Evaluation of the Reviews and Interventions Pilot Project

Appendix A: Logic Model for the in-Canada Asylum System

Appendix A: Logic Model for the in-Canada Asylum System

Text Version: Appendix A: Logic Model for the in-Canada Asylum System

Appendix A illustrates the logic model for the in-Canada asylum system (ICAS) reforms at Citizenship and Immigration Canada, which serves as a visual representation of the activities, outputs and intended outcomes of the Program. 

Program Activities

There are six main activities expected to lead to outputs for the ICAS reforms.

Program activity 1)

Monitoring, analysis, and country assessment, which includes:

  • Design and policy development for designated countries or origin, safe-third country agreement, and other asylum policies
  • Conduct reviews
  • System monitoring, trend analysis, and forecasting

Program activity 2)

Front-end process, which includes:

  • Verify identity of claimant
  • Determine eligibility and admissibility of claims
  • Compile intelligence

Program activity 3)

  • Conduct criminal investigations under IRPA for fraud

Program activity 4)

Interventions, which includes:

  • Identify and intervene on cases related to security, criminality, credibility and program integrity

Program activity 5)

Interviews, hearings, appeal, which includes:

  • Conduct appeals of RPD decisions
  • Hold hearings on refugee claims
  • Interview refugee claimants

Program activity 6)

Stays, judicial reviews, and appeals, which includes:

  • Conduct FCA/SCC appeals
  • Conduct judicial review  Conduct stay hearing
  • Review applications for leave for judicial review

There are two additional activities that are included in the logic model because they contribute to expected outcomes for the ICAS reforms.  However they are separate programs and thus are separated from the other activities on the logic model.

Program activity 7)

Detentions and removals, which includes:

  • Immigration investigations
  • Arrest and detain individuals
  • Remove failed refugee claimants
  • Detention reviews

Program activity 8)

Pre-removal risk assessment, which includes:

  • Assess the risk of return
  • Conduct country assessments

Program Outputs

These eight main activities are expected to lead to the following outputs

Program output 1)

  • Country reviews and DCO advice/designation recommendations
  • Remedial recommendations on system challenges

Program output 2)

  • Referral of the claim to the IRB
  • Determination of eligibility and admissibility

Program output 3)

  • Identification, reporting and laying of criminal charges

Program output 4)

  • Ministerial intervention at IRB hearings

Program output 5)

  • Decisions on appeals
  • Decisions on refugee claims
  • Complete information file on the refugee claimant

Program output 6)

  • Decisions on stays
  • Decisions on judicial reviews
  • Decisions on appeals

Program output 7)

  • Removed failed refugee claimants
  • Decisions on detention reviews
  • Detained refugee claimants

Program output 8)

  • Decision on risk of  return
  • Country reviews

Immediate and Intermediate Program Outcomes

These activities and outputs are expected to lead to a number of immediate and intermediate outcomes.

Immediate Program Outcome

  • Canada’s refugee system allows for the processing of refugee claims within the legislated, regulatory, and/or anticipated timelines.

This immediate program outcome leads to two intermediate outcomes.

Intermediate Program Outcomes

  • Refugee claimants who do not merit refugee or protected status in Canada are removed in a timely manner.
  • Refugee claimants who merit refugee or protected status in Canada receive timely protection.

Ultimate Outcome

Together, these immediate and intermediate program outcomes lead to a final outcome:  Underlying principles of Canada’s asylum system (ensuring fairness, protecting genuine refugees and upholding Canada’s humanitarian tradition, and reducing system abuse) are supported while ensuring the safety and security of Canadians.

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