Health Product InfoWatch – May 2019

Download the alternative format
(PDF format, 405KB)

Health Products and Food Branch Marketed Health Products Directorate

Health Product InfoWatch Editorial Team

ISSN: 2368-8025
Cat.: H167-1E-PDF
Pub.: 190000

Contents

Health products mentioned in this issue

Pharmaceuticals and Biologics
Antiseptics
Auro-Irbesartan HCT
Benlysta (belimumab)
Eliquis (apixaban)
Fentora (fentanyl citrate)
Jublia (efinaconazole topical solution)
Keytruda (pembrolizumab)
Mifegymiso (mifepristone and misoprostol)

Medical Devices
Alaris Infusion Sets
Biocell breast implants
Intragastric balloons
Laser-based medical devices for the treatment of onychomycosis

Other
Foreign health products
Unauthorized health products

Announcement: Human-Use Antiseptic Drugs Guidance Document

Health Canada would like healthcare professionals and industry to be aware of the Guidance Document for Human-Use Antiseptic Drugs. The guidance applies to antiseptic skin products used in professional and commercial settings. The guidance also applies to those products used in food preparation and healthcare settings, and those products making viral, specific organisms, persistence and/or log reduction claims.

It is Health Canada’s policy that antiseptic products that explicitly or implicitly claim the mitigation or prevention of disease be supported by the appropriate data, and provide the users of these products with sufficient information on the label to promote their safe use.

Please consult the guidance for further information and details regarding the current regulations and policies for human-use antiseptic drugs.

If you have any questions regarding the regulation of human-use antiseptic drugs please contact the Natural and Non-prescription Health Products Directorate at hc.nnhpd-dpsnso.sc@canada.ca.

Monthly recap of health product safety information

The following is a list of health product advisories, type I recalls as well as summaries of completed safety reviews published in April 2019 by Health Canada.

Alaris Infusion Sets

Becton Dickinson (BD) has recalled affected lots of the Alaris Pump Infusion Sets due to a manufacturing defect that can cause unintended delivery which can result in over-infusion. BD has requested Canadian facilities to remove and destroy all affected products and is investigating whether additional lots may be affected. Healthcare professionals should only use Alaris Pump Infusion Sets that have not been identified as part of the affected lots and follow the instructions provided in the communication.

Health Professional Risk Communication – Alaris Infusion Sets

Auro-Irbesartan HCT

One lot of Auro-Irbesartan HCT (irbesartan/hydrochlorothiazide) tablets was recalled because of a nitrosamine impurity, N-nitrosodiethylamine (NDEA). NDEA is classified as a probable human carcinogen. The affected lot was released in August 2018 and distributed only in Ontario and Quebec.

Information Update – Auro-Irbesartan HCT
Drug recall – Auro-Irbesartan HCT
Sartan recalls and testing

Benlysta (belimumab)

In a recent post-marketing study, depression, suicidal ideation or behaviour, and self-injury were reported more frequently in patients receiving Benlysta plus standard therapy, when compared to patients taking placebo plus standard therapy. Healthcare professionals are advised to follow the recommendations provided in the communication. Health Canada is currently working with the manufacturer to update the Canadian product monograph for Benlysta regarding this risk.

Health Professional Risk Communication – Benlysta (belimumab)

Biocell breast implants

Health Canada advised Allergan that the Department intends to suspend its licences for Biocell breast implants. This is being done as a precautionary measure to protect Canadian patients from the rare but serious risk of breast implant-associated anaplastic large cell lymphoma (BIA-ALCL). Health Canada continues to monitor and review all available scientific and clinical information regarding the safety of textured breast implants. Canadians and healthcare professionals will be informed of any further decisions related to the licensing of Biocell breast implants. Since this communication, Health Canada has suspended the licences for Allergan’s Biocell breast implants.

Information Update – Biocell breast implants (April 4, 2019)
Information Update – Biocell breast implants (May 28, 2019)

Foreign health products

These foreign health products have been found by regulators in the United States and Australia to contain undeclared drug ingredients which may pose serious health risks. The products are not authorized for sale in Canada and have not been found in the Canadian marketplace, but it is possible they may have been brought into the country by travellers or purchased over the Internet.

