Cannabis Demand and Supply

Notice to readers: As is standard practice for regular statistical and data releases, Health Canada will continue to publish monthly and quarterly updates on cannabis market data during the upcoming federal election period.

The Cannabis Act provides the Minister of Border Security and Organized Crime Reduction with the authority to track the high-level movement of cannabis across the country.

On October 17, 2018, the Government launched a national Cannabis Tracking System to prevent legal cannabis from being diverted to the illegal market and to keep illegal cannabis out of the legal market. Federal licence holders and provincial and territorial public bodies are required to report information to Health Canada on a monthly basis through a web-based application.

The deadline to submit monthly reports is the 15th of each month. Each report reflects sales of cannabis for medical and non-medical purposes during the previous month. These reports also reflect the inventory of cannabis held by federal licence holders and by provincially or territorially authorized distributors and retailers.

Given the significant public interest in understanding the demand and supply of cannabis since the coming into force of the Cannabis Act, Health Canada is making available a preliminary summary of recently submitted information. The summary table will be updated periodically, as reported information is verified and validated and as new data is submitted to the department.

In addition to providing this summary data, Health Canada has published a more detailed summary of data reported to the Cannabis Tracking System, as well as data pertaining to cannabis for medical purposes. This is consistent with the department's practice prior to October 17, 2018, where market-related data reported under the Access to Cannabis for Medical Purposes Regulations was published on Health Canada's website every three months. Statistics Canada will also be publishing various cannabis statistics through its system of national economic accounts and via the Cannabis Stats Hub.

Figure 1. Total Inventories and Sales – Dried Cannabis (Kilograms)
Figure 1. Total Inventories and Sales – Dried Cannabis (Kilograms). Text version below.
Figure 1 – Text Description
Month Finished inventory Unfinished inventory Sales
Oct-2018 18,481 96,822 6,346
Nov-2018 18,724 99,007 7,285
Dec-2018 18,940 111,693 7,600
Jan-2019 20,319 117,483 7,307
Feb-2019 23,154 120,660 6,683
Mar-2019 30,746 143,773 7,626
Apr-2019 31,288 182,910 8,874
May-2019 39,921 222,499 9,524
Jun-2019 48,918 263,333 9,976
Figure 2. Total Inventories and Sales - Cannabis Oil (Litres)
Figure 2. Total Inventories and Sales - Cannabis Oil (Litres). Text version below.
Figure 2 – Text Description
Month Finished inventory Unfinished inventory Sales
Oct-2018 29,511 21,317 6,241
Nov-2018 35,466 25,203 7,393
Dec-2018 42,760 27,171 7,818
Jan-2019 53,060 30,873 7,943
Feb-2019 59,608 36,770 7,270
Mar-2019 66,445 35,867 7,921
Apr-2019 72,418 47,465 8,202
May-2019 85,565 42,315 9,816
Jun-2019 98,123 43,058 9,614
Figure 3. Finished Inventories and Sales – Dried Cannabis (Kilograms)
Figure 3. Finished Inventories and Sales – Dried Cannabis (Kilograms). Text description follows.
Figure 3 - Text Description
Month Sales – medical Sales – non-medical Finished inventory - federal licence holders Finished inventory - distributors/retailers
Oct-2018 1,941 4,405 12,310 6,171
Nov-2018 1,795 5,490 10,410 8,314
Dec-2018 1,816 5,784 8,789 10,151
Jan-2019 1,779 5,528 10,303 10,016
Feb-2019 1,698 4,985 11,484 11,670
Mar-2019 1,698 5,928 13,033 17,713
Apr-2019 2,129 6,745 13,408 17,880
May-2019 1,697 7,827 17,605 22,316
Jun-2019 1,535 8,441 18,657 30,261
Figure 4. Finished Inventories and Sales - Cannabis Oil (Litres)
Figure 4. Finished Inventories and Sales - Cannabis Oil (Litres). Text description follows.
Figure 4 - Text Description
Month Sales – medical Sales – non-medical Finished inventory - federal licence holders Finished inventory - distributors/retailers
Oct-2018 4,533 1,708 27,299 2,212
Nov-2018 5,122 2,271 26,305 9,161
Dec-2018 4,968 2,850 27,483 15,277
Jan-2019 5,012 2,931 33,028 20,032
Feb-2019 4,683 2,587 37,593 22,015
Mar-2019 5,064 2,857 33,628 32,817
Apr-2019 4,760 3,442 36,935 35,483
May-2019 5,688 4,128 45,766 39,799
Jun-2019 4,686 4,928 55,789 42,334

