Population exposure to outdoor air pollutants
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Breathing in air pollutants every day can contribute to health issues such as asthma and cardiovascular diseases. Overall, Canadians enjoy good outdoor air quality. This indicator tracks the percentage of the population living in areas where outdoor concentrations of air pollutants were below the 2020 Canadian Ambient Air Quality Standards.Footnote 1
- Between 2005 to 2007 and 2014 to 2016, the percentage of Canadians living in areas where outdoor concentrations of air pollutants were below the 2020 Canadian Ambient Air Quality Standards increased from 60% to 77%
- The percentage remained relatively stable until the 2013 to 2015 period with values varying from 60% to 67%. It then increased to 70% in 2013 to 2015 and reached 77% in the last period. This increase can be attributed to air quality improvements in larger urban areas in Alberta and Quebec
Percentage of Canadians living in areas where measured outdoor concentrations of air pollutants were below the 2020 Canadian Ambient Air Quality Standards, Canada, 2005 to 2016
Data table for the long description
Proportion of the population where air pollutants were below the standards
2005 to 2007
2006 to 2008
2007 to 2009
2008 to 2010
2009 to 2011
2010 to 2012
2011 to 2013
2012 to 2014
2013 to 2015
2014 to 2016
Download data file (Excel/CSV; 961 B)
Note: With the exception of the annual standard for nitrogen dioxide, the 2020 Canadian Ambient Air Quality Standards used in the indicator use 3-year average concentrations. For this reason the bar chart portrays percentage values over 3-year periods.
Source: Environment and Climate Change Canada (2019) Air Quality Research Division. Health Canada (2019) Air Health Effects Assessment Division.
The Canadian Ambient Air Quality Standards are health and environmental-based outdoor air quality objectives for pollutant concentrations in the air. The standards are intended to further protect human health and the environment and to drive continuous improvement in air quality across Canada.
Six (6) standardsFootnote 2 for 4 air pollutants (fine particulate matter [PM2.5], ground-level ozone [O3], nitrogen dioxide [NO2] and sulphur dioxide [SO2]) were used to assess whether the population of an area was exposed to air pollutant concentrations below or above the standards. For the population of an area to be exposed to air pollutant concentrations below the standards, all air pollutants had to be below (or equal to) their respective standards.
Between 2005 to 2007 and 2014 to 2016, the 8-hour standard for O3 was exceeded most often, followed by exceedances of the annual standard for PM2.5. In general, there has been a slow decline in exceedances of the 24-hour standard for PM2.5, and the annual and 1-hour standards for NO2. Exceedances of the 1-hour standard for SO2 had minimal influence on the results because high concentrations of SO2 tend to be limited to areas near the SO2 source and impact a smaller population. Despite its minimal influence on the indicator, SO2 remains a concern because of its health impacts on populations living close to sulphur-emitting facilities. Ontario, Quebec and Alberta recorded the most exceedances of 1 or more of the 6 standards, while Newfoundland and Labrador and Manitoba have never had an exceedance.Footnote 3
Although the O3 standard was exceeded most often, the proportion of the population living in areas exceeding this standard decreased from 36% in 2005 to 2007 to 20% in 2014 to 2016. The O3 standard was exceeded most often in southern parts of Ontario, where air quality may be influenced by air pollutant flows from the United States.
Between the last 2 reporting periods (2013 to 2015 and 2014 to 2016), the proportion of the population living in areas exceeding the annual standard for PM2.5 decreased from 20% to 5%. This improvement can be attributed to fewer large cities (Montreal, Quebec City and Laval) reporting exceedances for 2014 to 2016.
About the indicator
About the indicator
What the indicator measures
This indicator tracks the proportion of the Canadian population living in areas where outdoor concentrations of air pollutants are below the 2020 Canadian Air Ambient Quality Standards (the standards). The indicator uses the following 2020 standards (see Table 1 for more details).
