Application for a Citizenship Certificate for Adults and Minors (Proof of Citizenship) under Section 3 (CIT 0001)

Table of Contents


Overview

Application package

This application package has:

  • an instruction guide, and
  • the forms you need to fill out.

The instruction guide:

  • has information you must know before you submit your application and
  • explains how to fill out the forms and gather your supporting documents.

Read the instruction guide completely and then fill out each of the applicable forms.

The forms are designed with questions that will help the processing of your application.


Symbols used in this guide

This guide uses these symbols to draw your attention to important information:

Required step

What you must do to have your application processed.

Important information

Important information that you need to know to avoid delays or other problems.

Get more information

Where to get more information.

Note:

Tips that will help you with this application.


Before you apply

Who may apply for a citizenship certificate?

This application form is for people who:

  • think they’re a Canadian citizen and want to know for sure, or
  • need to replace their citizenship certificate.

Note: If you’re filling out this application for a minor (a person who is under 18 years of age) then the minor is the applicant and you’ll need to complete the application form as if you’re the minor.


Replacing your certificate

Reasons why you need to replace your certificate

  • the information on the certificate is out of date
  • there is an error on your certificate that needs to be corrected, or
  • the certificate has been damaged, stolen, lost or destroyed

If your application is approved your current certificate will be cancelled.

You may not hold more than one valid certificate of citizenship or naturalization. You will be required to return any original certificates in your possession before a new one can be issued.


Were you born outside Canada?

If you were born outside Canada to a Canadian parent who was also born outside Canada, you might not be eligible for citizenship by descent due to the first generation limit. See Appendix A: Amendments to the Citizenship Act Limit Citizenship by Descent for more information.


Are you a citizen of another country?

If you’re a citizen of another country and you have concerns about whether or not your citizenship status in that country may be affected by applying for a Canadian citizenship certificate, you should inquire with the embassy, high commission or consulate of that country.


Exception to citizenship by birth in Canada

Not all children born in Canada automatically become Canadian citizens at birth.

If, at the time of their birth, a child born in Canada has a parent who was

  • a foreign diplomat,
  • a representative or employee in Canada of a foreign government,
  • an employee of a foreign diplomat, representative or employee, or
  • an officer or employee of a specialized agency of the United Nations or another international organization,

then that child

  • may not be Canadian at birth, unless the other parent was a Canadian citizen or permanent resident at the time of the child’s birth.

Step 1: Gather documents

What documents do I need?

See the Document Checklist (CIT 0014) (PDF, 358.83 KB) to help you gather the documents you need.

  • If this application is for your first citizenship certificate
    • Then provide clear and legible certified copies of your documents
  • If this application is for a replacement of your citizenship certificate
    • Then provide clear and legible photocopies of your documents, unless otherwise stated

Note: If any of the required documents are missing, or the photocopies are of poor quality, your application may be returned to you.

Important information: Additional documents and information may be required when processing your application. As set out in the Citizenship Act and the Citizenship Regulations, No. 2, we may ask you for additional information or evidence to support your application.


Previous citizenship certificates

You must return all original citizenship/naturalization certificates and any pink transmission copies that you still have. Include these with your submitted application.

Important information: It is contrary to the Citizenship Regulations to have more than one valid citizenship or naturalization certificate. Failure to return any certificate or any pink transmission copy of a certificate will result in delays in processing your application. If, after you get your new certificate, you find a certificate that was declared lost or misplaced, you have to send it back to the Case Processing Centre in Sydney, Nova Scotia.


Acceptable identity documents

Two pieces of identification are required to establish your identity. Both documents must show your name and date of birth. One must have your photo on it.

Examples of Canadian government-issued documents that can be used to establish identity:

  • driver’s license
  • age of majority card
  • passport
  • certificate of Indian status card
  • health insurance identification card
  • senior citizen’s card
  • travel document

If you live outside of Canada and are not able to provide Canadian identity documents, you may provide foreign government-issued identity documents that are equivalent to the Canadian documents listed above. If your foreign identity documents are not in English or French, you must also include a translation and affidavit. See section Translation of documents.

If you’re applying on behalf of a minor who does not have two pieces of identification, or does not have a photo ID, please include an explanation letter with the application.

Note: Birth certificates, Social Insurance Number (SIN) cards, bank cards, credit cards, and previous Canadian citizenship certificates are not accepted as personal identification for this application process.


Quebec government documents

The following documents issued by the government of Quebec before January 1, 1994 are not acceptable documents in support of an application for a citizenship certificate.

  • baptismal certificates
  • birth certificates, and
  • marriage certificates.

For more information. If you are currently in possession of one of these certificates you must obtain a new document by contacting the office of the Directeur de l’état civil du Québec


Crown Servants

If one of your Canadian parents or grandparents was employed outside Canada in or with the Canadian Armed Forces, the federal public administration or the public service of a province or territory, other than as a locally engaged person, please refer to Appendix B: Crown servants.


Name change

If you need to change the name on your citizenship certificate or would like to use a different name than the one on your birth certificate, please refer to Appendix C: Name change.


