Canada Pension Plan – While on CPP benefits
7. While on CPP benefits
What you need to know while receiving Canada Pension Plan benefits
Once you are receiving Canada Pension Plan (CPP) pensions and benefits, you need to know the following.
With direct deposit, your CPP payments can be automatically deposited each month into your bank account. Direct deposit is available for accounts in Canada, the United States and many other countries.
If you have not requested payment by direct deposit, you will usually receive your payment within the last 3 business days of each month.
Receiving payment outside Canada
CPP payments are made anywhere in the world in the local currency where possible and, if not, in Canadian dollars. If you live in the United States and have your payment deposited directly to a U.S. financial institution, the funds are automatically converted into U.S. dollars.
CPP benefits are adjusted in January each year if there is an increase in the cost of living as measured by the Consumer Price Index. Your monthly payment will not decrease if the cost of living goes down.
Other benefits you may be eligible for
Can I receive another pension from the CPP while I am getting a CPP retirement pension?
Yes. Even if you are already receiving a CPP retirement pension, you can also receive a CPP survivor’s pension if you are eligible. The two pensions will be combined into a single monthly payment.
Please note the following restrictions to pension amounts:
The most you can receive if eligible for both the CPP retirement pension and the CPP survivor’s pension is the maximum retirement pension (which is more than the maximum survivor’s pension).
The total amount of combined CPP pension benefits is adjusted by your (the survivor’s) age and other CPP benefit amounts you are receiving.
The rules for combining benefits do not apply to the post-retirement benefit. If you receive the post-retirement benefit, it will be added to your CPP retirement pension, even if you receive the maximum retirement pension.
Do my CPP benefits affect the amount I receive from other programs?
Yes, CPP benefits may affect the income you receive from other programs. Some income-tested benefits take your CPP income into account, such as the War Veterans Allowance, Employment Insurance, the Guaranteed Income Supplement, the Allowance and the Allowance for the Survivor, as well as provincial and territorial social assistance ("welfare") and disability benefits and most workers' compensation programs. CPP benefits may also affect how much you get from your employer pension or private-sector disability insurance.
A disability and the retirement pension
If you are under the age of 65 and deemed disabled before the effective date of your retirement pension, you may be able to convert your pension to a disability pension.
Effective January 1, 2019, retirement pension beneficiaries found to be disabled but not eligible for a disability pension (due to receipt of the retirement pension) may apply for and receive the post-retirement disability benefit in addition to their retirement pension, if they have made sufficient contributions.
CPP payments are considered to be taxable income.
To voluntarily request that federal income tax be deducted each month from your CPP payment, visit the My Service Canada Account (MSCA) or, complete the Request for Voluntary Federal Income Tax Deductions form (ISP 3520).
If you do not request monthly tax deductions, you may have to pay your income tax in quarterly installments. For more information, contact the Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) Tax Services Office.
Living outside Canada
If you live outside Canada and are not considered to be a Canadian resident for income tax purposes, a non-resident tax is withheld from your monthly CPP payments. The tax rate is 25% unless reduced or exempted by a tax treaty between Canada and your country of residence. If you have tax-related questions, contact the Canada Revenue Agency's International Tax Services Office.
T4 and NR4 tax information slips
Early each year, you will receive a T4 or NR4 tax slip showing the amount of CPP payments you received during the previous year. You must include this slip when you file your annual income tax return.
T4 tax information slips are for residents of Canada, while NR4 tax information slips are for those living outside Canada. You can view your tax information slips online with My Service Canada Account as early as February 1 each year.
If you have not signed up to view them online, we will send your CPP tax slip by mail, in February of each year.
When to notify Service Canada
To keep your files up-to-date, you must contact us when:
- you need to correct inaccurate or incomplete information or provide information not previously disclosed
- you move
- your banking information changes
- your marital status changes
- a child under 18 entitled to receive a Canada Pension Plan children's benefit enters or leaves your custody; or
- a beneficiary dies.
Find out what else you need to know when receiving a CPP disability benefit , including returning to work and retraining programs.
Notes: If you live in Canada, you can use My Service Canada Account to change your address and direct deposit information.
Can someone else contact Service Canada on my behalf?
You can authorize a person to communicate with Service Canada on your behalf by signing in to My Service Canada Account (MSCA) or by completing the Consent to Communicate Information to an Authorized Person form (ISP1603CPP) and mailing it to the Service Canada office mentioned on the page Returning the form.
If an individual is incapable of managing their own affairs, another person or agency (a Trustee or someone with a Power of Attorney) may be appointed to act on the individual's behalf. See Supporting Homeless Seniors Program: How to act as a third-party administrator.
Can I make a change on behalf of someone else?
To make changes on behalf of another person, you must submit a Certificate of Incapability (ISP 3505CPP), completed by a medical professional. You must also complete one of the following forms:
Other benefits you may be eligible for
See Public pensions.
If you have lived or worked in Canada and in another country, you may be eligible for Canadian benefits as well as benefits from the other country under a social security agreement.
You can also try the Benefits Finder tool to find other programs and benefits to which you may be entitled.
What if I don't understand or don't agree with a decision?
You may request a reconsideration of any decision that affects your eligibility or the amount of your CPP benefit.
Cancelling or stopping a CPP pension or benefit
If for any reason you would like to cancel your Canada Pension Plan (CPP) pension or benefit, you can do so up to six months after it starts. You must request the cancellation in writing. You must also pay back all of the pension and related benefits you received. To cancel your benefit, contact us.
When a CPP beneficiary dies, their pensions and benefits must be cancelled. Find out how to cancel CPP benefits on behalf of the deceased person.
Protecting your information
Your information is protected by:
Accessing your personal information
You can ask to see or have copies of any information about you that is in a federal government file. The Treasury Board publication "Info Source: Sources of federal government information" and the forms to request the information are available in government offices, public libraries and federal constituency offices. If you live outside Canada, these publications may be available at Canadian embassies and consulates.
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