Testing for COVID-19: Test accuracy

Always follow the instructions contained in your test kit or provided by your local health authority. The instructions are written specifically for that particular type of kit. If you take a sample in a different way, your test result may be invalid.

Get more information on our Authorized COVID-19 testing devices page.

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About accuracy

The accuracy and reliability of COVID-19 diagnostic tests is important to inform diagnosis and to ensure Canadians can make the right decisions about their health.

Accurate results mean that Canadians can take preventative measures to protect loved ones and others if they test positive. They can also avoid unnecessary self-isolation and anxiety if they receive a ‘false positive’ result (getting a positive result when you don’t have the virus). 

We currently have no evidence that variants affect the ability of diagnostic tests approved by Health Canada to confirm COVID-19 cases. We are working with other regulators and manufacturers of COVID-19 test devices to assess the impact of variants. If there’s an issue, we will act quickly and keep you informed.

Negative test

A negative test usually means you don't have COVID-19.

However, the accuracy of a test can vary depending on when your sample is taken during the course of your illness. If you're tested too soon after you were exposed to COVID-19, there may not be enough virus in your body for an accurate result. If this is the case at the time of the test, your test may come back negative, even if you actually have the virus. This would be considered a ‘false negative’ test.

It’s important to understand that health care professionals consider a number of factors in making a COVID-19 diagnosis. Other factors may cause a physician to order another test or even diagnose COVID-19 despite a negative result, such as:

Positive test

A positive test means that you have COVID-19 and you must follow the direction of your local health authority.

Inconclusive test

Sometimes, tests are inconclusive. In this case, your health care provider may re-test you.

When to get tested

Public health authorities in every province and territory have developed their own approaches for testing people based on the local context.

For information about COVID-19 testing in your area, contact your local public health authority.

How to get tested

If you think you might have COVID-19:

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