- fine particulate matter (PM2.5): 24-hour and annual
- ground-level ozone (O3): 8-hour
- nitrogen dioxide (NO2): 1-hour and annual
- sulphur dioxide (SO2): 1-hourFootnote 4
Why this indicator is important
Canadians are exposed to air pollutants on a daily basis, and this exposure can result in adverse health and environmental effects. Exposure to some air pollutants, even at low levels, has been linked to increased heart and respiratory problems, increased hospitalization and emergency room visits and premature death. The Government of Canada estimates that each year 41 in 100 000 premature deaths in Canada can be linked to air pollution.Footnote 5
Ground-level O3 and PM2.5 are key components of smog and 2 of the most widespread air pollutants. Exposure to these pollutants, even at very low levels, has been associated with pulmonary, cardiovascular and respiratory health issues. Exposure to O3 can cause throat irritation, coughing, shortness of breath and reduced lung function, and can also aggravate existing conditions, such as asthma or other chronic lung diseases. Exposure to PM2.5 can lead to health issues, such as asthma attacks, chronic bronchitis and heart attacks.
Exposure to SO2 and NO2 can irritate the lungs, reduce lung function and increase susceptibility to allergens in people with asthma. Long-term exposure to NO2 may contribute to allergies and asthma development and may increase susceptibility to respiratory infections. Inhalation of NO2 has also been linked to effects on the cardiovascular system, some reproductive effects and premature death. Like PM2.5 and O3, NO2 is known to have adverse health effects occurring even at low concentrations.
Besides their direct effects on health, NO2 and SO2 contribute to levels of PM2.5 and O3 in air and impact the environment. Nitrogen dioxide (NO2) contributes to the formation of O3 and PM2.5, and has major impacts on acid deposition (sometimes termed "acid rain") and eutrophication. Similarly, SO2 is also a major contributor to acid deposition.
Improved air quality reduces heart attacks, hospital visits and allergy and child asthma attacks, and prevents lost school and work days. Cleaner air can also reduce damage to crops, forests, surface waters and infrastructure such as buildings and bridges.Footnote 6
Consult the Air pollution: drivers and impacts web page for information on the impacts of air pollution on human health, the economy and the environment.
Safe and healthy communities
This indicator tracks progress on the 2019 to 2022 Federal Sustainable Development Strategy, supporting the target: Increase the percentage of Canadians living in areas where air quality standards are achieved from 70% in 2015 to 85% in 2030. The most recent data available shows that, between 2005 to 2007 and 2014 to 2016, the percentage of Canadians living in areas where outdoor concentrations of air pollutants were below the 2020 Canadian Ambient Air Quality Standards increased from 60% to 77%.
In addition, the indicator contributes to 2 of the Sustainable Development Goals of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. It is linked to the 2030 Agenda's Goal 3, Good Health and Well-being and Target 3.9, "By 2030, substantially reduce the number of deaths and illnesses from hazardous chemicals and air, water and soil pollution and contamination" and Goal 11, Sustainable Cities and Communities and Target 11.6, "By 2030, reduce the adverse per capita environmental impact of cities, including by paying special attention to air quality and municipal and other waste management."
The Air health trends indicator provides an overview of the public health impacts attributable to outdoor air pollution in Canada.
The Air quality indicators track ambient concentrations of PM2.5, O3, SO2, NO2 and VOCs at the national and regional level and at local monitoring stations.
The Human exposure to harmful substances indicators track the concentrations of 4 substances (mercury, lead, cadmium and bisphenol A) in Canadians.
Data sources and methods
Data sources and methods
The indicator is calculated from air pollutant concentration data and population statistics.
The air pollutant concentration data are taken from Environment and Climate Change Canada's Canada-wide Air Quality Database. The population data were retrieved from Statistics Canada's demographic statistics.
Air pollution concentration data
The Canada-wide Air Quality Database contains data collected through various monitoring networks.