Foreign Product Alert (4 products)

Intragastric balloons

This safety review evaluated the risk of gastric and esophageal perforation, acute pancreatitis, and spontaneous balloon overinflation associated with intragastric balloons (IBs). Health Canada's review of the available information has confirmed a link between the use of fluid-filled IBs and all of the risks previously mentioned. Health Canada will work with the medical device manufacturers to strengthen the Instructions for Use for all fluid-filled IBs by including these potential risks. Health Canada has also communicated this information to healthcare professionals.

Health Professional Risk Communication – Intragastric balloons
Summary Safety Review – Intragastric balloons

Mifegymiso (mifepristone and misoprostol)

The Canadian product monograph for Mifegymiso has been updated to reflect that an ultrasound is no longer required before the drug is prescribed. Previously, the product monograph indicated that an ultrasound was required before prescribing Mifegymiso to confirm the gestational age and to rule out an ectopic pregnancy. With the changes to the product monograph, prescribers now have the flexibility to use their medical judgement on how best to determine the gestational age and to rule out an ectopic pregnancy.

Information Update – Mifegymiso (mifepristone and misoprostol)

Unauthorized health products

Health Canada advised Canadians about various unauthorized health products being sold at retail locations across Canada or online that may pose serious health risks.

Advisory – Multiple unauthorized prescription drugs from Gigi’s Market in Ottawa, Ontario
Advisory – Multiple unauthorized eye solutions and an acne gel in Lower Mainland, British Columbia
Advisory – Multiple unauthorized health products at Sunrise Lee Chinese Herbs Centre in Calgary, Alberta
Advisory – Unauthorized products sold by A1 Herbal Ayurvedic Clinic Ltd.
Update – Multiple unauthorized health products

New health product safety information

The following topics have been selected to raise awareness and, in some cases, to stimulate reporting of similar adverse reactions.

Safety Brief

Fentora (fentanyl citrate, buccal/sublingual effervescent tablets) safety reminders

Fentora (fentanyl citrate, buccal/sublingual effervescent tablets) is indicated only for the management of breakthrough pain in cancer patients 18 years of age and older who are already receiving and who are tolerant to continuous opioid therapy for their persistent baseline cancer pain. Footnote 1 It has been available in Canada since May 2014.

In an ongoing effort to ensure the safe and effective use of medications, Health Canada has reviewed 2 surveys of Fentora prescribers in Canada, which were conducted by the manufacturer. These surveys indicated that some prescribers did not demonstrate a full understanding of the risks of respiratory depression, coma and death when Fentora is used concomitantly with central nervous depressant drugs such as benzodiazepines.

Health Canada would like to remind healthcare professionals of the following important safety and usage information related to the risks of respiratory depression, coma and death that is in the Fentora Canadian product monograph.

Safety reminders

Fentora therapy should only be initiated in patients 18 years of age and older who are opioid tolerant and should only be used for the management of breakthrough cancer pain.

Fentora must not be used in opioid non-tolerant patients including those using opioids intermittently, on an as needed basis, because life-threatening respiratory depression and death could occur at any dose in patients not on a chronic regimen of opioids.

Patients considered opioid-tolerant include those taking:

Co-administration of Fentora with central nervous system (CNS) depressants, including benzodiazepines, or with cytochrome P450 3A4 (CYP3A4) inhibitors, may result in respiratory depression, hypotension, profound sedation, coma and death.

Fentora should be used with caution and in a reduced dosage during concomitant administration with CNS depressants such as:

Concomitant use of Fentora with CYP3A4 inhibitors may increase the plasma concentration of fentanyl, resulting in increased depressant effects. If concomitant use is necessary, consider dosage reduction of Fentora until stable drug effects are achieved. Monitor patients for respiratory depression and sedation at frequent intervals. CYP3A4 inhibitors may include:

It is also important to note that patients should not discontinue Fentora without first talking to their physician. Withdrawal (abstinence) symptoms may occur following abrupt discontinuation of therapy. Patients on prolonged therapy should be withdrawn gradually from the drug if it is no longer required.

Health Canada will continue to monitor safety information involving Fentora, as it does for all health products on the Canadian market, to identify and assess potential harms. Healthcare professionals should be aware that Canadian product monographs are updated periodically as required and are available from the manufacturer or on Health Canada’s Drug Product Database. Healthcare professionals are also encouraged to report to Health Canada any adverse reaction suspected of being associated with the use of Fentora.

