner

Decision

When an inmate is authorized for a transfer to an SIU four times within a 180-day period

Senior Deputy Commissioner

N/A

Remain in SIU

or

Transfer out of SIU

Health Committee Decision

Where the Institutional Head does not implement recommendations of a registered health care professional

Assistant Commissioner, Health Services

N/A

Remain In SIU

and/or

Alter Conditions Of Confinement

or

Transfer out of SIU

Annex C: Overview of Independent External Decision Maker Review and Decision Timeframes in Accordance with the CCRA and Regulations

Review type Timeframe Decision options

IEDM Decision

Within 30 calendar days of the Senior Deputy Commissioner's decision and within every 60 days thereafter

Remain in SIU

and/or

Alter Conditions of Confinement

or

Transfer out of SIU

Conditions of Confinement (5 consecutive calendar days or for 15 out of 30 calendar days):

Inmate is not out of cell for a minimum of 4 hours/day or inmate is not engaging in meaningful human contact for a minimum of 2 hours/day for 5 consecutive calendar days or for 15 out of 30 calendar days.

This timeframe is "floating" in that it is not within a defined set of 5-calendar days - it is any period of 5 consecutive days.

If the IEDM determines that CSC has not taken all reasonable steps, they may make recommendations to remedy the situation.

If, within 7 calendar days, including the day on which CSC received the recommendations, the IEDM is not satisfied that CSC has taken all reasonable steps to provide the inmate with opportunities to be out of their cell for the minimum required time and to interact with others, the IEDM shall direct CSC to remove the inmate from the SIU.

Conditions of Confinement (10 consecutive calendar days):

If inmate is not out of cell for a minimum of 4 hours/day or is not engaging in meaningful human contact for 2 hours/day for 10 consecutive calendar days.

This timeframe is "floating" in that it is not within a defined set of 10-days - it is any period of 10 consecutive days where an inmate is confined in an SIU

The IEDM will make a decision on either to:

Remain in SIU

and/or

Alter conditions of confinement

or

Transfer out of SIU

Health Care Reviews:

Where both the Institutional Head and the Health Committee do not implement the recommendations of a registered health care professional.

As soon as practicable following notification of the decision of the Health Committee to not implement the recommendations of the registered health care professional

Remain in SIU

and/or

alter conditions of confinement

or

Transfer out of SIU

180-day Review:

Where an inmate who was authorized to be transferred to an SIU at least four times within a period of 180 consecutive days and the case was not, during that period, referred to the IEDM for the purposes of making a determination in accordance with section 37.8 of the Act.

Determined by the IEDM

The IEDM shall make recommendations to the inmate, the Correctional Investigator or the Commissioner.

Request by CSC

Where CSC requests a review by the IEDM of the case of an inmate who is or was authorized to be transferred to a Structured Intervention Unit

Determined by the IEDM

The IEDM shall make recommendations to the inmate, the Correctional Investigator or the Commissioner.

Annex D: Correctional, Educational and Social Programs delivered in the SIU in a Men's Institution

  1. Prior approval from Regional or National Headquarters is not required when only one SIU Correctional Program Officer (CPO)/Indigenous Correctional Program Officer (ICPO) will deliver a high intensity correctional program in the SIU.
  2. Indigenous correctional programs and interventions in the SIU are expected to be delivered by ICPOs; however, in exceptional circumstances, a non-Indigenous CPO may deliver the program. The National Program Manager must be informed when this occurs.