- The National Air Pollution Surveillance Program is a collaboration between Environment and Climate Change Canada, provincial and territorial governments and some municipalities
- For ground-level ozone, the Canadian Air and Precipitation Monitoring Network is operated by Environment and Climate Change Canada
- Under this network, stations were established to research and monitor air pollution outside urban areas
- Other provincial, territorial and municipal monitoring stations that report their air quality data to the database
Population statistics for the years 2005 to 2016 used in this indicator were obtained from Statistics Canada in September 2017.
- Census metropolitan area population data were retrieved from the Annual demographic estimates by census metropolitan area, age and sex, based on the Standard Geographical Classification (SGC) 2011
- Census division population data were retrieved from the Annual demographic estimates by census division, age and sex, based on the Standard Geographical Classification (SGC) 2011
- Census subdivision population data and Canadian population data were obtained through Statistics Canada's Census Program and through communications with Statistics Canada's Demography Division
Canadian Ambient Air Quality Standards
In October 2012, the ministers of the Environment of all provinces and territories, except Quebec,Footnote 7 agreed to begin implementing the Air Quality Management System. This system provides a comprehensive, cross-Canada framework for collaborative action to further protect human health and the environment through continuous improvement of air quality. Under the system, the Canadian Ambient Air Quality Standards (CAAQS) are drivers for air quality improvement across the country. The CAAQS are health and environmental-based air quality objectives for pollutant concentrations in outdoor air. Together with the management levels,Footnote 8 the CAAQS act as a benchmark to support continuous improvement of air quality. The standards are not "pollute-up-to levels" and the Air Quality Management System encourages governments to take action to improve air quality, considering that some pollutants can affect human health even at concentrations below the standards.
Under the Canadian Environmental Protection Act, 1999, the 2020 CAAQSFootnote 9 were established:
- for fine particulate matter and ozone in May 2013
- for sulphur dioxide in October 2017
- for nitrogen dioxide in December 2017
|Pollutant||Averaging time||2020 Standard
|Fine particulate matter||24-hour (calendar day)||27 µg/m3||The 3-year average of the annual 98th percentile of the daily 24-hour average concentrations|
|Fine particulate matter||Annual (calendar year)||8.8 µg/m3||The 3-year average of the annual average of the daily 24-hour average concentrations|
|Ozone||8-hour||62 ppb||The 3-year average of the annual 4th-highest of the daily maximum 8-hour average concentrations|
|Nitrogen dioxide||1-hour||60 ppb||The 3-year average of the annual 98th percentile of the daily maximum 1-hour average concentrations|
|Nitrogen dioxide||Annual (calendar year)||17.0 ppb||The arithmetic average over a single calendar year of all 1-hour average concentrations|
|Sulphur dioxide||1-hour||70 ppb||The 3-year average of the annual 99th percentile of the daily maximum 1-hour average concentrations|
|Sulphur dioxide[A]||Annual (calendar year)||5.0 ppb||The arithmetic average over a single calendar year of all 1-hour average concentrations|
Note: [A] The annual standard for sulphur dioxide is not used in this indicator because it is based on environmental effects and not human health-based effects. Units: µg/m3 = micrograms per cubic metre, ppb = parts per billion.
The indicator is calculated by comparing the average pollutant concentration for each geographical area with the respective Canadian Ambient Air Quality Standards (CAAQS). The total population of all geographical areas where the average concentrations for all pollutants are less than or equal to the respective standards are compared to the national population.
Data completeness criteria
Concentration values at monitoring stations are considered to be "valid" and are used in the calculation of the indicator only if they meet the related data completeness criteria specified in Table 2.
|Pollutant||Averaging time||Data completeness and calculation criteria|
|Fine particulate matter||24-hour (calendar day) [A]||
|Fine particulate matter||Annual (calendar year)||
|Nitrogen dioxide||Annual (calendar year)||
Note: [A] If a monitoring station exceeded the 24-hour standard for fine particulate matter, the 8-hour standard for ozone, the 1-hour standard for sulphur dioxide or the 1-hour standard for nitrogen dioxide, it was included in the results even if the data completeness criteria were not satisfied. [B] The calendar quarters are as follows: quarter 1 from January 1 to March 31; quarter 2 from April 1 to June 30; quarter 3 from July 1 to September 30 and quarter 4 from October 1 to December 31.