Reference

Footnote 1

Fentora (fentanyl citrate) [product monograph]. Toronto (ON): Teva Canada Limited; 2018

Return to footnote 1 referrer

Product Monograph Updates

The following safety labelling updates, which were recently made to the Canadian product monograph, have been selected for your awareness. A complete list of safety labelling updates is available on Health Canada's Product Monograph Brand Safety Updates page. Canadian product monographs can be accessed through Health Canada's Drug Product Database.

Eliquis (apixaban)

The risk of hemorrhage with the concomitant use of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) and serotonin norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs) has been included in the Warnings and Precautions, Drug Interactions, and Consumer Information sections of the Canadian product monograph for Eliquis. In addition, the Dosage and Administration section has been updated with tables providing dosing and administration information according to indication and renal function. New dosing recommendations for stroke prevention in patients with atrial fibrillation having severe renal impairment were also added to the Dosage and Administration section of the Canadian product monograph for Eliquis.

Key messages for healthcare professionals: Footnote 2

Concomitant use of SSRIs and SNRIs

  • Care should be taken of Eliquis treated patients who are treated concomitantly with medications affecting hemostasis such as SSRIs and SNRIs.

Dosing information according to renal function

  • Stroke prevention in patients with atrial fibrillation: No dose adjustment is necessary in patients with mild or moderate renal impairment, or in those with estimated creatinine clearance (eCrCl) 25 - 30 mL/min, unless at least 2 of the following criteria for dose reduction are met, in which case patients should receive a reduced dose of Eliquis, 2.5 mg twice daily
    • age ≥ 80 years,
    • body weight ≤ 60 kg, or
    • patients with serum creatinine ≥ 133 μmol/L (1.5 mg/dL).
  • Summarized dosing for the use of Eliquis in the different indications in renally impaired patients are presented in Tables 1 and 2.
Table 1: Dosage and administration for patients according to indication and renal function
Indication

Renal Impairment
(eCrCl)

Normal Mild Moderate Severe
> 80 mL/min >50 - ≤80 mL/min ≥30 - ≤50 mL/min ≥15 - <30 mL/min <15 mL/min or
patients undergoing dialysis
Prevention of VTE in adult patients after elective knee or hip replacement surgery 2.5 mg bid 2.5 mg bid* Eliquis is not recommended
Treatment of VTE (DVT, PE) 10 mg bid 7 days,
followed by 5 mg bid
10 mg bid 7 days, followed by 5 mg bid*
Continued prevention of recurrent DVT and PE† 2.5 mg bid 2.5 mg bid*

Note: bid = twice daily, DVT = deep vein thrombosis, PE = pulmonary embolism, VTE =venous thromboembolic events
* Must be used with caution due to potentially higher bleeding risks.
†After a minimum of 6 months of treatment for DVT or PE.

Table 2: Dosage and administration for patients according to indication and renal function
Indication Renal Impairment
(eCrCl)
Normal Mild Moderate Severe
> 80 mL/min >50 - ≤80 mL/min >30 - ≤50 mL/min ≥25 - ≤30 mL/min ≥15 - ≤24 mL/min <15 mL/min or
patients undergoing dialysis
Prevention of stroke and systemic embolism in patients with atrial fibrillation

5 mg bid
Dose adjustment to 2.5 mg bid, if ≥2 of following criteria are met‡:

  • age ≥ 80 years
  • body weight ≤60 kg
  • serum creatinine ≥133 µmol/L (1.5 mg/dL)
No dosing recommendation due to very limited clinical data Eliquis is not recommended

‡ These patients have been determined to be at higher risk of bleeding.

Reference

Footnote 2

Eliquis (apixaban) [product monograph]. Montreal (QC): Bristol-Myers Squibb Canada Co.; 2019.

Return to footnote 2 referrer

Notice of market authorization with conditions

A Notice of Compliance with Conditions (NOC/c) is a form of market authorization with conditions granted to a product on the basis of promising evidence of clinical effectiveness following review of the submission by Health Canada. Communicating a NOC/c is intended to raise awareness on the details of the drug and the nature of authorization granted.

Healthcare professionals are encouraged to report to Health Canada any adverse reactions suspected of being associated with marketed health products, including drugs authorized under the NOC/c policy.

