Hire a temporary worker as an in-home caregiver - Wages, working conditions and occupations
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3. Wages, working conditions and occupations
Employers applying for a Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA) must pay the TFW at a minimum, the posted prevailing wage for the occupation and work location where the TFW will be employed.
Employers must refer to the median wage published on Job Bank to determine the prevailing wage.
Process to determine the prevailing wage of the position
Use the job title of the available position and conduct a search on Job Bank to determine the median wage for the occupation and work location where the TFW will be employed:
- if the median wage is available on Job Bank, employers must pay the worker a wage that is equal or above that median wage for the economic region where the work will be located
- in Quebec the prevailing wage rates are determined based on labour market information wage data published by Emploi-Québec (in French only)
- if the median wage is listed as “N/A” for the local area (economic region) where the work is located, employers should consult the provincial/territorial level wage. If this wage is not available, employers should consult the national wage
To determine the median wage on Job Bank:
- go to Compare wages on Job Bank (Wage updates take place during the week of November 14, 2022)
- in the “Job search” field, enter the job title or the National Occupational Classification (NOC) code (2021 version) that best describes the duties and requirements of the position
- the hourly median wage will be listed in the middle column, by community or area. If the median wage is listed as “N/A”, consult the provincial/territorial wage. If it is not available, consult the national wage
Under the Temporary Foreign Worker Program, the prevailing wage rate is identified as the median hourly wage (or annual salary as published on Job Bank) or higher for the particular occupation and work location. Employers must also ensure that they include the wage being paid for the position, as part of their advertisement of the available position.
Employers must review and adjust (if necessary) the TFW’s wage after 12 months of employment to ensure the worker continues to receive the prevailing wage rate of the occupation and work location where the TFW is employed.
In addition, employers must ensure the wage offered to the TFW is not below any:
- applicable federal or provincial/territorial minimum wage rates. If a provincially regulated wage for a specific occupation is greater than the wage posted on Job Bank, then the regulated wage will apply. As a result, employers must ensure they use this wage in all advertisements and on their application, in order to receive a positive assessment, or
- wage schedules set by provincial/territorial legislation (for example Manitoba Construction Industry Wages Act)
Employers offering a wage that is below the prevailing wage rate will be considered as not meeting the labour market factor for the assessment of wages and therefore, will be issued a negative LMIA.
Canadian law protects all workers in Canada, including TFWs. The exploitation of a TFW is considered a violation of Canadian laws and human rights.
- pay workers for all work (including overtime, where required by law)
- provide workplace safety insurance
- offer TFWs the same benefits as other workers, and
- not take the TFWs identification
Employment in most occupations is covered under provincial/territorial legislation that deals with labour and employment standards such as: hours of work, working conditions and termination of employment. In fact, every province/territory has a Ministry of Labour that can provide information to assist employers and TFWs with questions or issues related to work.
Note: Some employers are federally regulated and therefore are covered by the employment standards under the Canada Labour Code.
Employers cannot force any TFWs to perform duties for which they were not hired or trained (for example, if an employer submits an application to hire a TFW as a caregiver, the duties given to the worker must correspond to that occupation and not those associated with a cleaner).
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