Each air quality monitoring station is assigned to a geographical area. For fine particulate matter, ground-level ozone and nitrogen dioxide, these areas are either a Statistics Canada's census metropolitan area, census division or census subdivision. For each year from 2005 to 2016, population counts are allocated to each geographical area with at least 1 monitoring station.
Because high sulphur dioxide concentrations tend to be localized around point sources, the geographical area for sulphur dioxide was set to a 2 kilometre (km) radius around the station. Only population data within the 2 km boundary of the monitoring station were used. In this case, Statistics Canada's dissemination block data were used to calculate the population within the 2 km boundary of a station.
Refer to Annex A for a list of geographic areas used to calculate the indicator.
Air pollutant concentrations by geographical area
For each air pollutant and averaging time, the following steps were used to assign a concentration value to each geographical area.
- A concentration value was first calculated for each monitoring station in the area using the data completeness and calculation criteria outlined in Table 2
- The arithmetic average was calculated from the concentration values of all monitoring stations in the geographical area
For example, Ottawa has 2 monitoring stations with enough data. The annual average concentration of fine particulate matter for Ottawa is calculated by using the following steps.
- The daily 24-hour average concentration for each monitoring station was calculated
- if at least 75% (18 hours) of the 1‑hour concentrations for the station were available on a given day (from Table 2)
- An annual average concentration for each monitoring station was then calculated
- if at least 75% of the daily average concentrations were available for the year and at least 60% of the daily average concentrations were available in each quarter of a calendar year (from Table 2)
- Finally, the annual average concentration was calculated using the arithmetic average of the annual average concentration of each monitoring station within Ottawa
Comparison with the standards and total population below the standards
The concentration value for each pollutant was then compared to the respective standard to determine if the population in the geographical area was exposed to pollutant levels less than or equal to the corresponding standard. This comparison was done for each pollutant and for each standard. If the concentration value for the area was less than or equal to the respective standard for all 6 CAAQS, the population count was recorded for the geographical area. If at least 1 standard was exceeded, the population for the geographical area was set to 0.The population from all geographical areas with average concentrations less than or equal to all CAAQS were then added together. The sum was then divided by the total Canadian population and multiplied by 100 to produce the percentage of the population that lives in an area where air pollutant concentrations were below the standards. The general formula is as follows:
100 * (sum of the population below all CAAQS ÷ total population of Canada)
Where the population below all CAAQS = the population of Canadians living in geographical areas where ambient concentrations of ozone, fine particulate matter, sulphur dioxideFootnote 10 and nitrogen dioxide are all less than or equal to their respective standard.
Caveats and limitations
From 2005 to 2016, approximately 62% of the population lived in areas covered by selected air quality monitoring stations that meet the data completeness criteria. Refer to Annex A for a list of geographical areas used in the indicator. The indicator assumes that the remainder of the population lives in areas where outdoor concentrations of ozone, fine particulate matter, sulphur dioxide and nitrogen dioxide are less than or equal to their standards. Populations in northern regions of the country have less coverage, as monitoring stations tend to be situated near urban areas with a higher population density.
This indicator is used to report the percentage of the Canadian population living in areas where outdoor concentrations of air pollutants were below (or equal to) the 2020 Canadian Ambient Air Quality Standards (CAAQS). The indicator is not used for formally reporting the achievement status of the standards. Under the Air Quality Management System, reporting on achievement of the standards is a provincial and territorial responsibility.
The methods used to calculate the indicator differ from those used to report the achievement status of the CAAQS. For example, for the indicator, the average concentration from all monitoring stations in the geographical area is used to compare against the standard. Whereas, for reporting the CAAQS, the monitoring station with the highest concentration for a geographical area is used. This difference can account for a geographical area exceeding a standard under CAAQS reporting, but not exceeding the standard under the indicator.