The content of these notices reflects current information at the time of publication. Conditions associated with the NOC/c will remain until they have been fulfilled and authorized by Health Canada, in accordance with the NOC/c Policy. For the most up-to-date information, consult Health Canada's NOC database.

Keytruda (pembrolizumab): Authorization with conditions

Health Canada has issued Notices of Compliance, under the Notice of Compliance with Conditions policy for Keytruda* (pembrolizumab), powder for solution for infusion, 50 mg vial and solution for infusion, 100 mg/4mL vial, for the following indications:

Patients should be advised about the conditional market authorization for these indications.

For the complete prescribing information and information available for the patients/caregivers, please consult the Keytruda Canadian product monograph. The product monograph can be accessed through Health Canada’s Drug Product Database, the Merck Canada Web site or by contacting Merck Canada at 1-800-567-2594. Contact the company for a copy of any references, attachments or enclosures.

*Keytruda’s updated product monograph with these NOC/c indications is dated April 2019.

Illegal marketing of drugs and devices

When making decisions about treatments for patients, healthcare providers consider many different information sources, including marketing materials. Health Canada is responsible for ensuring compliance with the legislation and regulations that apply to drug and device advertisements. To be compliant, information in health product marketing materials should not be false, misleading or deceptive, and should accurately convey the benefits and risks of a health product.

To learn more about illegal advertising and marketing in Canada, visit the Health Canada Stop Illegal Marketing of Drugs and Devices Web page.

The following cases have been selected to raise awareness and to stimulate reporting of illegal marketing. If you encounter any situations involving the dissemination of misleading or unauthorized health product claims, please report to Health Canada at: drug-device-marketing@canada.ca.

Health Canada has become aware of the dissemination of false and misleading information for the following onychomycosis treatment options:

Jublia (efinaconazole topical solution)

Healthcare professionals may have received brochures containing information on Jublia that is inconsistent with the Canadian product monograph, with an unauthorized use of a logo of a Health Canada recognized advertising preclearance agency, misleading healthcare professionals to believing that the brochure has been precleared and was compliant with Health Canada’s requirements. In addition, the product has been illegally marketed directly to consumers through brochures, educational Web sites, and television.

Healthcare professionals are reminded that:

Laser treatment for onychomycosis

Over 60 clinics and numerous vendors in Canada have been involved in the dissemination of false or misleading claims of laser-based medical devices for the treatment of onychomycosis.

Healthcare professionals are reminded that:

Reference

Footnote 3

Jublia (efinaconazole topical solution) [product monograph]. Laval (QC): Valeant Canada LP.; 2017.

Return to footnote 3 referrer

Scope

This monthly publication is intended primarily for healthcare professionals and includes information on pharmaceuticals, biologics, medical devices and natural health products. It provides a summary of key health product safety information published in the previous month by Health Canada, as well as a selection of new health product safety information meant to raise awareness. New information contained in this issue is not comprehensive but rather represents a selection of clinically relevant items warranting enhanced dissemination.

Reporting Adverse Reactions
Canada Vigilance Program
Telephone: 1-866-234-2345
Fax or mail: Form available on MedEffect Canada

For more information on how to report an adverse reaction, visit the Adverse Reaction and Medical Device Problem Reporting page.

Helpful links

Suggestions?

Your comments are important to us. Let us know what you think by reaching us at HC.infowatch-infovigilance.SC@canada.ca

Health Canada
Marketed Health Products Directorate
Address Locator 1906C
Ottawa ON K1A 0K9
Telephone: 613-954-6522
Fax: 613-952-7738

Copyright

© 2019 Her Majesty the Queen in Right of Canada. This publication may be reproduced without permission provided the source is fully acknowledged. The use of this publication for advertising purposes is prohibited. Health Canada does not assume liability for the accuracy or authenticity of the information submitted in case reports.

Adverse reactions (ARs) to health products are considered to be suspicions, as a definite causal association often cannot be determined. Spontaneous reports of ARs cannot be used to estimate the incidence of ARs because ARs remain underreported and patient exposure is unknown.

Due to time constraints relating to the production of this publication, information published may not reflect the most current information.

Report a problem or mistake on this page
Please select all that apply:

Thank you for your help!

You will not receive a reply. For enquiries, contact us.

Date modified: