Nutrition labelling: List of ingredients
Learn about the list of ingredients and how to use it.
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What is the list of ingredients
Most prepackaged foods in Canada with more than one ingredient must have a list of ingredients. This list shows all the ingredients in a prepackaged food. It also provides important information for people with food allergies and intolerances to certain ingredients.
How to use the list of ingredients
You can use the list of ingredients to:
- check if a food product has a certain ingredient
- identify sources of nutrients, such as sugars
- avoid a food product in case of a food allergy or intolerance
- understand how much added sugar is in the food compared to other ingredients
The list of ingredients lists all of the ingredients in a food product by weight. The list starts with the ingredient that weighs the most and ends with the ingredient that weighs the least. This means that a food contains more of the ingredients found at the beginning of the list, and less of the ingredients at the end of the list.
Some ingredients may appear at the end of the list of ingredients in any order, including:
- food additives
- seasonings (except for salt)
- added vitamins and minerals
- flavour enhancers like monosodium glutamate (MSG)
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