Roles and Responsibilities

Commencing the Motivational Module - Structured Intervention Unit (MM-SIU) or the Motivational Module - Structured Intervention Unit - Indigenous (MM-SIU-I) in the SIU in a Men's Institution

  1. Referrals to the appropriate stream of MM-SIU will normally be made via an administrative referral by the SIU Parole Officer.
  2. The SIU-CIB will:
    1. as soon as practicable, review the program referral; if accepted, the referral status will be changed from "To Be Reviewed" to "Accepted" in OMS.
    2. assign the inmate to MM-SIU/MM-SIU-I in OMS using the program assignment status of "Assigned", in order to allow program delivery to commence at the earliest possible time. There is no requirement to use the program assignment status "Waitlisted".
  3. Should an inmate leave the SIU prior to the inmate actually participating in the MM-SIU/MM-SIU-I, the program assignment status should be updated to "Assignment Cancelled".
  4. When an inmate is participating in the MM-SIU/MM-SIU-I, the SIU CPO/ICPO will:
    1. review information provided in the most recent Correctional Plan, Correctional Plan Update, or Structured Intervention Unit-Correctional Plan Update (SIU-CPU)
    2. deliver MM-SIU/MM-SIU-I sessions to the inmate as per the program manuals
    3. ensure that the program assignment is ended in OMS using one of the following options:
      1. "Successful Completion": the inmate was transferred from the SIU while participating in the program; the inmate fully completed the program prior to being transferred from the SIU; or the inmate fully completed the program and will remain in the SIU.
      2. "Incomplete": the inmate was participating in the program but the inmate is deceased; the inmate is unable to meaningfully participate in and complete the program; the inmate was suspended from the program; or the inmate decided to dropout of the program.
    4. ensure that a certificate is entered in OMS for each MM-SIU/MM-SIU-I module the inmate completed. Certificate information will facilitate the tracking of the inmate's participation and progress in the program
    5. normally complete a final report within a maximum of 10 working days for all inmates whose program assignment to MM-SIU/MM-SIU-I has ended. However, in cases where the decision to transfer has been made, the final report will be completed within a maximum of 3 working days from the date of the approved transfer decision
    6. document in the final report the impacts of Indigenous social history for all Indigenous inmates whether they participated in either MM-SIU or MM-SIU-I.
  5. Elders/Spiritual Advisor involved in the delivery of MM-SIU/MM-SIU-I will provide:
    1. traditional teachings and ceremonial services according to CD 702 - Indigenous Offenders
    2. advice to the SIU Manager with regards to cultural teachings and ceremonies in MM- SIU-I
    3. the SIU CPO/ICPO with an understanding of the impacts of Indigenous social history, as required, and traditional teachings and ceremonies for inclusion in MM-SIU-I program sessions
    4. the SIU CPO/ICPO with support in the delivery of MM-SIU/MM-SIU-I
    5. holistic observations on inmate behavioural change to the CPO/ICPO for inclusion in the final program report for Indigenous inmates as per CD 726 - Correctional Programs.

Continuing a correctional program that commenced prior to the inmate's approved transfer to the SIU in a men's institution

  1. When an inmate is continuing a correctional program that commenced prior to the inmate's approved transfer to the SIU in a men's institution, the Manager, Programs, from the sending institution will ensure that:
    1. a certificate is entered in OMS for the last completed program module and a casework record is entered indicating the last completed module session. This will enable the tracking of the inmate's progress in their correctional program and allow the SIU CPO/ICPO to know the starting point for the inmate's session delivery
    2. the inmate's program assignment status has been changed to "Temporarily Reassigned - SIU" once they have been approved for a transfer to the SIU. This will allow tracking of the inmate's program assignment while they are in the SIU
    3. the program assignment status is changed from "Temporarily Reassigned - SIU" to the appropriate assignment status according to GL 726-3 - National Correctional Program Management Guidelines, should the inmate be approved for a transfer from the SIU
    4. a final report is completed by the sending CPO/ICPO in accordance with GL 726-3 - National Correctional Program Management Guidelines, should the inmate's program assignment end while the inmate is in the SIU
    5. the program assignment to a correctional program that commenced prior to the inmate being transferred to the SIU is ended as per GL 726-3 - National Correctional Program Management Guidelines, and the sending CPO/ICPO will complete a final program report within a maximum of 10 working days, should the inmate remain in the SIU for more than 30 days.
  2. The SIU CPO/ICPO will:
    1. review information provided in the most recent Correctional Plan, Correctional Plan Update, or Structured Intervention Unit-Correctional Plan Update (SIU-CPU)
    2. deliver correctional program sessions as per the correctional program manuals, based on the inmate's last completed module session prior to their approved transfer to the SIU
    3. complete a casework record after each program session is delivered within one working day. This will allow for a continuation of communication for the sending CPO/ICPO to incorporate in their final report.

