Old Age Security Return of Income (OASRI)

Non-resident seniors who receive Canadian old age security (OAS) payments may have to pay recovery tax on those payments.

As a non-resident senior who receives OAS payments, you must submit an Old Age Security Return of Income (OASRI) so that the Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) can determine if you have to pay recovery tax and also to ensure that your OAS payments are not suspended.

If you are a resident of a region or country that has a tax treaty with Canada, you may not have to file this return. For more information on this exception, see Tax treaties.

Note

The CRA does not issue OAS payments. Contact Service Canada with any questions about the amount of your cheque, or to report a lost or stolen cheque, etc.

What is the purpose of the Old Age Security Return of Income?

The information on your annual OASRI lets the CRA determine if your net world income is more than the threshold. If your net world income for the year is higher than the threshold for the tax year, recovery tax will be deducted from your monthly OAS payments.

Note

Information on the OASRI return is only used to calculate your recovery tax. The CRA does not calculate any other Canadian income tax from this return.

Recovery tax

Recovery tax:

  • is an additional tax that is used to repay all or part of the OAS pensions received by higher-income pensioners
  • applies only if your net world income is more than the threshold for the tax year

Thresholds (in Canadian funds) are:

  • $79,845 for the 2021 tax year
  • $79,054 for the 2020 tax year
  • $77,580 for the 2019 tax year
  • $75,910 for the 2018 tax year
  • $74,788 for the 2017 tax year
  • $73,756 for the 2016 tax year
  • $72,809 for the 2015 tax year
  • $71,592 for the 2014 tax year
  • $70,954 for the 2013 tax year
  • $69,562 for the 2012 tax year
  • $67,668 for the 2011 tax year
  • $66,733 for the 2010 tax year
  • $66,335 for the 2009 tax year
  • $64,718 for the 2008 tax year
  • $63,511 for the 2007 tax year
  • $62,144 for the 2006 tax year
  • $60,806 for the 2005 tax year

How is recovery tax calculated?

The recovery tax rate is 15% and applies only to the income that is above the threshold for the applicable year ($79,845 for 2021). The threshold for each year is provided above.

Notes

The recovery tax cannot be more than the amount of old age pension income, including supplements, received in the year.

Under no circumstances will the non-resident tax and the recovery tax add up to more than the total OAS pension income, including supplements, received in the year.

To calculate your recovery tax, complete the chart below; however, if any of the following situations applies to you, do not complete this chart and, instead, contact the CRA for the special rules and calculation to apply in these situations:

  • You immigrated to Canada or emigrated from Canada in 2021 and you received OAS payments during the part of the year that you were a non-resident
  • You received OAS pension throughout 2021, and you were a resident of one of the tax-treaty region or countries listed below for part of 2021 and for the other part of that year you were resident in a non-listed country
  • You were a resident of the Philippines in 2021

Note

The CRA offers a printer-friendly version of this chart.

Calculating OAS recovery tax
Line description Amount Line number
Net world income from line 24200 of your return $ Line 1
OAS repayment threshold for 2021 -79,845.00 Line 2
Line 1 minus line 2 (if negative, enter "0") $ Line 3
  × 15% Line 4
Line 3 multiplied by line 4 $ Line 5
OAS pension and net federal supplements received from line 11300 of your return $ Line 6
OAS benefits overpayment recovered in 2021 (see line 23200) - Line 7
Line 6 minus line 7 (if negative, enter "0") $ Line 8
OAS recovery tax
Enter whichever is less: amount from line 5 or line 8.
$ Line 9
  × 75% Line 10

Line 9 multiplied by line 10

$                

Line 11

Enter the amount from line 11 on line 23500 of your return.

Here is an example of how recovery tax is calculated:

Example

You, a non-resident senior, received Canadian old age security pension income of $5,000 during the 2021 tax year. Your net world income for that year was $81,170.

You would calculate your recovery tax as follows:

Calculating OAS recovery tax example
Line description Amount Line number
Net world income from line 24200 of his return $81,170 Line 1
OAS repayment threshold for 2021 $79,845 Line 2
Line 1 minus line 2 (if negative, enter "0") $1,325 Line 3
  ×   15% Line 4
Line 3 multiplied by line 4 $198.75 Line 5
OAS pension and net federal supplements received from line 11300 of your return $5,000 Line 6
OAS benefits overpayment recovered in 2021(see line 23200) -  0 Line 7
Line 6 minus line 7 (if negative, enter "0") $5,000 Line 8
OAS recovery tax
Enter whichever is less: amount from line 5 or line 8.
$198.75 Line 9
  ×  75% Line 10
Line 9 multiplied by line 10 $149.06 Line 11

The amount from line 11 is your Old Age Security recovery tax for 2021.

If you are subject to the OAS recovery tax for 2021, your future monthly OAS pension payments, starting with the one for July 2022, might have recovery tax deducted from them.

Tax treaties

Because of the terms of the tax treaty between Canada and another country or region listed below, non-resident seniors living in these countries and region do not have to file an OASRI or pay recovery tax unless they plan to move before July 1, 2023, to a country or region that is not listed below:

  • Argentina
  • Australia
  • Azerbaijan
  • Bangladesh
  • Barbados
  • Bulgaria
  • Colombia
  • Cyprus
  • Dominican Republic
  • Ecuador
  • Finland
  • Germany
  • Greece
  • Hungary
  • Ireland
  • Israel
  • Ivory Coast
  • Kenya
  • Madagascar
  • Malaysia
  • Malta
  • Mexico
  • New Zealand
  • Norway
  • Papua New Guinea
  • Peru
  • Poland
  • Portugal
  • Romania
  • Senegal
  • Serbia
  • Spain
  • Sri Lanka
  • Switzerland
  • Taiwan
  • Tanzania
  • Trinidad and Tobago
  • Turkey
  • United Kingdom
  • United States
  • Zambia
  • Zimbabwe

Notes

If you were a resident of Brazil in 2021 and are a Brazilian national, you do not have to file this return.

If you were a resident of the Philippines in 2021 and the total of your 2021 Canadian pensions was $5,000 or less, you do not need to file this return.

If you were a resident of a region or country not listed above at any time in 2021 and you received OAS pension during that period, you have to file this return.

If the tax treaty your region or country of residence has with Canada is amended, you may not have to file this return. For more information, contact the CRA.

Net world income

Net world income is the total of all income paid or credited to you in a year from Canadian and foreign sources minus any allowable deductions. It includes income from:

  • employment
  • business
  • pensions
  • social security
  • capital gains
  • rental property
  • interest
  • dividends

When calculating your net world income, do not reduce the income by any tax that has already been withheld.

Return due date

Your Old Age Security Return of Income for 2021 must be filed no later than April 30, 2022.

Note

Filing your annual OASRI on time also helps ensure that your old age security pension is not suspended by Service Canada.

Other Canadian tax returns

You may have to file a separate 2021 Canadian income tax return if any of the following apply to you:

For more information about filing a Canadian income tax return, see Filing your income tax return.

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