Date of birth correction

If you need to change the date of birth on your citizenship certificate or would like to use a different date of birth than the one on your birth certificate, please refer to Appendix D: Date of birth correction.


Sex designation change

If you need to change the sex designation on your citizenship certificate or would like to use a different sex designation than the one on your birth certificate, please refer to Appendix E: Changing sex designation and Appendix F: "X" in the sex field on a citizenship certificate.



Note

Photographs

You must:

  • provide two (2) identical citizenship photographs;
  • print the Citizenship Photo Specifications page and take it to the photographer to make sure you get the correct size photo;
  • follow the steps explained on the form; and
  • not staple, glue or otherwise attach the photo directly to the application.

Your application will be returned to you if you do not include the two (2) photos that meet the citizenship photo specifications.


Certified true copies

To have a photocopy of a document certified, an authorized person must (as described below) compare the original document to the photocopy and must print the following on the photocopy:

  • “I certify that this is a true copy of the original document”,
  • the name of the original document,
  • the date of the certification,
  • his or her name,
  • his or her official position or title, and
  • his or her signature.

Who can certify copies?

Persons authorized to certify copies include the following:

In Canada:

  • a notary public
  • a commissioner of oaths
  • a commissioner of taking affidavits

Authority to certify varies by province and territory. Check with your local provincial or territorial authorities.

Outside Canada:

  • a notary public

Authority to certify international documents varies by country. Check with your local authorities.

Applicants themselves or members of their family may not certify copies of your documents. This includes a parent, guardian, sibling, spouse, common-law partner, conjugal partner, grandparent, child, aunt, uncle, niece, nephew and first cousin.


Translation of documents

You must send the following for any document that is not in English or French, unless otherwise stated on your document checklist:

  • the English or French translation; and
  • an affidavit from the person who completed the translation (see below for details); and
  • a certified copy of the original document.

Translations may be done by a person who is fluent in both languages (English or French and the unofficial language).

If the translation isn’t done by a member in good standing of a provincial or territorial organization of translators and interpreters in Canada, you must submit an affidavit swearing to the accuracy of the translation and the language proficiency of the translator. A certified translator will provide both a certified translation and certified copies of the original documents.

The affidavit must be sworn in the presence of:

In Canada:

  • a notary public
  • a commissioner of oaths
  • a commissioner of taking affidavits

Authority to certify varies by province and territory. Consult your local provincial or territorial authorities.

Outside of Canada:

  • a notary public

Authority to administer oaths varies by country. Consult your local authorities.

small exclamation warning signImportant information: Translations must not be done by the applicants themselves nor by members of the applicant’s family. This includes a parent, guardian, sibling, spouse, common-law partner, conjugal partner, grandparent, child, aunt, uncle, niece, nephew and first cousin.

Note: An affidavit is a document on which the translator has sworn, in the presence of a person authorized to administer oaths in the country where the translator is living, that the contents of their translation are a true translation and representation of the contents of the original document. Translators who are certified in Canada don’t need to supply an affidavit.


Step 2: Complete the application

 Note: It is a serious offence to give false or misleading information on these forms. The information you provide on your application will be subject to verification.

Follow these steps to complete the application form:

Note: If possible, we prefer that you fill out the paper application form electronically. Filling out the form electronically ensures that your responses are easy-to-read and helps prevent errors.

 Note: If you complete the application form electronically, remember that you must sign and date it after you print it.

 Important Information

  • If a section does not apply to you, write “Not Applicable” or “NA”. If your application is incomplete it may be returned to you and this will delay processing.
  • If you’re completing this application for a minor under 18 years of age, remember all questions are about the minor and you should answer as though you are the minor.
  • If you need more space to answer any questions, use an extra sheet of paper and indicate the number and/or letter of the question you’re answering.
  • All of your answers must be complete and true.

Follow the step-by-step instructions below to complete the paper form.

Section 1 – Language of service

  • Would you like to receive service) in English or in French? Your correspondence will be in the language that you choose. Please check one.

Section 2 – Unique Client Identifier

  • Please enter your UCI or ‘Unique Client Identifier’, the 8 or 10 digit number that is unique to your IRCC immigration and citizenship records.
  • If you do not have a UCI, enter ‘not applicable’ or ‘NA’. If you do not know your UCI, enter ‘unknown’.

Section 3 – Reason for application

  • Check a ‘Yes’ response if you have had a previous Canadian citizenship certificate and are applying to replace it. Otherwise, check ‘No’ and proceed to section 4.
  • If you check ‘Yes’, you’ll need to complete all the questions in this section. Enter certificate number or, if unknown, enter ‘unknown’. Indicate the surname/last name(s) and given name(s) on the certificate.
  • Indicate why you’re applying to replace your certificate by checking the applicable box in this section. If it was stolen, lost or destroyed, describe the circumstances (indicate if the theft/loss was reported to the police by checking a ‘Yes’ or ‘No’ response to that questions) and provide details the theft/loss or destruction in the space provided.
  • If you’re applying for a replacement because you want to update the information on the certificate, you’ll need to return the previous certificate.