Populations not covered by monitoring stations were assumed to be below the standards. While this results in some uncertainty regarding the estimated population below the standards, a sensitivity analysis indicated that this assumption does not result in a large error. Ongoing research and analysis is being conducted on methods that will consider the entire population.
Some data collected at monitoring stations cannot be used in calculating the indicator because the data do not meet the data completeness criteria. The removal of this data can influence the number of geographical areas used per reporting period. Refer to Annex A for a list of geographical areas used in the indicator.
The indicator uses the actual concentrations measured at monitoring stations. Some of these concentrations may have been influenced by pollutant sources in other countries and by smoke from forest fires both within and outside Canada.
Canadian Council of Ministers of the Environment (2012) Guidance document on achievement determination Canadian Ambient Air Quality Standards for fine particulate matter and ozone (PDF; 264 kB). Retrieved on January 15, 2020.
Canadian Council of Ministers of the Environment (2014) Air Quality Management System. Retrieved on January 15, 2020.
Canadian Council of Ministers of the Environment (2017) State of the air. Retrieved on January 15, 2020.
Canadian Council of Ministers of the Environment (2019) Guidance document on air zone management (PDF; 225 kB). Retrieved on January 15, 2020.
Environment and Climate Change Canada (2019) National Air Pollution Surveillance Program. Retrieved on January 15, 2020.
Government of Canada (2019) Health effects of air pollution. Retrieved on January 15, 2020.
Annex A. Geographical areas used to calculate the indicator
|Census subdivision, census metropolitan area or census division||Province or territory||Community||Reporting periods used|
|1||Newfoundland and Labrador||St. John's||2005-2007 to 2014-2016|
|1002005||Newfoundland and Labrador||Burin||2014-2016|
|1005018||Newfoundland and Labrador||Corner Brook||2005-2007 to 2014-2016|
|1006017||Newfoundland and Labrador||Grand Falls-Windsor||2005-2007 to 2014-2016|
|1010032||Newfoundland and Labrador||Labrador City||2014-2016|
|1207001||Nova Scotia||Kings, Subd. A||2005-2007 to 2013-2015|
|1209034||Nova Scotia||Halifax||2005-2007 to 2014-2016|
|1212004||Nova Scotia||Pictou||2005-2007 to 2014-2016|
|1215002||Nova Scotia||Port Hawkesbury||2005-2007 to 2014-2016|
|1217030||Nova Scotia||Cape Breton||2005-2007 to 2014-2016|
|1301006, 310||New Brunswick||Saint John||2005-2007 to 2014-2016|
|1302026||New Brunswick||Saint Andrews||2005-2007 to 2014-2016|
|1307022||New Brunswick||Moncton||2005-2007 to 2014-2016|
|1310032||New Brunswick||Fredericton||2005-2007 to 2014-2016|
|1315011||New Brunswick||Bathurst||2005-2007 to 2014-2016|
|2413045||Quebec||Auclair||2005-2007 to 2014-2016|
|2418040||Quebec||Notre-Dame-du-Rosaire||2005-2007 to 2014-2016|
|2423027, 2423||Quebec||Québec||2005-2007 to 2014-2016|
|2429020||Quebec||Saint-Hilaire-de-Dorset||2005-2007 to 2014-2016|
