Codes of Practice

Health Canada is Working With the Food Industry to Develop a Code of Practice to Minimize the Occurrence of Bisphenol A in Infant Formula

Health Canada will continue to work with the food industry to develop a "Code of Practice" aimed at reducing levels of BPA in canned infant formula to the lowest reasonably achievable levels.

Health Canada will facilitate the assessment of any proposed industry alternatives to BPA for use in infant formula can coatings

Health Canada's Food Directorate will continue to provide guidance to industry on performance criteria used for analytical methods designed to determine levels of BPA in infant formula.

Good Manufacturing Practices for Infant Formulas and Human Milk Fortifiers

The Good Manufacturing Practices (GMPs) for Infant Formulas and human milk fortifiers (HMF) that was revised in 2021 establish general requirements for effective control of ingredients, formulations, processes, facilities and equipment used for the production of all infant formulas and HMF to be sold, distributed or marketed in Canada. This is particularly important, as infant formulas may constitute the sole source or major source of nutrition of an infant for six months after birth and beyond. During this period, rapid growth and brain development affect key aspects of a child’s long-term health status and well-being.

These revised GMPs replace those published by Health Canada in 2006. Since 2006, there have been changes in infant formula and HMF products, manufacturing processes, packaging systems, and related practices in response to scientific, technical, regulatory and marketing developments. These changes necessitated major revisions to the 2006 GMPs document and were made after consultation with the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA), infant formula and HMF manufacturers, and other interested parties.

These GMPs aim to be both a guidance document and a resource tool for all infant formulas and HMF manufacturers to effectively achieve compliance with relevant Canadian regulations and to ensure consistent nutrient quality, safety, and nutritional adequacy of infant formula and HMF products. The document provides guidance on incorporating a food safety system designed to prevent all types of safety hazards (biological, physical, and chemical) in the manufacture of infant formulas and HMF.

Health Canada uses the GMPs as a basis on which to assess the manufacturing information received in pre-market notifications for new or changed infant formulas and HMF.

Production and Distribution of Unpasteurized Apple and Other Fruit Juice/Cider in Canada

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