Section 4 – Tell us about yourself

Important Information: As this is the first time you are applying for a citizenship certificate, the name, date of birth and gender on your citizenship certificate will be the same as the information that appears on your birth certificate unless you request a change to that information in section 5.

  • Please enter the following information from your birth certificate in the spaces provided:
    • family/last name(s) and given names(s)
    • date of birth
    • place and country of birth (e.g. Paris, France)
    • gender (please check either ‘Female’ or ‘Male’ as per birth certificate or previous citizenship certificate).
  • Enter your current height and natural eye colour.
  • Enter any other names by which you are known, or have been known (for example previous family names, other given names, aliases, nicknames).

Note: Your height, eye colour, other names, and country of birth will not appear on your citizenship certificate but are recorded so that other service providers, such as Passport Canada, can confirm your identity.

Section 5 – Are you requesting a change to the personal details you have provided above?

In this section you can request a change to the personal details that appear on your previous citizenship certificate or, if this will be your first certificate, the personal details that appear on your birth certificate.

  • If you want to change your name(s) or your date of birth or your gender, please check the ‘Yes’ response. Otherwise, check the ‘No’ response and proceed to section 6.
  • If you check ‘Yes’, you’ll need to check the box that describes your change of personal details request, and then enter the requested information in the spaces provided.
    • Request for a different name: If you want a name that is different from the name(s) you provided in section 3, or section 4 if this is your first certificate, enter the requested surname/last name and given name(s) in the spaces provided. Include the required supporting documents with your application. Refer to Appendix C: Name Change to find out which documents you need.
    • Request for a different date of birth: If you want a date of birth that is different from the date of birth you provided in section 3, or section 4 if this is your first certificate, enter the requested date of birth in the space provided. Include the required supporting documents with your application. Refer to Appendix D: Date of Birth Correction to find out which documents you need.
    • Request for a different gender: If you want a different gender to appear on your citizenship certificate, check the requested gender (either ‘female’ or ‘male’). Include the required supporting documents with your application. Refer to Appendix E: Changing sex designation to find out which documents you need.

Section 6 – Tell us about your parents

Important Information: The information collected in this section, and in section 7, is collected because information about your parents and your grandparents allows a citizenship official to accurately determine what section of the Citizenship Act describes your claim to Canadian citizenship today. It is important that you provide the fullest and most accurate information about your parents and grandparents in the spaces provided. In cases where an applicant is claiming citizenship by descent through a parent, complete information will allow us to conduct a thorough search of its citizenship records and help you to establish your claim.

In the following section, you need to answer each question for Parent 1 (first column) and for Parent 2 (second column).

Reminder: If you are filling out this application for your minor child, then you are the parent referred to in this section.

Parent’s personal information

  • Please provide full and accurate information about your parents: names, date of birth, country of birth, other names, and date and place of marriage. If you do not know the information requested on the form, enter ‘unknown’ in the spaces provided. If it does not apply to your parents, enter ‘not applicable’ or ‘NA’.
  • If your parent was born in Canada, please provide the registration number found on their Canadian birth certificate.

Note: Canadian birth certificates include two numbers: a certificate number and a registration number. For the purpose of this application, please make sure to provide the registration number.

6A – Relationship to you
  • Check either ‘biological parent’ or ‘adoptive parent’. A biological parent means you have a genetic or gestational connection to that parent. An adoptive parent means you were legally adopted.
6B – Parent’s citizenship status
  • Indicate your parent’s citizenship status by checking one of the three boxes provided.
    • If you check parent is not/was not a Canadian citizen, you can proceed to section 6C, or
    • If you check parent’s status is unknown, explain the circumstances in the box provided – you should also try to provide as much information as possible about Parent 1 in the spaces provided in the rest of 6B, well as in 6C and 6D, or
    • If you check parent is/was a Canadian citizen, tell us how they obtained citizenship in the box provided – for example, ‘born in Canada’ or ‘granted citizenship’ or ‘born outside Canada to a Canadian parent’.
  • Enter number of parent’s citizenship certificate in space provided . if you do not know the number, enter ‘unknown’, or if no citizenship certificate was issued to your parent enter ‘not applicable’ or ‘NA’.
  • Enter date parent first entered Canada to live - please provide the most accurate date you can – for example, the date from a parent’s passport or from another immigration record. If you are not certain, provide your best estimate of the month and year this parent entered Canada.
  • Check a ‘Yes’ or ‘No’ response to indicate:
    • if your parent was outside Canada for more than 1 year before 1977. If you check ‘Yes’, provide details in the table provided. If you are not certain of the dates, provide your best estimate of the month and year.
    • if your parent was a citizen of a country other than Canada before 1977. If you check ‘Yes’, provide details in the space provided.
    • if your parent was born in Canada before January 1, 1947 (or in Newfoundland and Labrador before April 1, 1949).
    • if your parent was naturalized as a British subject in Canada before January 1, 1947 (or in Newfoundland and Labrador before April 1, 1949).
    • if your parent was a British subject and a resident of Canada on January 1, 1947 (or of Newfoundland and Labrador before April 1, 1949).
6C – Foreign government employment
  • Check ‘Not applicable’, or ‘Yes’, or ‘No’ to indicate:
    • if your parent was employed in Canada by a foreign government or international agency.
    • if your parent’s parent (your grandparent) was employed in Canada by a foreign government or international agency.
    • if your parent was employed outside Canad. as a Crown servant of Canada.
  • If you check a ‘Yes’ response to any of the three questions, provide details in the space provided.