Commencing a Correctional Program in the SIU (excluding MM-SIU/MM-SIU-I) in a men's institution

  1. The SIU Parole Officer will refer to or complete the Identified Need for Correctional Program (INCP) screen in OMS in order to determine the inmate's correctional program and adhere to GL 726-2 - National Correctional Program Referral Guidelines for correctional program referrals.
  2. The SIU-CIB will:
    1. as soon as practicable, review the program referral and; if accepted, the referral status will be changed from "To Be Reviewed" to "Accepted" in OMS
    2. assign the inmate to the appropriate correctional programs in OMS using the program assignment status "Assigned", in order to allow program delivery to commence at the earliest possible time. There is no requirement to use the program assignment status "Waitlisted".
  3. Should an inmate leave the SIU prior to the inmate actually participating in their correctional program, the program assignment status should be updated to "Assignment Cancelled".
  4. The SIU CPO/ICPO will:
    1. review information provided in the most recent Correctional Plan, Correctional Plan Update, or Structured Intervention Unit-Correctional Plan Update (SIU-CPU)
    2. deliver correctional program sessions as per the correctional program manuals
    3. enter pre-, mid-, and post-correctional program assessments in accordance with CD 726 - Correctional Programs
    4. ensure that certificates are entered in OMS, as per GL 726-3 - National Correctional Program Management Guidelines
    5. ensure that the program assignment is ended, as per GL 726-3 - National Correctional Program Management Guidelines when the inmate is approved for a transfer from the SIU
    6. normally complete a final report within a maximum of 10 working days for all inmates whose program assignment to MM-SIU/MM-SIU-I has ended. However, in cases where the decision to transfer has been made, the final report will be completed within a maximum of 3 working days from the date of the approved transfer decision.

Education Programs Delivered in the SIU

Roles and Responsibilities

  1. The Chief of Education will provide direct supervision to SIU Teachers.
  2. The SIU Teacher will:
    1. develop lesson plans and deliver and/or facilitate education programs with inmates in the SIU based on the provincial curriculum and the inmate's education assessments, needs and objectives, including the adaptation of learning materials as required
    2. during course facilitation, provide the Case Management Team with ongoing information regarding the inmate's participation in education programs, as required, in accordance with CD 720 - Education Programs and Services for Offenders.

Continuing an education program that commenced prior to the inmate's approved transfer to the SIU in a men's institution

  1. When an inmate is continuing an education program that commenced prior to the inmate's approved transfer to the SIU in a men's institution the Chief of Education or the Manager, Programs, responsible for the original education program assignment (sending institution) will ensure that:
    1. course achievements are entered in OMS for the last completed education course and/or a certificate is entered into OMS for the last completed education level
    2. a casework record is completed to inform the SIU Teacher which course the inmate is working on and their starting point
    3. the inmate's Individual Education Plan is up to date and that interim reports are completed in accordance with CD 720 - Education Programs and Services for Offenders
    4. the inmate's education program assignment status has been changed to "Temporarily Reassigned - SIU" once they have been approved for a transfer to the SIU. This will allow tracking of the inmate's education program assignment while they are in the SIU
    5. the program assignment status is changed from "Temporarily Reassigned - SIU" to the appropriate assignment status according to GL 720-1 - Guidelines for Education Programs, should the inmate be approved for a transfer from the SIU
    6. the final report is completed within a maximum of 10 working days, should the inmate's program assignment end while the inmate is in the SIU
    7. the program assignment to an education program that commenced prior to the inmate being transferred to the SIU, will be ended as per GL 720-1 - Guidelines for Education Programs, and that a final program report is completed within a maximum of 10 working days, should the inmate remain in the SIU for more than 30 days.
  2. The SIU Teacher will:
    1. facilitate education programs to the inmate as per the provincial curriculum and the inmate's education assessments, needs and objectives
    2. complete a casework record after each session with the inmate within one working day. This will allow for a continuation of communication for the sending Teacher to incorporate in their final report.

