Entry requirements by country/territory
What you need will depend on where you are from, how you are travelling, and what documents you are travelling with.
On this page
- Canadian citizens
- Canadian permanent residents
- U.S. citizens
- Lawful permanent residents of the U.S.
- Visa-exempt travellers
- Visa-required travellers
- Workers and students
- Visiting your children and grandchildren in Canada
Canadian citizens, including dual citizens, need a valid Canadian passport. American-Canadians can travel with a valid Canadian or U.S. passport.
Canadian permanent residents
U.S. citizens must carry proper identification such as a valid U.S. passport.
Lawful permanent residents of the U.S.
Lawful permanent residents of the U.S. need an Electronic Travel Authorization (eTA) to fly to or transit through a Canadian airport. They must present a valid Green Card and a valid passport at check-in.
The following travellers need an Electronic Travel Authorization (eTA) to board their flight to Canada. However, these travellers do not need an eTA if entering by land or sea – for instance driving from the U.S. or coming by bus, train, or boat, including cruise ship.
- British citizen
- British National (Overseas)
- British overseas citizen (re-admissible to the United Kingdom)
- British overseas territory citizen with citizenship through birth, descent, naturalization or registration in one of the British overseas territories of:
- British Virgin Islands
- Cayman Islands
- Falkland Islands (Malvinas)
- Pitcairn Island
- Saint Helena
- Turks and Caicos Islands
- British Subject with a right of abode in the United Kingdom
- Brunei Darussalam
- Czech Republic
- Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China, must have a passport issued by Hong Kong SAR.
- Israel, must have a national Israeli passport
- Republic of Korea
- New Zealand
- Papua New Guinea
- Romania (electronic passport holders only)
- San Marino
- Solomon Islands
- Taiwan, must have an ordinary passport issued by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Taiwan that includes the personal identification number
- United Arab Emirates
- United States, lawful permanent resident of
- Vatican City State, must have a passport or travel document issued by the Vatican.
Foreign nationals with official Canadian documents
- Travellers with a valid Canadian visa.
- Travellers with valid status in Canada (e.g. visitor, student or worker) who re-enters Canada after only visiting the United States or St. Pierre and Miquelon.
Foreign nationals in the following situations
- French citizens who live in Saint Pierre and Miquelon and are flying directly to Canada from St. Pierre and Miquelon.
- Foreign nationals who are passengers destined to, or coming from, the United States on a flight that stops in Canada solely to refuel and
- have proper documents to enter the United States, or
- were lawfully admitted to the United States.
- Foreign nationals who are passengers on a flight that makes an unscheduled stop in Canada.
- Foreign nationals who transit through a Canadian airport under the Transit Without Visa or China Transit Program.
Travel and official representatives
- Flight crew, civil aviation inspectors, accident investigators who are or will be working while in Canada.
- Members of Armed Forces (not including the civilian component of an armed forces) of a country designated under the Visiting Forces Act coming to Canada to carry out official duties.
- Diplomats accredited by the Government of Canada.
The following travellers need a visa to come to Canada by any method of travel – plane, car, bus, train, or cruise ship.
Note: Holders of Alien’s passport and Stateless individuals need a visa to visit or transit Canada.
- Antigua and Barbuda
- Brazil (note: some Brazilian citizens may be eligible for an eTA if they meet certain requirements)
- British subjects, subject to control
- Burkina Faso
- Burma (Myanmar)
- Cameroon, Republic of
- Cape Verde
- Central African Republic
- China, People's Republic of
- Congo, Democratic Republic of
- Congo, Republic of
- Costa Rica, Republic of
- Dominican Republic
- East Timor
- El Salvador
- Equatorial Guinea
- Israel, must have a valid Israeli “Travel Document in lieu of National Passport”
- Ivory Coast
- Korea, North
- Macao Special Administrative Region
- Maldives Islands
- Marshall Islands
- Micronesia, Fed. States
- Palestinian Authority
- Romania (holder of a non-electronic passport, such as a temporary passport)
- Sao Tomé e Principe
- Saudi Arabia, Kingdom of
- Sierra Leone
- South Africa
- South Sudan
- Sri Lanka
- St. Kitts and Nevis
- St. Lucia
- St. Vincent and the Grenadines (St. Vincent)
- Taiwan, must have a passports other than ordinary passports issued by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Taiwan that include their personal identification number
- Trinidad and Tobago
Workers and students
If you’re a worker or student, you must also meet Canada’s entry requirements. A work permit or study permit is not a visa. In most cases, you’ll also need a valid visitor visa or eTA to enter Canada.
If you’re applying for your first study or work permit
We’ll automatically issue you a visa or eTA if you need one and we approve your application. When you travel to Canada make sure you have:
- your letter of introduction
- valid passport or travel document
- if you’re visa-required, it must contain the visa sticker that we put in it
- if you need an eTA and you’re flying to a Canadian airport, it must be the passport that’s electronically link to your eTA.
If you already have a work or study permit
If you’re visa-required, make sure that your visitor visa is still valid if you choose to leave Canada and re-enter.
If you need an eTA and you’re flying to a Canadian airport, make sure you travel with the passport that’s electronically linked to your eTA.
You must travel with your valid study or work permit, a valid passport and travel document.
If you’re eligible to work or study without a permit
If you’re eligible to work or study without a permit, you’re considered a visitor to Canada. You must meet the entry requirements for travellers from your country of citizenship.
Visiting your children and grandchildren in Canada
If you’re the parent or grandparent of a Canadian permanent resident or citizen, you may be eligible for a super visa. A super visa lets you visit Canada for up to 2 years at a time. It’s a multi-entry visa that is valid for a period up to 10 years.
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