Section 7 – Tell us about your grandparents

In the following section, there is an area to provide information about both of Parent 1’s parents and about both of Parent 2’s parents. Whether or not full personal details for all four grandparents will be required depends on your responses to the initial ‘Yes’ or ‘No’ questions.

Reminder: If you are filling out this application for your minor child, then you (and your child’s other parent) are the Parent 1 and Parent 2 who will be named in this section.

Parent 1’s Parents

  • Enter the full name of Parent 1 (same parent named as Parent 1 in section 6).
  • Check ‘Yes’ or ‘No’ to the first question to indicate if Parent 1 was born outside Canada.
  • If you check ‘No’ to the first question, no further information about this set of grandparents is required and you can proceed to the area in section 7 about Parent 2’s parents.
  • If you check ‘Yes’ to the first question, proceed to the second question and check a ‘Yes’ or ‘No’ response there to indicate if either of your grandparents were Canadian.
  • If you check ‘No’ to the second question, no further information about this set of grandparents is required and you can proceed to the area in section 7 about Parent 2’s parents.
  • If you have checked ‘Yes’ to both questions 1 and 2, you will need to provide full and accurate information about Parent 1’s parents, including:
    • all known names
    • country of birth and date of birth
    • the registration number found on their Canadian birth certificate
    • citizenship certificate number
    • date and place of marriage
    • details on how Canadian citizenship was obtained
    • details on Crown service.

Enter the information in the spaces provided. If you do not know the information requested on the form, enter ‘unknown’. If the information requested does not apply, enter ‘not applicable’ or ‘NA’.

Parent 2’s Parents

  • Enter the full name of Parent 2 (same as Parent 2, first column, in section 6)
  • Follow the same steps as you did for Parent 1’s parents.

Section 8 – Additional citizenship information

Important Information: The information collected in this section, and in section 9 and section 10, will allow a citizenship official to accurately determine what section of the Citizenship Act describes your claim to Canadian citizenship today.

  • Check a ‘Yes’ or ‘No’ response to indicate if you have ever lived in Canada. If ‘No’, you can proceed to section 9 now. If ‘Yes’, enter the date you came to live in Canada. You can also check ‘Since birth’, if applicable.
  • If you are not certain of exact dates, provide your best estimate of the month and year.

Section 9 – Were you born before 1977?

If you were born before February 15, 1977, you need to complete this section. If you were born on or after February 15, 1977, you do not need to provide this information – you can check the ‘No’ response and proceed to section 10.

  • If you give a ‘Yes’ response to the first question, and you have had absences of more than one year before 1977, provide details about those absences in the table provided (if you are not certain of exact dates, provide your best estimate of the month and year).
  • Check a ‘Yes’ or ‘No’ response to indicate if you were a citizen of any countries other than Canada before 1977. If ‘Yes’, provide details in the space provided – country (or countries) of citizenship, date of citizenship, and how citizenship was acquired.

Section 10 – Were you born before 1949?

If you were born before April 1, 1949, you need to complete this section. If you were born on or after April 1, 1949, you do not need to provide this information – you can check the ‘No’ response and proceed to section 11.

  • If you give a ‘Yes’ response to the first question, answer all questions in this section.

Section 11 – Contact information

In this section you must provide the contact information for the applicant.

  • Provide an email address where you can be reached. If the email address is that of a representative, you must indicate their e-mail address in this section and complete the IMM 5476 form.

    If applicable, write your e-mail address using a format similar to the following: name@provider.net

    Note: By indicating your e-mail address, you’re hereby authorizing us to transmit correspondence, including file and personal information to this specific e-mail address.

  • Provide your current home address including your postal code.
  • If your mailing address is different from your home address, indicate your mailing address.

    If the mailing address is that of a representative, you must indicate their mailing address in this section and complete the IMM 5476 form.

    Note: We only send mail to Canadian and US addresses. If you live outside of Canada and the United States, correspondence will be sent to the Canadian embassy, high commission or consulate where you applied (unless you provided an email address). If you do not want your certificate sent to a mission you need to provide a Canadian or US mailing address. .

  • We may need to contact you by phone. Provide the telephone number(s) where you can be reached.

Section 12 – Representative

Section 13 – Declarations/Permissions/Signatures

  • Read and check off each of the five declarations. If you can attest to the declarations truthfully, sign and date the application form with the signature you currently use on your other official documents.
  • If the application is for a person under 14 years of age, it must be signed by a parent or guardian in the space provided.

