Hire a foreign academic – Recruitment and advertisement

4. Recruitment and advertisement


Due to economic impacts such as higher unemployment rates resulting from COVID-19, recruitment and advertisement requirements have been updated. Recruitment efforts are required to take place under the current labour market to ensure Canadians and Permanent Residents continue to be considered first for available jobs. This update applies to pending LMIAs received prior to June 15, 2020, and includes the following:

  • Any ads posted before March 15, 2020 may need to be re-posted for an additional two consecutive weeks.
  • If applicable, Service Canada will contact you regarding re-advertising requirements.
  • When re-advertising, employers must also meet all the minimum recruitment requirements described below.

Before a degree-granting educational institution can hire a foreign academic for a position in Canada, it must:

  • Advertise vacant positions in Canada
  • Make sure any vacant position advertised abroad is also advertised simultaneously in Canada
  • Advertise for a reasonable length of time (about a month) to allow broad exposure of the vacancy to Canadians and permanent residents
  • Demonstrate that the advertising medium used - web, print or electronic - is effective in attracting appropriate candidates for the position
  • Include in the advertisement this statement: "All qualified candidates are encouraged to apply; however Canadians and permanent residents will be given priority;"
  • Meet all conditions of applicable collective agreements
  • Be prepared to fill a yearly summary report on recruitment practices for Canadian academics and results


Effective June 10, 2020, the program is prioritizing certain occupations which are considered essential during the COVID-19 pandemic. The listed occupations have been prioritized across all provinces and territories (except the province of Quebec). For a list of occupations specific to the province of Quebec, please refer to Hiring in the Province of Quebec.

Important: Any Refusal to Process supersedes prioritization.

Until December 31, 2020, the program is prioritizing and waiving minimum recruitment requirements for the following occupations. For LMIAs received on or after January 1, 2021, these occupations will continue to be prioritized, but will be subject to the regular minimum recruitment requirements of the appropriate program stream:

  • 6331-Butchers, meat cutters and fishmongers-retail and wholesale
  • 8252- Agricultural service contractors, farm supervisors and specialized livestock workers
  • 8431- General Farm Workers
  • 8432- Nursery and Greenhouse Workers
  • 8611- Harvesting labourers
  • 9462- Industrial butchers and meat cutters, poultry preparers and related workers
  • 9463- Fish and seafood plant workers
  • 9617- Labourers in food, beverage and associated products processing
  • 9618- Labourers in fish and seafood processing

The program is prioritizing the following occupations and not waiving the minimum recruitment requirements:

  • 3012 - Registered nurses and registered psychiatric nurses
  • 3111 - Specialist physicians
  • 3112 - General practitioners and family physicians
  • 3124 - Allied primary health practitioners
  • 3131 - Pharmacists
  • 3211 - Medical laboratory technologists
  • 3212 - Medical laboratory technicians and pathologists' assistants
  • 3214 - Respiratory therapists, clinical perfusionists and cardiopulmonary technologists
  • 3219 - Other medical technologists and technicians (except dental health)
  • 3233 - Licensed practical nurses
  • 3237 - Other technical occupations in therapy and assessment
  • 3413 - Nurse aides, orderlies and patient service associates
  • 3414 - Other assisting occupations in support of health services
  • 6731 - Light duty cleaners

Note: As of November 10, 2020, NOC 7511 (Transport truck drivers) will no longer be prioritized.

Transition plans

Universities and colleges hiring professors in academic positions (NOC 4011) can complete a submission to Universities Canada that will be included in an annual report to Employment and Social Development Canada (ESDC) on transition measures being taken for this occupation across Canada. Academic institutions should contact Universities Canada for more details. Alternatively, institutions can complete the section on Transition plans of their LMIA application form for high-wage positions.

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