Apply for a Canadian citizenship certificate: Who can apply
You should apply if you want to
- pass down your Canadian citizenship to your child who was born outside Canada
- provide a document that proves your Canadian citizenship (such as to apply for a passport, job, pension, social insurance number, etc.)
- make sure that you’re a Canadian citizen
- replace a lost, destroyed or stolen certificate
- update your certificate, such as when you get a legal name change
Get a certificate for someone born in Canada
A provincial or territorial birth certificate should be enough to prove Canadian citizenship.
You may still apply for a citizenship certificate.
Get a certificate for someone born outside Canada
A person is likely a Canadian citizen if at least 1 parent (legal parent at birth [opens in a new tab] or biological parent)
- was born in Canada, or
- became a naturalized Canadian citizen before the person was born
To check if you or your minor child (under 18) may be a Canadian citizen
To find out for sure, apply for a citizenship certificate.
For more information, see changes to citizenship rules on
- which parents can pass down their Canadian citizenship (2020)
- who is or isn’t a Canadian citizen (2009 to 2015)
Adopted children born outside Canada
If you’re a Canadian parent who adopted a child born outside Canada, your child
- is not automatically a Canadian citizen
- needs to become a Canadian citizen to get the citizenship certificate
- If you apply for a certificate directly, we’ll return your application.
You can still apply to replace their lost, destroyed or stolen certificate.
Minors who are permanent residents
If your minor child is a permanent resident, do not apply directly for a citizenship certificate. To get a certificate, you need to apply for your child’s Canadian citizenship (naturalization or grant of citizenship).
If you apply to become a Canadian citizen
If you apply for and receive Canadian citizenship (naturalization or grant of citizenship), you
- will receive the certificate at a citizenship ceremony
- do not need to apply for a citizenship certificate
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