|2434058||Quebec||Deschambault-Grondines||2005-2007 to 2014-2016|
|2437067||Quebec||Trois-Rivières||2005-2007 to 2013-2015|
|2438020||Quebec||Lemieux||2005-2007 to 2014-2016|
|2439025||Quebec||Tingwick||2005-2007 to 2014-2016|
|2441027||Quebec||La Patrie||2005-2007 to 2014-2016|
|2443027||Quebec||Sherbrooke||2005-2007 to 2014-2016|
|2445093||Quebec||Eastman||2005-2007 to 2014-2016|
|2450090||Quebec||Saint-Zéphirin-de-Courval||2005-2007 to 2014-2016|
|2451080||Quebec||Charette||2005-2007 to 2014-2016|
|2454090||Quebec||Saint-Simon||2005-2007 to 2014-2016|
|2456083||Quebec||Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu||2005-2007 to 2014-2016|
|2458007||Quebec||Brossard||2005-2007 to 2014-2016|
|2458227||Quebec||Longueuil||2005-2007 to 2014-2016|
|2459020||Quebec||Varennes||2005-2007 to 2014-2016|
|2460028||Quebec||L'Assomption||2005-2007 to 2014-2016|
|2465005||Quebec||Laval||2005-2007 to 2014-2016|
|2466023, 2466||Quebec||Montréal||2005-2007 to 2014-2016|
|2469070||Quebec||Saint-Anicet||2005-2007 to 2014-2016|
|2478047||Quebec||Saint-Faustin–Lac-Carré||2005-2007 to 2014-2016|
|2479097||Quebec||Ferme-Neuve||2005-2007 to 2014-2016|
|2481017||Quebec||Gatineau||2005-2007 to 2014-2016|
|2482035||Quebec||La Pêche||2005-2007 to 2014-2016|
|2485005||Quebec||Témiscaming||2005-2007 to 2013-2015|
|2486042||Quebec||Rouyn-Noranda||2005-2007 to 2014-2016|
|2489040||Quebec||Senneterre||2005-2007 to 2014-2016|
|2490027||Quebec||Lac-Édouard||2005-2007 to 2014-2016|
|2491050||Quebec||La Doré||2005-2007 to 2014-2016|
|2494068||Quebec||Saguenay||2005-2007 to 2014-2016|
|3501012||Ontario||Cornwall||2005-2007 to 2014-2016|
|3501020||Ontario||South Dundas||2005-2007 to 2013-2015|
|3506008||Ontario||Ottawa||2005-2007 to 2014-2016|
|3510010||Ontario||Kingston||2005-2007 to 2014-2016|
|3512005||Ontario||Belleville||2005-2007 to 2013-2015|
|3515014||Ontario||Peterborough||2005-2007 to 2014-2016|
|3518013||Ontario||Oshawa||2005-2007 to 2014-2016|
|3519048||Ontario||Newmarket||2005-2007 to 2014-2016|
|3520005||Ontario||Toronto||2005-2007 to 2014-2016|
|3521005||Ontario||Mississauga||2005-2007 to 2014-2016|
|3521010||Ontario||Brampton||2005-2007 to 2014-2016|
|3523008||Ontario||Guelph||2005-2007 to 2014-2016|
|3524001||Ontario||Oakville||2005-2007 to 2014-2016|
|3524002||Ontario||Burlington||2005-2007 to 2014-2016|
|3525005||Ontario||Hamilton||2005-2007 to 2014-2016|
|3526053||Ontario||St. Catharines||2005-2007 to 2014-2016|
|3528052||Ontario||Norfolk County||2005-2007 to 2014-2016|
|3529006||Ontario||Brantford||2005-2007 to 2014-2016|
|3530013||Ontario||Kitchener||2005-2007 to 2014-2016|
|3534020||Ontario||Central Elgin||2005-2007 to 2014-2016|
|3536020||Ontario||Chatham-Kent||2005-2007 to 2014-2016|
|3537016||Ontario||Essex||2005-2007 to 2013-2015|
|3537039||Ontario||Windsor||2005-2007 to 2014-2016|
|3538030||Ontario||Sarnia||2005-2007 to 2014-2016|
|3539036||Ontario||London||2005-2007 to 2014-2016|
|3540005||Ontario||South Huron||2005-2007 to 2014-2016|
|3541024||Ontario||Kincardine||2005-2007 to 2014-2016|
|3543042||Ontario||Barrie||2005-2007 to 2014-2016|