     Note: Your application will be returned to you if:

    • the form is not signed and dated,
    • stale-dated (dated more than 90 days before we receive it),
    • post-dated (dated into the future).
    • you have appointed an individual, firm or organization as your representative and did not submit the Use of a Representative form (IMM 5476) with your application or this form was submitted incomplete.
    • you appoint a compensated representative who is not a member of the following designated bodies:
      • Immigration consultants who are members in good standing of the Immigration Consultants of Canada Regulatory Council (ICCRC);
      • Lawyers and paralegals who are members in good standing of a Canadian provincial or territorial law society and students-at-law under their supervision; or
      • Notaries who are members in good standing of the Chambre des notaries du Québec and students-at-law under their supervision.

Step 3: Pay the fees

Your fees

If more than one member of your family is applying for Canadian citizenship pay the fees all together.

Use the table below to calculate the total amount of fees to be paid. The fee payment receipt must be included with this application.

Application (per person) $CAN
Citizenship certificate (proof of citizenship) $75

Explanation of fees

The following text describes the fees that are required and if they are refundable.

Processing fee

Amount: $75 for each person

Non-refundable once processing has begun, regardless of the final decision.



Note

The only acceptable form of payment is online payment. If you send any other form of payment, IRCC will return your application.

You can submit an IMM 5401 payment receipt with your application only if it was date-stamped by a Canadian financial institution before April 1st, 2016.


How to pay the fees for your application

To pay your fees for your application you’ll need:

  • a valid email address;
  • access to a printer (you’ll need to print the receipt), and
  • a credit card or Canadian debit card.

Visit the link below and follow these instructions to pay:

  • Go to Online Payment.
  • Follow the online instructions.
    • At the end, click on the button to print the IRCC official receipt with barcode. Print two copies.
  • Attach a copy of this receipt to your completed application.
    • Keep the second copy of the receipt for your records.

stop sign hand Do not exit without printing the receipt! The printed receipt is your proof of payment!


Payment Issues

No fee included or Insufficient Fees

If you do not pay the full fees for your application(s) we will return your application(s). We will only start processing your application after your return it with the correct fees.

blue question mark See section 10 of the IRPR for more information.

Overpayment

If you pay more than the fees needed for your application(s) we will start processing your application, and send you a refund as soon as possible.

Note: You do not have to ask for a refund, it will be done automatically.

Note: If you’re eligible for a refund, we will issue the refund to the person indicated on the Payer Information section of the receipt (paper applications). If there is no name indicated on the receipt, we will send the refund to the applicant.


Fee payment outside Canada and the United States

Use the following method of payment ONLY if:

  • you’re living outside Canada and the United States, and
  • you do not have access to the Internet.

If you cannot pay online, you must pay directly to the Canadian Embassy, High Commission or Consulate where you’re submitting your application.

  • Visit the Pay your fees web page
  • Select the country/territory where you’re paying from
  • Select your application type
  • Click on get payment instructions
  • Bring your completed application for a citizenship certificate and correct fees to the Canadian embassy, high commission or consulate indicated.

Note: Consular offices cannot accept:

  • receipts for fees paid in Canada, or
  • personal cheques.

Step 4: Mail the application

Where to mail the application

For applicants living inside Canada and the United States

Mail your completed application in a stamped envelope addressed as shown below:

Affix sufficient postage (top right of the envelope)
Sender (top left of the envelope)
(Your name)
(Your Address)
(Your Postal Code)
Recipient (centre of the envelope)
Case Processing Centre – Sydney
Proof of Citizenship
P.O. Box 10000
SYDNEY, NS B1P 7C1

Courier address:
Case Processing Centre, Sydney
Proof of citizenship
49 Dorchester Street
Sydney, NS
B1P 5Z2

If you live outside Canada and the United States

Submit your completed application to the Canadian embassy, high commission or consulate responsible for the region where you live.

Note: If you’re applying for a child who lives outside Canada and the United States, you should submit the application and documents to the Canadian embassy, high commission or consulate responsible for the area where the child lives. Submitting your child's application directly to the Case Processing Centre in Sydney, Nova Scotia will cause delays.


If you are sending more than one application

If you are sending more than one application (for example, applications for family members), you may send one receipt to cover all applications. Mail the receipt (if applicable) and all applications together in one envelope so that they will be processed together.

Note: If you are sending more than one application (for example, family members), and one of the applications is incomplete, all the applications will be returned to you.


Sign the form

The application form must be signed and dated before it is submitted. If your application is not signed and dated, it will be returned to you.


Helpful reminders

Remember to use the Document Checklist (PDF, 359 KB) to find the scenario that applies to you and include the completed checklist with your application.

To avoid your application being returned to you make sure that you:

  • answered all questions, or wrote “N/A” (Not applicable) on the paper application form for any question or section that is not applicable to you
  • returned all original Canadian citizenship/naturalization certificates previously issued to you and any pink transmission copies that you still have
  • included two (2) pieces of personal identification one of which must have your photo on it
  • included your citizenship photo(s) according to the appropriate citizenship photograph specifications
  • included the original document, the translation, and an affidavit by the translator, for any documents that are not in English or French
  • provided a letter of explanation for any documents that are missing or not included with your application
  • you signed and dated the form. Before you send it, make sure that it is not stale-dated (dated more than 90 days before we receive it) or post-dated (dated into the future).
  • you paid the correct fees and included your receipt with your application.

