Executive summary

This report provides a statistical portrait of immigrants in Quebec whose First Official Language Spoken (FOLS) is English. The portrait applies 2006 Census data results to a comparison of the demographic and socio-economic outcomes of immigrants in the two English-speaking FOLS categories (English FOLS and English-French FOLS) with the French-speaking category (French FOLS) within the Province of Quebec and in Quebec Economic Regions (ERs).

The main findings are highlighted in this report, results are presented on GIS maps, and data tables are provided in the appendix. This enables us to get a better understanding of the similarities and differences between these FOLS immigrant categories, as well as the implications for the larger Anglophone immigrant community in Quebec. The portrait illustrates that immigrants in these two English-speaking categories have different geographic distributions, demographic characteristics and socio-economic outcomes. As a result, when the two English-speaking categories are combined into the larger Anglophone category, the nuances between them are hidden. The report also highlights that provincial-level assumptions need to take into consideration that the situation of immigrants assigned to individual English-speaking FOLS categories is different across Quebec ERs and between these categories.

Highlights

  • An examination of linguistic behavioural outcomes highlights how immigrants assigned to these two categories are different. Immigrants in the English-French FOLS category can speak both official languages, however, only a small percentage speak an official language most often at home (6%) and almost all have a non-official mother tongue (98%). Forty percent of immigrants assigned to the English FOLS speak both English and French, 54% speak English most often at home, and 68% have a non-official mother tongue.
  • Geography also makes a difference when examining linguistic behaviours. Of immigrants who reside in close proximity to centres with relatively large Anglophone populations, those assigned to English FOLS have lower rates of official language bilingualism than those assigned to French FOLS. This proximity also seems to make a difference in terms of immigrants having a higher percentage speaking English most often at work.
  • Immigrants assigned to the English-French FOLS category tend to be younger, male and living in a Census Family than immigrants assigned to the English FOLS category.
  • As a result of the steady growth of the immigrant population coming to Quebec from all corners of the world, the ethno-cultural composition of immigrant communities is also an important factor. Even though the percentage of recent immigrants in the English FOLS category is lower proportionally than that in the English-French FOLS, both categories have a similar percentage of immigrants born in European countries, and who are visible minorities. However, under these broad categories, immigrants in each FOLS category are represented by different individual ethno-cultural categories.
  • The socio-economic results illustrate that immigrants assigned to the English-French FOLS category are more highly educated, have higher participation and employment rates, have a similar percentage of immigrants in professional and managerial occupations, and have lower median employment income.
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