Commencing an education program in the SIU in a men's institution

  1. The SIU Parole Officer, in consultation with the SIU Teacher, will review the educational assessments in OMS in order to determine the inmate's education program need and adhere to GL 720-1 - Guidelines for Education Programs for education program referrals.
  2. Once an education program referral has been reviewed by the SIU-CIB, if accepted, the referral status will be changed from "To Be Reviewed" to "Accepted" in OMS.
  3. The SIU-CIB will assign the inmate to the appropriate education programs in OMS using the program assignment status of "Assigned", in order to allow program delivery to commence at the earliest possible time. There is no requirement to use the program assignment status "Waitlisted".
  4. Should an inmate leave the SIU prior to the inmate actually participating in their education program, the program assignment status should be updated to "Assignment Cancelled".
  5. The SIU Teacher will:
    1. facilitate education programs to the inmate as per the provincial curriculum and the inmate's education assessments, needs and objectives
    2. enter course achievements or certificates for education levels in OMS as per CD 720 - Education Programs and Services for Inmates
    3. ensure that the program assignment is ended, as per GL 720-1 - Guidelines for Education Programs, when the inmate is approved for a transfer from the SIU
    4. normally complete a final report within a maximum of 10 working days for all inmates whose program assignment to an education program has ended. However, in cases where the decision to transfer has been made, the final report will be completed within a maximum of three (3) working days from the date of the approved transfer decision.

Social Programs Delivered in the SIU

  1. The SIU Social Program is not a continuous program therefore there is no administrative referral or enrollment to the program.
  2. The activities and modules of the Social Program will be tracked through the LTE-OMS Module.

Roles and Responsibilities

  1. When an inmate is participating in the SIU Social Program, the SIU Social Program Officer (SIU-SPO) will:
    1. review information provided in the most recent Correctional Plan (CP), Correctional Plan Update (CPU), or Structured Intervention Unit Correctional Plan Update (CPU-SIU).
    2. deliver the SIU Social Program activities as per the program manual.
    3. complete a Casework Record within one working day when:
      1. they have contact with the inmate in the SIU that is not a requirement of the Social Program
      2. there is relevant information for the case management team
      3. an activity from Module one or a workshop from any other module has been completed.
    4. coordinate volunteer activities, including the provision of orientation and training to volunteers pursuant to CD 024 - Management of Correctional Service of Canada Volunteers.
  2. The SIU Parole Officer (SIU-PO), in consultation with the SIU-SPO, will complete the SIU Social Program Referral Tool in order to determine the inmate's social program needs while completing the initial SIU Correctional Plan Update (CPU-SIU).

Annex E: Structured Interventions Unit Sites

Pacific Region

Kent Institution
Fraser Valley Institution (women offender institution)

Prairie Region

Edmonton Institution
Edmonton Institution for Women (women offender institution)
Bowden Institution
Saskatchewan Penitentiary
Stony Mountain Institution

Ontario Region

Millhaven Institution
Grand Valley Institution (women offender institution)

Quebec Region

Port-Cartier Institution
Donnacona Institution
Regional Reception Centre (RRC)
Special Handling Unit (SHU)
Joliette Institution (women offender institution)

Atlantic Region

Atlantic Institution
Nova Institution (women offender institution)

Page details

Date modified: