ARCHIVED – Language Instruction for Newcomers to Canada – Performance results by LINC level

LINC Level 6 and 7 Population

Clients in Training

Note that LINC 6 and LINC 7 are combined in this analysis due to the small numbers of clients enrolled in these LINC levels. Information for LINC level 6 and 7 begins in 2006 as LINC training at these levels was not offered prior to that.   

Table 33: Number of Clients in LINC 6 and 7 Training by Province, 2003-2008

Regions 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
Atlantic Region 0 0 0 12 33 69
Newfoundland 0 0 0 1 0 3
Nova Scotia 0 0 0 11 32 64
Prince Edward Island 0 0 0 0 1 1
New Brunswick 0 0 0 0 0 1
Ontario 0 0 0 311 3,681 5,008
Saskatchewan 0 0 0 1 2 4
Alberta 0 0 0 1 13 46
Total 0 0 0 325 3,729 5,127

Source: iCAMS and HARTs, CIC

  • As can be seen from the table above, training at LINC 6 and 7 has increased considerably since 2006 – rising from 325 in training in 2006 to 5,127 by 2008. Ontario makes up the overwhelming majority of LINC clients at these levels.

Table 34: Number of Clients in LINC 6 and 7 Training by Immigration Category, 2003-2008

Immigration Category 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
Family Class 0 0 0 81 915 1,268
Skilled workers 0 0 0 208 2,289 3,051
Other Economic 0 0 0 8 102 182
Refugees 0 0 0 25 334 486
Other / Unknown 0 0 0 3 89 140
Total 0 0 0 325 3,729 5,127

Source: iCAMS and HARTs, CIC

  • The initial figures for LINC 6 and 7 training indicate that 60 percent of clients are skilled workers. Family class immigrants make up 25 percent of clients and refugees make up less than 10 percent. This is not surprising given the lower levels of official language knowledge for family class and refugees which result in greater numbers of these immigrants enrolling in LINC courses at lower levels.

Clients with Completed Training

Table 35: Number of Clients Completing LINC 6 and 7 Courses by Province, 2003-2008

Regions 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
Atlantic Region 0 0 0 0 8 34
Newfoundland 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 0 0 0 0 8 34
Prince Edward Island 0 0 0 0 0 0
New Brunswick 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ontario 0 0 0 14 810 1,086
Saskatchewan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Alberta 0 0 0 0 10 29
Total 0 0 0 14 828 1,149

Source: iCAMS and HARTs, CIC

  • The completions data mirror trends observed for those in training, except at a lower overall count. There were 14 clients completing LINC 6 and/or 7 courses in 2006 and this number increased to 1,149 by 2008. Ontario accounts for 96 percent of all clients who completed a LINC 6 and/or 7 courses.

Table 36: Number of Clients Completing LINC 6 and 7 Courses by Immigrant Category, 2003-2008

Immigrant Category 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
Family Class 0 0 0 5 213 299
Skilled workers 0 0 0 5 512 671
Other Economic 0 0 0 0 20 43
Refugees 0 0 0 4 68 105
Other / Unknown 0 0 0 0 15 31
Total 0 0 0 14 828 1,149

Source: iCAMS and HARTs, CIC

  • Skilled workers account for 60 percent of clients completing LINC 6 and/or 7 courses – the same proportion enrolled in training.
  • The completion rates for LINC 6 and/or 7 (22 percent) are substantially lower than the rates for the other LINC levels. The lower rate may be the result of incomplete completions data for the most recent observations or it may be due to the fact that clients feel that they have reached an adequate language competency level and have declined further language instruction.

Average Hours Taken to Complete LINC 6 and 7 Courses

Due to the low number of completions for LINC 6 and LINC 7, the average hours taken to complete LINC courses at these two levels is subject to large variability and a detailed breakdown of the average hours by province and immigration category is not shown. Instead, provincial totals are shown for all immigrants.

Table 37: Average Hours Taken to Complete a LINC 6-7 Course by Immigration Category, 2006-08

Immigrant Category NL PE NS NB ON SK AB Canada
Total n/a n/a 234 n/a 250 n/a 390 252

Source: iCAMS and HARTs, CIC

  • As shown above, on average, LINC 6 or 7 clients spend an average of 252 hours in class to complete the LINC course, ranging from a low of 234 hours in Nova Scotia to a high of 390 hours in Alberta. [ Note 1 ]

Footnotes

  1. Due to the low number of completions observed for these LINC levels, caution should be used when interpreting results.
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