What happens next?

After you submit your application

If you applied from within Canada or the United States:

If you provided an email address, you’ll receive an ‘acknowledgment of receipt’ email from us containing your ten digit Unique Client Identifier (UCI).

If you did not provide an email address, you’ll receive an ‘acknowledgment of receipt’ letter from us delivered by mail and containing your ten digit Unique Client Identifier (UCI).

If your application is incomplete, your application will be returned to you.

If you applied from outside Canada and the United States:

You’ll receive a receipt from the Canadian embassy, High Commission or consulate where you submitted your application.

If you provided an email address, you’ll also receive an ‘acknowledgment of receipt’ email from us containing your ten digit Unique Client Identifier (UCI).

Once your application is received and considered complete:

  • Your application will be reviewed and processing will begin.
  • Some applications may require more time for processing. In these cases, you’ll be contacted for more information or asked to supply additional documents.
  • If your application is approved, you’ll receive a citizenship certificate.


For more information

Current processing times

You can check current processing times on the Application processing times webpage.



Important information

Updating your contact information

During the application process, you must advise us of any change of address or telephone number. You can do this by going to Change of address or by consulting the Help Centre.


Checking application status

In Canada and the United States

You may Contact Us or go online to see the current status of your application:

  1. Click on Check application status, and
  2. follow the instructions provided.

To obtain details on how to remove your application status information from the Internet, visit the “Frequently Asked Questions” (FAQ) section.

If you are outside Canada and the United States:

Contact the Canadian embassy, high commission or consulate responsible for your region


Protecting your information

Your personal information is:

  • available to IRCC and the Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) employees who need to see it to provide the services to you, and
  • not disclosed to other organizations except as permitted under the provisions of the Privacy Act or the Citizenship Regulations.

For more information. For more information about the protection of your data, visit the Help Centre.


Quality Assurance Program

Our quality assurance program randomly chooses applications for a special review. If chosen, we will ask you to attend an interview with an IRCC official to:

  • verify that the documentation and any other information you submitted is accurate,
  • verify that your application has been completed properly.

Note: We will notify you in writing if your application is chosen.


Need help?

If you need help, you can find answers to your questions by visiting the Help Centre.


Appendix A

Amendments to the Citizenship Act limit citizenship by descent

On April 17, 2009, the rules for Canadian citizenship changed for persons born outside Canada to Canadian parents, and who were not themselves already Canadian citizens when the rules changed.

Canadian citizenship by birth outside Canada to a Canadian citizen parent (citizenship by descent) is now limited to the first generation born outside Canada.

This means that, in general, persons who were not already Canadian citizens immediately before April 17, 2009 and who were born outside Canada to a Canadian parent are not Canadian if:

  • their Canadian parent was also born outside Canada to a Canadian parent (the person is therefore the second or subsequent generation born outside Canada), or
  • their Canadian parent was granted Canadian citizenship under section 5.1, the adoption provisions of the Citizenship Act (the person is therefore the second generation born outside Canada)

Exception to the first generation limit in 2009

The first generation limit on claims of citizenship by descent through a parent did not apply to a person born outside Canada in the second or subsequent generation if:

  • at the time of the person’s birth, their parent was employed outside Canada in or with the Canadian Armed Forces, the federal public administration or the public service of a province or territory, other than as a locally engaged person (a crown servant);

Persons born to a Canadian parent who are not eligible for citizenship by descent due to the first generation limit may apply for and obtain permanent resident status and subsequently submit an application for a grant of citizenship under section 5 of the Citizenship Act.

Persons born to a Canadian parent on or after April 17, 2009 who are not eligible for citizenship by descent due to the first generation limit may be stateless Those persons may apply for a grant of citizenship under subsection 5(5) of the Citizenship Act. For further information, consult the page on Citizenship grants: Statelessness.

Note: Some naturalized Canadian citizens who had a Canadian parent became Canadian citizens by descent by operation of law under these amendments and this could impact their eligibility to pass on Canadian citizenship to children born outside Canada to them or adopted by them.

Amendments to the Citizenship Act extending citizenship

On June 11, 2015, citizenship was extended to more persons who were born before the Canadian Citizenship Act took effect on January 1, 1947, as well as to their children who were born outside Canada in the first generation. Specifically, the amendments gave Canadian citizenship to persons who were born or naturalized in Canada as well as to those who were British subjects ordinarily resident in Canada on January 1, 1947 (April 1, 1949, in the case of Newfoundland and Labrador), but who were not eligible for Canadian citizenship when the Canadian Citizenship Act took effect. The amendments also retroactively gave Canadian citizenship to the children of these persons ,as well as to children of parents who became citizens on January 1, 1947 (or April 1, 1949), but who did not themselves become Canadian citizens on those dates.

On June 19, 2014, the exception to the first generation limit to citizenship by descent was extended to children born outside Canada whose grandparent, at the time of the child’s parent’s birth or adoption, was employed outside Canada in or with the Canadian Armed Forces, the federal public administration or the public service of a province or territory, other than as a locally engaged person.

