Apply for a Canadian citizenship certificate: Who can apply


You should apply if you want to

Get a certificate for someone born in Canada

A provincial or territorial birth certificate should be enough to prove Canadian citizenship.

You may still apply for a citizenship certificate.

Get a certificate for someone born outside Canada

A person is likely a Canadian citizen if at least 1 parent (legal parent at birth [opens in a new tab] or biological parent)

  • was born in Canada, or
  • became a naturalized Canadian citizen before the person was born

To check if you or your minor child (under 18) may be a Canadian citizen, visit the See if you may be a citizen page.

We’re updating the “Am I a Canadian?” tool. It will be available again soon.

To find out for sure, apply for a citizenship certificate.

For more information, see changes to citizenship rules on

Adopted children born outside Canada

If you’re a Canadian parent who adopted a child born outside Canada, your child

  • is not automatically a Canadian citizen
  • needs to become a Canadian citizen to get the citizenship certificate
    • If you apply for a certificate directly, we’ll return your application.

You can still apply to replace their lost, destroyed or stolen certificate.

Minors who are permanent residents

If your minor child is a permanent resident, do not apply directly for a citizenship certificate. To get a certificate, you need to apply for your child’s Canadian citizenship (naturalization or grant of citizenship).

If you apply to become a Canadian citizen

If you apply for and receive Canadian citizenship (naturalization or grant of citizenship), you

  • will receive the certificate at a citizenship ceremony
  • do not need to apply for a citizenship certificate
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