Highlights for the period ending June 30, 2019

  • Total sales of dried cannabis in June increased by 4.7% compared to May (from 9,524 kilograms to 9,976 kilograms).
  • Total sales of cannabis oil decreased by 2.1% (from 9,816 litres to 9,614 litres).
  • Total inventory of dried cannabis (finished and unfinished) held by cultivators, processors, distributors and retailers stood at 312,251 kilograms at the end of June – 31.3 times total sales in that month. Cannabis oil inventories totalled 141,181 litres – 14.7 times total sales.
  • The total amount of finished dried cannabis products held in inventory at the end of June increased by 22.5% compared to the end of May (from 39,921 kilograms to 48,918 kilograms). The total amount of finished cannabis oil products increased 14.7% (from 85,565 litres to 98,123 litres).
  • Finished inventory held by provincial and territorial distributors and retailers increased 35.6% for dried cannabis. In aggregate, this inventory held by provinces and territories was 3.6 times non-medical sales in June.
  • Finished inventory held by provincial and territorial distributors and retailers increased by 6.4% for cannabis oil. In aggregate, this inventory held by provinces and territories was 8.6 times non-medical sales in June.
  • Finished inventory held by federal licence holders increased 6.0% for dried cannabis and increased 21.9% for cannabis oil.
  • Unfinished inventory held by federal licence holders increased 18.4% for dried cannabis and increased 1.8% for cannabis oil.

Table 1

Preliminary Summary of First Quarter Data Collected under the Cannabis Tracking System (as of 2019-08-29)

Source of cannabis sold and in inventory April 2019Footnote * May 2019Footnote * June 2019
Dried (kg) Oil (litres) Dried (kg) Oil (litres) Dried (kg) Oil (litres)

Total Sales

8,874

8,202

9,524

9,816

9,976 9,614

Sales - medical

2,129

4,760

1,697

5,688

1,535

4,686

Sales - non-medical

6,745

3,442

7,827

4,128

8,441

4,928

Total finished inventory (end of month)

31,288

72,418

39,921

85,565

48,918

98,123

Federal licence holders

13,408

36,935

17,605

45,766

18,657

55,789

Provincial distributors/retailers

17,880

35,483

22,316

39,799

30,261

42,334

Total unfinished inventory (end of month)

182,910

47,465

222,499

42,315

263,333

43,058

Federal licence holders

182,910

47,465

222,499

42,315

263,333

43,058

Note: Figures provided in this table reflect the data reported through the Cannabis Tracking System for the months of April, May and June 2019. Verification and validation of this data is ongoing. As such, the data should not be considered as final. Non-medical sales of cannabis began on October 17, 2018.

For complete data covering previous quarters, refer to Health Canada's Cannabis Research and Data page.

Footnote *

Updated from previous report based on corrected and/or new data.

Return to footnote * referrer

Definitions

Sales – medical
Cannabis products sold directly to medical clients by holders of a federal licence for medical sales.
Sales – non-medical
Cannabis products sold directly in the Canadian retail market (either online or in-person) for non-medical purposes by a provincially or territorially authorized distributor or retailer.
Finished inventory
Cannabis held in stock by a cultivator, processor, distributor, or retailer that is packaged, labelled, and ready for sale.
Unfinished inventory
Cannabis held in stock by a cultivator or processor that is not packaged, labelled, and ready for sale.
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