|3544027||Ontario||Lake of Bays||2005-2007 to 2014-2016|
|3547090||Ontario||Laurentian Hills||2005-2007 to 2014-2016|
|3548044||Ontario||North Bay||2005-2007 to 2014-2016|
|3549032||Ontario||Parry Sound||2005-2007 to 2014-2016|
|3553005||Ontario||Greater Sudbury||2005-2007 to 2014-2016|
|3557061||Ontario||Sault Ste. Marie||2005-2007 to 2014-2016|
|3558004||Ontario||Thunder Bay||2005-2007 to 2014-2016|
|4607062||Manitoba||Brandon||2005-2007 to 2014-2016|
|4611040, 602||Manitoba||Winnipeg||2005-2007 to 2014-2016|
|4706027||Saskatchewan||Regina||2005-2007 to 2014-2016|
|4711066||Saskatchewan||Saskatoon||2005-2007 to 2014-2016|
|4715066||Saskatchewan||Prince Albert||2005-2007 to 2014-2016|
|4801006||Alberta||Medicine Hat||2005-2007 to 2014-2016|
|4802012||Alberta||Lethbridge||2005-2007 to 2014-2016|
|825||Alberta||Calgary||2005-2007 to 2014-2016|
|4808011||Alberta||Red Deer||2005-2007 to 2014-2016|
|4809002||Alberta||Clearwater County||2005-2007 to 2014-2016|
|4810058||Alberta||Lamont County||2005-2007 to 2014-2016|
|4810068||Alberta||Improvement District No. 13 Elk Island||2005-2007 to 2013-2015|
|4811061, 835||Alberta||Edmonton||2005-2007 to 2014-2016|
|4812002||Alberta||Cold Lake||2005-2007 to 2014-2016|
|4812014||Alberta||St. Paul County No. 19||2005-2007 to 2014-2016|
|4814003||Alberta||Yellowhead County||2005-2007 to 2013-2015|
|4814019||Alberta||Hinton||2005-2007 to 2014-2016|
|4814024||Alberta||Edson||2005-2007 to 2014-2016|
|860||Alberta||Wood Buffalo||2005-2007 to 2014-2016|
|4818015||Alberta||Greenview No. 16||2005-2007 to 2013-2015|
|4819006||Alberta||Grande Prairie County No. 1||2005-2007 to 2014-2016|
|4819012||Alberta||Grande Prairie||2005-2007 to 2014-2016|
|5909009||British Columbia||Hope||2005-2007 to 2014-2016|
|5909020||British Columbia||Chilliwack||2005-2007 to 2014-2016|
|932||British Columbia||Abbotsford||2005-2007 to 2014-2016|
|933||British Columbia||Vancouver||2005-2007 to 2014-2016|
|935||British Columbia||Victoria||2005-2007 to 2014-2016|
|5919012||British Columbia||Duncan||2005-2007 to 2014-2016|
|5921007||British Columbia||Nanaimo||2005-2007 to 2014-2016|
|5924034||British Columbia||Campbell River||2005-2007 to 2013-2015|
|5926010||British Columbia||Courtenay||2005-2007 to 2014-2016|
|5931006||British Columbia||Squamish||2005-2007 to 2014-2016|
|5931020||British Columbia||Whistler||2005-2007 to 2014-2016|
|5933042||British Columbia||Kamloops||2005-2007 to 2014-2016|
|5935010||British Columbia||Kelowna||2005-2007 to 2014-2016|
|5937014||British Columbia||Vernon||2005-2007 to 2014-2016|
|5941009||British Columbia||Williams Lake||2005-2007 to 2014-2016|
|5941013||British Columbia||Quesnel||2005-2007 to 2014-2016|
|5951043||British Columbia||Smithers||2005-2007 to 2014-2016|
|5953023||British Columbia||Prince George||2005-2007 to 2014-2016|
|6001009||Yukon||Whitehorse||2005-2007 to 2013-2015|
|6101017||Northwest Territories||Inuvik||2005-2007 to 2014-2016|
|6102007||Northwest Territories||Norman Wells||2005-2007 to 2014-2016|
|6106023||Northwest Territories||Yellowknife||2005-2007 to 2014-2016|
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