Extension to the exceptions to the first generation limit in 2014

The first generation limit to on claims of citizenship by descent through a parent does not apply to a person born outside Canada in the second or subsequent generation if the person is born to a Crown servant or if:

  • at the time of their parent’s birth or adoption, the person’s grandparent was employed outside Canada in or with the Canadian Armed Forces, the federal public administration or public service of a province or territory, other than as a locally engaged person (a crown servant).

Note: Some naturalized Canadian citizens who had a Canadian parent became Canadian citizens by descent by operation of law under these amendments, which and this could impact their eligibility to pass on Canadian citizenship to children born outside Canada to them or adopted by them. If you think that this may apply to you and you would like more information, consult the Help Centre at the end of this guide.


Appendix B

Crown servants

The table below will help you to determine if proof of employment is required to demonstrate that one of your Canadian parents or grandparents was employed outside Canada in or with the Canadian Armed Forces, the federal public administration or the public service of a province or territory, other than as a locally engaged person at the time of your birth or at the time of your parent’s birth or adoption.

Questions

If your answer is:

1. Was your Canadian parent born in Canada or granted citizenship, also known as naturalization, (except for a grant of citizenship under the adoption provisions) before your birth?

YES. This section does not apply to you. Submit your application.

NO. Proceed to question 2.

2. Was one of your Canadian parents a Crown servant (employed outside Canada in or with the Canadian Armed Forces, the federal public administration or public service or a province, other than as a locally engaged person) at the time of your birth outside Canada?

YES. This section does apply to you. Proof of your parent’s employment at the time of your birth is required. Refer to the section below on “Acceptable proof of employment as a Crown servant”.

NO. Proceed to question 3.

3. Was one of your grandparents a Crown servant (employed outside Canada in or with the Canadian Armed Forces, the federal public administration or the public service of a province, other than as a locally engaged person), at the time of your Canadian parent’s birth or adoption outside Canada?

YES. This section does apply to you. Proof of your grandparent’s employment at the time of your parent’s birth or adoption is required. Refer to the section below on “Acceptable proof of employment as a Crown servant”.

NO. This section does not apply to you. Submit your application.

Acceptable proof of employment as a Crown servant

The employment document must be issued by the responsible authority (the employer) and contain the following information:

  • Your parent or grandparent’s name; and
  • Start date, employment duration and title of the position they held in or with the Canadian Armed Forces, the federal public administration or the public service of a province or territory; and
  • Transfer date, employment duration and title of the position they held outside Canada in or with the Canadian Armed Forces, the federal public administration or the public service of a province or territory.

Current and retired Government of Canada employees who have worked abroad and are applying for proof of citizenship need to confirm their posting by contacting the Compensation Department and asking for proof of employment. The proof of employment needs to contain the information mentioned above.

Appendix C

Name change

This section applies to you if:

  • you’re applying for your first citizenship certificate and the name you wish to appear on your citizenship certificate is different than the name on your birth certificate,

    or

  • you’re applying for a replacement certificate and the name you wish to appear on your citizenship certificate is different than the name on your previous certificate.

Consult the information below to determine the documents that are to be included with your application.

If you have legally changed your name within Canada

Then you must submit a copy of the change of name document issued by a Canadian province or territory, or by the appropriate foreign-state authority. The document must show both your previous and amended names.

The following documents are accepted:

  • Legal change of name document
  • Court order specifying name change
  • Adoption order

The following documents are accepted for changes to family name only:

  • Marriage certificate
  • Divorce decree
  • Registration or declaration of union issued by civil authorities
  • Revocation of declaration or annulment of union issued by civil authorities
  • Registration for common-law relationship, in provinces that permit changes of name for common-law relationships under their provincial/territorial law

If you have legally changed your name outside Canada and are residing in Canada

Then you must provide a copy of the following documents:

  • A foreign passport or other national authoritative documentation amended to reflect the new name;
  • A document that links your previous name to your new name, such as a foreign marriage certificate (with an official translation); and
  • A document in the new name from Canadian provinces or territories (ex. driver's license, health card, age of majority card, senior citizen’s identification card, or social service card)

If you have legally changed your name outside Canada and are residing outside Canada

Then you must provide a copy of the following documents:

  • a foreign passport or other national authoritative documentation amended to reflect the new name;
  • a document that links your previous name to your new name, such as a foreign marriage certificate (with an official translation) or other foreign legal change of name document issued by foreign authorities; and
  • an authoritative national or state/province (or equivalent) issued photo identification document issued in the country or state/province in which you reside that displays the new name, such as:
    • a foreign passport or other travel documents, if you’re a dual citizen;
    • a state/provincial (or equivalent) identification card.

If you have applied and obtained an amendment to your Record of Landing, or Confirmation of Permanent Residence due to errors made by Canadian immigration officials when recording your name, then you must submit a copy of the amendment or a letter confirming the change of name.

important informationImportant information: Once processing of your application has begun a name change can only be made due to an administrative error made by the Department, or a legal change of name.

Appendix D

Date of birth correction

The date of birth on your citizenship certificate will be the same as the one shown on your previous citizenship certificate, if you had one, or your birth certificate or foreign passport unless:

  • for former permanent residents of Canada, you have corrected your date of birth on your immigration document, or
  • you have legally changed it, or
  • you’re requesting a different date of birth for your citizenship certificate and you can provide supporting documents.
  • If you’re a former permanent resident of Canada, and your date of birth has been corrected on your immigration document
    • Then you must provide a copy of an approved Request to Amend Immigration Record of Landing (IMM 1000) or Confirmation of Permanent Residence (IMM 5292 or IMM 5688)
  • If you have legally changed your date of birth by a provincial/territorial court order
  • If you’re residing outside Canada and you have legally changed your date of birth by court order outside Canada
  • If you did not change your date of birth by a provincial/territorial or foreign court order and you’re a former permanent resident and your date of birth has not been corrected on your immigration document

important informationImportant information: You cannot request a change in your date of birth after your application has been submitted. If satisfactory documentation is not provided with the application to support the date of birth requested, the citizenship certificate will reflect the date of birth indicated on your previous citizenship certificate, if you had one, or your birth certificate or foreign passport.

important informationImportant information: If you do not have a court order changing your date of birth and you were formerly a permanent resident of Canada, you must first request an amendment to your immigration document before requesting a different date of birth on your citizenship certificate.

questionFor more information. For information on amending your immigration document

Refer to the guide Request to Amend the Record of Landing, Confirmation of Permanent Residence or Valid Temporary Resident Documents (IMM 5218)

Appendix E

Changing sex designation

If you are requesting a change of sex designation, you must submit proof to support the request. See below for the list of acceptable documents you may submit.

Documentary evidence issued in Canada

To request a change of sex designation where the documentary evidence was issued in Canada, you must submit one of the following documents issued by a provincial or territorial authority:

  • a legal document issued by provincial or territorial vital statistics organizations showing a change of sex designation;
  • a court order; or
  • an amended birth certificate showing a change of sex designation.

IRCC does not require proof of sex reassignment surgery to amend the sex designation on documents. However, you may, in order to support your request to change your sex designation, submit proof of sex reassignment surgery (partial or full) from a medical practitioner in good standing with the regulatory body under which they practice.

If you have an amendment to your Record of Landing, or Confirmation of Permanent Residence because of errors made by Canadian immigration officials when recording your sex, then you must submit a copy of the amendment or a letter confirming the change of sex.

Note: Your provincial or territorial identification (such as a driver’s license) is not enough to process a change of sex designation. You must submit:

  • one of the documents listed above, or
  • a Request form for a Change of Sex Designation (CIT 0404) as listed below.

If you cannot get any of the documentary evidence listed above, you must submit the following document:

  • a Request form for a Change of Sex Designation (CIT 0404) (PDF, 1.52MB) stating:
    • that your gender identity matches the requested change in sex designation,
    • that you are living full-time in the gender corresponding to the sex designation requested to appear on the IRCC document, and
    • the reason why you could not submit a provincial or territorial document (see requirements for witnesses below);

Note: If you do not explain why you did not submit a provincial or territorial document, your application will be returned as incomplete.

If you are residing in Canada, the Request form for a Change of Sex Designation will need to be witnessed and sworn in the presence of:

  • a notary public,
  • a commissioner of taking oaths, or
  • a commissioner of taking affidavits.

If you are residing outside Canada, it must be sworn in the presence of a notary public.

Documentary evidence issued outside Canada

If your documentary evidence is issued outside Canada, you must submit the following:

IRCC does not require proof of sex reassignment surgery in order to amend the sex designation on documents. However, you may, in order to support your request to change your sex designation, submit proof of sex reassignment surgery (partial or full) from a medical practitioner in good standing with the regulatory body under which they practice.

If you are residing in Canada, supplementary photo identification can include the following documents issued by a Canadian province or territory:

  • a driver's license;
  • a health card;
  • an age of majority card;
  • a social services card;
  • a senior citizen identification card.

If you are residing outside Canada, supplementary photo identification can include:

  • an amended foreign passport, for dual Canadian citizens; or
  • a national or state identification card.

Any copy of a foreign passport or national authoritative document should show:

  • the document type and number,
  • the issuance date and expiry date, and
  • your full name, photo and date of birth.

Note: If you are unable to provide photo identification in the amended sex designation, you must explain why (example: fear of persecution or you were not able to amend foreign documents before you amended your Canadian documents). If you do not provide photo identification and you have failed to provide an adequate reason, the application will be returned as incomplete.

Appendix F

"X" in the sex field on an immigration document

In the future, we will be introducing an "X" in the sex field. Sign up for email updates on changing your sex to X (unspecified). Until this becomes available, you may request a supporting document, free of charge that will state that your sex is unspecified.

You can request the supporting document once your application has been approved and you’ve received your citizenship certificate.

Find out how to request a supporting document with X.

Important:

If your birth certificate has a sex other than male (M) or female (F):

  • On your application form, identify the sex you would like displayed (M or F) until the X can be issued.
  • The sex chosen (M or F) on your application will be the sex printed on your certificate.

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